A permanent data storage device used for storing and retrieving digital information using rapidly rotating discs (platters) coated with magnetic material in a rigid form factor (as opposed to floppy disks).

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1:1 copy with dd

I need to get a copy of an HDD that is a real 1:1, I mean not just the filesystem but also the geometry and the partition table and everything in between. if I'll just use dd if=/dev/sdb ...
4
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2answers
2k views

Mounting Disk Image in Raw format [duplicate]

While Trying to mount a disk image in Raw(dd) format using the following command mount nps-2010-emails.dd /media/manu/ I get the following error message mount: you must specify the filesystem ...
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1answer
243 views

How to display disk capacity via Samba?

I have a Raspberry Pi running Raspbian with a Samba 3.6.6 server. The config file: [global] encrypt passwords = yes log level = 1 max log size = 1000 read only = no security = user [A] ...
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1answer
2k views

How to increase size of /dev/sda2 in suse running on vmware

how to increase the partition /dev/sda2 partition. df -h : Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on /dev/sda2 7.0G 3.7G 3.0G 56% / devtmpfs 432M 172K 432M 1% /dev tmpfs ...
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1answer
105 views

Is the free space of unmounted partitions and hard disks used in the background when the OS needs some more space?

I have two hard disks on a computer and I intend to recover the data in one of the them (Had Disk 1). An Ubuntu OS is installed in the other(Hard Disk 2). Both Hard Disks are connected to the ...
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1answer
166 views

External disk partitions with identical UUIDs

I have two external USB drives of the same make and model, and one of them is driving me slightly nuts by never being assigned a UUID (or, at least, it doesn't show up in /dev/disk/by-uuid). What ...
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1answer
105 views

Clunking hard drive, some info appears in dmesg but none in fdisk -l, what are my options?

I've been backing up old IDE hard drives onto a new USB drive this afternoon. One, a 2002 120gb Western Digital, has been a bit of a problem. I have connected it (as with the other hard drives) to ...
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1answer
585 views

How can I resize my encrypted root and home partitions, to give root more space?

I need to enlarge my / (root) partition, I have a lot of space on my /home partition so how can I do this? The drive is encrypted with LUKS. My system is Fedora 20. I have another thread here which ...
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2answers
5k views

How to use SSH to make a dd copy of disk A from host B and save on disk B?

I want to make remote backups from disk A at will using SSH from computer B. I want to save the backups to disk B. How can I do this? I've tried using $ ssh hostname@my.ip.add.ress "sudo dd ...
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1answer
1k views

Why can't I write on External Hard disk?

I am using Arch Linux. I am not able to write on my external hard disk. I have tried to change the permission manually through properties but not allowed to do so. How can I fix this problem? Here is ...
6
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3answers
382 views

Which command to force a drive to spin up?

I've looked through the manual for hdparm, sdparm. I know there are arguments to spin down the drive, with -y and -Y. I also know there are arguments to control the power saving features, such as -S ...
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1answer
271 views

Access or recover files from Apple hdd with bad S.M.A.R.T. and 05-reallocating sector bad

I have a Macintosh HD (hfsPlus) [/dev/sdc2 on /media/ubuntu/Macintosh HD type hfsplus(ro,nosuid,nodev,uhelper=udisks2)] WARNING: GPT (GUID Partition Table) detected on '/dev/sdc'! The util fdisk ...
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1answer
177 views

Unreadable backup directory on a USB drive

The title pretty much sums it up. I was editing a script I wrote some time ago to automatically backup the contents of my Raspberry Pi SD card, and in the course of editing, I missed a "/", and so ...
4
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3answers
194 views

Can I overwrite LUKS partition with it's decrypted content?

I have HDD with my data (partial backup of most important data available on other HDD), currently it's formatted as Ext4 over LVM over LUKS. I want to remove LUKS layer, but reformatting and data ...
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1answer
252 views

Shrink /home partition to two partitions

I have one hard disk on my server [root@CentOS dev]# df -h Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on /dev/sda3 4.9G 722M 3.9G 16% / tmpfs 246M 0 246M 0% /dev/shm ...
6
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1answer
167 views

How to prevent the Linux kernel from waking a secondary HDD from sleep

Is there a way to instruct the (Linux) kernel not to wake up a secondary hdd after a system sleep/wake-up cycle? I'm asking because in my laptop I have an SSD as a primary drive containing the system ...
2
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1answer
222 views

Slow hard drive?

