FreeBSD is a free Unix-like operating system descended from AT&T UNIX via BSD UNIX.

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4
votes
1answer
226 views

How To Download All FreeBSD distfiles

How can I download all FreeBSD distfiles into /usr/ports/distfiles so that I have them for offline use? I realize it will be a huge download. I remember reading how to do this (possibly in the ...
1
vote
2answers
5k views

Virtualbox: Mount a shared folder in Guest FreeBSD from Host Ubuntu

I have Ubuntu 12.10 as Host OS and FreeBSD 9 as Guest OS in Virtualbox 4.1.18. I have Samba installed in both Ubuntu and FreeBSD and shared a few folders from virtualbox, also ticking the automount ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

pkg: fail to extract pkg-static, New to UNIX

I am very new to UNIX, running FreeBSD 10 on an ASUS M50VM series laptop. I was following along with the handbook to the point at which it gets into using pkg to find software. Every time I run pkg, ...
0
votes
0answers
75 views

bloated font size rendered in webkit based browsers

Recently after a complete ports update in FreeBSD-10-p7 X86_64, my BSD system is also infected with font problem under webkit browsers such as vimb and dwb or even xombrero. But the difference is ...
2
votes
2answers
805 views

How to remove or shorten F1 Boot Prompt on NanoBSD 4G USB disk that fail with “fdisk: /boot/mbr: Device not configured”?

I have read the pfSense documentation Remove F1 Boot Prompt, however that doesn't seem to apply to our pfSense-2.1.1-PRERELEASE-4g-amd64-nanobsd_vga-20140131-1030.img installation. The fdisk -B da0 ...
0
votes
1answer
259 views

user disappeared, pw says user exists when trying to add, no such user when trying to mod in freebsd

I was following the steps at http://bin63.com/how-to-setup-a-git-repository-on-freebsd to setup git on a server and when I went to setup the user with pw useradd the server said the user disappeared ...
3
votes
1answer
926 views

Allowed and safe characters for ZFS filesystem in FreeBSD

Which characters are allowed and safe for ZFS file system name? Are this characters only ASCII or UTF-8 is supported? '@' is not allowed because it is reserved for snapshots. PS: I play with FreeBSD ...
2
votes
0answers
308 views

Restart specific racoon tunnel

I have several gif* interfaces on my FreeBSD box. They are representing tunnels, encrypted using racoon+ipsec. If, at some moment, one of the tunnels hangs up, I am forced to reset racoon this way: ...
10
votes
1answer
423 views

Linux: Is there handy way to exec a program binding it to IP-address of choice?

In FreeBSD 4.9 it was very easy to accomplish with just a single command like jail [-u username] path hostname ip-number command if path was / you had running just the same program as usual but ...
4
votes
1answer
335 views

Replace FreeBSD base clang with ports clang

FreeBSD 10 was the first release that officially released with Clang as the default, base compiler. Most ports, unless specially marked, now compile using the base ("pre-installed") clang. ...
6
votes
3answers
6k views

Sharing folder from Windows Host to Freebsd Guest

First of all, let me say that though I use Linux (Red Hat, at work) regularly, I am a complete beginner when it comes to actually administrating it. What I am trying to accomplish: I have (at home) ...
1
vote
1answer
81 views

Find files in multiple directories taken from list in a file?

FreeBSD 9.2 RELEASE p2 I have a file dirs.txt. In this file is a new line separated directory list like so: /etc /home /home/goods/ I need to first find in all directory's files which have names ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

How to remove broken ZIL disk from ZFS pool

I have a ZFS pool, which contains two mirrored hard drives and ramdisk for logs. In my scenario is that log disk died: # zpool status -x tank pool: tank state: FAULTED status: An intent log record ...
1
vote
2answers
53 views

Where should I mount a disk to store backups?

I'm new to Unix, and wanted to give it a try. I had an old PC lying around and decided to turn it into a network based backup system to keep the data in the other PCs safe. So I installed FreeBSD on ...
3
votes
2answers
206 views

Non-interactive customization and installation of FreeBSD Ports

I'm new to FreeBSD, coming from a Linux background. I want to install a port, changing one of the default configuration options, in a non-interactive way (so that I can script the installation for ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

How do I enable options for installed Ports in FreeBSD?

