GNU Project is a free software, mass collaboration project. The founding goal of the project was, in the words of its initial announcement, to develop "a sufficient body of free software [...] to get along without any software that is not free.

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11
votes
4answers
9k views

sed on OSX insert at a certain line

So I've been using 'sed' on linux for a while, but have had a bit of difficulty trying to use it on OSX since 'POSIX sed' and 'GNU sed' have so many little differences. Currently I'm struggling with ...
10
votes
1answer
3k views

Check ping statistics without stopping

Is there a way to tell ping to show its usual termination statistics without stopping the execution? For instance, I'd like to quickly view: --- 8.8.8.8 ping statistics --- 2410 packets transmitted, ...
1
vote
2answers
44 views

How are GNU documents in PDF formats created?

Some GNU software doesn't offer PDF files for its manual, e.g. http://www.gnu.org/software/findutils/manual/find.html Some does, and their PDF files have bookmarks/outlines, e.g. ...
1
vote
1answer
16 views

jobs / wc: getting wierd return values

I can't make sense of these return values. When I run jobs -s | wc -l, I get different results depending on what directory I'm in. If I'm in the directory that I returned to after suspending the ...
4
votes
1answer
282 views

Why GNU find -execdir command behave differently than BSD find?

On my OSX, I've installed GNU find next to default BSD find via: brew install findutils. As far as I understand, BSD find is following POSIX standards and GNU makes it optional (as per this post), ...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

What can be considered as operating system? [closed]

I am talking about GNU/Linux but not about GNU or Linux! I know that Kernel is the core component in operating system but I want to know what defines the "operating system" (What can be considered as ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Is there a GNU/Linux equivalent to the Mac OS X open command? [duplicate]

In Mac OS X there is a handy open command that opens the target file or directory in the default GUI application meant for it: open /usr/local/share will bring up a Finder window with the ...
4
votes
1answer
70 views

Why does a '.' work in chown?

Why does GNU chown user.group work? The docs say nothing of the syntax being supported. Is there a juicy story behind it?
4
votes
1answer
227 views

`set -e` and `grep` idiom for preventing premature exit from shell script when pattern not found

Help required - in the context of shell scripting on a GNU/LINUX bash: I always use set -e. Often, I would like to grep and do not always want the script to terminate execution if grep has an exit ...
9
votes
5answers
1k views

Is there a practical use for the GNU factor command?

Looking through the GNU Coreutils, I spotted the factor command, that I had never noticed before. Reading the man page: Print the prime factors of each specified integer NUMBER. If none are ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Linux based operating system that has isolated software installations like in Android

Is there any linux based operating system for desktop that has software installation in single folder, like it does in Android (except the apps that need android/data or obb folder on external ...
12
votes
5answers
17k views

Parallelize a Bash FOR Loop

I have been trying to parallelize the following script, specifically each of the three FOR loop instances, using GNU Parallel but haven't been able to. The 4 commands contained within the FOR loop run ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Permission denied when I try to run a program assembled with the GNU assembler

I was testing the GNU assembler using intermediate code generated by gcc. I don't really understand the GNU assembly syntax at all, though I could learn it at some point. I ran the command as ...
2
votes
1answer
148 views

Where can I find mailfromd RPM's for CentOS 6?

I have been trying to locate an RPM for GNU Mailfromd and it's dependencies and have been quite surprised to find it absolutely nowhere on the 'net. Only place I could find any RPM's were for ...
2
votes
2answers
285 views

Has the GNU coreutils stat tool changed?

Has the GNU coreutils (8.6) version of stat changed? After a recent update, some scripts I wrote that call stat are not working as expected; in particular, I had been making use of stat -c %Y ...
2
votes
1answer
62 views

Why do GNU tools use non-matching ` and ' to quote errors?

