A permanent data storage device used for storing and retrieving digital information using rapidly rotating discs (platters) coated with magnetic material in a rigid form factor (as opposed to floppy disks).

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Using File manager with Second Hard Drive

I am going to install Ubuntu 16.04 on a new hard drive and install my current HD as a second drive. (It will stay there until I can copy over my /home directory to the new drive.) My questions is, if ...
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1answer
26 views

Mac Cannot Boot From External Hard Drive

So I recently purchased a Seagate 4TB External Hard Drive (https://www.amazon.com/dp/B017KE8OG0/ref=psdc_595048_t1_B00HXAV0X6) and decided to put linux on it. My steps were (on Windows): 1. Converted ...
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22 views

set partition bootable with gdisk GPT

Using GPT, how do I set this disk: sda1 ext3 FUJITSUMHV2080B so that the partition is bootable? Or, do I need to reformat using the install disk?
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2answers
20 views

Automatic Mount at Boot For Xubuntu

I'm trying to follow these instruction to mount a second hard drive: https://help.ubuntu.com/community/InstallingANewHardDrive For automatic boot at mount it says I need to enter this into the ...
3
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0answers
27 views

Entire Harddrive to linux swap

I have an old hard drive that is less than 50Gb and a computer that only has about 4Gb of ram (and ~250Gb main HDD). I was thinking about using the second drive as an entire drive linux-swap partition....
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0answers
29 views

Stop HDD spin down when attached via USB adaptor

I got an HDD attached via dock station. Gentoo spins it down each ten minutes which leads to wearing out the disk spindle and moreover, waiting for the drive to spin up each time is inconvenient. I’ve ...
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0answers
16 views

Expanding hard disk partition size

I installed Linux Mint on my computer which already had Windows 10 so it dual-boots now. Unfortunately, when creating the partition for the Linux Mint installation, I allocated too little space for it ...
1
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1answer
56 views

Recover data after hard drive faliure

A couple of days ago I tried getting an old server of mine up and running. It was working initially, but after updating and rebooting the system a few times the system refused to boot, dying at GRUB ...
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5answers
479 views

/dev holds all partitions, so what holds /dev?

I'm a little confused (even after reading this) post, about how *nix partitions work. From my understanding, sda usually refers to the disk and sda1, sda2, etc, refer to the first, second, and so ...
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1answer
27 views

Can I clone a larger disk with lots of free space into a smaller disk

Is it possible to clone an OS disk with all its partitions into a smaller disk. The original disk has a lot of free space and the total used space is much smaller than the capacity of the new disk I ...
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1answer
14 views

Benchmark shared folder on Virtualbox?

I'm trying to benchmark what I can read and write from the shared folder on my Virtualbox machine is? From my local host machine I have a shared folder, and on the guest virtualized machine, I would ...
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0answers
12 views

Can't open External Hard drive on linux peppermint

I have seagate 1TB hard drive , yesterday I installed Linux peppermint on my PC. Now I couldn't open my hard drive, but the disk is listed under devices at menu>preferences>device. Kindly help me I ...
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0answers
22 views

How to determine whether hard drive uses SMR

So far I know that cat /sys/block/<devicename>/queue/rotational will tell me whether my drive is a SSD or HDD. Is there something similar to find out if it uses SMR (Shingled Magnetic Recording)?...
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0answers
13 views

Pci device file identifier?

As regards disk devices, Linux systems represent them through a /dev/ file. /dev/sda is a hard drive, and so on. Is there also a file representing a PCI device, for example a graphic card? If not, ...
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0answers
28 views

Grub (debian) will not start in AHCI mode

I was running my Debian (Acer laptop) for quite some time without much trouble. However, when I started it recently I've got message: No bootable device - insert boot disk and press any key It ...
1
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1answer
32 views

How can I tell when my file system was last fsck-ed at all?

