grep is a command-line tool for searching text patterns in files

learn more… | top users | synonyms

1
vote
1answer
186 views

Listing specific lines in listed files

Find all files in /tmp that are ordinary files and print the lines that end with Programming. For this problem I know how to list all files in /tmp. What I do not know how to do is whether to use ...
1
vote
1answer
765 views

What does this egrep command do?

What does this egrep command do? egrep '[^A-M][0-9]+' /etc/passwd So far I think it searches for any file in /etc/passwd that starts with A-M and includes the number(s) 0-9. Is that right?
0
votes
2answers
255 views

why does grep -A n give more lines than n?

I am verifying UID/GID for certain users using the dscacheutil command. Using grep with -A flag gives me what I need but the number of lines doesn't make sense. Output below: Edit8:~ edit08$ ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

How to use grep/ack with files in arbitrary encoding?

On my Linux desktop I have a UTF-8 locale. When I try to search some KOI8-R encoded files with grep (ack), it fails. If I manually encode the pattern into KOI8-R and pass that as an argument, it ...
0
votes
2answers
544 views

ls outputs multiple columns even if piped to grep with grml's zsh config

I just decided to give zsh a go against Bash and came across some unhandy behaviour about which I couldn't find anything on the net: If you do a ls | grep foo in Bash, the ls only contains one file ...
4
votes
5answers
10k views

make grep output without trailing newline

Please consider this snippet: X=$(grep -m1 'some-pattern' some-file | sed -n 's/.* //p') I want to put last word in a variable if some pattern condition is matched for lines in arbitrary text file ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

How to grep on source code without catching comments

I search a way to grep on source code without having sometimes false-positive because of comments. For instance if I search on foo on this .c source code : /* * foo has changed [...] and is now a ...
4
votes
2answers
13k views

using xargs to grep multiple patterns

I have a file that has terms I want to grep for, with each term being one line in the file. I was thinking I could do this with xargs. What I'm able to glean from examples from the man page like this ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Extracting text from a text file in bash

I have a large text file that is all one line. In the text are several sections that looks like foo=12345 and I need to extract them all as separate lines, ignoring the rest of the file. For ...
1
vote
3answers
6k views

grep piping into sed, replacing inline; but I want sed to print the filename and changed line. Is it possible?

Here's my command (break intentional): grep FOO "/Users/gjtorikian/blah" -l | xargs sed -i '' '/FOO/{s/FOO/BAR/g; w /dev/stdout }' At the high-level: grep for FOO in the blah directory; pipe in ...
2
votes
3answers
240 views

Finding a number of occurrences of a certain character in tcsh

I am trying to find the number of certain types of files that have a '_' in the filename. I'm a massive beginner so my syntax looks like this at the moment; foreach txt ( 'ls *.txt') set n=0 if(grep ...
6
votes
1answer
7k views

grep for words of no more than a certain length

I'm looking for a way to grep things like: i log for E M, i 1 f x i 0, I xi 1, 3 1,. simply based on number of characters. Nothing in that hypothetical output is longer than three characters. This ...
4
votes
2answers
6k views

Grep: search and replace full line

The command grep "foo" myfile.txt prints all matching lines in my file. Now I want to replace the full line with another string. How can I do that?
4
votes
2answers
8k views

What is the python equivalent of grep -v?

I like grep -v. I use it all the time. But I am also doing some text processing in python, and there is one crucial thing that I lack. Usually, I use grep -v to take extraneous stuff out of text. ...
2
votes
4answers
1k views

Grep for a string with list of files as source

I have a plain text file, in every line is a path to a file. Now I have to grep for a string in these files. Is there any way to use this file as "search source" for grep? Or do I have to copy and ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Escaping of meta characters in basic/extended posix regex strings in grep

Is it possible to escape all meta characters of a string inside a variable before passing it to grep? I know similar question has been asked before on SE (here) and also a good explanation here, but I ...
1
vote
1answer
196 views

egrep command which shows all the authors and subjects of mails contained in a directory

