FreeBSD is a free Unix-like operating system descended from AT&T UNIX via BSD UNIX.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

3
votes
2answers
150 views

Non-interactive customization and installation of FreeBSD Ports

I'm new to FreeBSD, coming from a Linux background. I want to install a port, changing one of the default configuration options, in a non-interactive way (so that I can script the installation for ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

How do I enable options for installed Ports in FreeBSD?

I installed the Vim editor using Ports and in the process didn't enable GTK2 or GNOME option. I assume that either these 2 options will let me use gvim. Here's my pkg info vim: vim-7.4.430_1 Name ...
13
votes
6answers
1k views

How to achieve portability with sed -i (in-place editing)?

I'm writing shell scripts for my server, which is a shared hosting running FreeBSD. I also want to be able to test them locally, on my PC running Linux. Hence, I'm trying to write them in a portable ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

FreeBSD: spdylay build error

I try to install the latest curl updates from ports (curl-7.37.1_2) with HTTP/2.0 support enabled and I need to build spdylay for that purpose, but I keep getting the following strange errors and ...
3
votes
1answer
423 views

Installing FreeBSD in VirtualBox aborts unexpectedly

I have tried installing FreeBSD-10.0-RELEASE-i386-dvd1.iso into VirtualBox 3 times already today (each time starting from a fresh creation of a VM) and right when I'm about to Exit (Apply ...
13
votes
4answers
2k views

Some people told me FreeBSD is NOT Unix, is that right? Confused

Some people told me FreeBSD is NOT Unix, is that right? I'm confused. I checked some articles, but the expressions are pretty vague, and I need some clarification.
1
vote
1answer
88 views

“Cannot find -lgdbm” when making xemacs in FreeBSD10

I have been trying to install xemacs 21.4.22 in FreeBSD10 x64. Once I run ./configure and try to run make it gives me this error with libgdm.so library [eddyraz@laptop-eddyraz] ...
7
votes
1answer
723 views

Multiple instances of Postfix throwing error fatal: unknown service: smtp/tcp

I am trying to configure multiple postfix-2.12 instances on FreeBSD 10.0-RELEASE following the README. postmulti -e init postmulti -I postfix-out -G mta -e create ... This all works I can start and ...
3
votes
0answers
196 views

FreeBSD setup RTL8187SE wireless NIC

I am running FreeBSD 10. My wireless card is: none1@pci0:9:0:0: class=0x028000 card=0x818210ec chip=0x819910ec rev=0x22 hdr=0x00 vendor = 'Realtek Semiconductor Co., Ltd.' device = ...
0
votes
1answer
66 views

What are the differences between socket polling mechanisms of kqueue and epolling?

kqueue socket polling mechanism is used in FreeBSD and epolling in Linux. I would like to know what are the differences between the two mechanisms?
5
votes
3answers
749 views

FreeBSD 10 with Root-on-ZFS using only a part of the disk

I'm having a bit of trouble here. I'll try and be as concise as possible in describing my objective: I'm setting up a storage server for my employer, using two Intel DC S3500 series 120GB solid state ...
0
votes
1answer
89 views

gtar fails to perform incremental backup

The following script fails to perform incremental backup, but creates full backup instead. On another FreeBSD server exactly same script works just fine (creating incremental backups). Servers are ...
1
vote
1answer
8k views

switching from user to root and revers (FreeBSD)

I want to make some modification with root and then with my user, in fact I want to install sudo and he give me the error in the first step: cd /usr/ports/security/sudo make install clean ...
5
votes
1answer
502 views

Get CPU usage for single process

I've got a problem getting a real-time CPU usage of a single process (by its PID). I'd like to setup a watchdog for the CPU usage of a process because it's suddenly reaching 100% of the CPU usage ...
3
votes
3answers
114 views

Parsing arbitrary natural language dates under BSD

I'm using the GNU date command to parse arbitrary natural language dates - for example to detect if a certain epoch time stamp is from last week, I can do: if [ "$timestamp" -lt "$(date +"%s" -d ...
1
vote
1answer
876 views

vim install on freebsd has taken 5 hours and counting

Ok, so installed portmaster and I'm trying with it, I'm hoping it won't take time. So I've been up all night and my vim installation is still going on. I have an amazon ec2 freebsd server setup. I ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

How do I create a VM from an existing FreeBSD 8.2 PreRelease server?

