FreeBSD is a free Unix-like operating system descended from AT&T UNIX via BSD UNIX.

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4
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2answers
1k views

NAT and source IP filtering in PF, using OpenBSD >= 4.7

I just read a book about PF (The Book Of PF, No Starch), but there's one question not answered by it. If I have a gateway machine using two interfaces, $int_if and $ext_if, and I NAT the packages ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

How to remove broken ZIL disk from ZFS pool

I have a ZFS pool, which contains two mirrored hard drives and ramdisk for logs. In my scenario is that log disk died: # zpool status -x tank pool: tank state: FAULTED status: An intent log record ...
4
votes
1answer
68 views

Prevent users changing password in FreeBSD

How can I prevent a user to change its password in FreeBSD. In Linux i can do this by using chage -m 99999 <username> where chage is found in shadow-utils Reason for this is I created one shell ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

FreeBSD and Linux shared partitions

Which directories, and how, can I share between FreeBSD and Linux? In particular, how can I deduplicate respectively /usr/home and /home? I guess directly sharing a partition between both systems ...
3
votes
4answers
1k views

FreeBSD vs Damn Small Linux for a Really Old Machine?

I am doing this just for fun, I have several more powerful machines at hand but thought it would be cool to resurrect an approximately 14 year old machine with a Pentium II processor. I will have to ...
3
votes
2answers
351 views

FreeBSD installed package location

I installed Unrealircd on FreeBSD via the sysinstall utility. I cannot seem to find the location where it was installed. How can I find the default location of installed packages? Edit: I found the ...
3
votes
4answers
600 views

Has OpenBSD's ntpd replacement been ported to other BSDs? Or Linux?

I know the OpenBSD team wrote a from-scratch replacement for ntpd—OpenNTPD—that is available via pkgsrc/ports. My question is more about the base system: Is OpenNTPD the default ntpd in the base ...
3
votes
2answers
5k views

FreeBSD in USB Flash Drive

I like to use live FreeBSD in my USB flash drive. How can i do it ? Please give clear way to do it.
3
votes
3answers
182 views

Doing actions on a list from the shell

I have a list of packages I want to deinstall. The deinstaller program pkg_deinstall doesn't take a list of packages as parameter to deinstall. How would I deinstall from the list (like a foreach ...
3
votes
3answers
194 views

Parsing arbitrary natural language dates under BSD

I'm using the GNU date command to parse arbitrary natural language dates - for example to detect if a certain epoch time stamp is from last week, I can do: if [ "$timestamp" -lt "$(date +"%s" -d ...
3
votes
2answers
532 views

Mac OS X command-line tools - differences from FreeBSD

As I understand it many Mac OS X command-line tools (like ls, cp, chmod, chown etc.) are imported from FreeBSD. Which version of FreeBSD contains the command-line tools most compatible with the OS X ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

daemonize rtorrent

Just read the man page, but found no option for this. Maybe I missed it, maybe it doesn't exist. I have a server at home I'm SSHing to for rtorrent, but the torrent stops downloading and won't restart ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Find FreeBSD ports that depend on another port

I have a headless FreeBSD server where some port has installed tons of X11-related packages. I would like to find out what these ports are so I can get rid of the unwanted X-related packages. Is there ...
3
votes
2answers
165 views

What's the `name` argument to `sh` for/do?

Taken from FreeBSD's man page on sh (because its the most convenient online, target platform is Debian if it matters): SH(1) FreeBSD General Commands Manual SH(1) NAME sh -- ...
3
votes
3answers
236 views

Bash port auto upgrading script in cron doesn't work properly?

I've been recently try to write a script to automate checks for new version of ports and software installed on my FreeBSD server. This script is added to root's crontab and fires daily. If I run it ...
3
votes
3answers
7k views

FreeBSD 9 and Windows 7 Dual Boot

I have two hard drives installed on my machine. I installed Windows 7 on one hard drive and FreeBSD 9 on the other. I used GPT for FreeBSD. My question is: how can I install a boot manager so that I ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

How to startup FreeBSD in console mode

I have recently installed a VMware image of FreeBSD, although when I boot up I get the message: Welcome to DesktopBSD, select from the following options: http://i.imgur.com/VWahL.gif The trouble is ...
3
votes
1answer
148 views

How do I find where a port is?