Some time ago I noticed, that my desktop has become slower, than usual. It looks like a source of troubles is the hard drive (there is no such issue with Live USB) - but I don't understand the reason ...
2
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1answer
43 views

Where does dd start when copying a partition?

I'm copying an entire HDD using the dd tool, and I'm considering stopping part of the backup due to space limitations. Does the dd tool begin at the front of a partition when copying? The first ~90 ...
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4answers
1k views

How to check physical device contents

I got a server with 2 hard drives. I would like to know what is on 2nd drive. How would I list all contents on physical device ? lsblk NAME MAJ:MIN RM SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT xvda 202:0 0 ...
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1answer
140 views

How to find out Hard disk first & last sector ID's?

Is that possible to find Hard disk sector's ID? If we can, how to find out Hard disk 1st & last sector ID's in windows & LINUX? As I tried to Google it, I found only hard disk sector size. ...
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1answer
223 views

How to make an unallocated space “exist”?

I have Ubuntu and Windows installed together. I'm going to install Arch also along with them. For now, I what them to live there all together in my computer. I have the following: I'd like to ...
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2answers
5k views

Problem mounting GPT disk partition

I am trying to mount a partition on a GPT disk, but I get the following error: $ sudo mount -t ext4 /dev/sda1 disk/ mount: special device /dev/sda1 does not exist Looking at dmesg, I don't see any ...
6
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1answer
397 views

How to use an SSD for caching, so my hard disks can spin down?

I've got a file server with a bunch of disks running together in a BTRFS pool and want to add an SSD for caching. I'm not mainly after speeding up things, but want to catch the regular small accesses ...
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1answer
611 views

ioctl: invalid argument for HDIO_GET_IDENTITY

I wrote a program to get the details of hard disk drive using HDIO_ ioctl calls. For writing program, I'm referring Documentation/ioctl/hdio.txt in kernel source(2.6.32). Here is my main part of ...
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1answer
3k views

how to check health of hard drives?

How do I check the health of my hard drives? I know that you can do it with system rescue, but is there a way to do it from root without booting onto system rescue?
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1answer
68 views

Checking HDD health

I have a set of old Seagate SATA HDDs that are part of an LVM on Raid setup in a NetGear ReadyNAS. The ReadyNas no longer boots (it hangs on checking FS). I tried reinstalling the OS which did not fix ...
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2answers
288 views

lvm: what's the purpose of a Volume Group?

Each Volume Group can have many resizeable Logical Volumes. each of Logical Volume can have different filesystem, encryption options etc. that means having a single Volume Groups is enough. so why LVM ...
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1answer
1k views

Run smartctl on all disks of a server

My question is a quite simple , I want to run the command smartctl -i -A on all disks that the server have. Think that I've too much server with different number of disks and RAID Controllers, then I ...
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3answers
3k views

Harddisk serial number from terminal?

I have multiple harddisks which get connected to my server and I'm not sure which one is what in the view of sdXY . If I can see the serial numbers of my harddisks from terminal, I can easily identify ...
3
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2answers
641 views

dumpe2fs - lifetime writes - what is it

For example, if I run: sudo dumpe2fs /dev/sda1 I get detailed information about the partition. I'm confused about this part, Lifetime writes, returns the following for my boot partition: Lifetime ...
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0answers
34 views

Execute script when hard-disk's standby state changes (i.e. it spins up/down)

How can I execute a shell script when the standby state of a hard-disk (as reported by hdparm -C /dev/sdx) changes? If possible, I would like to avoid polling hdparm for changes.
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1answer
50 views

Two HDD installation [closed]

Is there any easy tutorial or guide how can I setup Debian (amd64 v. 7 + xface) on my server, but using this separation ? Separation: SSD (32GB) for system Normal HDD (1TB) for data like /var ...
3
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1answer
1k views

Using LVM with SSD and SATA drives

I saw in this question that it is possible to place both a SSD and a standard SATA hard drive into a single LVM volume group (VG). How does this affect performance? Is there a way to force the OS ...
17
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4answers
8k views

GPT or MBR: How do I know?

