All about Unix groups and access control.

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group file and everything related to it [closed]

I'm quite new to *nix OS. I understand the format and usage (at least what the man pages says) of the /etc/group file. One day I was trying to replace my group file with a backup copy. I changed the ...
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1k views

How to handle user permission issue?

We have created an asset management application web app using php. This app allows users to browse, upload, rename, replace assets (binary files like images and 3d models) We developed in windows ...
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2k views

newgrp and groups assigned via pam_group.so

For convenience reasons I tend to assign special group memberships like floppy, audio, plugdev, video etc. via /etc/security/group.conf (pam_group.so) mechanism instead of adding all users to this ...
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277 views

groupadd: group 'terminal' already exists in Linux

I have created a group called "terminal" using groupadd terminal and when I list out the groups using groups command it will not show the newly created group name in the output but if I add the same ...
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If I delete groups, are users in those groups deleted?

I use ubuntu 14.04 and made 120 users. 115 users are in "student" and 5 users are in "assistant". If I delete groups, then are users in those groups deleted too?
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100 views

How To Logout and Apply New Group Settings [duplicate]

Can someone please tell me how to logout and log back in again via the command line so that I can apply a new group's settings to a user. To put this in perspective, assume that I am currently logged ...
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1answer
76 views

List of group id actually used on Debian

How can I get a list of group id which are currently used for Debian OS. I know that e.g. 0-99 are reservered for Debian "intern" things, but I'm wondering which ID is used for which group inside this ...
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1answer
364 views

How to give user access to specific folder in home directory

I'm trying to set up a 'deploy' user on my VPS (running CentOS 6 and cPanel) which needs to have access to a specific folder from another home directory: /home/nazeem/public_html/staging. I've ...
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313 views

Command to know privileges of a user group

If I run cat /etc/group command or groups username I am able to know the list of groups as group of a particular user. Is there any command through which I could know which type of privileges a ...
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93 views

Putting two accounts in group not giving read access to group members

I have an Apache based web site and am trying to allow the user to upload files to a drop box on one machine and then have them transferred to another. So I form a group for two users: www-data which ...
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1k views

delete user from group in fedora from command line

I have been using ubuntu extensively and use the following from the command line: deluser <username> <groupname> It doesn't seem to work in fedora. Is there an equivalent?
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Can't change group of files on mount point

I have mounted some ntfs drives. /etc/fstab looks like this: /dev/mapper/fedora-root / ext4 defaults 1 1 UUID=b6603ac8-e004-4cd6-b141-9bc95409e32a /boot ...
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560 views

Modify Default Group for new Users in Solaris 11

I would like to change the default group for new users which are added to the system. Does anybody know in which file this is stored? I'm using Solaris 11
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535 views

Group permissions ineffective, permission still denied

I've got a problem with UNIX permissions : I'm working under Debian Squeeze, and one of my scripts, run by www-data, needs to move a file, 23550.zip, placed in the home directory of another user, ...
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1answer
54 views

How to switch a group without asking for a password?

In linux, there's two files where group definitions are specified. One of them is /etc/group and the other is /etc/gshadow. I want my regular user to be able to switch a group while starting a process ...
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1answer
23 views

Group Directory permission

you have been asked by couple of programmers to make ProjectA a group directory on a UNIX server which allows them to create files under that directory to facilitate collaborative work, but only the ...
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1answer
38 views

Unable to execute program without root privileges regardless of group or permissions

avrdude is a simple tool that allows downloading of a program to a target microcontroller. For completeness, the command I am trying to issue is: avrdude -p atmega328p -c usbtiny -P usb -v -U ...
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1answer
201 views

Linux Root group change chmod for root owned to 770

I'd like to have normal user account assigned to root group (which I've done already) and change mod of all files that are owned by root user to 770, If I understood it well in result of that every ...
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2answers
64 views

Give group the right to send kill signals

I have a process that a user1 runs. And I need to grant all the group members the right to send some kill signal to it. So far, I always get this output: myProcess(13919): Operation not permitted ...
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1k views

Remove group ID from user

How can I remove a group (which was previously deleted) from a user which still references it? If I run groups, I get an error about a non-existent group: $ groups myuser dialout cdrom sudo dip ...
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1answer
75 views

Given a domain-controlled group, how can I get its domain?

I'm working on an application which collects data on groups. In my application I need to collect data and the residing users of local groups and send meta-data on domain-controlled groups. My ...
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1answer
82 views

Find files belonging to a group

Actually I want to find all the files and folders that are under the same group, for example I have this : [test] user1/sam a.txt user9/sam b.txt user4/sam I'm looking for a command ...
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362 views

Where is core group defined on coreos?

On CoreOS EC2 instance, I find the following: $ cat /etc/passwd root:x:0:0:root:/root:/bin/bash core:x:500:500:CoreOS Admin:/home/core:/bin/bash $ cat /etc/group wheel:x:10:root,core sudo:x:150: ...
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how to determine the permissions of groups?

When you invoke sudo, it prompts for password and then checks the /etc/sudoers configuration file to see if the user is permitted access to run the command. /etc/sudoers is the sudo configuration ...
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812 views

Granting permission for all users in a group to write to a directory and all its subdirectories

Trying out Linode for the first time, running an Arch Linux image, I successfully installed nginx as root. This, however, made /usr/share/nginx/html inaccessible to non-root users. Intuitively, I ...
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526 views

Added user supplementary group, but 'groups(1)' not showing change [duplicate]

I'm trying to add myself to the fuse user group but it doesn't look like the change is taking effect even though /etc/group looks correct after invoking addgroup or usermod. I've tried both ... sudo ...
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520 views

Several groups can have the same groupID?

