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2
votes
1answer
35 views

set -xv behavior in ksh vs bash

Normally I like to have all of the debug output of a script go to a file, so I will have something like: exec 2> somefile set -xv This work very will in bash, but I have noticed in ksh it ...
1
vote
0answers
48 views

export -f in .bashrc after upgrade to bash 4.3.30 kills builtins?

I recently upgraded my bash (Mac OS X 10.6.8) from 3.2.48(1) to 4.3.30(1) via macports, and while the install seems to have gone smoothly, the two spots in my ~/.bashrc where I had export -f myfunc; ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

How to use defined function with xargs

This is my code #!/bin/bash showword() { echo $1 } echo This is a sample message | xargs -d' ' -t -n1 -P2 showword So I have a function showword which echoes whatever string you pass as a ...
7
votes
1answer
198 views

Why does bash even parse/run stuff put in the environment variable?

The shellshock bug in bash works by way of environment variables. Honestly I was suprised by the fact that there is such a feature like: "passing on of function definitions via env vars" Therefore ...
1
vote
1answer
212 views

/bin/sh: error importing function definition for `some-function'

I encountered this error when updating bash for the CVE-2014-6271 security issue: # yum update bash Running transaction (shutdown inhibited) Updating : bash-4.2.47-4.fc20.x86_64 /bin/sh: error ...
5
votes
1answer
219 views

How does VARIABLE=() { function definition } work in bash

I have seen something like this in my bash ENV: module=() { eval `/usr/bin/modulecmd bash $*` } How does this construct work? What is it called? I'm not asking about modulecmd, I am asking about ...
2
votes
1answer
45 views

Killing multiple instances of the script from the script itself

I've couple instances of script.sh running in parallel, doing the same thing, running in background. I'm trying to use a function to kill all the current running scripts when executed. So, for ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

Calling `source` from bash function

I'm trying to source a file whose name is passed from stdin. My plan is to create a function like this: mySource() { # get stdin and pass it as an argument to `source` source $(cat) } to be ...
3
votes
0answers
34 views

Errtrace and local

I am using the following script: #!/bin/bash -Eu trap 'echo Hi' ERR exit_failure() { echo "Hello, World!" return 1 } sub_failure() { res=$(exit_failure) } sub_failure It results in the ...
2
votes
2answers
66 views

Call the script after disconnecting from server

I have a script I made for work that will call a function that takes an argument. I use the arguments to ssh into our servers. My question is: Is there a way to call the method so that if/when I get ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

How can I get this script file's functions to load without having to source it every time? “command not found” (Bash/scripting basics)

How can I get this script file's functions to load without having to source it every time? I created a file foo with script functions I'd like to run. It's in /usr/bin, which is in the PATH. File ...
2
votes
2answers
164 views

How to force watch to run under bash

The problem is that when watch is executed it runs sh and I get this error: sh: 1: func1: not found here is the code: #!/bin/bash func1(){ echo $1 } export -f func1 watch func1
6
votes
1answer
111 views

BASH return to main function

I have a BASH script that calls a function, which calls other functions: #!/bin/bash function foo { function bar { # do something } bar } foo How can I return from bar ...
0
votes
2answers
370 views

Exit the bash function, not the terminal

I have a bash script as below which installs zookeeper but only if not installed already. ##zookeper installZook(){ ZOOK_VERSION="3.4.5" ZOOK_TOOL="zookeeper-${ZOOK_VERSION}" ...
5
votes
2answers
95 views

Command re-assigned

I found a Bash script snippet earlier with which to echo a string to stderr: echoerr() { echo "$@" 1>&2; } echoerr hello world This remained in my clipboard, and when I wanted to edit a file ...
2
votes
1answer
126 views

Value assigned inside a function variable is alway empty

I have a following simple script. In this script, I am assigning value to a global variable inside a function. I can clearly see that the value being assigned to the variable via debug statement. ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

Bash array declared in a function is not available outside the function

on bash (v4.3.11) terminal type this: function FUNCtst() { declare -A astr; astr=([a]="1k" [b]="2k" ); declare -p astr; };FUNCtst;declare -p astr (same thing below, just to be easier to read here) ...
10
votes
2answers
465 views

How to document my custom bash functions and aliases?

