FreeBSD is a free Unix-like operating system descended from AT&T UNIX via BSD UNIX.

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3answers
1k views

FreeBSD kernel nat or natd?

As I notice more often with FreeBSD, there are always plenty of ways that lead to some specific goal. After figuring out which firewall I wanted (I choose ipfw) I now am completely insecure about ...
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6answers
7k views

Cloud Server: Which MTA (exim/postfix/etc.) on What OS (Linux/FreeBSD)

My company wants to migrate the current mail server into a Cloud Server Provider. The Provider is the IaaS (Infrastructure as a Service) kind, not SaaS (Software as a Service). That means I have to ...
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4answers
2k views

How much RAM needed for preventing use swap?

At my system always available some "Free" and "Inactive" memory, but sometimes system move couple megabytes to swap. Per night it maybe around 100MB, but for a few days in swap could be more than ...
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1answer
1k views

How to make a custom FreeBSD distribution [closed]

I have been struggling for several hours on how to find a coherient guide on how to create your own BSD distribution based off of FreeBSD. I have looked at the GitHub repositories for pfsense, but I ...
3
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1answer
107 views

Insert a new directory path to PATH in .cshrc file fail

I want to add a additional directory to PATH in .cshrc in my home directory . But after I put the path to it ,It still not working . I don't know what's the problem ... After I add this directory to ...
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2answers
758 views

Is there an easy way to not log a specific sshd event?

The monitoring tool of my hoster is making regular connections with ssh on port 22 to see or the service is up. This is cluttering my /var/log/messages with this kind of messages: Dec 13 22:20:17 ...
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1answer
1k views

Allowed and safe characters for ZFS filesystem in FreeBSD

Which characters are allowed and safe for ZFS file system name? Are this characters only ASCII or UTF-8 is supported? '@' is not allowed because it is reserved for snapshots. PS: I play with FreeBSD ...
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3answers
2k views

How much disk space should be allocated for FreeBSD?

I have a Samsung N150 netbook with 160 GB hard disk. I want to install FreeBSD OS. There will be no other OSs, no dual booting or like that, just FreeBSD. So the manual says to have a separate ...
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3answers
776 views

Updating FreeBSD 8.0 to 8.1 (methods and policy)

I have 8.0-RELEASE-p4 + few ports installed. I wonder wheather I should update to 8.1. How long is 8.0 supported? How to update the system? I couldn't find anything about it in handbook. SOLUTION ...
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2answers
42 views

How to prevent FreeBSD from disconnecting a drive device?

While accessing a drive with high error rates (as, for example, here for opensuse) in FreeBSD, the system eventually disconnects the drive and it disappears from /dev. This makes it impossible to run ...
3
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1answer
2k views

FreeBSD 10 root certificate store

Is on a default FreeBSD 10 no root certificate store? When I install one by hand it is in /usr/local/share/certs/ca-root-nss.crt, which I symlink to /etc/ssl/cert.pem and thats the main places I ...
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2answers
2k views

How to disable daily run output email?

How to disable daily run output email from "Charlie &"? Googled couple of pages, but there is no clear answer. I use ssmtp instead of sendmail
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1answer
74 views

FreeBSD missing PCIIDS

I was trying FreeBSD in VirtualBox and so when I was compiling the VirtualBox guest additions (through ports), I got an error. PCIIDS could not be found on any of the FreeBSD servers, and so, my ...
3
votes
1answer
12k views

FreeNAS 9.2: install FreeBSD packages

I have installed FreeNAS 9.2amd64 (based on the same FreeBSD version) on a VirtualBox VM. I created users and pool/volume for my data. In anticipation of installing ...
3
votes
1answer
597 views

Why are devd rules applied before devfs rules?

My problem I have the following lines in /etc/devd.conf which execute the usbhidaction for a /dev/uhid* device with the named vendor and product id. attach 100 { match "vendor" "0x046a"; ...
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3answers
418 views

Other than /etc/rc.conf what other config files control system services at boot time?

I am still very new to FreeBSD, from what I have learned in manuals, /etc/rc.conf controls system services at boot time. There is no mention of sendmail and syslogd in /etc/rc.conf, so how come they ...
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2answers
1k views

How do I check active crons?

