fsck - check and optionally repair a file system.

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1answer
3k views

What does fsck -p (preen) do on ext4?

I was reading a blog post about filesystem repair and the author posted a good question… fsck -p is supposed to fix minor errors automatically without human intervention. But what exactly will it fix ...
10
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4answers
6k views

How can I avoid “Run fsck manually” messages while allowing experimenting with system time changes?

I'm working with a system where we want to allow users to play around with the date and time if they want, and where reboots may happen arbitrarily. This is fine, except for one thing: if there's a ...
8
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2answers
1k views

How to repair an ext3 partition after broken resize operation?

I was using gparted to resize a near-terabyte ext3 partition, adding about 40 GB to the left. After nearly 12 hours of moving data (and with 23 more hours estimated to remain) the system hung. Now ...
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3answers
20k views

How can I fsck a partition when the device reads as busy (but has been confirmed otherwise)?

I'm attempting to run fsck -p /dev/sda5 to repair errors on an ext4 partition, however the command outputs fsck from util-linux-ng 2.17.2 fsck.ext4: Device or resource busy while trying to open ...
6
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1answer
2k views

How does the Unix “fsck” differ from the Windows “chkdsk”?

What are the differences between Unix's fsck and Windows' chkdsk?
6
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1answer
1k views

Significant difference in speed between fsck using ext3 and ext4 on Debian Squeeze

Recently I installed Debian Squeeze, first using ext3 and then again using ext4 on the same machine. The automatic fsck done after a certain number of mounts is much faster using ext4 (about 1 min) ...
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2answers
1k views

Importance of fsck at boot with Journalled filesystems?

I noticed that XFS does not implement a fsck at system boot and one of the reasons touted in that journaling file-systems help ensure the file-system is in a consistent state after an unclean ...
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2answers
800 views

Why was fsck priority introduced in /etc/fstab?

Inside the /etc/fstab file, in the sixth column, there is a number that corresponds to whether a filesystem should be scanned for errors. Possible values are: 0 - skip 1 - high priority 2 - low ...
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2answers
189 views

encrypted ext3 damaged; how to proceed?

My home partition on a Debian wheezy install is an encrypted LVM volume. It is ext3. Earlier today, I had a weird message in a terminal window about an attempt to write to a file in my /home tree ...
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2answers
2k views

Is there a Linux tool for defragging NTFS partitions?

Can NTFS partitions be defragged within Linux? Does fsck work for this? (Here and there I've seen a recommendation to use fsck -t ntfs --kerneldefrag /dev/XXX. Would this work?)
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3answers
409 views

Can one scan with fsck a read-only partition?

I have a file system that has some "unlinked inodes" and for this reason it was mounted as read-only. As I understood, to get this device into rw-mode, I need to perform partition check with fsck. All ...
5
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1answer
3k views

Is there any difference between e2fsck and e4fsck on CentOS / RHEL systems?

ext4.wiki.kernel.org makes it sound like e2fsck was simply renamed to e4fsck so that e4fsprogs and e2fsprogs could coexist without overlapping. However, there is no mention of any difference in the ...
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2answers
795 views

How can I diagnose and repair missing drive space?

I have a small ext3 / partition on a 2T drive which appears to have a discrepancy in its free space. How can I determine what is causing it and how it can be fixed. After trying everything I could ...
5
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1answer
1k views

How to view bad blocks on mounted ext3 filesystem?

I've ran fsck -c on the (unmounted) partition in question a while ago. The process was unattended and results were not stored anywhere (except badblock inode). Now I'd like to get badblock ...
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2answers
1k views

Fix EXT4-fs bad geometry (block count exceeds size of device)

I have a micro SD card which has a FAT32 partition and an EXT4 partition. The EXT4 partition will no longer mount. dmesg shows the following error: EXT4-fs (sdb2): bad geometry: block count ...
4
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1answer
5k views

e2fsck: unable to set superblock flags on LogicalVolume

When I boot my machine either in normal mode or runlevel 1 it throws following error and I'm unable to boot the machine: checking filesystems /dev/MyGroup/LogVol00: UNEXPECTED INCONSISTENCY; RUN ...
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4answers
84 views

