GNU Project is a free software, mass collaboration project. The founding goal of the project was, in the words of its initial announcement, to develop "a sufficient body of free software [...] to get along without any software that is not free.

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7
votes
2answers
69 views

texinfo: Can I write non-english info files? Such as Chinese, and how?

Most gnu manual files use info, write a texinfo then makeinfo produces info files, it's great. Can texinfo contain non-English characters then produce non-English infos or pdfs? How can I write ...
3
votes
1answer
185 views

Disable GNU Indent backup files

I am using GNU Indent to format C code in my project. By default backup files are created ending with a ~. I don't want to have any backup files created, is there a way to disable it?
-2
votes
2answers
3k views

What is the difference between Unix, Linux, BSD and GNU? [closed]

What is the very fundamental difference between Unix, Linux, BSD and GNU? Unix was the earliest OS, so the term 'Unix like' is understandable, since they have kernel, file system structure, most of ...
7
votes
3answers
223 views

In shell config scripts, how can I account for differences between coreutils on BSD compared to GNU?

Up until this month, my shell configs have been pretty simple (just a .bashrc or .bash_profile with some aliases mainly), but I have been refactoring it so I can get different behavior depending on ...
8
votes
6answers
11k views

Parallelize a Bash FOR Loop

I have been trying to parallelize the following script, specifically each of the three FOR loop instances, using GNU Parallel but haven't been able to. The 4 commands contained within the FOR loop run ...
20
votes
4answers
8k views

What are the differences between bsdtar and GNU tar?

I've always used GNU tar. However, all GNU/Linux distributions that I've seen ship bsdtar in their repositories. I've even seen it installed by default in some, IIRC. I know for sure that Arch ...
0
votes
1answer
105 views

What kernel for ARM architechture, Linux or BSD? [closed]

I'm a computer sciences student and recently started a project with the engineering department that involves an onboard ARM processor, the question is what sort of operating system, kernel and ...
3
votes
5answers
510 views

What makes a distribution GNU and are there Linux distributions, that are not GNU? [duplicate]

So GNU/Linux is an operation system, consisting of several programs at a minimum: Linux kenel, gcc, gnu-binutils, Gnome desktop, etc. What makes a Linux distribution GNU? Is it the tools, with which ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

What are the numbers after program names in Linux/GNU documentation? [duplicate]

I see numbers in parentheses after program names and it confuses me. For example, perldoc mentions that perl grep is "similar in spirit to, but not the same as, grep(1) and its relatives." What does ...
14
votes
2answers
706 views

Is it possible to run pure GNU?

On the GNU Project webpage, there's a subsection called "All GNU packages" which lists the various software in the GNU project. Are there any GNU distributions which use only these packages -- i.e. a ...
3
votes
2answers
461 views

Mac OS X command-line tools - differences from FreeBSD

As I understand it many Mac OS X command-line tools (like ls, cp, chmod, chown etc.) are imported from FreeBSD. Which version of FreeBSD contains the command-line tools most compatible with the OS X ...
6
votes
3answers
648 views

What exactly do we mean when we say we are using Linux?

I was going through an article on GNU which goes something like below There really is a Linux, and these people are using it, but it is just a part of the system they use. Linux is the kernel: ...
27
votes
1answer
2k views

Were all Unix commands re-written in Linux?

I would like to know which commands were re-written for Linux and which were retained from Unix? I'm new to Linux.
2
votes
2answers
99 views

Why gnustep-config outputs nothing for any parameter?

Regardless of what I run: gnustep-config --debug-flags gnustep-config --objc-flags gnustep-config --base-libs It outputs nothing. How would I debug this? PS: the OS details: Ubuntu 12.04.2 LTS, ...
2
votes
2answers
322 views

Richard Stallman compares Linux with Windows [closed]

I'm posting this here, because I really don't know any other place that could answer this. I'm curious about switching to Linux. I'm referring to this video: ...
2
votes
5answers
246 views

Can the GNU Project be seen as a distribution of Linux? [closed]

When Linus Torvalds was asked in the documentary Revolution OS whether the name "GNU/Linux" was justified, he replied: Well, I think it's justified, but it's justified if you actually make a ...
1
vote
2answers
219 views

Is the GNU Coreutils copied from Unix?

