FreeBSD is a free Unix-like operating system descended from AT&T UNIX via BSD UNIX.

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HowTo Chroot to BSD

I recently tried FreeBSD [9.2]. I installed it but as i found out it doesn't install any bootloader by default. So now i want to find out HOW it is possible to chroot to the installed BSD via a ...
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4answers
4k views

Add FreeBSD to GRUB2 boot menu

I have Gentoo x64 installed with Grub2 on my MBR drive. Today I installed FreeBSD x64 9.2. Now I'm in Gentoo and trying to add FreeBSD to grub2 menu list. grub2-install /dev/sda os-prober ...
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2answers
412 views

FreeBSD Base packages

Recently, I've stumbled upon an interesting question about the difference between Linux and FreeBSD (Why would someone choose FreeBSD over Linux?) and found there a link to this site. I've read that ...
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2answers
195 views

quick filter of IP that's causing sendmail DOS under FreeBSD

I've got what appears to be a malicious/spam host that is overloading my Sendmail server causing it to refuse connections to other hosts. I'm overloaded by connections from one particular IP address. ...
2
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1answer
168 views

SSH lets me login with a password even though I set “PasswordAuthentication no”

I'm trying to turn off password authentication for SSH after setting up public key access. I have these set in my /etc/ssh/sshd_config file: PermitRootLogin without-password PasswordAuthentication no ...
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3answers
646 views

How to make GNU grep the default in FreeBSD?

I'm running FreeBSD 9.1-RELEASE. I've installed GNU grep with portmaster textproc/gnugrep. However the "default" grep for users is still FreeBSD grep. # /usr/local/bin/grep -V /usr/local/bin/grep ...
2
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1answer
186 views

What is the corresponding freebsd command of these rpm commands?

I know about rpm, but I am newbie about freebsd packaging system. I learnt about how to create package and know I want learn how to get some information about packages or files. Can somebody give me ...
2
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1answer
772 views

Extract UNIX dump file in Windows 7

I have a dump-file of the UFS partition created with FreeBSD's dump. How to view its content and extract some files from it on Windows 7? Cygwin's restore provides very limited functionality and ...
2
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1answer
1k views

Replacing Mac OSX with Linux Distro, or FreeBSD [closed]

I have a Macbook Pro 8,2 and really want to make the switch to something a little less stubborn and a little more flexible than the proprietary Mac OS X. I am a bit frustrated with MacPorts lately and ...
2
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1answer
844 views

Enabling bwn in FreeBSD

I am trying to load the bwn driver as a module as mentioned in the man page. However, when I attempted to edit /boot/defaults/loader.conf I could not write the changes to the file, this was attempted ...
2
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2answers
185 views

Writing usb on FreeBSD to access on windows

How can I write "stuff" into USB drive on FreeBSD such that, the "stuff" is accessible in Windows [yes my wife still uses that :( ] and Ubuntu?
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1answer
834 views

static ip to a freebsd server

I have Comcast cable <====> modem <===> router <===> freebsd server My freebsd server is connected to wireless router via a network cable. What I want to do is, to have a static ...
2
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1answer
2k views

Cannot get startX / Xorg to work on freeBSD 8.1

I am following this link for Xorg configuration on FreeBSD 8.1 After this step: Xorg -config xorg.conf.new -retro I can see the screen and mouse is also working but I cannot exit out of it any ...
2
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1answer
1k views

Find the DVD-ROM path in FreeBSD

I do not know the path of my DVD-ROM and also my external hard drive to mount them in FreeBSD using the mount command. What command should I use to find their path?
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1answer
3k views

How to install compiler and binutils on FreeNAS?

I'd like to run a backup tool, duplicity, that apparently requires a cc compiler and binutils. I'm able to locate and install the required BSD packages for python, gcc, and dependencies from ...
2
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1answer
184 views

What is the difference between vim and vim-lite?

I want to install vim on my FreeBSD machine, and this other site suggests installing from FreeBSD ports like this: # cd /usr/ports/editors/vim-lite/ # make install clean This is all great, and I ...
2
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1answer
176 views

Problem with pkg behind a chunking proxy

I have a freshly installed FreeBSD 10.1 at work in a VM. As it is behind a corporate proxy, I had to set HTTP_PROXY in environment and it began to run fine. But no way to get pkg to work correctly. I ...
2
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1answer
57 views

What does the “first Ethernet card” mean in the BSD world?

https://www.freebsd.org/doc/handbook/network-routing.html The designation link#1 refers to the first Ethernet card in the machine. Question: what does the "first Ethernet card" mean? How to ...
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2answers
927 views

What should I do about Python 2.7.9 not looking for SSL certificates in the right place on FreeBSD?