Mount filesystems after boot to avoid fsck delay for sshd

I'm trying to optimise the overall downtime and improve availability in case of system failure. I'm specifically concerned about the reboot (e.g. after a kernel panic) taking so long that I don't ...
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2answers
526 views

How to test file system correction done by fsck

How to make sure that fsck is correcting corruptions while keeping the integrity of file system? Suppose clients are writing lots of files through NFS to server, and there happens something that ...
3
votes
2answers
52 views

Stopping e2fsck early

I had some drive errors so I ran e2fsck -cckty to find bad blocks on a 2TB drive. It found some bad blocks at the beginning, but hasn't found any in a day and a half. e2fsck has been running for 40 ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Short read while trying to open partition

On my personal home computer running Kubuntu Linux 13.04 I'm having trouble mounting a partition that is very dear to me. My backup policy is to perform a backup about monthly, so I do have a backup ...
3
votes
1answer
5k views

How do I fix btrfs? [closed]

I've trawled mailing lists and finally finished up on Ubuntu's btrfs page, and am left feeling that btrfs still does not have a full fixing utility (as indicated on their home page). Even though ...
3
votes
1answer
41 views

What is the difference between fsck options -y and -p?

The ext2/3/4 filesystem checker has two options that seem to be very similar, -p and -y. Both seem to perform an automatic repair, but the manpage states that -p can exit when it encounters certain ...
3
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1answer
64 views

What makes fsck so slow on big filesystems?

I have over a dozen of filesystems on my OpenBSD server with 12GB DDR3 and several 1.5TB HDDs. All filesystems themselves are generally between 8GB and 64GB in size. I've noticed that even by ...
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0answers
278 views

Confusion with how to restore corrupt ext3 files if power outage occurs during a file write

I am running a small embedded system. Because the system will never be gracefully shutdown and will just have the power cable unplugged, I am running an initramfs but mounting an ext3 partition on a ...
2
votes
1answer
244 views

Why was -F removed from /sbin/shutdown?

I used to be able to run /sbin/shutdown -r -F now but in recent Ubuntu and Fedora releases there is no -F option and if I want to force an fsck I need to do touch /forcefsck; /sbin/shutdown -r now. ...
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2answers
941 views

After crash, e2fsck fails with weirdly high block numbers/sizes

After a breaker trip a Raspberry Pi of mine started to halt boot with kernel panic (same message as here). This is a Raspberry Pi running Raspbian, so it runs from a SD card, from a main ext4 ...
2
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3answers
473 views

Safe to disable boot fsck on read-only ext3 file system?

I have a large, frequently read, ext3 file system mounted read-only on a system that is generally always hard power cycled about 2-3 times per day. Because the device is usually powered off by ...
2
votes
1answer
364 views

Slow boot, how to program fsck to run like a cron job?

Sometimes my web server crashes, and it may take hours to boot. I've been told fsck might be the culprit, because it can only be run during boot, only runs after X days and Y mounts, and if the server ...
2
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2answers
41 views

dd to clone to smaller sdcard

One of my Raspberry Pi's is using a 4GB SDcard for the root/boot filesystem. As seen when mounted on another system: Disk /dev/sdc: 3904 MB, 3904897024 bytes 121 heads, 62 sectors/track, 1016 ...
2
votes
1answer
716 views

How to force fsck at every boot - all (relevant) filesystems?

I'm working with a fanless PC (hundreds of them, in fact) that has debian 6 and 3 partitions( FAT and 2x ext2). The system doesn't have a power button as such so most people tend to yank the plug to ...
2
votes
1answer
92 views

Check `fsck` automatically

I need to run fsck so that it automatically fixes problems (i.e., fsck -y). And because I am using "systemd" instead of "init" in the linux system, I cannot modify the /etc/default/rcS. So what ...
2
votes
1answer
333 views

Temporary files problem

Recently my server started to behave weird and I have two issues which I believe to be related. In Vi : When I try to save a file I get : E509: Cannot create backup file and I need to save ...
2
votes
1answer
661 views

Where is fsck startet for the root filesystem at boot?

I want to extend an existing Debian 6.0 system so that it is able to automatically fix a corrupt root file system by restoring a separate image. That process should start automatically instead of the ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

How to automatically force fsck disks after crash in `systemd`?