Problem: I have multiple bash functions and aliases. I can't remember all of them off the top of my head, so I usually end up opening my .bash_functions and .bash_aliases files to find what I need. ...
0
votes
4answers
437 views

What does “while test $# -gt 0” do?

I'm trying to create a function and believe I found a good working example but I don't understand all the logic behind it. More specifically, on the "while" line, could someone explain what test is ...
3
votes
3answers
187 views

How to call a shell function

How can I use the integer value returned by a function in shell script that takes some arguments as input? I am using the following code: fun() { echo "hello ${1}" return 1 } a= fun 2 echo ...
0
votes
1answer
98 views

apply bash function to parent scope

I can to define function in bash and use it: foo() { echo $1; } foo test But if I want to collect my functions in one bash script all its unavailable: init.bash #!/bin/bash foo() { echo $1; } ...
7
votes
4answers
377 views

Bash Function Decorator

In python we can decorate functions with code that is automatically applied and executed against functions. Is there any similar feature in bash? In the script I'm currently working on, I have some ...
2
votes
3answers
511 views

Run nvm (bash function) via sudo

I want to write a init script that should basically run nvm use v0.11.12 && forever start /srv/index.js as the user webconfig. nvm is a shell function that is declared in ...
13
votes
5answers
533 views

Stateful bash function

I’d like to implement a function in Bash which increases (and returns) a count with every call. Unfortunately this seems non-trivial since I’m invoking the function inside a subshell and it ...
1
vote
2answers
27 views

Install-on-Demand Wrapper Function for Executables

How do I make the following function work correctly # Install git on demand function git() { if ! type git &> /dev/null; then sudo $APT install git; fi git $*; } by making git $* ...
2
votes
1answer
35 views

Expand variable in function definition in zsh

I want to generate a set of functions in my shell in a for loop, but I can't see how to access a variable inside the function body of the function I'm creating. In essence, I would like the following ...
2
votes
3answers
85 views

how to prevent alias expansion by `eval` to an arbitrary alias, and keep the endless loop protection on a function?

IMPORTANT: do not use eval! (I learned this later..) In a function, eval expands sleep to its alias, so I prevent the endless loop this way: function FUNCexecEcho() { echo "EXEC: $@"; shopt -u ...
2
votes
2answers
108 views

Nature of the positional parameters

I am beginner to shell scripting and wrote this script which sort of confused me a bit... function func { the variables received are echo $0: $1 and $2 } echo in the main script func ball boy The ...
4
votes
3answers
4k views

How to add a function to .bash_profile/.profile/bashrc in shell?

I have a function which converts epoch time to date. Here is the definition date1(){ date -d @$1 } I'd like to be able to write: $ data1 xxxyyy And I want the corresponding date. I understand ...
1
vote
1answer
466 views

How to export a function in bash over ssh?

I would like to write a function in bash, then export that function and execute it over ssh. Is that possible, and if yes, how? I tried #!/bin/bash function myfunc() { echo $1 } export ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Using variable in KSH function

I tried to have a switch if either an option is set or not while getopts "s:u:d:e:ch" _OPTION; do case $_OPTION in ... c) isCSet="Y" then I'm ...
0
votes
1answer
191 views

Function, return value using pwd in KSH

I tried to write a small ksh script: fDestExists (){ cd /tmp read vANSWER?" >> Do you want to create a repository in pwd ? Type YES or NO" echo " |----> $(fGetDatum) You ...
1
vote
1answer
334 views

getopts - how to avoid read next $OPTARG as argument?

