fsck - check and optionally repair a file system.

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13
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4answers
7k views

How can I avoid “Run fsck manually” messages while allowing experimenting with system time changes?

I'm working with a system where we want to allow users to play around with the date and time if they want, and where reboots may happen arbitrarily. This is fine, except for one thing: if there's a ...
10
votes
1answer
4k views

What does fsck -p (preen) do on ext4?

I was reading a blog post about filesystem repair and the author posted a good question… fsck -p is supposed to fix minor errors automatically without human intervention. But what exactly will it fix ...
8
votes
4answers
22k views

How can I fsck a partition when the device reads as busy (but has been confirmed otherwise)?

I'm attempting to run fsck -p /dev/sda5 to repair errors on an ext4 partition, however the command outputs fsck from util-linux-ng 2.17.2 fsck.ext4: Device or resource busy while trying to open ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

How to repair an ext3 partition after broken resize operation?

I was using gparted to resize a near-terabyte ext3 partition, adding about 40 GB to the left. After nearly 12 hours of moving data (and with 23 more hours estimated to remain) the system hung. Now ...
6
votes
2answers
301 views

What happens if I run fsck on /dev/sda instead of /dev/sda1?

When I have run fsck in the past I have always run it on what I thought was a filesystem partition, ie. fsck -yf /dev/sdaN, where N is the partition number on disk A. A friend of mine recently ran ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

How does the Unix “fsck” differ from the Windows “chkdsk”?

What are the differences between Unix's fsck and Windows' chkdsk?
6
votes
2answers
931 views

Why was fsck priority introduced in /etc/fstab?

Inside the /etc/fstab file, in the sixth column, there is a number that corresponds to whether a filesystem should be scanned for errors. Possible values are: 0 - skip 1 - high priority 2 - low ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Significant difference in speed between fsck using ext3 and ext4 on Debian Squeeze

Recently I installed Debian Squeeze, first using ext3 and then again using ext4 on the same machine. The automatic fsck done after a certain number of mounts is much faster using ext4 (about 1 min) ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Importance of fsck at boot with Journalled filesystems?

I noticed that XFS does not implement a fsck at system boot and one of the reasons touted in that journaling file-systems help ensure the file-system is in a consistent state after an unclean ...
5
votes
2answers
264 views

encrypted ext3 damaged; how to proceed?

My home partition on a Debian wheezy install is an encrypted LVM volume. It is ext3. Earlier today, I had a weird message in a terminal window about an attempt to write to a file in my /home tree ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Is there a Linux tool for defragging NTFS partitions?

Can NTFS partitions be defragged within Linux? Does fsck work for this? (Here and there I've seen a recommendation to use fsck -t ntfs --kerneldefrag /dev/XXX. Would this work?)
5
votes
3answers
940 views

Can one scan with fsck a read-only partition?

I have a file system that has some "unlinked inodes" and for this reason it was mounted as read-only. As I understood, to get this device into rw-mode, I need to perform partition check with fsck. All ...
5
votes
1answer
4k views

Is there any difference between e2fsck and e4fsck on CentOS / RHEL systems?

ext4.wiki.kernel.org makes it sound like e2fsck was simply renamed to e4fsck so that e4fsprogs and e2fsprogs could coexist without overlapping. However, there is no mention of any difference in the ...
5
votes
2answers
872 views

How can I diagnose and repair missing drive space?

I have a small ext3 / partition on a 2T drive which appears to have a discrepancy in its free space. How can I determine what is causing it and how it can be fixed. After trying everything I could ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

How to view bad blocks on mounted ext3 filesystem?

I've ran fsck -c on the (unmounted) partition in question a while ago. The process was unattended and results were not stored anywhere (except badblock inode). Now I'd like to get badblock ...
4
votes
4answers
163 views

Mount filesystems after boot to avoid fsck delay for sshd

I'm trying to optimise the overall downtime and improve availability in case of system failure. I'm specifically concerned about the reboot (e.g. after a kernel panic) taking so long that I don't ...
4
votes
1answer
5k views

How to force fsck at every boot - all (relevant) filesystems?