I installed the Vim editor using Ports and in the process didn't enable GTK2 or GNOME option. I assume that either these 2 options will let me use gvim. Here's my pkg info vim: vim-7.4.430_1 Name ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

FreeBSD: spdylay build error

I try to install the latest curl updates from ports (curl-7.37.1_2) with HTTP/2.0 support enabled and I need to build spdylay for that purpose, but I keep getting the following strange errors and ...
3
votes
1answer
540 views

Installing FreeBSD in VirtualBox aborts unexpectedly

I have tried installing FreeBSD-10.0-RELEASE-i386-dvd1.iso into VirtualBox 3 times already today (each time starting from a fresh creation of a VM) and right when I'm about to Exit (Apply ...
14
votes
4answers
2k views

Some people told me FreeBSD is NOT Unix, is that right? Confused

Some people told me FreeBSD is NOT Unix, is that right? I'm confused. I checked some articles, but the expressions are pretty vague, and I need some clarification.
1
vote
1answer
123 views

“Cannot find -lgdbm” when making xemacs in FreeBSD10

I have been trying to install xemacs 21.4.22 in FreeBSD10 x64. Once I run ./configure and try to run make it gives me this error with libgdm.so library [eddyraz@laptop-eddyraz] ...
7
votes
1answer
897 views

Multiple instances of Postfix throwing error fatal: unknown service: smtp/tcp

I am trying to configure multiple postfix-2.12 instances on FreeBSD 10.0-RELEASE following the README. postmulti -e init postmulti -I postfix-out -G mta -e create ... This all works I can start and ...
3
votes
0answers
264 views

FreeBSD setup RTL8187SE wireless NIC

I am running FreeBSD 10. My wireless card is: none1@pci0:9:0:0: class=0x028000 card=0x818210ec chip=0x819910ec rev=0x22 hdr=0x00 vendor = 'Realtek Semiconductor Co., Ltd.' device = ...
0
votes
1answer
79 views

What are the differences between socket polling mechanisms of kqueue and epolling?

kqueue socket polling mechanism is used in FreeBSD and epolling in Linux. I would like to know what are the differences between the two mechanisms?
5
votes
3answers
919 views

FreeBSD 10 with Root-on-ZFS using only a part of the disk

I'm having a bit of trouble here. I'll try and be as concise as possible in describing my objective: I'm setting up a storage server for my employer, using two Intel DC S3500 series 120GB solid state ...
0
votes
1answer
99 views

gtar fails to perform incremental backup

The following script fails to perform incremental backup, but creates full backup instead. On another FreeBSD server exactly same script works just fine (creating incremental backups). Servers are ...
1
vote
1answer
8k views

switching from user to root and revers (FreeBSD)

I want to make some modification with root and then with my user, in fact I want to install sudo and he give me the error in the first step: cd /usr/ports/security/sudo make install clean ...
5
votes
1answer
632 views

Get CPU usage for single process

I've got a problem getting a real-time CPU usage of a single process (by its PID). I'd like to setup a watchdog for the CPU usage of a process because it's suddenly reaching 100% of the CPU usage ...
3
votes
3answers
129 views

Parsing arbitrary natural language dates under BSD

I'm using the GNU date command to parse arbitrary natural language dates - for example to detect if a certain epoch time stamp is from last week, I can do: if [ "$timestamp" -lt "$(date +"%s" -d ...
1
vote
1answer
942 views

vim install on freebsd has taken 5 hours and counting

Ok, so installed portmaster and I'm trying with it, I'm hoping it won't take time. So I've been up all night and my vim installation is still going on. I have an amazon ec2 freebsd server setup. I ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

How do I create a VM from an existing FreeBSD 8.2 PreRelease server?

I need to create a VM (VirtualBox) out of an existing freebsd 8.2 pre-release i386 machine. I need to replicate the exact same environment and I can't rebuild from scratch because FreeBsd 8.2 ...
4
votes
1answer
313 views

ZFS: Trying to remove top-level drive from Zpool

I have a zpool called storage that contains a five device raidz1 array. Today I went and bought another 3TB device and put it in my enclosure. However, instead of creating a new pool and adding that ...
2
votes
4answers
1k views

How much RAM needed for preventing use swap?

At my system always available some "Free" and "Inactive" memory, but sometimes system move couple megabytes to swap. Per night it maybe around 100MB, but for a few days in swap could be more than ...
3
votes
0answers
91 views

Figuring out physical cache layout in FreeBSD

I'm trying to figure out they physical cache layout of my CPU in FreeBSD 10. I see the following from sysctl kern.sched.topology_spec kern.sched.topology_spec: <groups> <group level="1" ...
2
votes
1answer
190 views

Do I need to setup my ZFS (using FreeBSD 10) for foreign-language files (e.g. filenames in Japanese/Thai/etc language)?