GNU tools often output error and warning messages with parts of the line (e.g. filenames, syntax errors, invalid dates, etc) quoted with non-matching quotes: ` and ' e.g. From the GNU coreutils FAQ: ...
1
vote
1answer
97 views

Why does xargs -I imply -L 1

I've seen Why does 'find -exec cmd {} +' need to end in '{} +'? which explains why {} + has to be at the end of the -exec cmd(*), and now I'd like to know why GNU xargs reverts to one ...
0
votes
1answer
344 views

gtags for cygwin

This might be a silly question, and hopefully it's not off-topic, but I can't figure out where else to ask. Is gtags available for cygwin? I'm using ctags but it'd be nice to have all the extra ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

How are GNU system utilities compatible with Linux?

According to GNU Hurd Architecture the GNU operating system was originally designed to be used with the GNU Hurd kernel which is a microkernel architecture. How is it that hobbyists were able to ...
0
votes
0answers
76 views

Which version of split supports flag -p?

This command does not work in GNU Coreutils split, split of Cern Linux 5 (Redhat) and BSD (Apple Yosemite 10.10.3): split -p'\0' input.txt where input.txt is masi\0hello\0world. Some comments ...
2
votes
0answers
43 views

How to remove a broken installation of glibc

I just attempted to install glibc version 2.19 to my computer as follows: 1) I cloned the glibc git repo with $ cd ~ $ git clone git://sourceware.org/git/glibc.git 2) I checked out version 2.19 ...
27
votes
1answer
2k views

Were all Unix commands re-written in Linux?

I would like to know which commands were re-written for Linux and which were retained from Unix? I'm new to Linux.
1
vote
0answers
30 views

What are the major differences between the Darwin/BSD and GNU versions of Findutils?

OS X comes with its own versions of find, locate, and xargs. GNU versions of these utilities are also available as part of GNU Findutils. What are the major differences between the two versions? Is ...
3
votes
3answers
157 views

Regex search for word roots with common prefixes

I recently had a curiosity about words in the dictionary that share both "pro-" and "con-" as a prefix. So, for example, procession/concession, produce/conduce, profess/confess, progress/congress, and ...
4
votes
1answer
62 views

How to find how many windows are opened in GNU screen?

I am trying to automate my work flow. I have a script that opens individual window in screen for each IP in a list. Imagine setupscreen.sh <IP1> <IP2> .... After all windows are open, each ...
1
vote
0answers
138 views

Error building and compiling GCC 5.2.0 from scratch on Vortex86DX

In order to upgrade a VortexDX86 custom linux with a gcc 3.2.3 compiler, I´m trying to built the GCC 5.2.0 compiler to support the latest C++ 11 standard. I have downloaded its source code from ...
0
votes
1answer
135 views

What are the alternatives to GNU ld?

I was curious if it's possible to build Linux kernel without GNU toolchain (gcc+autotools). I found out that it is possible: after applying patches from llvm.linuxfoundation.org, it was possible to ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

It is possible to run these in GNU parallel [closed]

I would like to run these: screen watch -n 0 php /usr/share/nginx/html/2siti.php & screen watch -n 0 php /usr/share/nginx/html/2siti.php & screen watch -n 0 php ...
4
votes
5answers
234 views

Is there a plain GNU/Linux OS?

I'm currently looking at all the different Linux distros and can't seem to find the original GNU/Linux OS. Apparently there is a GNU System which combined the GNU project with the Linux kernel. How do ...
0
votes
2answers
797 views

Where does the word GNU come from?

GNU is a Unix-like operating system. That means it is a collection of many programs: applications, libraries, developer tools, even games. The development of GNU, started in January 1984, is known ...
13
votes
7answers
1k views

Ideal Hardware for GNU/Linux Laptop

What's the best way to find a laptop with hardware that is amenable to installing and running GNU/Linux? I'm looking for something that will ideally work with GPL'd drivers and/or firmware. I took a ...
1
vote
0answers
511 views

Building HDF5 with GCC 4.7 and OpenMPI

I am trying to install hdf5 with GCC 4.7 from binary, because I do not have root permissions, using following script on a machine using CentOS release 5.6(AMD64bit): module purge module unload ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

How can I easily deal with differences between BSD and GNU sed? [duplicate]

BSD and GNU sed have some small differences in what arguments they accept. I just learned that I have to use different command lines when using -i: sed -i '' # BSD sed -i # GNU I solved this ...
10
votes
2answers
4k views

What's the difference between “dir” and “ls”?

