fsck - check and optionally repair a file system.

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How to setup boot scripts to save orphan inodes after improper shutdown?

after abnormal shutdown in dmesg I have [ 16.107445] EXT4-fs (dm-1): INFO: recovery required on readonly filesystem [ 16.107450] EXT4-fs (dm-1): write access will be enabled during recovery [ ...
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1k views

Force fsck check after reboot with single command

I'm looking for systemd's equivalent to the shutdown -F command. I know that I can force fsck by adding fsck.mode=force to kernel options or tweak mount count for disks. I have tried touch /forcefsck ...
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2answers
5k views

Short read while trying to open partition

On my personal home computer running Kubuntu Linux 13.04 I'm having trouble mounting a partition that is very dear to me. My backup policy is to perform a backup about monthly, so I do have a backup ...
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42 views

fsck single disk from Raid 0 lvm

My NAS (Seagate Blackarmor) is refusing to connect to the network after a fsck. I assume the root filesystem (stored on flash) might have been corrupted somehow after running fsck. The setup was a ...
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1answer
65 views

What is the issue due to which debian hangs at fsck /dev/sda? What is the solution?

What is the issue due to which debian hangs at fsck /dev/sda? What is the solution? This is the screenshot of Debian in normal mode: This is the screenshot of Debian in recovery mode:
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1answer
68 views

How to manually set the dirty bit on a FAT32 partition

For some debugging purposes, I'd like to be able to manually set the dirty bit of a FAT32 partition to true. I found tons of information on how to use fsck.vfat to remove the dirty bit, but none on ...
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3answers
5k views

Fix EXT4-fs bad geometry (block count exceeds size of device)

I have a micro SD card which has a FAT32 partition and an EXT4 partition. The EXT4 partition will no longer mount. dmesg shows the following error: EXT4-fs (sdb2): bad geometry: block count ...
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8k views

How to force fsck at every boot - all (relevant) filesystems?

I'm working with a fanless PC (hundreds of them, in fact) that has debian 6 and 3 partitions( FAT and 2x ext2). The system doesn't have a power button as such so most people tend to yank the plug to ...
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55 views

Live shrinking of root partition has failed on Linux Mint

Steps taken: *Used fdisk to delete the existing root partition and created a new root partition (PV) starting on the same block *Added the 'a' flag using fdisk to make it bootable as /boot is under ...
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31 views

Disparity between output of `fsck` and `df`

fsck shows /dev/sda1 is okay, and uses 3811/49152 inodes and 105570/171776 blocks. df -i and df show that /dev/sda1 uses 443/239944 inodes and 0/959776 KiB. GParted shows /dev/sda1 uses ...
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41 views

What does `clean, x/y` mean in fsck output?

When I run fsck, I see output like: fsck from util-linux 2.25.2 e2fsck 1.42.12 (29-Aug-2014) /dev/sda1: clean, 3811/49152 files, 105570/171776 blocks Which I understand means everything is okay ...
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85 views

Mounting a Partition & recovery

To keep the story short, i am taking the easy way out and now trying to mount a partition to recover a few text documents. I tried to 'sudo mount -t ext4 /dev/sda4 /mnt' but received this error sudo ...
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229 views

Arch Linux boot failure: Fsck check on LVM /var mount fails

I recently installed Arch Linux on an older laptop that I am using as a personal workstation and machine to better learn how to administer Linux. I have a persistent boot failure that has started ...
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1answer
5k views

What's the difference between e2fsck and fsck and which one I should use?

I got this error message when running dmesg EXT3-fs (sdd1): using internal journal EXT3-fs (sdd1): mounted filesystem with ordered data mode EXT4-fs (sda1): warning: mounting fs with errors, running ...
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3answers
218 views

Restore from lost+found

There was a problem on an EXT4 FS/memorycard and after and fsck all the files were put in the lost+found. Question: how can I restore the old filename/hierarchy from the lost+found? Or it is ...
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397 views

How can I reset an unknown root password if a file system check interrupts the startup sequence?

