grep is a command-line tool for searching text patterns in files

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Using grep to search a file

Re : grep command. I have to search a file for the names of all the students in the school's Linux system. I am able to do this and return about 665 names. (First string of /etc/passwd file). ...
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229 views

How to trick an init script into returning 0

I have a init script which is poorly designed because it does not conform to the Linux Standard Base Specifications The following should have an exit code of 0 if running, and 3 if not running ...
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312 views

Search and Filter Text on large log files

I use the tail, head and grep commands to search log files. Most of the time the combination of these 3 commands, in addition to using pipe, gets the job done. However, I have this one log that many ...
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grep entire filesystem blocks on devices

Command grep -rHinF --colour=always -e "aa:aa:aa:aa" / Output grep: /dev/geom.ctl: Operation not supported by device grep: /dev/devctl: Device busy It seems that grep can not proceed because it ...
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164 views

How to use awk or sed to convert csv diffs into more readable format

Can anyone give me the example of how to use awk or sed (not sure which one, as I haven't use either of these much, as I have mostly been using grep and cut to work with csv data) to convert ...
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Printing match groups with grep

I have the following grep: grep -Po 'href="(http://.*)">Transcript.* - ([0-9]*)\. (.*)</a>' I would like to print out the match groups. Is there a way to do this without Perl/Python? I ...
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Using a perl compatible regex with GNU grep -P

I'm using this regex (?<=\[')[^,]* on a file containing the following line disk = ['OVS/sdasd/asdasd/asdasd/something.img, w'] I want that to return OVS/sdasd/asdasd/asdasd/something.img How do I ...
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How to perform a multi line grep

How would you perform a grep for text that appears on two lines? For example: pbsnodes is a command I use that returns the utilization of a linux cluster root$ pbsnodes node1 state = free ...
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99 views

Retrieving two matches from repeated pattern

How can I retrieve matches from two repeated patterns: mappedname & its value in the text below?. MapName:abc someDiffName=someDiffValue x=3 y=6 NeedyMappedName=NeedyMappedValue . . Flag=true ...
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Get filesystem name and usage with `df -h`

df -h | grep test | sed -e 's/*%.^ //g;s/.*[ ^I]//' Output: /test /test/drv0 /test/drv1 df -h | grep test | cut -d '%' -f1 | sed -e 's/*%.^ //g;s/.*[ ^I]//' Output: 10 20 15 I want to ...
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456 views

Get all regex matches between two patterns and print them to file

I've got a file with a bunch of long lines. I'd like to grab every group between two patterns and print them to a new file, one match per line. I could manage to do this with Python, but I'd prefer ...
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generate links of pages with incrementing variable

consider the links http://unix.stackexchange.com/questions/tagged/linux?page=2&sort=newest&pagesize=15 ...
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grep + operator

According to the grep manual: * The preceding item will be matched zero or more times. + The preceding item will be matched one or more times. Let's test it echo 'agb' | grep 'a.*b' # returns ...
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4answers
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AWK Search massive file and write to variable name

I want to pull data that I will need to reformat from a simulation file I am working with to prepare it as input for running other simulations. The target data is an optimized chemical z-matrix. The ...
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4answers
256 views

Zgrep stop after first match when arguments are passed from xargs

I'm using this command to find patterns in zip files (similar to the one) suggested here http://superuser.com/questions/144926/unix-grep-for-a-string-within-all-gzip-files-in-all-subdirectories find ...
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0answers
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exit code of grep in trap where the script is launched by upstart service

recently I encountered a problem in ubuntu upstart and trap in bash shell. I use ubuntu 12.04 the upstart script(/etc/init/player.conf) is: start on (local-filesystems and runlevel [2345]) stop on ...
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Script to quickly test all keyboard keys

I need to check some notebooks for bad keyboard keys, and so I'd like to speed that up as much as possible. I found nothing for this specific task, so my idea is a script that reads the pressed keys ...
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2answers
113 views

regular expressions with grep

I have this command right here: grep -B10 -A10 '14:14:50 {"channels":["/alerts/6979/new"],"data":"New alerts for unit 6979"}' mygateway.log Rather than searching for 14:14:50 I would like the 50 to ...
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162 views

How to grep, then search and replace on the output?

I have some output from iconv, e.g. $ iconv -l | grep ISO | head -5 CSISO4UNITEDKINGDOM// CSISO10SWEDISH// CSISO11SWEDISHFORNAMES// CSISO14JISC6220RO// CSISO15ITALIAN// durrantm:~ How can I change ...
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1answer
75 views

How to grep including single quote in a file

I have this line from file.php: 'user' => '', What would be the appropriate command using grep to query the exact line?
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359 views

How can I concatenate a single column of output into a list?

I'm using: ls /proc | grep -v "^[0-9].*" to get a list of all the files and directories in /proc that don't begin with numbers. The output is a single column list, i.e.: acpi asound buddyinfo bus ...
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grep: memory exhausted

I was doing a very simple search: grep -R Milledgeville ~/Documents And after some time this error appeared: grep: memory exhausted How can I avoid this? I have 10GB of RAM on my system and few ...
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grep for an alphanumeric strings of any length with a colon on each side

How would you grep for an alphanumeric strings of 1 to 50 characters (ideally, any length would work too) with a colon on each side – a typical result would be all the lines containing the string ...
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2answers
79 views

selecting specific string in a field

I have this file: N104 F1810 N104 F3810 N104 F810 N104 F305 and a script to grep an input. Script: enter input read input cat file | grep $input when I input “810”, I get the ...
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Count lines with alphabet in linux