I have compared the man pages of dir and ls and they seem to be exactly the same. Both are part of GNU coreutils and "list directory contents". The only difference I've seen so far is that dir ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

'pkglibexecdir' is not a legitimate directory

I'm following some outdated instructions in an attempt to compile some proprietary, closed-source, unsupported, legacy code. Here is what a typical shell session looks like: $ autoreconf -fi ...
8
votes
4answers
2k views

GNU/Hurd vs. GNU/Linux

I was quite surprised to learn that the GNU project has an independent kernel of their own called Hurd. And there are mainstream distributions like Arch Hurd and Debian GNU/Hurd which uses it. Is ...
14
votes
2answers
864 views

Is it possible to run pure GNU?

On the GNU Project webpage, there's a subsection called "All GNU packages" which lists the various software in the GNU project. Are there any GNU distributions which use only these packages -- i.e. a ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Compile freedink couldn't find SDL2

I tried to compile GNU Freedink as described in the BUILD file but when I try to configure it couldn't find SDL2. Log: http://pastebin.com/GYHHa4T0
1
vote
1answer
77 views

Cross compiling a software module

I'm trying to compile dropbear with the GNU ARM tool chain. I've went through this guide and managed to successfully build all the required tools. They are located in a directory: ...
0
votes
1answer
845 views

Does Android break GPL? [closed]

Just got curious. If Android is based on a modified Linux Kernel and its source code is closed, doesn't it violate the terms of GPL2, that GPL-derivatives must also supply their source code, "Liberty ...
-1
votes
1answer
60 views

To sed if with and without conditions correct

I know that I may have the C package #include <stdint.h> in the first 1-30 lines. I would like to add it to lines where no previously if the file contains the word LARGE_INTEGER by GNU tools. ...
3
votes
5answers
591 views

What makes a distribution GNU and are there Linux distributions, that are not GNU? [duplicate]

So GNU/Linux is an operation system, consisting of several programs at a minimum: Linux kenel, gcc, gnu-binutils, Gnome desktop, etc. What makes a Linux distribution GNU? Is it the tools, with which ...
97
votes
5answers
17k views

Why isn't Linux embraced as the official GNU kernel?

While I knew for quite some time the existence of Hurd, and its mission as the official GNU Operating System kernel, I was wondering how come Linux is not embraced as the official GNU kernel over the ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Wifi AP with ASUS USB-N10

I am trying to configure wifi AP with subj device. According documentation in web, it requires master mode hardware support and hostapd software. It seems I have master mode: # iwconfig ... ...
2
votes
2answers
105 views

Why gnustep-config outputs nothing for any parameter?

Regardless of what I run: gnustep-config --debug-flags gnustep-config --objc-flags gnustep-config --base-libs It outputs nothing. How would I debug this? PS: the OS details: Ubuntu 12.04.2 LTS, ...
0
votes
1answer
195 views

Launch Win 7 from Grub Terminal?

I a newbie to Linux and tried to install Ubuntu via Win 7 from my SD card where I used a program to mount the is file. I launched the installer from Windows and I asked the program to reboot and it ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

Why doesn't tar ask before overwriting existing files?

I lost a couple hundred lines of a Vim plugin I wrote and continue back up every so often because I extracted a tar file containing an older version. I decided not to use source control management ...
0
votes
1answer
95 views

direct GNU sort to use much memory and many cores

I have a fairly large text file (19Gb, half a billion lines) and a fairly large server on which to sort it (16 cores, 64Gb memory) running Ubuntu 12.04. What is the best way to use the command line ...
0
votes
1answer
154 views

cp options --no-clobber vs. --update

I want to copy a single file if (and only if) the destination does not exist. The source file changes rarely, maybe once a month. The destination almost never exists. Are there any differences ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

Where can I use 'beadm'?

I want to use beadm destroy but I don't know where can I type that command... Do I have to type it here or where?