I'm trying to hunt down a cron job (or the equivalent) which I know is running, but I can't find it in the default cron files for my system (FreeBSD / Linux / BSD). How can I tell which ones are ...
3
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2answers
388 views

Verbose shutdown messages

I am using BSD at the moment and think I have an X compatibility problem where my computer doesn't shut down. It can cause problems because I have to turn off the power manually while there is no ...
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3answers
14k views

ls to show only directory/filename and size

First of all, this is not a duplicate of this: Linux ls to show only filename date and size Because I want to print actual directory name additionally. I was always using this command: ls -l | awk ...
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2answers
619 views

How to block outgoing connections from process/user on FreeBSD?

My server executes third party software which processes user submitted files. I want to block outgoing connections from my process. How can I do it in FreeBSD?
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3answers
1k views

FreeBSD 8.1 on MacBook 5,2

I've been trying to dual-boot FreeBSD 8.1 with Mac OS X on my MacBook (5,2), but am having trouble trying to get the live cd to boot. I reach the FreeBSD Boot Loader Screen with the options for boot, ...
3
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1answer
564 views

What does 'mergemaster' do that 'make distribution' doesn't?

After calling make installworld (or make world), there are two ways of updating source files in the new world: calling mergemaster -p or make distribution. I know that mergemaster calls make ...
3
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1answer
28 views

Is it possible to compile individual software from the FreeBSD source tree?

I wonder if it is possible to compile individual software packages from FreeBSD source tree without compiling the whole kernel and world....Say,for example ex , which is included in the nvi (new vi) ...
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1answer
56 views

Not possible to use batch mode?! FreeBSD gpg 1.4.19

I use a script to decrypt my password for offlineimap, but somehow it's not working anymore ... The file was encrypted with gpg --symmetric password For offlineimap I use this combination. gpg ...
3
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2answers
246 views

Non-interactive customization and installation of FreeBSD Ports

I'm new to FreeBSD, coming from a Linux background. I want to install a port, changing one of the default configuration options, in a non-interactive way (so that I can script the installation for ...
3
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1answer
667 views

Installing FreeBSD in VirtualBox aborts unexpectedly

I have tried installing FreeBSD-10.0-RELEASE-i386-dvd1.iso into VirtualBox 3 times already today (each time starting from a fresh creation of a VM) and right when I'm about to Exit (Apply ...
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1answer
3k views

Reading FreeBSD UFS formatted external drive in Mac OS X

I have an external USB drive with backup files formatted in FreeBSD's UFS file system. When I plug it into a computer running Mac OS X 10.9.4, I cannot read the drive's contents, and I don't have ...
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1answer
950 views

FreeBSD 10 on VirtualBox not booting into GDM

Instead, I get a plain shell prompt log-in. After logging in, I try gdm start but get this: # gdm start ** (gdm-binary:977): WARNING **: Failed to acquire org.gnome.DisplayManager ** ...
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1answer
504 views

How does ZFS grow/scale?

I am wondering how would one design a ZFS system to build something that is massively scalable, along the lines of your favorite cloud storage, but with all the neat benefits the come with ZFS. A ...
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1answer
1k views

Logrotate maually on FreeBSD 8

I am able to rotate any log file manually via logroatate like this: logrotate -f /etc/logrotate.d/my-hourly-file I want to know how to perform the same action on FreeBSD 8? My investigation shows ...
3
votes
1answer
669 views

Network interfaces for Jails

I have been reading over the creation of Jails on FreeBSD, and one stumbling block I have is regarding network interfaces. Say my local router is 10.0.2.1, and the BSD box is 10.0.2.5. I would like ...
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1answer
558 views

FreeBSD: Remove symlinks in devfs

Background I have been rebuilding a small home NAS. This server represents my first 'real' foray into the world of server administration and it has taught me quite a bit already. Originally, the ...
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3answers
1k views

FreeBSD 9 Sound Driver

I installed FreeBSD 9. I'm trying to make a sound to work but no luck. My Sound Card: Realtek ALC898 Can someone help me how to make it to work (I'm creating custom kernel)? Base on FreeBSD ...
3
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1answer
754 views

FreeBSD: Stable branch back to release

I'm currently using FreeBSD 8-STABLE, and I'm just a little confused about what I will do when FreeBSD 9 is released. Will I need to change anything in my stable-supfile? How do I go about getting ...
3
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3answers
3k views

Installing centos and freebsd with serial console

I am trying to install Centos 5.7 and FreeBSD 8.2 on KVM with serial console access. This is what I used: sudo virt-install -n freebsd -r 1024 --vcpus=2 --os-type unix --accelerate -v --disk ...
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1answer
432 views

Is there an in-memory compressed swap facility (like Compcache) for FreeBSD?