How can I tell whether my harddrive is laid out using an MBR or GPT format?
2
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2answers
100 views

Script to Recognize HDDs and run Smartctl

I'm thinking to do a script to recognize which HDDs are in use (sda, sdb, etc) and run a Smartctl on each one that's are in use, but I don't know how can I start, anyone can help me?
2
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1answer
1k views

jdb2 keeps Hard Disk busy all the time

My system became too slow last few days. The hard disk indicator is on all the time. To discover which process is keeping the disk busy i run this command: # while true; do date; ps auxf | awk ...
2
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1answer
347 views

Problems mounting a disk

I have a disk that has failed to mount on start up. I have commented out the line in fstab to try to diagnose the issue: # /dev/sdc /media/bigdrive ext4 auto,exec,rw,user,async 0 0 Then rebooted. I ...
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3answers
587 views

Harddrive I/O per Pid

is there any way to see the disk I/O per pid/process ? Monitorix shows me the following and correct me if I´m wrong, but it looks like that the harddrive is slowing down the whole system: UPDATE #1 ...
0
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1answer
693 views

How to change hard disk spin-down time on my WD MyBook Live?

I have a 2TB Western Digital MyBook Live. It works quite well and provides a web-based administration interface. There is an option to either enable or disable power saving mode, which spins down the ...
0
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2answers
62 views

Hide a partition in the partition table and make it reappear later

I know this isn't a question that's specific to Unix/Linux, but I think there are people who can answer this question here. I want to hide my Windows partition from the partition table completely, ...
0
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2answers
8k views

How do I access files on an external hard drive? [closed]

edited 02-25: I thank @Anthon for his replies. I still do not, however, understand the meaning or the how of "pinging" ("Once you update your Q, ping the commenters..."). I also do not understand the ...
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0answers
122 views

Optimization for an SSD?

I am running Fedora 20 on a Laptop ( Lenovo Ideapad Yoga 2 Pro ) with an SSD. My filesystem is LVM with ext4 as the format option. I am now running Fedora as the only OS on the system with Legacy BIOS ...
9
votes
3answers
342 views

Is there a risk of data corruption if suspended laptop runs out of battery?

I often tend to just put my laptop on suspend using xfce4-power-manager, and although usually the battery is sufficiently charged up until the next time (when I plug in the charger), sometimes I ...
0
votes
1answer
179 views

Target filesystem doesn't have requested /lib/systemd/systemd

I have been using systemd for about a month without any problems on my Debian Jessie. I installed it according to the Debian wiki. But all of a sudden today I got this error:     ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

Does my hard-drive have bad sectors or not?

I got a new drive and I'm confused if smartctl detects bad sectors or not. Both short and extended self-tests completed without error. But the Error Log indicates Uncorrectable error in data for 96 ...
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2answers
32 views

Tool to create a bad physical location report on disk

I am in need of a tool that would run on an Ubuntu system that would be able to report the following: Bad physical locations on a disk (cylinders, sectors) Files that are affected by these bad ...
2
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1answer
517 views

Shutdown my (backup) hard disk on Linux when I don't use it

I have a hard disk in my computer that I use to make backups of my data. I do not use this disk otherwise. How can I stop this disk from spinning once my backup is finished? Also how would I make it ...
3
votes
3answers
7k views

Recovering data from a damaged hard-drive: the “freezer trick”

I'm currently in the business of recovering data from a damaged---and dying---hard-drive (check this question for background info). The drive was dropped while the system was running; and while ...
0
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2answers
56 views

What is the minimum size for the medium used to clone a damaged hard drive?

I'm currently in the business of recovering data from a damaged---and dying---hard-drive (check this question for background info). The damaged hard-drive is 250GB, and I intend to use dd or ddrescue ...
2
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1answer
1k views

ddrescue extremely slow on USB hard drive

I'm recovering the HDD from my laptop that died (wouldn't boot up at all, Disk Utility reported that there were no problems, but wouldn't mount the disk). I've hooked up the HDD through the USB ...