FreeDesktop is an informal standards body mostly (but not entirely) focused on graphical technologies of UNIX operating systems. The FreeDesktop website hosts both specifications and software.

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14
votes
2answers
2k views

Why do some applications use ~/.config/appname for their config data while others use ~/.appname?

I've noticed that some applications put their configuration files to ~/.config/appname while others use ~/.appname (the classic way, AFAIK) for this. What's the sense in this distinction and what ...
22
votes
4answers
10k views

How to properly and easy configure `xdg-open` without any enviroment?

I'm using OpenBox window manager without any desktop enviroment. xdg-open behaves strangely. It opens everything with firefox. $ xdg-settings --list Known properties: default-web-browser ...
19
votes
4answers
2k views

Is there an “open with” command for the command line?

Does the command line have a way to get a recommended list of programs used to open a particular file, based on the file type? For example, a .pdf file would have an open with... recommendation using ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

xdg-open default applications behavior

When I have no defaults.list and mimeapps.list, xdg-open opens text/plain with gvim. But when I create defaults.list in /usr/share/applications/ and add the following lines : [Default Applications] ...
3
votes
2answers
393 views

Is there a glibc API that can find the default handing application for a MIME type on linux?

I want to find the default handling application in my C program. Is there a C API with same functionality as xdg-mime query default mime-type on Linux?
4
votes
1answer
544 views

how to make gnome use my home folder as Desktop folder?

Environment: Debian 7, gnome-shell. I dislike having a Desktop folder and a Home folder. I like all the applications to use my home folder. Specifically I am concerned about nautilus and ...
17
votes
1answer
742 views

How does xdg-open do its work

According to the man page, xdg-open will open a file using the application the user has configured. But how is that application actually determined? I can see no config files associated with ...
7
votes
1answer
6k views

How to change the default program for a specific file extension system-wise in kde or xfce?

I'd like to have certain file extensions to be opened with some specific programs. What are the files the edit ? I have found in /usr/share/appplications/default.list but it doesn't work.
5
votes
1answer
3k views

Gnome programs (eog/gnome-terminal) have a slow start and produce a DBus.Error.NoReply Warning

For some time eog and gnome-terminal are starting very slow on my (X)Ubuntu 13.10. I think other gnome tools are affected, too, but I don't use any else. Now I get a ...
4
votes
1answer
832 views

How to utilize XDG directories and paths in Bash?

I wonder how to access not only the variables defined in ~/.config/user-dirs.dirs with xdg-user-dir, e.g. "$(xdg-user-dir VIDEOS)", but also the following standard variables: ...
5
votes
1answer
102 views

How can I get information about my virtual desktops via the command line?

I'm curious how I can get information such as the dimensions of my desktop, which desktop is currently active, and what labels (if any) are set for my desktop enviornment (DE).
1
vote
0answers
411 views

nmcli freedesktop DBus warnings and errors

As soon as I do nmcli con up id <ESSID>, I experience some warnings/errors: ** (process:4841): WARNING **: async_got_type: could not read properties for ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

How can I change the battery icon in the systray?

I have installed Gnome and Awesome window manager. The window manager has a panel that displays systray icons according to the freedesktop.org System Tray Protocol Specification. I'd like to change ...
4
votes
1answer
140 views

Create a custom XDG_DIR with custom icon

I'd like to create a custom XDG_CUSTOM_DIR directory in my home directory pointing to $HOME/Custom and assign an icon to it. I've done: xdg-user-dirs-update --set CUSTOM ~/Custom So far so good... ...
3
votes
1answer
738 views

How can I find the application for a MIME type on linux?

Is there a linux API that can find the default application for a MIME type? Then I can use this application to open a file. I can not use xdg-open(url) because the file format is a wrapper format and ...
2
votes
2answers
109 views

How do I write a command for the Exec key in a .desktop file containing a reserved character correctly?

I'm trying to make a .desktop file for Minecraft. Nothing appears to happen upon executing the file. I've tried assigning the Exec key as follows: Exec= java -jar "~/.minecraft/Minecraft.jar" Exec= ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Why does `xdg-mime query filetype …` fail to find a new added file type?

I installed a new file type to share MIME database. But xdg-mime query filetype cannot tell the new type. This problem only happens on my own Linux OS which does not use GNOME or KDE as its desktop. ...