Anyone know of an egrep command which will show the authors and subjects of all mails contained in some directory?
2
votes
2answers
9k views

Find all lines in a file with a certain character at a certain position

I have a lab question asking me to use grep with a regex pattern to match every word where the third letter from the beginning of the line is an "a" and save it with a redirect. How can I do that?
5
votes
3answers
7k views

Search for values in 2 columns from CSV

I have a csv files with say 20 odd columns. I need to get the 14th and 15th column values where value in 14th column is say "VALUE1" and value in 15th column is "VALUE2". My condition gets satisfied ...
3
votes
1answer
9k views

grep and escaping a dollar sign

I want to know which files have the string $Id$. grep \$Id\$ my_dir/mylist_of_files returns 0 occurrences. I discovered that I have to use grep \$Id$ my_dir/mylist_of_files Then I see that the ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

Egrep: contains and does not contain

egrep -i '12-12.*\swarning' log.file | cless The above will produce two lines with the date 12-12, followed by random characters, a white space, then Warning and more text. 2011-12-12 textetc ...
3
votes
2answers
965 views

Concatenate specific files into one single file

In a folder containing X files, I need to concatenate Y files (where X > Y) together into a single text file. I have the filenames (of Y files) that I need to concatenate. Can anyone please help me ...
5
votes
2answers
32k views

How to run grep on a single column?

I want to grep the output of my ls -l command: -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1866 Feb 14 07:47 rahmu.file -rw-r--r-- 1 rahmu user 95653 Feb 14 07:47 foo.file -rw-r--r-- 1 rahmu user ...
10
votes
5answers
35k views

How to display lines 2-4 after each grep result?

I'm parsing a mailbox file that stores e-mail server reports for unsuccessfully delivered e-mail. I wish to extract bad e-mail addresses, so that I remove them from the system. The log file looks like ...
1
vote
3answers
437 views

grep equivalent of the kwrite regex [A-Z][A-Z]+

So, it took me ages, but I finally learned to think in terms of regular expressions, thanks to using them in kwrite. But I still don't know how to translate that knowledge to grep. I love my grep, ...
7
votes
3answers
9k views

grep: Trailing backslash

I want to do a grep for \resources\. How do I do this? I've tried: grep \resources\ grep \\resources\\ grep "\resources\" grep "\\resources\\" None of these work.
11
votes
4answers
10k views

I would like to grep all files except some file types?

How do I recursively grep files within a given folders except a couple file types? For example, I'm looking for a string within my workspace folder but it ends up searching inside sql files and ...
9
votes
2answers
340 views

“Grep breaks, causing the boot process to hang forever”

Question within a question (from the Debian wiki): Should I use sid on my desktop? If you think you can handle a broken Debian system, sure. Do you know what to do if libpam0g breaks, ...
0
votes
1answer
81 views

grep *stringA*[number]

I was wondering how can I grep an expression of the type *stringA*[number] In other words, I want to target lines that have the following pattern: anything + stringA + anything + [number] For ...
9
votes
3answers
13k views

How can you move (or copy) all files of a certain type to a directory in Unix?

I'm not very familiar with all the tricks of grep/find/awk/xargs quite yet. I have some files matching a particular pattern, say *.xxx. These files are in random places throughout a certain ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

git grep colors differ from grep custom colors

I've setup grep colors in my ~/.bashrc : export GREP_COLORS='ms=01;34:mc=01;34:sl=:cx=:fn=35:ln=32:bn=32:se=36' They work for grep --color=auto grep --color=always Unfortunately, those custom ...
2
votes
2answers
551 views

xargs grep suggestion

grep -v "\<Swap" instruments.log | awk '{ idx=index($0, "MasterId="); masterId=substr($0, idx+length("MasterId=")+1); masterId=substr(masterId,1,index(masterId,"L")-3); print masterId; }' | xargs ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Difficulty making a regular expression to find at least 2 occurrences of a character in a file

I have a file containing random codes. Each code has ten characters in it, and I am trying to grep codes in the file that have at least 2 occurrences of a character. I am doing this: grep DD* ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

How can I retain the console input in mplayer when reading from stdin?

