GNU Project is a free software, mass collaboration project. The founding goal of the project was, in the words of its initial announcement, to develop "a sufficient body of free software [...] to get along without any software that is not free.

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3
votes
2answers
480 views

Merging /usr/bin and /usr/sbin into /bin (GNU/Linux)

I've read quite a number of discussions about people wanting to merge /bin and /sbin into /usr/bin. The same cannot be said for doing it the other way around. Is there any technical reason why one ...
7
votes
3answers
209 views

In shell config scripts, how can I account for differences between coreutils on BSD compared to GNU?

Up until this month, my shell configs have been pretty simple (just a .bashrc or .bash_profile with some aliases mainly), but I have been refactoring it so I can get different behavior depending on ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

Building GNU part of GNU/Linux [closed]

I have successfully built the Linux Kernel 3.13.6 and ran it in QEMU. Since it is just the kernel, it will eventually complain that it cannot find init or sh, etc. Therefore, it is necessary to ...
2
votes
2answers
262 views

Has the GNU coreutils stat tool changed?

Has the GNU coreutils (8.6) version of stat changed? After a recent update, some scripts I wrote that call stat are not working as expected; in particular, I had been making use of stat -c %Y ...
1
vote
3answers
109 views

My grep (GNU grep) 2.5.1 does not obey backslash character and special expression

I'm trying to follow a section in The GNU Grep Manual but my expression isn't working. Is it my grep version? Red Hat 5.5. $ rm file $ echo 'hello world' > file $ grep 'hello world' file hello ...
28
votes
3answers
2k views

What is the `[` program that resides in my system's /bin?

I was recently browsing my Fedora's /bin folder and noticed a binary named [. I did try to search the internet for more information on that, but I couldn't find anything useful. Running it through ...
2
votes
1answer
165 views

less command runs out of memory

When searching for string (no regex etc.) in large file less filename and less -b 1 filename quits or prints it cannot allocate memory. top shows less using roughly about 5% of memory before it dies ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

How to create a gnu tarball that can be extracted by solaris tar

I am maintaining a legacy cygwin (with GNU tar v1.21) system and a legacy Solaris 9 system. The configuration of the Solaris 9 system is fixed and cannot be upgraded (i.e. I can't install gnu tar for ...
3
votes
1answer
90 views

Common flag designations and standards for shell scripts and functions

I have been adjusting to using GETOPT and GETOPTS in my shell scripts and custom functions to enable me to use the functions that I create more flexibly. After using a number of UNIX functions I have ...
7
votes
2answers
69 views

texinfo: Can I write non-english info files? Such as Chinese, and how?

Most gnu manual files use info, write a texinfo then makeinfo produces info files, it's great. Can texinfo contain non-English characters then produce non-English infos or pdfs? How can I write ...
1
vote
1answer
940 views

How to recover grub after Windows installation

Usually when we install Windows after installing GNU/Linux, we usually lose the Grub. Which is the best way to recover grub when we lost grub or what are the possible different ways.
3
votes
1answer
109 views

Translate GNU ps flags to standard flags

I'm using oh-my-zsh and its ssh-agent plugin on OSX, but lately somebody upstream decided to use ps x. I'm not entirely sure what that even does, since I haven't used a GNU userland in something close ...
3
votes
1answer
177 views

Disable GNU Indent backup files

I am using GNU Indent to format C code in my project. By default backup files are created ending with a ~. I don't want to have any backup files created, is there a way to disable it?
2
votes
5answers
240 views

Can the GNU Project be seen as a distribution of Linux? [closed]

When Linus Torvalds was asked in the documentary Revolution OS whether the name "GNU/Linux" was justified, he replied: Well, I think it's justified, but it's justified if you actually make a ...
0
votes
1answer
102 views

What kernel for ARM architechture, Linux or BSD? [closed]

I'm a computer sciences student and recently started a project with the engineering department that involves an onboard ARM processor, the question is what sort of operating system, kernel and ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

How to interpret the explicit references to GNU in the LSB specifications?