I know of various ways in which to check when the last fsck occurred on a file system. e.g. $ sudo dumpe2fs -h /dev/sda1 | grep 'Mount count' -A3 dumpe2fs 1.42.12 (29-Aug-2014) Mount count: ...
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0answers
14 views

“BGRT Invalid Status Error 0 Expected 1” followed by permanent loading screen

After I shut down many programs at once using Alt+F4 in my Linux (Manjaro), my computer froze and I had to force shut it down. Upon rebooting, it gives me the error "BGRT Invalid Status Error 0 ...
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0answers
20 views

El Capitan 10.11.15 can't set disk with OS as startup disk, only boots if I reset nvram

Mac Pro (Mid 210) Since installing El Capitan on new HGST 6T drive I can ONLY boot this system by resetting NVRAM. If I try to restart I get apple, progress meter, then circle with line through it ...
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1answer
219 views

blk_update_request: I/O error, dev fd0, sector 0

I recently started noticing some blk_update_request: I/O error, dev fd0, sector 0 errors on my second computer running Arch Linux that I use as a server. This began when I had to reboot the computer ...
3
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1answer
48 views

Partition Errors and Remounts Read-Only when Accessing Specific File

I have a pretty basic system running Ubuntu 16.04 (this question is not specific to Ubuntu, but rather ext4 partitions), 1 HDD, running a few partitions: sda1 - EXT4 - 100G - / sda2 - EXT4 - 723....
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2answers
88 views

Get block device model name and manufacturer from pseudo-fs

[gala@arch ~]$ sudo !! sudo hdparm -i /dev/sda /dev/sda: Model=KINGSTON SHFS37A120G, FwRev=603ABBF0, SerialNo=50026B725B0A1515 Config={ HardSect NotMFM HdSw>15uSec Fixed DTR>10Mbs RotSpdTol&...
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2answers
43 views

Can't clone hard disk with dd no space left

I am trying to move elementary OS from primary HDD to external HDD. So, I can boot elementary OS from external HDD and install Windows 10 on primary HDD. Hewbot on super user stackexchange suggested ...
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1answer
25 views

Adding 2 HDDs as mirroning on existing OS (centos)

I have a NAS with 2 x 1TB HDDs and I added two new HDD-s: Disk /dev/sdb: 1000.2 GB, 1000204886016 bytes 255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 121601 cylinders Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes ...
3
votes
1answer
107 views

How to prevent /sda /sdb changes between boots?

I am going to install Gentoo Linux onto an old hardware, which motherboard is having both IDE and SATA hard drives. I have two IDE and one SATA hard drives connected, and plan to do RAID on them. ...
7
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3answers
661 views

Real time cmd tool to show HDD space remaining

Is there a command line tool which shows in real time how much space remains on my external hard drive?
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1answer
283 views

GRUB and LILO both fail to install to NVMe hard disk when installing Debian

I'm trying to install 64-bit Debian stable on a Lenovo Thinkpad. When I get to the installation step that installs the bootloader, I get this message: An installation step failed. You can try ...
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1answer
34 views

extend Disk space

i want extend my disk space : #df -h Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on udev 10M 0 10M 0% /dev tmpfs 403M 17M 387M 4% /run /dev/sda1 19G 18G ...
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0answers
36 views

Linux Mint installation showing entire Windows disk unallocated

I'm trying to install Linux Mint next to my install of Windows 10, but there's a problem. Mint is saying that the entire hard drive is unallocated "free space", though in the file explorer you can ...
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0answers
26 views

Determine affected file given logical block number [duplicate]

Given the logical block number from these log lines in /var/log/messages, is there a way to determine what file was affected? ...Buffer I/O error on device sdd1, logical block 203953715 ...lost page ...
3
votes
3answers
49 views

Is CentOS using synchronous or asynchronous write

Is CentOS using synchronous or asynchronous write? Is ther any way to check or to change this?
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0answers
14 views

Squid won't let spindown to happen

I have a Squid 2.7 installed on my old NAS and my problem is that squid is periodically (every few seconds) checking the swap.state file or anyhow touching the HDD making it to be turned on for 24/7, ...
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0answers
31 views

Improve CentOS performance while saving

When I save larger files at about 5 minutes of save time, Linux lags completely on my new computer. I can't change workspace or move my mouse. The files are about 50 Gb in size and are used for ...
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0answers
54 views

Why does hdparm and dd show two completely different results?

I have an external hard drive (/dev/sdc1) mounted at /mount1 When running hdparm -tT /dev/sdc1 I get: /dev/sdc1: Timing cached reads: 2246 MB in 2.00 seconds = 1123.75 MB/sec Timing buffered ...
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0answers
25 views

Monitor health of HDD/SSD without S.M.A.R.T

Some hard disk drives (HDDs) and solid state drives (SSDs) do not provide S.M.A.R.T. data. This seems to be especially true of cheap USB HDDs. My question is: on a typical GNU/Linux system, can the ...
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0answers
16 views

Hard disk partition table overwritten -TestDisk recovery

Okay so I'm not %100 if this should be posted here or super user. here's my problem: I've an Ubuntu user for quite some time but had decided to switch over to Mint. While installing I realized I had ...
4
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1answer
304 views

How do I (re)build/create/assemble an IMSM RAID-0 array from disk images instead of disk drives using mdadm?