This morning I was helping a fellow admin with a crash that occurred on a CentOS 5.8 VM. Earlier in the day, the underlying SAN hosting various VMs experienced an issue and ultimately caused some ...
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55 views

Error file system check

I enabled the package e2fsprogs and always when the system starts it return the following error (when partition mounting): Jan 01 00:00:03 xxxx systemd[1]: Found device /dev/mmcblk0p3. Jan 01 ...
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2answers
179 views

Run fsck automatically when calling mount from command line

I have a backup script that mounts and unmounts a USB drive. I just noticed that its warning me: EXT3-fs warning: maximal mount count reached, running e2fsck is recommended My question: How can I ...
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fsck.ext4 is running in the background at 0% CPU. Is it done? [duplicate]

Is there a way to check if fsck is completed? I sent it to the background but don't know how to get it back. I'm on a Raspberry Pi.
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2answers
898 views

What happens if I run fsck on /dev/sda instead of /dev/sda1?

When I have run fsck in the past I have always run it on what I thought was a filesystem partition, ie. fsck -yf /dev/sdaN, where N is the partition number on disk A. A friend of mine recently ran ...
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1answer
349 views

How do I check the progress of Badblocks if it's running in the background?

I'm running a drive check on my unmounted USB3 drive with: sudo fsck.ext4 -cDfty -C 0 /dev/sda1 & However, I sent it to the background and would like to check its progress. It's been running on ...
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1answer
653 views

How to fix invalid map node linkage?

My drive is formated to hfs+ and it is not clean. In example when I'm trying to mount the drive by mount -f -o rw, dmesg displays the error: hfs: Filesystem was not cleanly unmounted, running ...
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1k views

Force fsck at boot time on the root file system (prior to mounting file systems, without Single-User mode) [duplicate]

I just wonder if there are any solutions available at all (Googled for 2 hours). How to automatically force fsck disks after crash in `systemd`? - does not mean anything. Setting fsck_y_enable="YES" ...
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451 views

How to check SSD disk for errors from a Live CD?

Debian on SSD. How to check SSD disk for errors from a Live CD? Additionally, to save results to a txt file. Partitions are sdb1 /boot ext2 sdb2 root ext4 sdb3 swap Should I unmount partitions ...
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133 views

How creating forcefsck file triggers file system check on reboot?

What is the significance of the file /forcefsck? I understand by creating this file the file system check is enforced during the next reboot. But how does this work?
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1answer
117 views

archlinux check disks on boot

How can I check and mark bad blocks on Linux startup? There are a number of options available and most of them require accessing hardware and running live CD's. But I would like to avoid and perform ...
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55 views

impossible to make fsck

I'm trying to make a fsck to a pendrive and it says me: e2fsck 1.42.8 (20-Jun-2013) Pass 1: Checking inodes, blocks, and sizes Error reading block 40402759450689 (Invalid argument). Ignore error? ...
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111 views

ext4 data recovery from gparted error

During resizing and moving 2.7TB partition in Gparted, I encountered an error that froze the whole program. (I dont have a screenshot or output from it, as fas as I remember, it was something about ...
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4answers
223 views

Mount filesystems after boot to avoid fsck delay for sshd

I'm trying to optimise the overall downtime and improve availability in case of system failure. I'm specifically concerned about the reboot (e.g. after a kernel panic) taking so long that I don't ...
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25k views

How can I fsck a partition when the device reads as busy (but has been confirmed otherwise)?

I'm attempting to run fsck -p /dev/sda5 to repair errors on an ext4 partition, however the command outputs fsck from util-linux-ng 2.17.2 fsck.ext4: Device or resource busy while trying to open ...
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2answers
785 views

dd to clone to smaller sdcard

One of my Raspberry Pi's is using a 4GB SDcard for the root/boot filesystem. As seen when mounted on another system: Disk /dev/sdc: 3904 MB, 3904897024 bytes 121 heads, 62 sectors/track, 1016 ...
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1answer
210 views

What makes fsck so slow on big filesystems?