Is there anything like CompCache for FreeBSD?
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1answer
968 views

Install byobu (screen-profiles) on FreeBSD

I've got mostly Ubuntu servers, but have a need for 2 FreeBSD boxes. On all of the Ubuntu systems I've gotten extremely used to having Byobu on top of GNU Screen. I've been trying to figure out how to ...
3
votes
1answer
65 views

TCP Westwood implementation available?

Is there a way to install TCP Westwood congestion control algorithm module for FreeBSD? If not, maybe there's a source code available that could be compiled into a loadable Kernel module? Thank you ...
3
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1answer
1k views

FreeBSD on Raspberry Pi2

I want to build FreeBSD custom Image for my Raspberry Pi2. I have read about the boot process in RPi2. I also went through the chrochet build instruction document. I learned from some websites that ...
3
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1answer
245 views

Change OS Name from email send by exim

OS: FREEBSD 9 OS ROLE: SERVER MAIL SERVER: EXIM When I send mail from my freebsd server to gmail. and when i click on show original. I shows my os name too along with mta name. as in first line of ...
3
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1answer
6k views

Expanding the disk size on pfsense under VMWare ESXi

I've been testing pfsense on ESXi for a while. And now I'm almost running out of space. Currently it holds around 30GB and I would like to expand it to 150GB as I'm planning on installing squid for ...
3
votes
1answer
116 views

What is the correct partition type for a geli-crypted partition on FreeBSD?

I am currently in the process of setting up an encrypted homeserver with zfs and geli. However I am not sure what the correct partition type for geli-crypted filesystems are. Do I just take ...
3
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1answer
329 views

Low-level disk access in FreeBSD

I'm developing a utility that needs to do low-level random access of disks (read individual sectors). In Linux I accomplish this by accessing the corresponding block device (e.g. /dev/sda). However, ...
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1answer
2k views

Obtain device name and mount point if partition label is known

How to obtain the partition device name and mount point when the file system label is known? There are several possibilities: Linux File system label to device name The device name can be obtained ...
3
votes
1answer
638 views

How to mount FreeBSD 9.0 iso file writable mode?

I want to edit bsdinstall script of freebsd 9.0 iso file. I tried to extract files,edit and recreate iso but I couldn't boot it.I realized that some of files missed while extracting. I also use ...
3
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1answer
440 views

Java on FreeBSD

Is it possible to get the latest Java (Java 7u3 or Java 6u31) on FreeBSD? Everything i found on the internet is outdated. I currently have 6u24 from the packagemanager which works for now but may get ...
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2answers
626 views

Installing FreeBSD without removable media from CentOS 6

I've been tasked with installing FreeBSD 8 alongside CentOS 6, without the luxury of removable media. CentOS 6 is already on the machine, and running quite nicely. However, I cannot figure out how to ...
3
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2answers
160 views

National characters in manpages

I am trying to get a proper display of national characters with FreeBSD man. I have tried running the following on 8.1 and 9.0: # PAGER=less LANG="pl_PL.UTF-8" man -d -M. ./man.1 -- Using ...
3
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1answer
541 views

What port range will ipfw nat use for aliasing?

I am using ipfw nat with the following config ipfw -q nat 1 config if em0 Which TCP and UDP ranges will the NAT choose its alias ports from? I would like it to be always from the range 49152–65535, ...
3
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1answer
4k views

Why am I getting btx halted trying to install FreeBSD?

When trying to install FreeBSD 8 off a USB Drive (UNetBootin loaded) I receive BTX Halted when choosing any of the Boot options. Boot FreeBSD [default] Boot FreeBSD width ACPI disabled Boot ...