FreeBSD is a free Unix-like operating system descended from AT&T UNIX via BSD UNIX.

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1answer
4k views

Why am I getting btx halted trying to install FreeBSD?

When trying to install FreeBSD 8 off a USB Drive (UNetBootin loaded) I receive BTX Halted when choosing any of the Boot options. Boot FreeBSD [default] Boot FreeBSD width ACPI disabled Boot ...
4
votes
1answer
49 views

Multi-user permissions setup

I've been trying to figure out a good permissions scheme for my multi-user file server. I currently have about 5 users, each storing files in their home directory. These files are also being ...
4
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2answers
83 views

BSD sed: Replace only the Nth occurrence of a pattern

Using BSD sed; How can I perform the following substitution?: Before: hello hello hello hello hello hello After: hello world hello hello hello hello In other words; how can I replace only the ...
4
votes
1answer
682 views

Keys for copy & paste in FreeBSD console

How do I copy paste text inside the FreeBSD console? I tried ctrl + c, ctrl + v super + c, super + v I have FreeBSD 10.1 installed in VirualBox on a Mac. I am selecting text with the mouse in ...
4
votes
1answer
592 views

ZFS: Trying to remove top-level drive from Zpool

I have a zpool called storage that contains a five device raidz1 array. Today I went and bought another 3TB device and put it in my enclosure. However, instead of creating a new pool and adding that ...
4
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1answer
2k views

Howto fix my PHP install on FreeBSD using pkg

I've been messing around with pkg install, installing / removing both php5-5.4.29 and php55-5.5.13. But when I run php from the command line, it will give me an error like this: PHP Warning: PHP ...
4
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3answers
2k views

Force fsck at boot time on the root file system (prior to mounting file systems, without Single-User mode)

I just wonder if there are any solutions available at all (Googled for 2 hours). How to automatically force fsck disks after crash in `systemd`? - does not mean anything. Setting fsck_y_enable="YES" ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Mount MTP device in FreeBSD

I have an Android tablet which uses MTP instead of USB Mass Storage for transferring files. I'd like to mount it in a FreeBSD machine. I tried the method described here. I installed mtpfs by going ...
4
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1answer
166 views

what is the linux boot param “memmap” equivalent in freebsd

In linux kernel, there is an option to reserve a portion of system ram i.e memmap=512M$2G (boot param) Here 512M starting from 2G would be reserved and not available to OS What is the equivalent in ...
4
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2answers
886 views

How do I make use of unused space on my boot drive on FreeBSD

I have an old FreeBSD Server (running 7.3-RELEASE) that desperately needs additional storage. In fact, it has some-- the original 20G SCSI drives have been replaced by 300G SCSI drives, so in theory ...
4
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2answers
2k views

NAT and source IP filtering in PF, using OpenBSD >= 4.7

I just read a book about PF (The Book Of PF, No Starch), but there's one question not answered by it. If I have a gateway machine using two interfaces, $int_if and $ext_if, and I NAT the packages ...
4
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1answer
82 views

Prevent users changing password in FreeBSD

How can I prevent a user to change its password in FreeBSD. In Linux i can do this by using chage -m 99999 <username> where chage is found in shadow-utils Reason for this is I created one shell ...
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3answers
2k views

FreeBSD and Linux shared partitions

Which directories, and how, can I share between FreeBSD and Linux? In particular, how can I deduplicate respectively /usr/home and /home? I guess directly sharing a partition between both systems ...
3
votes
4answers
2k views

FreeBSD vs Damn Small Linux for a Really Old Machine?

I am doing this just for fun, I have several more powerful machines at hand but thought it would be cool to resurrect an approximately 14 year old machine with a Pentium II processor. I will have to ...
3
votes
2answers
358 views

FreeBSD installed package location

I installed Unrealircd on FreeBSD via the sysinstall utility. I cannot seem to find the location where it was installed. How can I find the default location of installed packages? Edit: I found the ...
3
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4answers
609 views

Has OpenBSD's ntpd replacement been ported to other BSDs? Or Linux?