Sorry for bad english. How to set systemd for automatically force fsck disks after crash (hard poweroff)? When I used sysvinit (in Arch Linux) as /sbin/init I used the hack: in the rc.local I create ...
2
votes
2answers
485 views

Did `sudo init 6` cause my file system to be corrupted?

I was developing some code and had open qtcreator (software development IDE), gnome-terminal, and possibly firefox. I needed to restart to test something. So i restarted using sudo init 6. When my ...
2
votes
2answers
145 views

Can I make low-level changes on a root fs mounted RO?

Related to this question: having a root file system that had to be mounted read-only (say it's completely broken), can I reformat the partition or dd a older backup image on top of it (and then ...
2
votes
2answers
113 views

fcsk died with status code 4

During boot my laptop says: fsck died with status code 4 The man page tells me: The exit code returned by fsck is the sum of the following conditions: [..] 4 - File system errors ...
2
votes
1answer
234 views

I/O errors on Linux LVM

I have a CentOS 6 box with LVM setup and one of the PVs is a USB disk (I know). One of them is getting the error: Oct 30 10:57:07 alpha01 kernel: lost page write due to I/O error on dm-3 Oct 30 ...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

Can e2fsck be suspended?

I have a large hard disk partition. I would like to launch e2fsck on it so that i shall suspend its progress, be able to reboot and resume e2fsck from where it was suspended.
2
votes
1answer
307 views

IO Error on RAID5 member. What to do about bad blocks?

I recently got an IO Error on one of my RAID5 members; on a 3 disk fakeRAID array. I didn't notice at the time - there was only a message in /var/log/kern.log - so I had continued running the machine ...
2
votes
1answer
502 views

Error mounting drive with fstab

I have an small server in my house with an external usb 2TB hard drive: /dev/sdb1: LABEL="Data" UUID="eedc3098-221d-4800-b8b4-efa4fef23f5f" TYPE="ext4" I have the next line in /etc/fstab: ...
2
votes
0answers
80 views

Problems with USB goflex 2 TB

I am using CentOS 5.5 and have been using cpio to write backups to a 2 TB GoFlex USB drive. This drive worked great for over a year, but am now running into a problem and not sure what to do. When ...
2
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0answers
538 views

Bad superblock after server crash

My server (CentOS 6) crashed, and it now kernel panics on boot. It's currently using a mdadm RAID1 array with two 1TB drives. vg_server2422-LogVol01 is / vg_server2422-LogVol00 is Swap ...
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vote
4answers
4k views

What does “mounting fs with errors” mean in dmesg and what to do after that?

I run dmesg and this is what I see: EXT4-fs (sda1): warning: mounting fs with errors, running e2fsck is recommended EXT4-fs (sda1): mounted filesystem with ordered data mode. Opts: Here is the ...
1
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1answer
1k views

What's the difference between e2fsck and fsck and which one I should use?

I got this error message when running dmesg EXT3-fs (sdd1): using internal journal EXT3-fs (sdd1): mounted filesystem with ordered data mode EXT4-fs (sda1): warning: mounting fs with errors, running ...
1
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1answer
118 views

Adding badblocks on mounted partition

I tried to move some files to my NAS (ShareCenter DNS-320), but something shows up, when using file managers: Input/Output error or when using rsync on mounted cifs/smb share rsync: close failed ...
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2answers
285 views

Is fsck -N mounted file system dangerous

I've read to never run fsck when the file system is mounted. What about running fsck -N to only identify but not repair the file system when mounted? Is that dangerous? Is fsck -N known to overload a ...
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3answers
390 views

fsck -cc /dev/sdb1 gives this result. Is everything okay?

root@host [/]# fsck -cc /dev/sdb1 fsck from util-linux-ng 2.17.2 e2fsck 1.41.12 (17-May-2010) Checking for bad blocks (non-destructive read-write test) Testing with random pattern: done /dev/sdb1: ...
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2answers
827 views

How can I fix linux disk without unmount it?

I had large file 200GB in my ext2 disk, then I deleted it(three are no files in Trash). And I haven't gained any free space. I don't want to use fsck as it requres me to unmount disk. I were windows ...
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1answer
2k views

e2fsck progress bar?

How can I see the progress of e2fsck in the terminal? Are there any pv like ways? For example how can I see how far along this command is in progress: e2fsck -f -y -v /dev/sdb1