I have a file with a number of lines in a file filename. I want to count how many lines start with character 'a', with 'b' and so on in one go. What command i should execute.?
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grep filter all lines plus one before each hit

I want to parse some output so I exclude all lines that contain either foo or bar, as well as all lines immediately preceding those lines. For example: echo " 1 some line 2 line to exclude because ...
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953 views

Using grep or awk

To capture a particular pattern, awk and grep can be used. Why should we use one over the other. How does this work in the background? Which is faster and why? E.g If I had a log file and I wanted ...
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3answers
260 views

Command substitution in for loop not working

I want to keep all files not ending with .bat I tried for f in $(ls | egrep -v .bat); do echo $f; done and for f in $(eval ls | egrep -v .bat); do echo $f; done But both approaches yield the ...
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2answers
91 views

Filtering the result of the find command, so that it returns only directories

Is it possible to get only the results from find that are directory paths? Using find with some option, or using grep or some other utility the results are piped into as a filter? I thought something ...
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4answers
454 views

How to use the grep result in command line?

When I use grep to find some text which I need, it will display lines containing a match to the given pattern. For example, # grep -r ".*Linux" * path0/output.txt:I hope you enjoyed working on ...
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1answer
79 views

Problem with small bash script

I often run find in my code projects when I make a change somewhere and I have to find where it impacts other pieces of code, so I thought about writing a very small script to make this easier, call ...
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How can I combine grep with file and extra regex

I have a file of strings in each line. For example: AAAAA BBBBB CCCCC etc I want to check each string one by one whether it exists in a series of files in a specific directory. I ...
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How to grep for pipe |

How can I grep for line containing pipe character | or for character >: files content: |this is test where is > this is none now what I need using grep command is grep -iE "<some ...
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484 views

Optimizing a shell script with long running while loop

I have written a shell script which has to do the following: Capture session commands into one file. Every individual command into separate file. Mail every individual command file content based on ...
3
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1answer
249 views

Speed up zgrep on a multi-core computer

I'm running zgrep on a computer with 16 CPUs, but it only takes one CPU to run the task. Can I speed it up, perhaps utilize all 16 cores? P.S The IO is just fine, I could just copy the gzipped file ...
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Escaping * with Regular Expressions and Grep

I have a file that has unique lines that start with 2 stars (**). However when I run a grep command for grep \*\* fileName I get all of the lines in the file. This is very unusual, and what I ...
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2answers
236 views

Faster way to find matching patterns from external file grep -f {patternfile} {source} in BASH

In *nix terminal (Bash) os there any other faster way to find a pattern (or excluding them - egrep -v option) than using this: grep -f {patternfile} {source} Using this option is painfully slow for ...
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How to grep the last number on a line in a bash script

I have output from the smartctl -a command; one of the lines looks like this: 9 Power_On_Hours 0x0032 100 100 000 Old_age Always - 301 I've placed this into a variable (if that's the correct term) ...
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2answers
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Print a text file from a line number to another after searching for the lines

I want to print a text file from X line number to Y line number The value of X & Y is determined by searching for a specific line in the text file(in this case the page number) I search for the ...
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1answer
82 views

Numbering the output of grep

When we're filtering the output with grep, is there any way we can get line numbered output, like we get with cat -n? I'm not asking for the grep -n option which shows the line number of the match in ...
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1answer
110 views

Stream grep from subprogram, not tail file

Does a simple one liner exist for grepping continuous output from a program rather than just a file? Now just as an example, I would like to skip lines containing PHPUnit in them. For obvious reasons ...
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1answer
177 views

grep: display filename once, then display context with line numbers

Our source code has error codes scattered throughout. Finding them is easy with grep, but I'd like a bash function find_code that I can execute (eg. find_code ####) which will provide output along ...
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375 views

Some UTF-8 characters not being recognized by grep or sed

Trying to determine all characters in a file. The file sample consists of: a eɪ abandon əˈbændən ability əˈbɪləti able ˈeɪbəl able ˈeɪbl abortion əˈbɔrʃən abortion əˈbɔrʃn about əˈbaʊt above əˈbʌv ...
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526 views

if condition, loop in grep [closed]

Could someone please provide help for me. I tried to start writing a shell script but am getting hung up with this issue. I need to grep commands "adb shell ps" and find in it 3 processes with names: ...
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257 views

Grep a string from file

I have 5 filenames created inside a folder for one operation.The filenames are in the following format. ES_currentdate_currenttime_processid_uniqueid.log I want to read the status from the latest ...
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3answers
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How to find multiple strings in files? [duplicate]

I use the following command to find files with a given string: find /var/www/http -type f | xargs grep -iR "STRING1" But how can I find files which include "STRING1" OR "STRING2" OR "STRING3"? ...
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351 views

Grep in couple thousands files

I have directory with cca 26 000 files and I need to grep in all these files. Problem is, that I need it as fast as possible, so it's not ideal to make script where grep will take name of one file ...
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5answers
618 views

grep for multiple strings in files, and then list the files in the order of size

I am in a folder with lots of .txt file, I would like to find all the files which contain both stringA and stringB (not necessarily on the same line), then list these files in the order of the size ...
3
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1answer
284 views

Piping search term (not filename) to grep

I want to pick out certain lines containing a given number from a file. The file I want to search is called os_clusters/piRNA_clusters.bed. awk '{if (a[$0]++ == 0) {split($0,b,"."); ...
4
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132 views

Printing lines from one file if part of them appears in another. Both files are millions of lines long

I have two files, let's call them 123.txt and 789.txt. 123.txt is 2.5M lines long, and 789.txt is 65M lines long. Is there any way to use grep or similar to keep any lines from 789.txt that contain ...