If I want to find out which directory under /usr/ports contains a port like "gnome-terminal", how can I do that? Is there an easy command? At the moment I use things like echo */gnome-terminal ...
3
votes
2answers
209 views

Is there an equivalent book/resource to “The Linux Programming Interface” for FreeBSD? [closed]

Most of you here are probably aware of the famous The Linux Programming Interface, which presents a truly masterful guide to the Linux and general POSIX APIs. I know that much of the general POSIX ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

How do I set a script that it will run on start up in FreeBSD?

I am using FreeBSD 9 and I want to make a script that will check if an Ethernet cable is connected, and if so, connects to it. I want to set it so that it runs whenever the machine starts up, or ...
3
votes
1answer
4k views

How to Install BASH in FreeBSD

I really find that using bash helps a lot, when you need to retrieve strings of text that you used previously. But how can I install it on FreeBSD? I have tried typing bash into the terminal, but ...
3
votes
2answers
326 views

What's the motivation behind kfreebsd

I use both FreeBSD and Debian-based Linuxes on a daily basis. (I am mostly a user/developer/sysadmin not an OS-developer). I want to know what is the motivation behind kFreeBSD? Why people may want ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

FreeBSD based routers

I am looking for a FreeBSD based wireless router to hack around it and also use it at home. I saw some listed on www.bsdrouter.org but those seem outdated. Can someone point me to such a ...
3
votes
6answers
8k views

Cloud Server: Which MTA (exim/postfix/etc.) on What OS (Linux/FreeBSD)

My company wants to migrate the current mail server into a Cloud Server Provider. The Provider is the IaaS (Infrastructure as a Service) kind, not SaaS (Software as a Service). That means I have to ...
3
votes
1answer
420 views

GCC not runnable on FreeBSD

I'm trying to run GCC on FreeBSD and I get this error: % gcc ar: unrecognized option `--plugin' usage: ar -d [-Tjsvz] archive file ... ar -m [-Tjsvz] archive file ... ar -m ...
3
votes
1answer
750 views

How to install FreeBSD in minimum size?

I want to install FreeBSD to run a squid cache server on it. I want to know how can I can make this installation as small as possible? I installed the boot-only ISO file on virtual box, but it took ...
3
votes
3answers
4k views

Can I run Bash scripts in FreeBSD without modifying them?

Correct me if I'm wrong: "sh" script != "bash" script Linux script are written in Bash Bash script usually #!/bin/sh In GNU/Linux, /bin/sh is Bash In FreeBSD, /bin/sh is not bash, it's the true sh ...
3
votes
3answers
3k views

How much disk space should be allocated for FreeBSD?

I have a Samsung N150 netbook with 160 GB hard disk. I want to install FreeBSD OS. There will be no other OSs, no dual booting or like that, just FreeBSD. So the manual says to have a separate ...
3
votes
1answer
54 views

How to install portmaster on FreeBSD?

I'm trying to install portmaster on FreeBSD but I get an error about the port format: root@freebsd:/usr/ports/ports-mgmt/portmaster # make install clean ===> portmaster-3.17.8_1 pkg(8) must be ...
3
votes
1answer
48 views

List loaded libraries of a process on FreeBSD

How can I list all loaded libraries of a process in FreeBSD? On Linux I can use /proc cat /proc/$pid/maps on Solaris there is pldd pldd $pid For FreeBSD /proc also works: cat /proc/$pid/map ...
3
votes
4answers
2k views

How much RAM needed for preventing use swap?

At my system always available some "Free" and "Inactive" memory, but sometimes system move couple megabytes to swap. Per night it maybe around 100MB, but for a few days in swap could be more than ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

How to make a custom FreeBSD distribution [closed]

I have been struggling for several hours on how to find a coherient guide on how to create your own BSD distribution based off of FreeBSD. I have looked at the GitHub repositories for pfsense, but I ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Install a package and all its dependencies without a confirmation prompt with FreeBSD pkg

Is there a way to automatically install packages and their dependencies, like with apt-get -y in Debian, without being prompted each and every time? Installing Webmin, NGiNX and nano in 1 step, all ...
3
votes
1answer
135 views

Insert a new directory path to PATH in .cshrc file fail

I want to add a additional directory to PATH in .cshrc in my home directory . But after I put the path to it ,It still not working . I don't know what's the problem ... After I add this directory to ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Replacing Mac OSX with Linux Distro, or FreeBSD [closed]

I have a Macbook Pro 8,2 and really want to make the switch to something a little less stubborn and a little more flexible than the proprietary Mac OS X. I am a bit frustrated with MacPorts lately and ...
3
votes
2answers
881 views

Is there an easy way to not log a specific sshd event?