I'm working with a fanless PC (hundreds of them, in fact) that has debian 6 and 3 partitions( FAT and 2x ext2). The system doesn't have a power button as such so most people tend to yank the plug to ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Temporary files problem

Recently my server started to behave weird and I have two issues which I believe to be related. In Vi : When I try to save a file I get : E509: Cannot create backup file and I need to save ...
4
votes
1answer
117 views

What is the difference between fsck options -y and -p?

The ext2/3/4 filesystem checker has two options that seem to be very similar, -p and -y. Both seem to perform an automatic repair, but the manpage states that -p can exit when it encounters certain ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

Fix EXT4-fs bad geometry (block count exceeds size of device)

I have a micro SD card which has a FAT32 partition and an EXT4 partition. The EXT4 partition will no longer mount. dmesg shows the following error: EXT4-fs (sdb2): bad geometry: block count ...
4
votes
1answer
6k views

e2fsck: unable to set superblock flags on LogicalVolume

When I boot my machine either in normal mode or runlevel 1 it throws following error and I'm unable to boot the machine: checking filesystems /dev/MyGroup/LogVol00: UNEXPECTED INCONSISTENCY; RUN ...
3
votes
1answer
315 views

Why was -F removed from /sbin/shutdown?

I used to be able to run /sbin/shutdown -r -F now but in recent Ubuntu and Fedora releases there is no -F option and if I want to force an fsck I need to do touch /forcefsck; /sbin/shutdown -r now. ...
3
votes
2answers
573 views

How to test file system correction done by fsck

How to make sure that fsck is correcting corruptions while keeping the integrity of file system? Suppose clients are writing lots of files through NFS to server, and there happens something that ...
3
votes
2answers
213 views

Stopping e2fsck early

I had some drive errors so I ran e2fsck -cckty to find bad blocks on a 2TB drive. It found some bad blocks at the beginning, but hasn't found any in a day and a half. e2fsck has been running for 40 ...
3
votes
1answer
4k views

Short read while trying to open partition

On my personal home computer running Kubuntu Linux 13.04 I'm having trouble mounting a partition that is very dear to me. My backup policy is to perform a backup about monthly, so I do have a backup ...
3
votes
1answer
6k views

How do I fix btrfs? [closed]

I've trawled mailing lists and finally finished up on Ubuntu's btrfs page, and am left feeling that btrfs still does not have a full fixing utility (as indicated on their home page). Even though ...
3
votes
1answer
152 views

What makes fsck so slow on big filesystems?

I have over a dozen of filesystems on my OpenBSD server with 12GB DDR3 and several 1.5TB HDDs. All filesystems themselves are generally between 8GB and 64GB in size. I've noticed that even by ...
3
votes
0answers
323 views

Confusion with how to restore corrupt ext3 files if power outage occurs during a file write

I am running a small embedded system. Because the system will never be gracefully shutdown and will just have the power cable unplugged, I am running an initramfs but mounting an ext3 partition on a ...
2
votes
1answer
103 views

How creating forcefsck file triggers file system check on reboot?

What is the significance of the file /forcefsck? I understand by creating this file the file system check is enforced during the next reboot. But how does this work?
2
votes
2answers
2k views

After crash, e2fsck fails with weirdly high block numbers/sizes

After a breaker trip a Raspberry Pi of mine started to halt boot with kernel panic (same message as here). This is a Raspberry Pi running Raspbian, so it runs from a SD card, from a main ext4 ...
2
votes
3answers
675 views

Safe to disable boot fsck on read-only ext3 file system?

I have a large, frequently read, ext3 file system mounted read-only on a system that is generally always hard power cycled about 2-3 times per day. Because the device is usually powered off by ...
2
votes
1answer
432 views

Slow boot, how to program fsck to run like a cron job?

Sometimes my web server crashes, and it may take hours to boot. I've been told fsck might be the culprit, because it can only be run during boot, only runs after X days and Y mounts, and if the server ...
2
votes
2answers
523 views

Did `sudo init 6` cause my file system to be corrupted?