I need to create a VM (VirtualBox) out of an existing freebsd 8.2 pre-release i386 machine. I need to replicate the exact same environment and I can't rebuild from scratch because FreeBsd 8.2 ...
4
votes
1answer
248 views

ZFS: Trying to remove top-level drive from Zpool

I have a zpool called storage that contains a five device raidz1 array. Today I went and bought another 3TB device and put it in my enclosure. However, instead of creating a new pool and adding that ...
2
votes
4answers
824 views

How much RAM needed for preventing use swap?

At my system always available some "Free" and "Inactive" memory, but sometimes system move couple megabytes to swap. Per night it maybe around 100MB, but for a few days in swap could be more than ...
3
votes
0answers
69 views

Figuring out physical cache layout in FreeBSD

I'm trying to figure out they physical cache layout of my CPU in FreeBSD 10. I see the following from sysctl kern.sched.topology_spec kern.sched.topology_spec: <groups> <group level="1" ...
2
votes
1answer
145 views

Do I need to setup my ZFS (using FreeBSD 10) for foreign-language files (e.g. filenames in Japanese/Thai/etc language)?

I am in the process of setting up a ZFS file server. I am planning to store all sorts of files in it. I have several hundred music tracks that are in Japanese/Korean native character. I want the file ...
1
vote
1answer
211 views

How to monitor outgoing http requests per user?

I'd like to know how to monitor users' outgoing http requests. I've got a FreeBSD 8.1 server, and I would like to get an output like this for http requests: source MAC address or IP address → ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Is it too early to try LibreSSL? [closed]

I've been somewhat following the development and recent release of LibreSSL and coincidentally I have a new FreeBSD web server that I've been configuring for my personal/hobbyist projects recently. ...
10
votes
4answers
237 views

Why does *BSD uses driver specific names for network interfaces? Does it imply limitations?

I notice that depending on the brand of the network card, interface names differ (driver dependent I suppose). Why does *BSD uses driver specific names for network interfaces? Does it mean there is ...
9
votes
1answer
372 views

How can Solaris sub-partitions be accessed in FreeBSD?

First of all, Linux detects the partitions: sdg1: <solaris: [s0] sdg5 [s1] sdg6 [s2] sdg7 [s8] sdg8 > However, FreeBSD 9.0 shows only the main partition. Is it possible that only Solaris ...
2
votes
1answer
367 views

NFS mount properties (options) in FreeBSD

I am trying to determine how to examine the actual properties of an NFS mount in FreeBSD. In CentOS (6.4 tested) one can cat /proc/mounts or execute nfsstat -m to determine all of the mount ...
1
vote
2answers
143 views

Strategies for userland file encryption without FDE

There are cryptography experts that are concerned over using Full Disk Encryption (FDE) on *nix platforms due to attack surface exposed due to reverse engineering of encryption algorithm when looking ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

kvm_open: cannot open /proc

I have 100+ boxes running FreeBSD 8.4 amd64 RELEASE (p9) with the same configuration. And only one of them sometimes behaves strangely: load average (generally 4~6, it's ok course box have 8 CPU ...
24
votes
2answers
10k views

Where does Mac OS X come from?

Discussing with Mac owners, I got several versions of where Mac OS X comes from. It is known to have some root in BSD, but how much, and where? Some say that Mac OS X has a FreeBSD kernel, with all ...
3
votes
1answer
199 views

GCC not runnable on FreeBSD

I'm trying to run GCC on FreeBSD and I get this error: % gcc ar: unrecognized option `--plugin' usage: ar -d [-Tjsvz] archive file ... ar -m [-Tjsvz] archive file ... ar -m ...
2
votes
1answer
64 views

Unix. pecl memprof

Im trying to install https://github.com/arnaud-lb/php-memory-profiler on FreeBSD 9.2 After pear install http://pecl.php.net/get/memprof-1.0.0.tgz got such error: In file included from ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

What do the different memory counters in FreeBSD mean?

top tells me: last pid: 64807; load averages: 0.99, 0.97, 0.92 up 189+04:47:22 09:16:17 45 processes: 1 running, 44 sleeping CPU: 0.4% user, 0.0% nice, ...
2
votes
1answer
130 views

Using pkg add with a NanoBSD image

I'm running into a problem on a NanoBSD installation where I cannot install openjdk7 via pkg add because it first saves to either tmp or var (not sure which) and on a NanoBSD installation, there is ...
4
votes
1answer
115 views

How do I limit the number of getty processes started?