The question: Using Linux and mdadm, how can I read/copy data as files from disk images made from hard disks used in an Intel Rapid Storage Technology RAID-0 array (formatted as NTFS, Windows 7 ...
0
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2answers
68 views

Move FreeBSD installation to smaller HDD [duplicate]

Good day! I have FreeBSD installation with next partitions: Now FreeBSD is installed in 500GB hard drive. I want to move it to 250GB hard drive. What is safest and correct way to do it? I'm afraid ...
2
votes
4answers
77 views

Recovering data from broken (NTFS) partition

I'm trying to recover data from a Windows (NTFS) disk that became unreadable for some reason. I'm doing this from within a Linux Mint environment. I can see the partitions normally, and I also see ...
2
votes
1answer
36 views

How to map Linux hard drive identifiers like “sd 3:0:0:0:” to ones like “ata8:”? [duplicate]

In my kernel log, I can see entries like: [ 0.765510] sd 3:0:0:0: [sdb] 3907029168 512-byte logical blocks: (2.00 TB/1.81 TiB) and when something fails, it's usually something like: [ ...
0
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0answers
20 views

no bootable partition, trying to solve with testdisk

I had Ubuntu 14.04 and a partition with data. Then I decided to try Linux Mint, I booted it from USB, I was going to install it but then I changed my mind. Linux Mint started to prepare my hard disk ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

FSTAB trouble - unable to load linux system after unplugging additional hdd

I have two hard drives on my computer. On one of them I have installed linux (elementaryOS) and on the second one I store some of my data. I have made fstab entry to auto-mount this drive and ...
3
votes
1answer
374 views

Does Linux typically log system temperature data?

Do mainstream Linux distributions typically log system temperature data, e.g. CPU or HDD temperature? If so, where can those logs be found?
13
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4answers
755 views

Monitor hard disk activity

In a Ubuntu 14.04 server I am experiencing a massive hard disk activity which has no apparent justification: it comes as a burst, it lasts a few minutes and then disappears. It consumes system ...
0
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1answer
21 views

RAID5-4 devices with 2 failed devices: hope to retrieve data?

I built a RAID5 array with 4 2Tb devices a few month ago. - I used LVM2 to build partitions. - I also used GRUB2. - Finally I installed Debian. For an unknown reason the RAID failed. The BIOS "see" ...
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1answer
43 views

I'm new to Linux and I use Elementary, so I need a little clarification about the local disk on Linux [duplicate]

I was using Windows 7 and in My Computer I had 2 local disks C: and D:. On Elementary I only see a File System (if i'm not mistaken). Has Linux combined these 2 into one called File System?
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1answer
94 views

Desktop completely freezing on I/O operations

In my old system, I was already having desktop freezes on some heavy I/O operations like apt-get dist-upgrade and copying 4 GB video files. But now, it has become a lot worse: any apt-get install is ...
0
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1answer
27 views

Low level access to a disk in failure

I have a SATA 2Tb HDD device probably damaged: smart doesn't work, etc. The partitions were built with LVM2. Is it possible, with a low level tool, to retrieve one logical volume (in my case /var) and ...
2
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0answers
69 views

Cancelled hung GParted operation; didn't 'Force Cancel'; How do I get out without losing data?

In GParted, I was moving a partition over 200mb to the left. However, when it got to 76.13gb of about 330gb done, it stopped (it was stuck at 76.13gb all night). So, I hit cancel (without properly ...
0
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1answer
28 views

Expanding a hard drive partition to fill the drive without wiping the partition?

I have a hard drive that came out of an old Windows PC, which I'm using as a second hard drive. Because it was already formatted as ntfs, I didn't want to reformat it and lose all the data on it, so I ...
2
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0answers
16 views

confused about dd write speed and VFS page cache

After reading some articles on the Linux VFS page cache and the tunable parameters like dirty_ratio i was under the impression that page cache would operate as both read and write caching layer. But ...