I have a FreeBSD 10.0 system, and a couple of days ago, I upgraded my python27 port from Python 2.7.8 to Python 2.7.9, which enabled SSL verification by default. Unsurprisingly, it broke my existing ...
2
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1answer
2k views

Total CPU usage and CPU usage under processes list is different in FreeBSD top implementation?

For some reason, overall CPU usage on my FreeBSD machine fluctuates between 1% and 85%, but the CPU usage in processes column never adds up to this amount. For example here the overall CPU usage is ...
2
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1answer
92 views

kvm_open: cannot open /proc

I have 100+ boxes running FreeBSD 8.4 amd64 RELEASE (p9) with the same configuration. And only one of them sometimes behaves strangely: load average (generally 4~6, it's ok course box have 8 CPU ...
2
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1answer
301 views

How to add a read only group permission to a folder that already has a default group, and have it inherited for all newly created files & folders?

In Windows this is easy. I never fully figured out Linux permissions, I have a directory such as this: /Photos The current ACL permissions are as follows: owner: root - full access group: photos ...
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1answer
808 views

Why am I still getting pkg deprecation warnings?

I'm still getting warnings about the old pkg tools being deprecated and saying I should switch to pkgng, despite the fact that I followed the directions to switch weeks ago. I did the pkg2ng thing, ...
2
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1answer
579 views

Analyse the performance of an rsync command from FreeNAS to a USB drive

I infrequently run a task where I rsync my photos (~30 directories with 10-100 files in each) from my FreeNAS machine to an external USB hard drive (500GB WD) as a redundant backup. I execute the ...
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2answers
1k views

How to remove or shorten F1 Boot Prompt on NanoBSD 4G USB disk that fail with “fdisk: /boot/mbr: Device not configured”?

I have read the pfSense documentation Remove F1 Boot Prompt, however that doesn't seem to apply to our pfSense-2.1.1-PRERELEASE-4g-amd64-nanobsd_vga-20140131-1030.img installation. The fdisk -B da0 ...
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2answers
643 views

ssldump: PCAP: syntax error

I'm using: # uname -ro FreeBSD 9.0-RELEASE-p3 And the latest ssldump: # pkg_info | grep ssldump ssldump-0.9b3_4 SSLv3/TLS network protocol analyzer When I try starting it with decryption - I ...
2
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1answer
414 views

Number of cores on FreeBSD

What would the equivalent of Debian's nproc be in FreeBSD? I'm trying to include this in a bash script variable so if it could just print out the number of cores that would be fantastic.
2
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1answer
269 views

bmake error on Mandrive: “bmake: no system rules (sys.mk)”

I'm trying to use bmake to build OS161 on Mandriva. When I try to run bmake, I get the following error: bmake: no system rules (sys.mk) I get the same error, even when I run bmake -m ...
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1answer
1k views

How to add crontab in FreeBSD

I am trying to add a job to my crontab in FreeBSD but it is not working : I have used this to add the job: sudo crontab -e -u vaibhav @daily /home/vaibhav/applications/comparison/scrapy but it is ...
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2answers
440 views

Installing Gnome on FreeBSD

I am trying to install Gnome on a freshly installed FreeBSD using the ports. I am stuck with an error message that says: Checking for headers required to compile python extensions ... not found Then ...
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1answer
432 views

Where are Python dist-packages stored in FreeBSD?

I am trying to find this path on FreeBSD but it is not working: /usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages This same path is working on Ubuntu. Can please some tell me where I can find Python ...
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2answers
455 views

How do I change emails from: address on FreeBSD?

Emails are now sent from www@hostname, but I want them to be sent from webmaster@my-domain.com My developer said it should be in php.ini but I figured out this is true only for Win32 systems. How do ...
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2answers
2k views

Changing partition sizes on FreeBSD using bsdlabel

I have recently installed FreeBSD but I don't like the partition sizes that I accepted during installation and would like to change them. I have followed the instructions to do so in the man pages, so ...
2
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1answer
844 views

Extract files from FreeBSD 9 ISO

With FreeBSD 8 you could manually install by doing something like: # mdconfig -f /FreeBSD-8.2-RELEASE-amd64-disc1.iso # mount -t cd9660 /dev/md0 /cdrom # cd /cdrom/8.* # export DESTDIR=/mnt # cd ...
2
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1answer
7k views

Mounting ufs partition with read/write permissions on ubuntu 10.04

According to this writeup ufs kernel module is compiled with only read permissions. I could mount a ufs partition with this command: sudo mount -t ufs -r -o ufstype=ufs2 /dev/mapper/loop0p1 ...
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1answer
1k views

How to mount a USB stick in FreeBSD?

