A permanent data storage device used for storing and retrieving digital information using rapidly rotating discs (platters) coated with magnetic material in a rigid form factor (as opposed to floppy disks).

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

4
votes
4answers
465 views

If I have an SSD and a hard disk in a system, can the SSD act as cache for the hard disk?

Say I have some partitions; one on a SATA drive and one on an SSD. I want to create a "virtual" hybrid disk. Is this possible?
0
votes
3answers
3k views

Create swap partition after install

I already have parititon contain data under lvm enviroment with centos 5.8 output of fdisk -l root@server [~]# fdisk -l Disk /dev/sda: 1000.2 GB, 1000204886016 bytes 255 heads, 63 sectors/track, ...
1
vote
3answers
2k views

smartctl retest bad sectors

I got a notification today that my drive was going to fail in 24 hours. The 'Reallocated_Sector_Ct' was already around 3000 and it has since risen to over the last few hours 4004. However, I turn my ...
1
vote
1answer
192 views

When should I create a new volume group instead of a new logical volume?

I currently have 3x1TB physical volumes in a VG and a LV that spans the entire capacity of the VG. This LV is meant to store specific files. Now I have another 2TB drive that I want to use LVM with. ...
2
votes
1answer
3k views

fdisk isn't showing my hard drive as properly formatted (but it is)

I've got 3 1TB drives which I've set up to use LVM. Here's the output of pvdisplay: --- Physical volume --- PV Name /dev/sda1 VG Name vgpool PV Size ...
0
votes
1answer
91 views

Does RHEL 6 enforce software constraints on the number of SATA drvices that can exist on a system?

I came across the following blurb in some RHEL 6 training documentation: The number of drives that can be installed on modern computers has increased. With port multipliers, it's relatively easy ...
0
votes
2answers
624 views

Issue with bad sectors on a laptop hard drive

I had Windows installed on my laptop and suddenly one morning Windows couldn't start. Then I tried after formatting and for once it became possible. I also installed Ubuntu as logical drive (deleted ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

How should I prevent data corruption on an NTFS partition shared by Windows and Linux?

I use Linux for most of the things but I still need Windows sometimes. So, I have Linux Mint 14 and Windows 8 installed (dual-booting) on my computer with the following disk setup: sda1: The 350 MB ...
1
vote
0answers
113 views

What changed in Linux kernel (2.6.22) that gives hdparm support for power-on in standby?

Hdparm man page lists for parameter -s: Enable/disable the power-on in standby feature, if supported by the drive. VERY DANGEROUS. Do not use unless you are abso- ...
2
votes
0answers
320 views

Local disc copy at 10MB/s! What could be the problem?

I am running a Debian 6.0.6 (before you ask). I have a regular desktop computer, nothing fancy... but when I copy a file using nautilus I am getting 10MB/s copy speed and the system is completely ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Unclaimed device in lshw

I have added in my computer a PCI Express controler card with 2 USB3 ports and 2 sata3 ports. (http://www.ldlc.be/fiche/PB00121886.html). The USB ports are working correctly but the HDD plugged in ...
1
vote
1answer
173 views

What are the possible ways a Debian Linux system may write data to HDD and how to avoid them?

The background: Here I have a spare x86 board which has a low energe costing AMD CPU built on it. I am planning to DIY a home use file server with it running a Debian base system and some common ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

manufacturer's tool found bad blocks, but smartctl doesn't show any

Description of my problem is quite large, so first I will give a short summary, then I will precisely describe the situation. Short summary: manufacturer's diagnostic tools found and repaired some ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

Why can an unpriviliged user execute the `sync` command?

Currently on Ubuntu Linux, but I noticed this on other OS's too. Apparently any user can execute the sync command, but why is this? I can only see the disadvantage: system slow down due to unnecessary ...
3
votes
3answers
555 views

How to make data-recovery very-very hard or impossible for Unix -computer before reselling?