The monitoring tool of my hoster is making regular connections with ssh on port 22 to see or the service is up. This is cluttering my /var/log/messages with this kind of messages: Dec 13 22:20:17 ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Allowed and safe characters for ZFS filesystem in FreeBSD

Which characters are allowed and safe for ZFS file system name? Are this characters only ASCII or UTF-8 is supported? '@' is not allowed because it is reserved for snapshots. PS: I play with FreeBSD ...
3
votes
3answers
785 views

Updating FreeBSD 8.0 to 8.1 (methods and policy)

I have 8.0-RELEASE-p4 + few ports installed. I wonder wheather I should update to 8.1. How long is 8.0 supported? How to update the system? I couldn't find anything about it in handbook. SOLUTION ...
3
votes
1answer
32 views

FreeBSD: How can I install kernel sources for 10.2-STABLE version?

Lots of articles and posts on internet tell how to install the kernel sources for FreeBSD x-RELEASE versions, but none of them for X-STABLE. For example, my FreeBSD version is 10.2-STABLE. How can ...
3
votes
2answers
65 views

NTP works but clock is not the same

I'm trying to sync multiple machines (9 machines that are cloned from one machine so they have exactly same config) on a LAN using NTP. All machines are running FreeBSD 10.2 on VirtualBox with Ubuntu ...
3
votes
1answer
34 views

Is it possible to compile individual software from the FreeBSD source tree?

I wonder if it is possible to compile individual software packages from FreeBSD source tree without compiling the whole kernel and world....Say,for example ex , which is included in the nvi (new vi) ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

FreeBSD on Raspberry Pi2

I want to build FreeBSD custom Image for my Raspberry Pi2. I have read about the boot process in RPi2. I also went through the chrochet build instruction document. I learned from some websites that ...
3
votes
2answers
65 views

How to prevent FreeBSD from disconnecting a drive device?

While accessing a drive with high error rates (as, for example, here for opensuse) in FreeBSD, the system eventually disconnects the drive and it disappears from /dev. This makes it impossible to run ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

How to install FreeBSD 10 from USB Hard drive?

I need to install FreeBSD 10 on an old PC with no CD drive but it has a USB port. I'm on a laptop running Windows 8.1 and have downloaded the FreeBSD 10 DVD ISO image. I have an external USB hard ...
3
votes
1answer
78 views

FreeBSD missing PCIIDS

I was trying FreeBSD in VirtualBox and so when I was compiling the VirtualBox guest additions (through ports), I got an error. PCIIDS could not be found on any of the FreeBSD servers, and so, my ...
3
votes
1answer
700 views

Why are devd rules applied before devfs rules?

My problem I have the following lines in /etc/devd.conf which execute the usbhidaction for a /dev/uhid* device with the named vendor and product id. attach 100 { match "vendor" "0x046a"; ...
3
votes
3answers
544 views

Other than /etc/rc.conf what other config files control system services at boot time?

I am still very new to FreeBSD, from what I have learned in manuals, /etc/rc.conf controls system services at boot time. There is no mention of sendmail and syslogd in /etc/rc.conf, so how come they ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

How do I check active crons?

I'm trying to hunt down a cron job (or the equivalent) which I know is running, but I can't find it in the default cron files for my system (FreeBSD / Linux / BSD). How can I tell which ones are ...
3
votes
2answers
436 views

Verbose shutdown messages

I am using BSD at the moment and think I have an X compatibility problem where my computer doesn't shut down. It can cause problems because I have to turn off the power manually while there is no ...
3
votes
3answers
17k views

ls to show only directory/filename and size

First of all, this is not a duplicate of this: Linux ls to show only filename date and size Because I want to print actual directory name additionally. I was always using this command: ls -l | awk ...