I am running a FreeNAS (FreeBSD version) on a DELL R310, but when I connect a USB stick it does not automatically get mounted. The same stick does get automatically mounted in CentOS/Fedora. How do I ...
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1answer
789 views

FreeBSD: Mixing packages and ports?

I would like to build the newest port of Firefox (version 4.0.1,1). I currently have the package version installed (3.6.13). How well does the packages/port system handle mixing ports and packages? ...
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3answers
1k views

Unique hardware signatures in BSD?

What unique hardware signatures can you get from, for example, a FreeBSD system? I am right now using the ethernet mac address (getifaddrs(3)) but as we all know this can easily be changed with ...
2
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1answer
557 views

[FreeBSD] rc.conf, loader.conf vs static kernel linking

I'm curious: What, exactly are the benefits to statically linking modules into the kernel rather than loading through rc.conf, etc? For example: To add linux emulation, I could add ...
2
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2answers
242 views

Is there a port list migration command set for FreeBSD?

On debianized linux distros there is dpkg --get-selections, dpkg --set-selections, dpkg -C to respectively list installed packages, select a list of packages for installations, and list packages that ...
2
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1answer
1k views

FreeBSD: Opening X applications after su to root?

Using FreeBSD 8.2. I'm accessing my machine over vnc using tightvnc. I log in as my normal user. This is okay. I can open X applications and they display fine. Then I su to root and they won't ...
2
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1answer
188 views

Why does `last` show '{' and '|' in the TTY field?

We recently set up a new FreeBSD 7.2 machine on March 11. When looking at last, we noticed some funny characters for the TTY field. What do these characters mean? Note that at this time, the ...
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2answers
355 views

How do I recursively apply PKGREPOSITORY when calling make package-recursive in FreeBSD?

I'm trying to create a package of Apache and its dependencies: sudo make package-recursive \ __MAKE_CONF=~/make.apache22.conf \ PKGREPSOITORY=/usr/home/gvkv Everything works fine; Apache and its ...
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1answer
20 views

on FreeBSD, how do I open a port on WAN but not on LAN?

I have one FreeBSD machine that I use as a playbox/server/torrentbox. It's part of my LAN. Here is the semantics (altered from an example on the OpenBSD website): [ desktop ] [ laptop ] | ...
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1answer
26 views

Zeroing out FreeBSD swap space?

I'd like to zero-fill the partitions/slices in my FreeBSD VMs in order to provide for better compression for archival. For those partitions/slices with file systems the process is no problem for me to ...
2
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1answer
43 views

ACLs and classic permissions

I'm trying to set up a git server on my FreeNAS server. The problem I have is with setting up the permissions for different users/groups just as I want. Basically I have two different groups: ...
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2answers
98 views

run FreeBSD 10 (as guest) under Xen on Linux

I have my Linux/Debian/Sid amd64 (with i7 3770K, 16Gb RAM, 1 SSD + 2 hard disks) PC with xen (notably I have installed a package xen-linux-system-amd64), so sudo xen list Name ...
2
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1answer
42 views

What is the difference between the FreeBSD flags, immutable and unlink?

What are the differences or similarities among the FreeBSD flags, simmutable/uimmutable and sunlink/uunlink? Reading man chflags, I see these flags: schg, schange, simmutable set the system ...
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2answers
73 views

Porting Linux date parsing to FreeBSD

I have date in this format: date -d $datum +"%Y-%m-%d" and on Linux it worked OK but in FreeBSD says this: ERROR wrong format usage: date [-jnRu] [-d dst] [-r seconds] [-t west] [-v[+|-]val[ymwdHMS]] ...
2
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1answer
133 views

Custom Resolution For vt Console in FreeBSD 10

In FreeBSD 10 there is new vt driver for having nice framebuffer console. By default it chooses resolution from the EDID data of monitor. However, I have a display that has incorrect EDID data. ...