I resell my Thinkpad and I want to make sure its old content in the harddrive is not readable. The Thinkpad has now Debian -installed but I sell it as-is so no OS needed. How can I can rewrite the ...
0
votes
2answers
397 views

SAS hardrive 600GB 10k is not detecting in my linux server

I have inserted one new 600 GB HDD to my Linux server. Green light is glowing but in my Oracle Enterprise Linux 5.5 OS it is not showing after executing the command below: fdisk -l grep -H . ...
2
votes
0answers
585 views

Bad superblock after server crash

My server (CentOS 6) crashed, and it now kernel panics on boot. It's currently using a mdadm RAID1 array with two 1TB drives. vg_server2422-LogVol01 is / vg_server2422-LogVol00 is Swap ...
2
votes
1answer
615 views

How to skip/exclude one SCSI bus from scanning during boot?

A "Linux debian 3.2.0-0.bpo.3-amd64 #1 SMP Thu Aug 23 07:41:30 UTC 2012 x86_64 GNU/Linux" system has at least 5 SCSI hosts: root@debian:~# ls /sys/class/scsi_host host0 host1 host2 host3 host4 ...
1
vote
0answers
238 views

Negative hdd usage. Available is larger than fullsize

Having issues with space accounting of lvm volume. 23G is available. But the full size of the partition is 20G. (So, it shows "-4.1G used" 0_O) > df -h Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

How to resize logical volume to fit filesystem

How can I resize logical volume to fit filesystem automagically?
1
vote
2answers
566 views

Writing data on particular sectors or blocks

Not sure if it's better suited for superuser of serverfault boards, let me know. I have a drive which I repartitioned with fdisk. Initially there was only one big partition, now there are a number ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

VBoxManage: Error: Can't be used as the requested device

I used the soluton from this thread but always i get VirtualBox error: The medium 'lvol.vmdk' can't be used as the requested device type (0x80004005) I've tried all controllers SATA, SCSI, IDE and ...
0
votes
2answers
284 views

Any temporary fix for / being remounted as read-only?

My disk has a few bad sectors and has already failed the SMART tests. It obviously is going down. It gets remounted to read only and I have to fsck and reboot all over again. Is it safe for me to ...
3
votes
2answers
360 views

LVM with SSD and SATA hard disks

Is it possible to create LVM partitions for both SSD and SATA hard disks? I mean if there isn't any conflicts.
2
votes
1answer
1k views

How to fix hard-disk error connected by usb? [duplicate]

My system is Linux 64bit, my hard-disk is a 1TB WD HD, connected to my computer by USB3.0. I found some files cannot be copied, they are video files, and it seems I can play the video. I ran e2fsck ...
1
vote
1answer
179 views

Does symlinking from Drive A to Drive B affect I/O on Drive A?

I was wondering if IO through a symbolic link affects IO on the host drive even if it points to a seperate drive? My setup is, /dev/sdb2 1.8T 443G 1.3T 26% /home1 /dev/sda3 1.8T 1.7T ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

I/O error but no bad block is reported in syslog

I got errors like this in my syslog, but there's no bad block or sector defined in kernel report, I can't just replace the HDD right now and I prefer to reallocate the bad blocks for now, so I need ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Install Linux on two hard drives

I am new to Linux. I have a machine with two hard drives, the first one has 80GB and the second has 120GB. I am about to format this machine and install Linux. I want to install all the main ...
6
votes
1answer
507 views

HDD allocation fstab

In my PC running Ubuntu 12.04 LTS I have installed three SATA hard drives. Two of them are installed near a cooler. I want to physically switch two drives (one that is not near the fan should be moved ...
10
votes
2answers
6k views

How to Throttle per process I/O to a max limit?

I'm looking for a way to limit a processes disk io to a set speed limit. Ideally the program would work similar to this: $ limitio --pid 32423 --write-limit 1M Limiting process 32423 to 1 megabyte ...
5
votes
1answer
209 views

Hard drive writes freezing up Gnome

I'm currently running Debian 6.0.5 on my white Macbook 2008 (4,1) and have recently noticed that when I download, move, or decompress a file, Gnome freezes up completely for at least 20 seconds. These ...
4
votes
1answer
772 views

Fedora installer doesn't see my Windows 7 partitions

I tried to install Fedora 17 on the same disk I have Windows 7. First I got the message, that there are no free space to create partition, even in Windows part of disk was marked as unallocated. I ...
2
votes
2answers
301 views

Find when a hard disk was first installed

What's the command in AIX to find the first time a given hard disk was installed?
0
votes
0answers
37 views

Recreating EXT4 partition without losing data [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Can't mount EXT4 hard drive after mounting it in windows I have a 2TB Western External USB harddisk. I formatted it to EXT4. one time I plugged it to a windows ...
1
vote
2answers
458 views

Why does e2fsck fail during boot, but not later?