Linux itself is not a copy of Unix because one can argue it simply conforms to the POSIX standard. However, how about the GNU Coreutils which contains utilities like ls, cd and rm, etc...? Is there ...
13
votes
1answer
4k views

What are the main differences between BSD and GNU/Linux userland?

I've read a lot on Unix & Linux about BSDs and GNU, etc. But I still don't understand what some actual, practical differences are between BSD and GNU userlands, despite the fact that they are ...
-4
votes
2answers
95 views

Find the location of /gnu [closed]

I'm working on my university server and trying to find the location of /gnu. I know that it is installed with the latest version as I get the correct version using:g++ --version On using find find ...
30
votes
4answers
3k views

What is GNU Info for?

I understand what GNU Info is and how to use it, but what is it for? Why does it exist in parallel to the man pages? Why not write detailed man pages rather than provide a separate utility?
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Ignore Symlinks when Extracting Tarball

I have a relatively simple question that I cannot seem to find the answer for. I am attempting to extract a tarball (*.tgz, to be exact) and receiving terminal errors on extracted symlinks. ...
0
votes
2answers
128 views

Free gnu/linux distribution for web server [closed]

I would like to ask if anyone has tried using any 100% free software distro as server OS. Either directly on hardware or through a virtual machine. What where the most important shortcomings? I came ...
89
votes
5answers
16k views

Why isn't Linux embraced as the official GNU kernel?

While I knew for quite some time the existence of Hurd, and its mission as the official GNU Operating System kernel, I was wondering how come Linux is not embraced as the official GNU kernel over the ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Are Icecat and Iceweasel different projects?

I was interested in finding Firefox 'clones' in Linux when I heard about Icecat and Iceweasel. But while Icecat can be installed with sudo add-apt-repository ppa:gnuzilla-team/ppa && ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

How to interpret the explicit references to GNU in the LSB specifications?

The LSB is a specification, and as such, should be provider neutral. But it contains many “hard‑coded” reference to GNU at many places. Ex. the ELF Linux's specific entries PT_GNU_STACK, PT_GNU_RELRO ...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

brcmsmac does not work

I am attempting to enable my wireless interface in Slax Linux, so far, I know the driver I need is brcmsmac, since I have a broadcom card; and this work in Slackware. The driver is available and does ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Wifi AP with ASUS USB-N10

I am trying to configure wifi AP with subj device. According documentation in web, it requires master mode hardware support and hostapd software. It seems I have master mode: # iwconfig ... ...
1
vote
2answers
436 views

Difference betwen grep pattern ^$ and ^

I understand that grep matches all the blank lines for the pattern ^$. But what does just ^ means. When I gave grep '^' filename. It matched all the lines. Also grep '' filename matched all the lines ...
1
vote
1answer
989 views

How to recover grub after Windows installation

Usually when we install Windows after installing GNU/Linux, we usually lose the Grub. Which is the best way to recover grub when we lost grub or what are the possible different ways.
0
votes
3answers
3k views

How can I downgrade gcc 4.6.3 to 4.4.3?

I have gcc-4.6.3 installed in my PC.but for my project I need gcc-4.4.3 version. I do not mind removing gcc-4.6.3 but I badly need gcc-4.4.3. How can I downgrade? or how can I keep two gcc and make ...
1
vote
0answers
104 views

at daemon creates empty tasks

I have problem with atd daemon. If at is called by non-root, it creates task, but it is empty (content of /var/spool/atd). I do not remember what I have done before it broke that way. What else ...
1
vote
1answer
137 views

Where can I find mailfromd RPM's for CentOS 6?

I have been trying to locate an RPM for GNU Mailfromd and it's dependencies and have been quite surprised to find it absolutely nowhere on the 'net. Only place I could find any RPM's were for ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

Installing install-info

I do not have root privileges in my system and I have noticed that I don't have access to a install-info binary, even though I need to install an Emacs package (CEDET). In the past, whenever I had ...
8
votes
4answers
7k views

sed on OSX insert at a certain line

So I've been using 'sed' on linux for a while, but have had a bit of difficulty trying to use it on OSX since 'POSIX sed' and 'GNU sed' have so many little differences. Currently I'm struggling with ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Install only a few GNU coreutils?