The LSB is a specification, and as such, should be provider neutral. But it contains many “hard‑coded” reference to GNU at many places. Ex. the ELF Linux's specific entries PT_GNU_STACK, PT_GNU_RELRO ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

What are the numbers after program names in Linux/GNU documentation? [duplicate]

I see numbers in parentheses after program names and it confuses me. For example, perldoc mentions that perl grep is "similar in spirit to, but not the same as, grep(1) and its relatives." What does ...
3
votes
2answers
453 views

Mac OS X command-line tools - differences from FreeBSD

As I understand it many Mac OS X command-line tools (like ls, cp, chmod, chown etc.) are imported from FreeBSD. Which version of FreeBSD contains the command-line tools most compatible with the OS X ...
7
votes
4answers
2k views

GNU/Hurd vs. GNU/Linux

I was quite surprised to learn that the GNU project has an independent kernel of their own called Hurd. And there are mainstream distributions like Arch Hurd and Debian GNU/Hurd which uses it. Is ...
6
votes
3answers
608 views

What exactly do we mean when we say we are using Linux?

I was going through an article on GNU which goes something like below There really is a Linux, and these people are using it, but it is just a part of the system they use. Linux is the kernel: ...
26
votes
1answer
2k views

Were all Unix commands re-written in Linux?

I would like to know which commands were re-written for Linux and which were retained from Unix? I'm new to Linux.
0
votes
4answers
3k views

How to set domain name in Crunchbang GNU/Linux?

How can I set the domain name in GNU/Linux?, I am using Crunchbang and I need to set the domain name for my LAN network. EDIT: Let me talk more about my problem: I need to configure a LAN network for ...
2
votes
2answers
311 views

Richard Stallman compares Linux with Windows [closed]

I'm posting this here, because I really don't know any other place that could answer this. I'm curious about switching to Linux. I'm referring to this video: ...
13
votes
1answer
3k views

What are the main differences between BSD and GNU/Linux userland?

I've read a lot on Unix & Linux about BSDs and GNU, etc. But I still don't understand what some actual, practical differences are between BSD and GNU userlands, despite the fact that they are ...
-4
votes
2answers
93 views

Find the location of /gnu [closed]

I'm working on my university server and trying to find the location of /gnu. I know that it is installed with the latest version as I get the correct version using:g++ --version On using find find ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Ignore Symlinks when Extracting Tarball

I have a relatively simple question that I cannot seem to find the answer for. I am attempting to extract a tarball (*.tgz, to be exact) and receiving terminal errors on extracted symlinks. ...
0
votes
2answers
128 views

Free gnu/linux distribution for web server [closed]

I would like to ask if anyone has tried using any 100% free software distro as server OS. Either directly on hardware or through a virtual machine. What where the most important shortcomings? I came ...
1
vote
1answer
136 views

Where can I find mailfromd RPM's for CentOS 6?

I have been trying to locate an RPM for GNU Mailfromd and it's dependencies and have been quite surprised to find it absolutely nowhere on the 'net. Only place I could find any RPM's were for ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Are Icecat and Iceweasel different projects?

I was interested in finding Firefox 'clones' in Linux when I heard about Icecat and Iceweasel. But while Icecat can be installed with sudo add-apt-repository ppa:gnuzilla-team/ppa && ...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

brcmsmac does not work

I am attempting to enable my wireless interface in Slax Linux, so far, I know the driver I need is brcmsmac, since I have a broadcom card; and this work in Slackware. The driver is available and does ...
1
vote
2answers
425 views

Difference betwen grep pattern ^$ and ^

I understand that grep matches all the blank lines for the pattern ^$. But what does just ^ means. When I gave grep '^' filename. It matched all the lines. Also grep '' filename matched all the lines ...
0
votes
3answers
3k views

How can I downgrade gcc 4.6.3 to 4.4.3?

I have gcc-4.6.3 installed in my PC.but for my project I need gcc-4.4.3 version. I do not mind removing gcc-4.6.3 but I badly need gcc-4.4.3. How can I downgrade? or how can I keep two gcc and make ...
1
vote
0answers
104 views

at daemon creates empty tasks

I have problem with atd daemon. If at is called by non-root, it creates task, but it is empty (content of /var/spool/atd). I do not remember what I have done before it broke that way. What else ...
5
votes
4answers
837 views

Is there a practical use for the GNU factor command?