I know the OpenBSD team wrote a from-scratch replacement for ntpd—OpenNTPD—that is available via pkgsrc/ports. My question is more about the base system: Is OpenNTPD the default ntpd in the base ...
3
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2answers
5k views

FreeBSD in USB Flash Drive

I like to use live FreeBSD in my USB flash drive. How can i do it ? Please give clear way to do it.
3
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3answers
182 views

Doing actions on a list from the shell

I have a list of packages I want to deinstall. The deinstaller program pkg_deinstall doesn't take a list of packages as parameter to deinstall. How would I deinstall from the list (like a foreach ...
3
votes
3answers
205 views

Parsing arbitrary natural language dates under BSD

I'm using the GNU date command to parse arbitrary natural language dates - for example to detect if a certain epoch time stamp is from last week, I can do: if [ "$timestamp" -lt "$(date +"%s" -d ...
3
votes
2answers
566 views

Mac OS X command-line tools - differences from FreeBSD

As I understand it many Mac OS X command-line tools (like ls, cp, chmod, chown etc.) are imported from FreeBSD. Which version of FreeBSD contains the command-line tools most compatible with the OS X ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

daemonize rtorrent

Just read the man page, but found no option for this. Maybe I missed it, maybe it doesn't exist. I have a server at home I'm SSHing to for rtorrent, but the torrent stops downloading and won't restart ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Find FreeBSD ports that depend on another port

I have a headless FreeBSD server where some port has installed tons of X11-related packages. I would like to find out what these ports are so I can get rid of the unwanted X-related packages. Is there ...
3
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2answers
174 views

What's the `name` argument to `sh` for/do?

Taken from FreeBSD's man page on sh (because its the most convenient online, target platform is Debian if it matters): SH(1) FreeBSD General Commands Manual SH(1) NAME sh -- ...
3
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3answers
237 views

Bash port auto upgrading script in cron doesn't work properly?

I've been recently try to write a script to automate checks for new version of ports and software installed on my FreeBSD server. This script is added to root's crontab and fires daily. If I run it ...
3
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3answers
2k views

How do I set a script that it will run on start up in FreeBSD?

I am using FreeBSD 9 and I want to make a script that will check if an Ethernet cable is connected, and if so, connects to it. I want to set it so that it runs whenever the machine starts up, or ...
3
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3answers
7k views

FreeBSD 9 and Windows 7 Dual Boot

I have two hard drives installed on my machine. I installed Windows 7 on one hard drive and FreeBSD 9 on the other. I used GPT for FreeBSD. My question is: how can I install a boot manager so that I ...
3
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3answers
2k views

How to startup FreeBSD in console mode

I have recently installed a VMware image of FreeBSD, although when I boot up I get the message: Welcome to DesktopBSD, select from the following options: http://i.imgur.com/VWahL.gif The trouble is ...
3
votes
1answer
149 views

How do I find where a port is?

If I want to find out which directory under /usr/ports contains a port like "gnome-terminal", how can I do that? Is there an easy command? At the moment I use things like echo */gnome-terminal ...
3
votes
1answer
115 views

How to make man(1) use the entire terminal width?

I'm on FreeBSD, using a wide xterm with, say, 132 characters per line. When running $ man man the manual page is formatted to fit an 80 character per line terminal width. Is there a way to make the ...
3
votes
2answers
227 views

Is there an equivalent book/resource to “The Linux Programming Interface” for FreeBSD? [closed]

Most of you here are probably aware of the famous The Linux Programming Interface, which presents a truly masterful guide to the Linux and general POSIX APIs. I know that much of the general POSIX ...
3
votes
1answer
4k views

How to Install BASH in FreeBSD

I really find that using bash helps a lot, when you need to retrieve strings of text that you used previously. But how can I install it on FreeBSD? I have tried typing bash into the terminal, but ...
3
votes
2answers
332 views

What's the motivation behind kfreebsd

I use both FreeBSD and Debian-based Linuxes on a daily basis. (I am mostly a user/developer/sysadmin not an OS-developer). I want to know what is the motivation behind kFreeBSD? Why people may want ...
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6answers
8k views

Cloud Server: Which MTA (exim/postfix/etc.) on What OS (Linux/FreeBSD)

My company wants to migrate the current mail server into a Cloud Server Provider. The Provider is the IaaS (Infrastructure as a Service) kind, not SaaS (Software as a Service). That means I have to ...
3
votes
1answer
445 views

GCC not runnable on FreeBSD

I'm trying to run GCC on FreeBSD and I get this error: % gcc ar: unrecognized option `--plugin' usage: ar -d [-Tjsvz] archive file ... ar -m [-Tjsvz] archive file ... ar -m ...
3
votes
1answer
837 views

How to install FreeBSD in minimum size?