I'm playing around with the command line interface of mplayer. I'd like to script it in the following way find /some/path/ -type f | grep -vif blacklist | mplayer -shuffle -playlist - where ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

How to grep a text recursively on BusyBox 1.0?

How can I find a file containing a certain string on a BusyBox 1.0, if grep -r does not work?
15
votes
11answers
12k views

Grep huge number of patterns from huge file

I have a file that's growing about 200,000 lines a day, and it is all formed with blocks of three lines as such: 1358726575123 # key Joseph Brunner # name carpenter # job ...
6
votes
1answer
643 views

How to detect and delete lines containing ˆ@

I have a simple problem: In my file, the are lines containing the string ˆ@ˆ@ˆ@ˆ@ˆ@ˆ@. I just want to delete all lines with this string, using for example the sed or grep commands. And I would like ...
3
votes
3answers
3k views

How to search and replace text in all php-files in a directory and it's subdirectories

I am looking for a shell script that recursively traverses all .php files in a directory and performs a search & replace of a particular text pattern. The search pattern is quite long ( > 5000 ...
2
votes
3answers
3k views

Command-line tool to search docx files

Is there a command-line tool to text-search a docx file? I tried grep, but it doesn't work with docx even though it works fine with txt and xml files. I could convert the docx to txt first, but I'd ...
1
vote
2answers
5k views

Using grep to match only a match group in a regular expression?

I need to set my keyboard layout with setxkbmap before launching Wine games, as I use Dvorak for typing and this breaks every game's controls. What I'd like to do is simply write a script that grabs ...
1
vote
4answers
739 views

grep seems to ignore --include

man grep says grep [OPTIONS] PATTERN [FILE...] . . . --include=GLOB Search only files whose base name matches GLOB (using wildcard matching as described under --exclude). ...
6
votes
4answers
5k views

Finding the ID of a process and killing it

When ever I need to kill a background process I do ps -e | grep <process_name> Which prints something like this 1766 ? 00:00:13 conky , Then I use the process ID to kill it like so kill 1766 . ...
3
votes
5answers
293 views

evaluate multiple patterns from program output and write into pattern specific files

I have a script outputting some value/numbers and I want to split those into two files. I am looking at something like: ./runme.sh | grep 'ook' >> ook.out | grep 'eek' >> eek.out Where ...
1
vote
1answer
711 views

grep searchstring /etc/crontab strange behavior in BASH script

I am working on a BASH script which creates automated backups via the crontab. I am trying to use myVARIABLE=`grep backup /etc/crontab` to return lines containing "backup" if an entry has already ...
7
votes
4answers
10k views

How can I find all files that do NOT contain a text string?

What concise command can I use to find all files that do NOT contain a text string? I tried this (using -v to invert grep's parameters) with no luck: find . -exec grep -v -l shared.php {} \; ...
6
votes
6answers
10k views

Recursive search doesn't work for grep on solaris

On our Solaris server I'm finding that grep -r doesn't work, which is the usual way that I use grep. It seems that egrep has the same behavior. Given that I have no control over the machine, is there ...
9
votes
11answers
10k views

How can I “cat” a file and remove commented lines?

I'd like to know if there is a way that I could cat file like php.ini and remove all lines starting with ; For example, if the file contained this: ; - Show all errors, except for notices ; ...
10
votes
4answers
13k views

Grep: how to add an “OR” condition?

I am a total regex newbie. I find it confusing and I avoid it like the plague (wanna take some guesses as to why I'm not good at it?). But I suspect it might be the solution to my question. Which ...
4
votes
6answers
1k views

Grep a directory and return list with line numbers

I'm currently trying to learn more about bash scripting and all of that fun stuff, and I pieced together this little command: find $path | xargs grep -n $pattern | awk '{print $1}' While this DOES ...
2
votes
1answer
429 views

Getting data section with maximum element

I have some data stored in JSON-like format. { { value1: 14, value2: 12, value3: 1 }, { value1: 4, value3: -1 } } How can I get subsection ...