I have over a dozen of filesystems on my OpenBSD server with 12GB DDR3 and several 1.5TB HDDs. All filesystems themselves are generally between 8GB and 64GB in size. I've noticed that even by ...
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RHEL server Booting problem: "fsck.ext3: unable to resolve 'LABEL=/u01'

We had an old Linux server in the workplace for last few years, so I decided to turn it on and it's showing this problem during boot up: No devices found Setting up Logical Volume Management. ...
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78 views

bad inodes reappear after fsck() for vps guests

I have several vps guests that were created by virt-resize. I do daily backups on the guests by creating a snapshot and rsync file contents. But some of them don't have a clean disk image. As soon as ...
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1answer
265 views

What is the difference between fsck options -y and -p?

The ext2/3/4 filesystem checker has two options that seem to be very similar, -p and -y. Both seem to perform an automatic repair, but the manpage states that -p can exit when it encounters certain ...
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How can I avoid “Run fsck manually” messages while allowing experimenting with system time changes?

I'm working with a system where we want to allow users to play around with the date and time if they want, and where reboots may happen arbitrarily. This is fine, except for one thing: if there's a ...
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3answers
555 views

File missing after fsck

Recently, my HDD crashed and I had to run a fsck command. Many files were moved to the lost+found folder and I've retrieved the important ones using find and grep, but I can't find my SQL databases. ...
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2answers
326 views

encrypted ext3 damaged; how to proceed?

My home partition on a Debian wheezy install is an encrypted LVM volume. It is ext3. Earlier today, I had a weird message in a terminal window about an attempt to write to a file in my /home tree ...
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279 views

Boot time discrepancy using systemd on Debian 7.4

I recently installed systemd on my Debian 7.4 system. The time from pressing the power button to usable desktop is around 42-44 seconds. The BIOS takes 6-7 seconds to load and transfer control to ...
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2answers
509 views

Stopping e2fsck early

I had some drive errors so I ran e2fsck -cckty to find bad blocks on a 2TB drive. It found some bad blocks at the beginning, but hasn't found any in a day and a half. e2fsck has been running for 40 ...
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1answer
856 views

Adding badblocks on mounted partition

I tried to move some files to my NAS (ShareCenter DNS-320), but something shows up, when using file managers: Input/Output error or when using rsync on mounted cifs/smb share rsync: close failed ...
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1answer
163 views

Check `fsck` automatically

I need to run fsck so that it automatically fixes problems (i.e., fsck -y). And because I am using "systemd" instead of "init" in the linux system, I cannot modify the /etc/default/rcS. So what ...
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1answer
599 views

Problems mounting a disk

I have a disk that has failed to mount on start up. I have commented out the line in fstab to try to diagnose the issue: # /dev/sdc /media/bigdrive ext4 auto,exec,rw,user,async 0 0 Then rebooted. I ...
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4answers
79 views

targeting a specific block with e2fsck to shorten wait

Recently had a LVM'd CentOS 6.5 install get accidentally cold-shutdown. On bootup, it says that the home partition need fscking: /dev/mapper/vg_myserver-lv_home: Block bitmap for group 3072 is not ...
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232 views

e2fsck -y /dev/sda changed my 6TB disk into 1.8TB

After problems with mount I run e2fsck -y -b BLOCK /dev/sda and it was running for 3 days on 6TB raid 0, when it completed this was the output: /dev/sda: ***** FILE SYSTEM WAS MODIFIED ***** ...
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1answer
8k views

How do I fix btrfs? [closed]

I've trawled mailing lists and finally finished up on Ubuntu's btrfs page, and am left feeling that btrfs still does not have a full fixing utility (as indicated on their home page). Even though ...
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2answers
1k views

fcsk died with status code 4

During boot my laptop says: fsck died with status code 4 The man page tells me: The exit code returned by fsck is the sum of the following conditions: [..] 4 - File system errors ...
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1answer
2k views

Temporary files problem

Recently my server started to behave weird and I have two issues which I believe to be related. In Vi : When I try to save a file I get : E509: Cannot create backup file and I need to save ...
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75 views

Superblock for /dev/sdb1 is wrong size: won't boot

I installed Red Hat as a VM and while it shows files for /dev/sda1 there are no files for /dev/sdb1. When booting I enter a recovery login and a statement that "the /dev/sdb1 Superblock can not be ...
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174 views

What's the problem with fsck.ext3?

It seems there is some problem with my HDD in my satellite box. The box records to and plays video from the HDD, but occasionally it hangs (it was stable before). It's Linux version ...