I've got a FreeBSD (9.2) box that I'm trying to strip down as lightweight as possible. It's running on a VM server, so other than ttyv0, we don't ever use the console. I'd like (if possible and ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

How to install GNU make on FreeBSD 10?

I have this error configure: error: GNU make is required! and I can't change into /usr/ports/devel/gmake/ $ cd /usr/ports/devel/gmake/ cd: /usr/ports/devel/gmake/: No such file or directory How ...
6
votes
2answers
331 views

FreeBSD 10 trace disk activity

Is there any way to find some process which is periodically writing to disk (according to hdd led) on FreeBSD 10 with ZFS (maybe turn ZFS into verbose logging mode)? lsof and other instantly ...
1
vote
2answers
903 views

How to disable daily run output email?

How to disable daily run output email from "Charlie &"? Googled couple of pages, but there is no clear answer. I use ssmtp instead of sendmail
6
votes
5answers
2k views

Read files owned by another user as non-root

I'm backing up servers on a backup server. Each server which is backed up has it's own account on the backup server, and the files are rsynced. It is important that the permissions remain intact ...
3
votes
2answers
130 views

Is there an equivalent book/resource to “The Linux Programming Interface” for FreeBSD? [closed]

Most of you here are probably aware of the famous The Linux Programming Interface, which presents a truly masterful guide to the Linux and general POSIX APIs. I know that much of the general POSIX ...
7
votes
1answer
140 views

FreeBSD systat doesn't calculate upload speed/total on wlan0

When I call systat -if shows that wlan0 out traffic/peak/total are 0 kb(/s). I'm using wlan0 for networking, internet down/upload are working. The in traffic/peak/total are OK. The wifi chip is ...
0
votes
3answers
1k views

Custom crontab does not work (FreeBSD)

I created file crontab.custom with: */1 * * * * /home/username/data/www/run.sh And run.sh contains: php script.php After this I run this command crontab crontab.custom. Now crontab -l ...
1
vote
1answer
88 views

Does asynchronous disk IO affect swap usage?

I have a server application requiring usage of huge memory but can take little time. I therefore thought it should be economical to run it with a big swap and normal ram. I was reading about serving ...
2
votes
1answer
795 views

How to boot into FreeBSD installed in the second partition of an external drive

I have installed FreeBSD 9.1 on the second partition of an external hard disk and I'm not able to get my computer to boot from it. FreeBSD was installed using the FreeBSD memstick image dd'd onto a ...
4
votes
3answers
5k views

stderr redirection not working in csh

I run the following command: pkg_add emacs-23.4,2.tbz 2> output.log The output still displays in the terminal. When I press ↑, I get pkg_add emacs-23.4,2.tbz 2 > output.log with a space ...
4
votes
2answers
656 views

Does FreeBSD support network virtualization like Crossbow?

Does FreeBSD support network virtualization like Solaris Crossbow? I've tried to follow the VImage links from the FreeBSD wiki page, but the links are mostly dead. If VImage is no longer part of ...
6
votes
2answers
802 views

Find out what /dev/cuaU maps to?

I have an USB 3G modem (Huawei E353-u2) on pfSense 2.0.2 (which is based on FreeBSD 8.1-RELEASE-p13), it seems to create 2 /dev/cuaU devices: /dev/cuaU0.0 /dev/cuaU0.3 1) Why are there 2 devices? ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

How do I install the latest gcc on FreeBSD?

How do I install the latest gcc on FreeBSD ind set up the system so that this latest version would be used to compile further programs? At the moment of this writing the latest release of gcc is ...
1
vote
1answer
388 views

Erlang install on Freebsd 10 on Amazon ec2

I installed Erlang on amazon ec2 - on FreeBSD 10 with fetch http://www.erlang.org/download/otp_src_17.0.tar.gz gunzip -c otp_src_17.0.tar.gz | tar xf - cd otp_src_17.0 ./configure --disable-hipe ...
1
vote
0answers
189 views

Metin2 server on FreeBSD error

I have private metin2 server on FreeBSD 9.1 32 bit and I installed packet filter PF. In pf.conf, I wrote metin2 ports (open for public) and my IP Which can be connected to the server. Everything is ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Conceptual difference between Linux and (Free)BSD Kernel

(I've already noticed that this question was asked before but I think it has not been answered in a way I'd like to understand the topic.) What are the conceptual and structural differences between a ...