Just started use getopts and found one problem... For example - have a script with: while getopts "h:loav" opt; do case $opt in h) h=$OPTARG echo $h ;; But whet I run it: $ ./ftpclean.sh -h ...
4
votes
1answer
163 views

How can I colorize head, tail and less, same as I've done with cat?

I've got 'color cat' working nicely, thanks to others (see How can i colorize cat output including unknown filetypes in b&w?). In my .bashrc: cdc() { for fn in "$@"; do source-highlight ...
1
vote
2answers
333 views

How to view source of “string.h” and other library function source code in gedit of Ubuntu?

I remember viewing source code of library function but now I don't know how to view it. Can someone help me viewing source code of library function?
0
votes
1answer
188 views

Why does a working standalone nested function/script not work inside a larger script? [duplicate]

The following (nested) function/s function hpf_matrix { # Positional Parameters Matrix_Dimension="${1}" Center_Cell_Value="${2}" # Define the cell value(s) function hpf_cell_value { ...
0
votes
1answer
135 views

Using break command as argument to function [closed]

What about use so solution? Functions run in loop (cycle?). In that loop - I have another function wuch also uses loop. When second function get NO answer from user - it send break 2 to stop loop and ...
3
votes
3answers
106 views

Is there something like closures for zsh?

I just decided to try zsh (through oh-my-zsh), and am now playing with precmd to emulate a two-line prompt that has right prompts in more than just the last line. So I clone the default theme, and ...
3
votes
2answers
242 views

bash: get array name from parameter to function with saving indexes

I have a function to show index of chosen element. I'm trying to pass a parameter to function to use it as an array name. This works: getIndex() { arrname=$1[@] b=("${!arrname}") index=1; while ...
0
votes
2answers
92 views

Why must you be careful when using Bash's built in command history function to re-run previous commands that contain variables?

I know !! re-runs commands but what exactly would occur if I re-ran a command that had a variable in the command?
3
votes
2answers
94 views

How to show last command with expanding function in bash

I'm using function like this. $ find-grep () { find . -type f -name "$1" -print0 | xargs -0 grep "$2" ; } After I type: $ find-grep *.c foo I want to get expanded last command string. In this ...
5
votes
2answers
443 views

How to test if command is alias, function or binary?

I have command foo, how can I know if it's binary, a function or alias?
1
vote
1answer
183 views

Execute command supplied by function parameters

I'm trying to create a function method in a bash script that executes a command which is supplied to the method by the paramters. Meaning somethings like this: special_execute() { # Some code ...
3
votes
4answers
1k views

Scope of variables when calling function from find

In a bash script I define a function that is called from find. The problem is that the scope of variables does not extend to the function. How do I access variables from the function? Here is an ...
0
votes
1answer
95 views

Converting a loop of code to function

I want to retry a command for 5 times with an interval of 20 seconds. I want this command to be passed as a method parameter. How to do it? And once the function is written how to pass the value to ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Bash function to scp a file not working

I am new to bash scripting and read basic tutorials online and wrote following simple bash function: function to_company() { scp ${1} username@long.server.name.company.com://home/username } ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

Bash source — select the right function when two sourced files have the same function name?

My bash script sources a script file (call it file2.sh) according to an argument. (It is either sourced or not.) The script file2.sh contains a function "foo" (call it a modified or improved version ...
5
votes
3answers
269 views

Can you pipe to a .bash_profile function?

I received a great function for highlighting files in Apple's finder using the command-line. It's basically a wrapper for osascript. I got it from Mac OS X: How to change the color label of files ...
1
vote
2answers
4k views

How to return the exit code? Error: return: Reading: numeric argument required

Here's a simplified version of my script. My question is, How do I return the exit code from apt-get in this case? #!/bin/bash install_auto() { apt-get -h > /dev/null 2>&1 if [ $? -eq 0 ] ; ...
4
votes
2answers
440 views

Passing a code block as an anon. function

Is it possible to treat a block of commands as an anonymous function? function wrap_this { run_something # Decide to run block or maybe not. run_something else } wrap_this { do_something ...