When booting my Debian server, I'm presented with the following error concerning my external hard drive: /dev/disk/by-label/elements: The superblock could not be read or does not describe a correct ...
2
votes
1answer
413 views

Trapping “READ FPDMA QUEUED”

Recently I encountered a kernel message: ata3.00: exception Emask 0x0 SAct 0x1 SErr 0x0 action 0x0 ata3.00: irq_stat 0x40000008 ata3.00: failed command: READ FPDMA QUEUED ata3.00: cmd ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Hotplug area too small error

I have VM running under RHEL6, which is running under HyperV. It has a lot of important soft installed, but does not have suffocating workload (~10% CPU is used). It's been really unstable recently ...
5
votes
3answers
781 views

Two EFI disks with Grub2

I bought two SSD disks and as usual I though that installing Windows on a completely separate disk would be the easiest solution, but I can't find any tutorials for dual booting with grub2 (efi). All ...
4
votes
1answer
404 views

Gentoo Live CD from Hard Drive: No Mountable Filesystems on root after modules loaded

I am attempting to install Gentoo on my PowerPC Mac. I have reached the point where I can boot the Live CD (I have no functional CD Drive, so it is from a spare Hard Drive), but after the kernel is ...
13
votes
5answers
9k views

How to find which process is regularly writing to disk?

How can I find which process is constantly writing to disk? I like my workstation to be close to silent and I just build a new system (P8B75-M + Core i5 3450s -- the 's' because it has a lower max ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

Can't mount EXT4 hard drive after mounting it in windows

I have a 2TB Western external HDD. Its original filesystem was NTFS but I formatted it to EXT4. I had no problem in Linux; But today after I mounted it using ext2fsd in a windows box, I cant mount it ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Disabling readahead with hdparm or POSIX_FADV_RANDOM

From Linux kernel's doc the advice POSIX_FADV_RANDOM seems to disable readahead. But whent I disable Readhead using (sudo hdparm -A 0 /dev/sdb) I get huge degradation in performances; also noticed ...
16
votes
2answers
1k views

What does mv do in case of errors?

I've just tried to move a big tree from one disk to another, which was too small. Now, I'm left with something I can't really understand - it looks like some files were indeed moved away from the ...
8
votes
4answers
4k views

Convert image of a partition into image of a disk with partition table

I have an image of an existing partition generated with dd if=/dev/sdXN of=image.bin. Now I want to use this image as the basis for a virtual machine. I know how to convert the image into a format ...
7
votes
1answer
576 views

How to re-size virtual disk with installed Linux system?

I've got hard system configuration there and I don't want to re-install it again but I need more space now. Current system space is 30GB. Seems like it's not possible to re-size disk so what I need ...
21
votes
6answers
6k views

How do I correlate /dev/sd devices to the hardware they represent?

A drive is beginning to fail and I only know the device by its /dev/sdb device file designation. What are the ways that I can use to correlate that device file to an actual hardware device to know ...
7
votes
3answers
351 views

How do you tell what hard drive a file is on?

On Debian, I have multiple hard drives, how do I know where /var/www is? Bonus: How do I check the capacity and consumed capacity and of my drives?
8
votes
5answers
5k views

How to know if /dev/sdX is a connected USB or HDD?

How can I know if /dev/sdX is a local HDD or usb key ? best doing this without root privileges. OK , udevadm helped a lot: For local HDD: udevadm info --query=all --name=sdb | grep ID_BUS E: ...
2
votes
2answers
5k views

Solaris disk failed, how to remove it?

I have a system with Solaris 10. One of the internal disks is broken: c0t0d0s2 auto:sliced rootdisk1_1 rootdg online c0t0d0s2 - c0t1d0s2 auto - ...
3
votes
1answer
87 views

Encryption of home directory for securing data after harddisk corruption

Always when I install Linux OS (e.g. Ubuntu), there is a possibility to encrypt the home directory. I was asking myself why is this useful. Is it good in the case when my harddrive is corrupted and I ...