0:root@SERVER:/root # grep 300 /etc/group ipsec:!:300:admgrp 0:root@SERVER:/root # ?? Several groups (ipsec/admgrp) can have the same groupID (300)?? how can this be? /AIX 6.1/
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265 views

Securely running LAMP under a specific user

I'm setting up a sandbox type of server that will be used by a couple users as a development environment and knowledge base. The server will have a web frontend so I've installed Apache, MySQL and ...
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1answer
65 views

logrotate fails to rotate logs: error setting owner

Recently I've noticed that logrotate does not rotate my logs. user1@host:~$ /usr/sbin/logrotate /home/user1/logrotate.conf -v gives me an error: error: error setting owner of /home/logs/mylog.log.1 ...
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61 views

How to add users to Linux through a shell script

The shell script that I have to write has to create new users and automatically assign them to groups. This is my code so far: echo -n "Enter the username: " read text useradd $text I was able to ...
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44 views

Add multiple user to UNIX group in one line

On Centos 6.5 (and probably any) linux, I can create a group: sudo groupadd mygroup and add several users to it: sudo usermod -a -G mygroup userA sudo usermod -a -G mygroup userB sudo usermod -a ...
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46 views

group files into fixed-size chunks

Example: Say I have 20 000 images and I need to group them into folders in order to burn them to a CD (max 700MB / folder). General: I have N files and I need to group them into M groups, so that all ...
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37 views

Cannot edit visudo

I have to give my user permission to run sudo. I am using CentOs # uname -a Linux lab-hv1-centos1 3.10.0-229.el7.x86_64 #1 SMP Fri Mar 6 11:36:42 UTC 2015 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux and have ...
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1answer
71 views

Read file permission denied despite sufficient permissions [duplicate]

I'm attempting to cat a file with 770 permissions as a user who is part of the group (but not the owner of the file). This should provide sufficient permissions to my understanding, yet I encounter a ...
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1answer
62 views

directory permissions [closed]

I'm currently working on a PHP server explorer, and I have to determine if a directory is empty or not readable because of insufficient permission. My web application is running under the user ...
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236 views

Where & How is user group information stored in Ubuntu? [closed]

Two places possible: /etc/group and /etc/passwd. If I use command: adduser [username] [groupname], then the user would be added to the group, and the file /etc/group would then be updated. However, ...
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Prompting for a password on sudo?

I'm creating users using Puppet. Here's the gist of what I'm doing in Puppet: user { 'ntkay': name => 'ntkay', uid => 10000, home => '/home/ntkay', managehome => true, ...
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121 views

Group member cannot list files in directory made by group

I am using Centos 6.6. I made a group with the following call sudo groupadd www-OtagoHarbour sudo usermod -G www-OtagoHarbour apache sudo usermod -G www-OtagoHarbour OtagoHarbour When I enter ...
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55 views

What if I add a user to a supplementary group?

I am using debian 7.0 and I added "debian-transmission" to the group "pi" with: usermod -a -G pi debian-transmission I made this change because transmission was not able to write the pi mounted ...
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79 views

sudoers file and passwd only for selected group

I have 3 users in "production" group: John, Steve and Bob. In "sales" group are: Sam and Jack. Now, I would like to give John permition to change passwords of all users but only in "production" ...
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1answer
142 views

User cannot access a file after setting an ACL [duplicate]

I cannot enter a directory after creation in a folder with an ACL: I am attempting to limit rwx access to a folder for just a single group and no one else. I would like to be able to add new users to ...
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1answer
85 views

Groups in the Samba configuration

I can't quite understand groups. For example, lets say if I add the following into my samba config: valid users = @users Must the group users exist on my system or is a samba group itself? And if ...
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1answer
204 views

Re-add accidently deleted system group

In my attempt to delete the admin user group I accidentally deleted the adm system group. I "added it back" by issuing addgroup --system adm. I have a feeling this is going to bite me back later. Is ...
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1answer
130 views

Find which directories each group can access

I need to take the /etc/group file (RHEL) and check what high level subdirectories each group has access to. Here is a made up example: Group 100 - \xxx\xxx\xxx Group 150 - \xx\xxxxx\x Is that ...
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1answer
131 views

Function of owning group versus ACL group permissions

Given the fact that we can give any number of groups rwx via POSIX ACL's is there any special privileges given to the owning group? For example, we can set any number of users with ACL's but only the ...
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1answer
8k views

Trouble adding existing user to existing group in ubuntu

I was trying to add a user called bill to www group useradd -G www bill It gives me error UX: useradd: ERROR: bill is already in use. Choose another. I checked if this user already in the group ...
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3k views

Accessing another user's files

I have a file "abc" with permissions 440 .The owner of this file is "root" and the group of this file is "groupabc" . I have a user "user1" .Is their anyway I can see the contents of files "abc" using ...
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343 views

How to disable messages in unix if mesg and chgrp not allowed?

This is one of my questions for my exam .. We are not supposed to use mesg y/n for this but we should effectively avoid mesgs along with the problem of not being able to change groups.
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Can't access Apache log folder

I want to see apache log file. This is what I tried: I granted most all permissions to apache2 folder. hieund@hieund:/var/log$ sudo chmod a+rw apache2/* But I can't cd to it. So I add my user to ...
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28 views

share encfs folder within the same group

given an encfs folder mounted under its own user, is it possible to permit read access to someone else (especially a system user), who belongs to the same group? For example user1 owns ...