FreeDesktop is an informal standards body mostly (but not entirely) focused on graphical technologies of UNIX operating systems. The FreeDesktop website hosts both specifications and software.

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20
votes
2answers
3k views

Why do some applications use ~/.config/appname for their config data while others use ~/.appname?

I've noticed that some applications put their configuration files to ~/.config/appname while others use ~/.appname (the classic way, AFAIK) for this. What's the sense in this distinction and what ...
19
votes
4answers
2k views

Is there an “open with” command for the command line?

Does the command line have a way to get a recommended list of programs used to open a particular file, based on the file type? For example, a .pdf file would have an open with... recommendation using ...
26
votes
4answers
14k views

How to properly and easy configure `xdg-open` without any enviroment?

I'm using OpenBox window manager without any desktop enviroment. xdg-open behaves strangely. It opens everything with firefox. $ xdg-settings --list Known properties: default-web-browser ...
18
votes
1answer
1k views

How does xdg-open do its work

According to the man page, xdg-open will open a file using the application the user has configured. But how is that application actually determined? I can see no config files associated with ...
7
votes
1answer
9k views

How to change the default program for a specific file extension system-wise in kde or xfce?

I'd like to have certain file extensions to be opened with some specific programs. What are the files the edit ? I have found in /usr/share/appplications/default.list but it doesn't work.
6
votes
1answer
2k views

xdg-open default applications behavior

When I have no defaults.list and mimeapps.list, xdg-open opens text/plain with gvim. But when I create defaults.list in /usr/share/applications/ and add the following lines : [Default Applications] ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

how to make gnome use my home folder as Desktop folder?

Environment: Debian 7, gnome-shell. I dislike having a Desktop folder and a Home folder. I like all the applications to use my home folder. Specifically I am concerned about nautilus and ...
3
votes
2answers
452 views

Is there a glibc API that can find the default handing application for a MIME type on linux?

I want to find the default handling application in my C program. Is there a C API with same functionality as xdg-mime query default mime-type on Linux?
4
votes
1answer
1k views

How to utilize XDG directories and paths in Bash?

I wonder how to access not only the variables defined in ~/.config/user-dirs.dirs with xdg-user-dir, e.g. "$(xdg-user-dir VIDEOS)", but also the following standard variables: ...
5
votes
1answer
5k views

Gnome programs (eog/gnome-terminal) have a slow start and produce a DBus.Error.NoReply Warning

For some time eog and gnome-terminal are starting very slow on my (X)Ubuntu 13.10. I think other gnome tools are affected, too, but I don't use any else. Now I get a ...
5
votes
1answer
126 views

How can I get information about my virtual desktops via the command line?

I'm curious how I can get information such as the dimensions of my desktop, which desktop is currently active, and what labels (if any) are set for my desktop enviornment (DE).
4
votes
1answer
970 views

How can I find the application for a MIME type on linux?

Is there a linux API that can find the default application for a MIME type? Then I can use this application to open a file. I can not use xdg-open(url) because the file format is a wrapper format and ...
2
votes
1answer
648 views

nmcli freedesktop DBus warnings and errors

As soon as I do nmcli con up id <ESSID>, I experience some warnings/errors: ** (process:4841): WARNING **: async_got_type: could not read properties for ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

How can I change the battery icon in the systray?

I have installed Gnome and Awesome window manager. The window manager has a panel that displays systray icons according to the freedesktop.org System Tray Protocol Specification. I'd like to change ...
4
votes
1answer
273 views

Create a custom XDG_DIR with custom icon

I'd like to create a custom XDG_CUSTOM_DIR directory in my home directory pointing to $HOME/Custom and assign an icon to it. I've done: xdg-user-dirs-update --set CUSTOM ~/Custom So far so good... ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Why does `xdg-mime query filetype …` fail to find a new added file type?

I installed a new file type to share MIME database. But xdg-mime query filetype cannot tell the new type. This problem only happens on my own Linux OS which does not use GNOME or KDE as its desktop. ...
2
votes
1answer
115 views

.desktop file. Correct exec path

I use Fedora. There are a number of programmes packaged in a security spin. Included desktop files work but open the programmes with root priviliges. How can I edit the desktop file shown here to ...
2
votes
2answers
285 views

How do I write a command for the Exec key in a .desktop file containing a reserved character correctly?

I'm trying to make a .desktop file for Minecraft. Nothing appears to happen upon executing the file. I've tried assigning the Exec key as follows: Exec= java -jar "~/.minecraft/Minecraft.jar" Exec= ...