I am in the process of setting up a ZFS file server. I am planning to store all sorts of files in it. I have several hundred music tracks that are in Japanese/Korean native character. I want the file ...
1
vote
1answer
228 views

How to monitor outgoing http requests per user?

I'd like to know how to monitor users' outgoing http requests. I've got a FreeBSD 8.1 server, and I would like to get an output like this for http requests: source MAC address or IP address → ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Is it too early to try LibreSSL? [closed]

I've been somewhat following the development and recent release of LibreSSL and coincidentally I have a new FreeBSD web server that I've been configuring for my personal/hobbyist projects recently. ...
10
votes
4answers
339 views

Why does *BSD uses driver specific names for network interfaces? Does it imply limitations?

I notice that depending on the brand of the network card, interface names differ (driver dependent I suppose). Why does *BSD uses driver specific names for network interfaces? Does it mean there is ...
9
votes
1answer
379 views

How can Solaris sub-partitions be accessed in FreeBSD?

First of all, Linux detects the partitions: sdg1: <solaris: [s0] sdg5 [s1] sdg6 [s2] sdg7 [s8] sdg8 > However, FreeBSD 9.0 shows only the main partition. Is it possible that only Solaris ...
2
votes
1answer
420 views

NFS mount properties (options) in FreeBSD

I am trying to determine how to examine the actual properties of an NFS mount in FreeBSD. In CentOS (6.4 tested) one can cat /proc/mounts or execute nfsstat -m to determine all of the mount ...
1
vote
2answers
165 views

Strategies for userland file encryption without FDE

There are cryptography experts that are concerned over using Full Disk Encryption (FDE) on *nix platforms due to attack surface exposed due to reverse engineering of encryption algorithm when looking ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

kvm_open: cannot open /proc

I have 100+ boxes running FreeBSD 8.4 amd64 RELEASE (p9) with the same configuration. And only one of them sometimes behaves strangely: load average (generally 4~6, it's ok course box have 8 CPU ...
27
votes
2answers
12k views

Where does Mac OS X come from?

Discussing with Mac owners, I got several versions of where Mac OS X comes from. It is known to have some root in BSD, but how much, and where? Some say that Mac OS X has a FreeBSD kernel, with all ...
2
votes
1answer
72 views

Unix. pecl memprof

Im trying to install https://github.com/arnaud-lb/php-memory-profiler on FreeBSD 9.2 After pear install http://pecl.php.net/get/memprof-1.0.0.tgz got such error: In file included from ...
7
votes
1answer
3k views

What do the different memory counters in FreeBSD mean?

top tells me: last pid: 64807; load averages: 0.99, 0.97, 0.92 up 189+04:47:22 09:16:17 45 processes: 1 running, 44 sleeping CPU: 0.4% user, 0.0% nice, ...
2
votes
1answer
142 views

Using pkg add with a NanoBSD image

I'm running into a problem on a NanoBSD installation where I cannot install openjdk7 via pkg add because it first saves to either tmp or var (not sure which) and on a NanoBSD installation, there is ...
4
votes
1answer
137 views

How do I limit the number of getty processes started?

I've got a FreeBSD (9.2) box that I'm trying to strip down as lightweight as possible. It's running on a VM server, so other than ttyv0, we don't ever use the console. I'd like (if possible and ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

How to install GNU make on FreeBSD 10?

I have this error configure: error: GNU make is required! and I can't change into /usr/ports/devel/gmake/ $ cd /usr/ports/devel/gmake/ cd: /usr/ports/devel/gmake/: No such file or directory How ...
6
votes
2answers
484 views

FreeBSD 10 trace disk activity

Is there any way to find some process which is periodically writing to disk (according to hdd led) on FreeBSD 10 with ZFS (maybe turn ZFS into verbose logging mode)? lsof and other instantly ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

How to disable daily run output email?

How to disable daily run output email from "Charlie &"? Googled couple of pages, but there is no clear answer. I use ssmtp instead of sendmail
6
votes
5answers
2k views

Read files owned by another user as non-root

I'm backing up servers on a backup server. Each server which is backed up has it's own account on the backup server, and the files are rsynced. It is important that the permissions remain intact ...