Is there a way to build and install only a few of the GNU coreutils? The README in coreutils-8.19.tar.xz lists 100-odd, but the INSTALL doesn't say how to install only a few, and the Makefile is (to ...
0
votes
1answer
652 views

Does Android break GPL? [closed]

Just got curious. If Android is based on a modified Linux Kernel and its source code is closed, doesn't it violate the terms of GPL2, that GPL-derivatives must also supply their source code, "Liberty ...
9
votes
2answers
3k views

What's the difference between “dir” and “ls”?

I have compared the man pages of dir and ls and they seem to be exactly the same. Both are part of GNU coreutils and "list directory contents". The only difference I've seen so far is that dir ...
3
votes
1answer
624 views

“tar --exclude-backups” does not exclude files with tilde at end

If I have the following directory: $ ls -a foo . .. a #a# a~ b b.bkp c .git .hg .svn and call: $ tar zcf foo-no-bkp.tar.gz --exclude-backups foo/ The resulting archive still has backup ...
5
votes
4answers
885 views

Is there a practical use for the GNU factor command?

Looking through the GNU Coreutils, I spotted the factor command, that I had never noticed before. Reading the man page: Print the prime factors of each specified integer NUMBER. If none are ...
0
votes
1answer
329 views

Content of AUTHORS file [closed]

Pedantic question. GNU recommend make AUTHORS file for list of authors and contributos of a program. But how many "levels" of authors and contributors should contain the file? E.g. I write a program ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

Why doesn't tar ask before overwriting existing files?

I lost a couple hundred lines of a Vim plugin I wrote and continue back up every so often because I extracted a tar file containing an older version. I decided not to use source control management ...
9
votes
2answers
948 views

What is the point of ls -f (or, why is this hanging?)

I've got a directory with about 100,000 files in it. ls -f hangs for over a minute. I ran strace, and immediately started seeing getdents, so ls is clearly reading the directory. I also see a lot ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

Why bash time is more precise then GNU time?

The buitin bash command time gives milisecond precision of execution and GNU time (usually /usr/bin/time) gives centisecond precision. The times(2) syscall gives times in clocks, and 100 clocks = 1 ...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

Why does FreeBSD use the GPL-licensed GCC?

Why does FreeBSD use GCC as its default compiler? I am under the impression that a core pillar of the FreeBSD philosophy is not to use any GNU software and in particular, GPL code. Yet GCC which is ...
0
votes
4answers
3k views

How to set domain name in Crunchbang GNU/Linux?

How can I set the domain name in GNU/Linux?, I am using Crunchbang and I need to set the domain name for my LAN network. EDIT: Let me talk more about my problem: I need to configure a LAN network for ...
1
vote
1answer
499 views

How to configure a Frame Relay in Unix/Linux?

I am in a Networking course, the course employs a Cisco packet tracer to practice before the real implementation, but I only use GNU/Linux (Debian Squeeze) and I need to configure a next network ...
0
votes
1answer
682 views

How to enable TCP connection in Debian Squeeze?

I need enable TCP connections to my system, for use graphical applications in marionnet, network simulation system, in debian squeeze. In older versions of debian it is achieved with ...
8
votes
4answers
2k views

GNU/Hurd vs. GNU/Linux

I was quite surprised to learn that the GNU project has an independent kernel of their own called Hurd. And there are mainstream distributions like Arch Hurd and Debian GNU/Hurd which uses it. Is ...
6
votes
2answers
237 views

System programming: How to gather info?

According to this question, a good way to learn system programming would be to implement the existing tools. I decided to try to rewrite ls and ps. My question is how would one proceed to get ...
7
votes
1answer
648 views

Poor Man's GNU Parallel implemented in ksh?

I'd like to use the feature of GNU parallel where it can execute the command and the list it's fed in parallel and spit it out after it's all done, however, I don't want to install GNU parallel across ...