I want to install FreeBSD to run a squid cache server on it. I want to know how can I can make this installation as small as possible? I installed the boot-only ISO file on virtual box, but it took ...
3
votes
2answers
7k views

should I fix “No ALTQ support in kernel” to run the firewall?

I just messed with my pf.conf and ran pf and I got: Enabling pf. No ALTQ support in kernel Of course the fix is to re-compile the kernel, but that article is for freebsd 7. I'm on FreeBSD 9.1 I ...
3
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3answers
4k views

Can I run Bash scripts in FreeBSD without modifying them?

Correct me if I'm wrong: "sh" script != "bash" script Linux script are written in Bash Bash script usually #!/bin/sh In GNU/Linux, /bin/sh is Bash In FreeBSD, /bin/sh is not bash, it's the true sh ...
3
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3answers
3k views

How much disk space should be allocated for FreeBSD?

I have a Samsung N150 netbook with 160 GB hard disk. I want to install FreeBSD OS. There will be no other OSs, no dual booting or like that, just FreeBSD. So the manual says to have a separate ...
3
votes
1answer
106 views

How to install portmaster on FreeBSD?

I'm trying to install portmaster on FreeBSD but I get an error about the port format: root@freebsd:/usr/ports/ports-mgmt/portmaster # make install clean ===> portmaster-3.17.8_1 pkg(8) must be ...
3
votes
1answer
65 views

List loaded libraries of a process on FreeBSD

How can I list all loaded libraries of a process in FreeBSD? On Linux I can use /proc cat /proc/$pid/maps on Solaris there is pldd pldd $pid For FreeBSD /proc also works: cat /proc/$pid/map ...
3
votes
4answers
2k views

How much RAM needed for preventing use swap?

At my system always available some "Free" and "Inactive" memory, but sometimes system move couple megabytes to swap. Per night it maybe around 100MB, but for a few days in swap could be more than ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

How to make a custom FreeBSD distribution [closed]

I have been struggling for several hours on how to find a coherient guide on how to create your own BSD distribution based off of FreeBSD. I have looked at the GitHub repositories for pfsense, but I ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Install a package and all its dependencies without a confirmation prompt with FreeBSD pkg

Is there a way to automatically install packages and their dependencies, like with apt-get -y in Debian, without being prompted each and every time? Installing Webmin, NGiNX and nano in 1 step, all ...
3
votes
1answer
145 views

Insert a new directory path to PATH in .cshrc file fail

I want to add a additional directory to PATH in .cshrc in my home directory . But after I put the path to it ,It still not working . I don't know what's the problem ... After I add this directory to ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Replacing Mac OSX with Linux Distro, or FreeBSD [closed]

I have a Macbook Pro 8,2 and really want to make the switch to something a little less stubborn and a little more flexible than the proprietary Mac OS X. I am a bit frustrated with MacPorts lately and ...
3
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2answers
936 views

Is there an easy way to not log a specific sshd event?

The monitoring tool of my hoster is making regular connections with ssh on port 22 to see or the service is up. This is cluttering my /var/log/messages with this kind of messages: Dec 13 22:20:17 ...
3
votes
3answers
791 views

Updating FreeBSD 8.0 to 8.1 (methods and policy)

I have 8.0-RELEASE-p4 + few ports installed. I wonder wheather I should update to 8.1. How long is 8.0 supported? How to update the system? I couldn't find anything about it in handbook. SOLUTION ...
3
votes
1answer
120 views

How to change Squid service UID in FreeBSD?

Strangely enough, it appears that Squid cannot start if the squid user is not affected to the UID 100. When trying to use another PID, the service systematically fails to start with the following ...
3
votes
1answer
48 views

FreeBSD: How can I install kernel sources for 10.2-STABLE version?

Lots of articles and posts on internet tell how to install the kernel sources for FreeBSD x-RELEASE versions, but none of them for X-STABLE. For example, my FreeBSD version is 10.2-STABLE. How can ...
3
votes
2answers
100 views

NTP works but clock is not the same

I'm trying to sync multiple machines (9 machines that are cloned from one machine so they have exactly same config) on a LAN using NTP. All machines are running FreeBSD 10.2 on VirtualBox with Ubuntu ...