Looking through the GNU Coreutils, I spotted the factor command, that I had never noticed before. Reading the man page: Print the prime factors of each specified integer NUMBER. If none are ...
11
votes
4answers
4k views

Any options to replace GNU coreutils on Linux?

I've been thinking about discontinuing the use of GNU Coreutils on my Linux systems, but to be honest, unlike many other GNU components, I can't think of any alternatives (on Linux). What alternatives ...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

Why does FreeBSD use the GPL-licensed GCC?

Why does FreeBSD use GCC as its default compiler? I am under the impression that a core pillar of the FreeBSD philosophy is not to use any GNU software and in particular, GPL code. Yet GCC which is ...
8
votes
4answers
7k views

sed on OSX insert at a certain line

So I've been using 'sed' on linux for a while, but have had a bit of difficulty trying to use it on OSX since 'POSIX sed' and 'GNU sed' have so many little differences. Currently I'm struggling with ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

Installing install-info

I do not have root privileges in my system and I have noticed that I don't have access to a install-info binary, even though I need to install an Emacs package (CEDET). In the past, whenever I had ...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

What's the difference between “dir” and “ls”?

I have compared the man pages of dir and ls and they seem to be exactly the same. Both are part of GNU coreutils and "list directory contents". The only difference I've seen so far is that dir ...
3
votes
1answer
610 views

“tar --exclude-backups” does not exclude files with tilde at end

If I have the following directory: $ ls -a foo . .. a #a# a~ b b.bkp c .git .hg .svn and call: $ tar zcf foo-no-bkp.tar.gz --exclude-backups foo/ The resulting archive still has backup ...
0
votes
1answer
320 views

Content of AUTHORS file [closed]

Pedantic question. GNU recommend make AUTHORS file for list of authors and contributos of a program. But how many "levels" of authors and contributors should contain the file? E.g. I write a program ...
9
votes
2answers
928 views

What is the point of ls -f (or, why is this hanging?)

I've got a directory with about 100,000 files in it. ls -f hangs for over a minute. I ran strace, and immediately started seeing getdents, so ls is clearly reading the directory. I also see a lot ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

Why bash time is more precise then GNU time?

The buitin bash command time gives milisecond precision of execution and GNU time (usually /usr/bin/time) gives centisecond precision. The times(2) syscall gives times in clocks, and 100 clocks = 1 ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

Is GNU PDF Library in active development?

I've been hearing about The GNU PDF Library since 2007. Since then I've been looking forward to see this tool in the wild, but four years have passed and it seems to me that this is a painfully long ...
1
vote
1answer
491 views

How to configure a Frame Relay in Unix/Linux?

I am in a Networking course, the course employs a Cisco packet tracer to practice before the real implementation, but I only use GNU/Linux (Debian Squeeze) and I need to configure a next network ...
0
votes
1answer
676 views

How to enable TCP connection in Debian Squeeze?

I need enable TCP connections to my system, for use graphical applications in marionnet, network simulation system, in debian squeeze. In older versions of debian it is achieved with ...
6
votes
2answers
222 views

System programming: How to gather info?

According to this question, a good way to learn system programming would be to implement the existing tools. I decided to try to rewrite ls and ps. My question is how would one proceed to get ...
7
votes
1answer
635 views

Poor Man's GNU Parallel implemented in ksh?

I'd like to use the feature of GNU parallel where it can execute the command and the list it's fed in parallel and spit it out after it's all done, however, I don't want to install GNU parallel across ...
3
votes
2answers
377 views

What are the kernel, the “GNU tools and utilities”, the shell and the Window Manager?

Among the many components of a Linux system, I find myself confused (as a newbie) about what exactly is the kernel or what is GNU's part. I understand some basic concepts of this, but where is the ...
7
votes
1answer
437 views

What is the font used for GNU documentation?

I am interested in learning how documentation for GNU related software is written, and am wondering what type of font is used in their PDF documentation? (for instance, the GCC manual here: ...