I was developing some code and had open qtcreator (software development IDE), gnome-terminal, and possibly firefox. I needed to restart to test something. So i restarted using sudo init 6. When my ...
2
votes
2answers
335 views

dd to clone to smaller sdcard

One of my Raspberry Pi's is using a 4GB SDcard for the root/boot filesystem. As seen when mounted on another system: Disk /dev/sdc: 3904 MB, 3904897024 bytes 121 heads, 62 sectors/track, 1016 ...
2
votes
1answer
142 views

Check `fsck` automatically

I need to run fsck so that it automatically fixes problems (i.e., fsck -y). And because I am using "systemd" instead of "init" in the linux system, I cannot modify the /etc/default/rcS. So what ...
2
votes
1answer
828 views

Where is fsck startet for the root filesystem at boot?

I want to extend an existing Debian 6.0 system so that it is able to automatically fix a corrupt root file system by restoring a separate image. That process should start automatically instead of the ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

How to automatically force fsck disks after crash in `systemd`?

Sorry for bad english. How to set systemd for automatically force fsck disks after crash (hard poweroff)? When I used sysvinit (in Arch Linux) as /sbin/init I used the hack: in the rc.local I create ...
2
votes
1answer
84 views

How do I check the progress of Badblocks if it's running in the background?

I'm running a drive check on my unmounted USB3 drive with: sudo fsck.ext4 -cDfty -C 0 /dev/sda1 & However, I sent it to the background and would like to check its progress. It's been running on ...
2
votes
1answer
221 views

How to fix invalid map node linkage?

My drive is formated to hfs+ and it is not clean. In example when I'm trying to mount the drive by mount -f -o rw, dmesg displays the error: hfs: Filesystem was not cleanly unmounted, running ...
2
votes
1answer
230 views

Problems mounting a disk

I have a disk that has failed to mount on start up. I have commented out the line in fstab to try to diagnose the issue: # /dev/sdc /media/bigdrive ext4 auto,exec,rw,user,async 0 0 Then rebooted. I ...
2
votes
2answers
150 views

Can I make low-level changes on a root fs mounted RO?

Related to this question: having a root file system that had to be mounted read-only (say it's completely broken), can I reformat the partition or dd a older backup image on top of it (and then ...
2
votes
2answers
85 views

Run fsck automatically when calling mount from command line

I have a backup script that mounts and unmounts a USB drive. I just noticed that its warning me: EXT3-fs warning: maximal mount count reached, running e2fsck is recommended My question: How can I ...
2
votes
2answers
665 views

fcsk died with status code 4

During boot my laptop says: fsck died with status code 4 The man page tells me: The exit code returned by fsck is the sum of the following conditions: [..] 4 - File system errors ...
2
votes
1answer
552 views

I/O errors on Linux LVM

I have a CentOS 6 box with LVM setup and one of the PVs is a USB disk (I know). One of them is getting the error: Oct 30 10:57:07 alpha01 kernel: lost page write due to I/O error on dm-3 Oct 30 ...
2
votes
1answer
3k views

Extremely long time for an ext4 fsck

The problem that I am having is the extremely long time that fsck is taking. I have thoroughly made searches on Google, but I could not find anything that would resolve the problem. The command that ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

Can e2fsck be suspended?

I have a large hard disk partition. I would like to launch e2fsck on it so that i shall suspend its progress, be able to reboot and resume e2fsck from where it was suspended.
2
votes
1answer
367 views

IO Error on RAID5 member. What to do about bad blocks?

I recently got an IO Error on one of my RAID5 members; on a 3 disk fakeRAID array. I didn't notice at the time - there was only a message in /var/log/kern.log - so I had continued running the machine ...
2
votes
1answer
625 views

Error mounting drive with fstab

I have an small server in my house with an external usb 2TB hard drive: /dev/sdb1: LABEL="Data" UUID="eedc3098-221d-4800-b8b4-efa4fef23f5f" TYPE="ext4" I have the next line in /etc/fstab: ...
2
votes
0answers
99 views

Problems with USB goflex 2 TB

I am using CentOS 5.5 and have been using cpio to write backups to a 2 TB GoFlex USB drive. This drive worked great for over a year, but am now running into a problem and not sure what to do. When ...
2
votes
0answers
669 views

Bad superblock after server crash

My server (CentOS 6) crashed, and it now kernel panics on boot. It's currently using a mdadm RAID1 array with two 1TB drives. vg_server2422-LogVol01 is / vg_server2422-LogVol00 is Swap ...