FreeBSD is a free Unix-like operating system descended from AT&T UNIX via BSD UNIX.

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2
votes
4answers
694 views

How much RAM needed for preventing use swap?

At my system always available some "Free" and "Inactive" memory, but sometimes system move couple megabytes to swap. Per night it maybe around 100MB, but for a few days in swap could be more than ...
3
votes
0answers
65 views

Figuring out physical cache layout in FreeBSD

I'm trying to figure out they physical cache layout of my CPU in FreeBSD 10. I see the following from sysctl kern.sched.topology_spec kern.sched.topology_spec: <groups> <group level="1" ...
2
votes
1answer
129 views

Do I need to setup my ZFS (using FreeBSD 10) for foreign-language files (e.g. filenames in Japanese/Thai/etc language)?

I am in the process of setting up a ZFS file server. I am planning to store all sorts of files in it. I have several hundred music tracks that are in Japanese/Korean native character. I want the file ...
1
vote
1answer
203 views

How to monitor outgoing http requests per user?

I'd like to know how to monitor users' outgoing http requests. I've got a FreeBSD 8.1 server, and I would like to get an output like this for http requests: source MAC address or IP address → ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Is it too early to try LibreSSL? [closed]

I've been somewhat following the development and recent release of LibreSSL and coincidentally I have a new FreeBSD web server that I've been configuring for my personal/hobbyist projects recently. ...
10
votes
4answers
199 views

Why does *BSD uses driver specific names for network interfaces? Does it imply limitations?

I notice that depending on the brand of the network card, interface names differ (driver dependent I suppose). Why does *BSD uses driver specific names for network interfaces? Does it mean there is ...
9
votes
1answer
353 views

How can Solaris sub-partitions be accessed in FreeBSD?

First of all, Linux detects the partitions: sdg1: <solaris: [s0] sdg5 [s1] sdg6 [s2] sdg7 [s8] sdg8 > However, FreeBSD 9.0 shows only the main partition. Is it possible that only Solaris ...
5
votes
2answers
352 views

What is causing a pause during the system device probe?

I am running FreeBSD 10.0-RELEASE. During the boot device probe there is a two-times 30 second pause. The output relevant to this is # dmesg ... (aprobe0:ata0:0:1:0): ATAPI_IDENTIFY. ACB: a1 00 00 ...
2
votes
1answer
345 views

NFS mount properties (options) in FreeBSD

I am trying to determine how to examine the actual properties of an NFS mount in FreeBSD. In CentOS (6.4 tested) one can cat /proc/mounts or execute nfsstat -m to determine all of the mount ...
1
vote
2answers
132 views

Strategies for userland file encryption without FDE

There are cryptography experts that are concerned over using Full Disk Encryption (FDE) on *nix platforms due to attack surface exposed due to reverse engineering of encryption algorithm when looking ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

kvm_open: cannot open /proc

I have 100+ boxes running FreeBSD 8.4 amd64 RELEASE (p9) with the same configuration. And only one of them sometimes behaves strangely: load average (generally 4~6, it's ok course box have 8 CPU ...
23
votes
2answers
10k views

Where does Mac OS X come from?

Discussing with Mac owners, I got several versions of where Mac OS X comes from. It is known to have some root in BSD, but how much, and where? Some say that Mac OS X has a FreeBSD kernel, with all ...
3
votes
1answer
175 views

GCC not runnable on FreeBSD

I'm trying to run GCC on FreeBSD and I get this error: % gcc ar: unrecognized option `--plugin' usage: ar -d [-Tjsvz] archive file ... ar -m [-Tjsvz] archive file ... ar -m ...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

Unix. pecl memprof

Im trying to install https://github.com/arnaud-lb/php-memory-profiler on FreeBSD 9.2 After pear install http://pecl.php.net/get/memprof-1.0.0.tgz got such error: In file included from ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

What do the different memory counters in FreeBSD mean?

top tells me: last pid: 64807; load averages: 0.99, 0.97, 0.92 up 189+04:47:22 09:16:17 45 processes: 1 running, 44 sleeping CPU: 0.4% user, 0.0% nice, ...
2
votes
1answer
118 views

Using pkg add with a NanoBSD image

I'm running into a problem on a NanoBSD installation where I cannot install openjdk7 via pkg add because it first saves to either tmp or var (not sure which) and on a NanoBSD installation, there is ...
4
votes
1answer
104 views

How do I limit the number of getty processes started?

I've got a FreeBSD (9.2) box that I'm trying to strip down as lightweight as possible. It's running on a VM server, so other than ttyv0, we don't ever use the console. I'd like (if possible and ...
2
votes
2answers
852 views

How to install GNU make on FreeBSD 10?

I have this error configure: error: GNU make is required! and I can't change into /usr/ports/devel/gmake/ $ cd /usr/ports/devel/gmake/ cd: /usr/ports/devel/gmake/: No such file or directory How ...
6
votes
2answers
276 views

FreeBSD 10 trace disk activity

Is there any way to find some process which is periodically writing to disk (according to hdd led) on FreeBSD 10 with ZFS (maybe turn ZFS into verbose logging mode)? lsof and other instantly ...
1
vote
2answers
758 views

How to disable daily run output email?

How to disable daily run output email from "Charlie &"? Googled couple of pages, but there is no clear answer. I use ssmtp instead of sendmail
6
votes
5answers
1k views

Read files owned by another user as non-root

I'm backing up servers on a backup server. Each server which is backed up has it's own account on the backup server, and the files are rsynced. It is important that the permissions remain intact ...
3
votes
2answers
120 views

Is there an equivalent book/resource to “The Linux Programming Interface” for FreeBSD? [closed]

Most of you here are probably aware of the famous The Linux Programming Interface, which presents a truly masterful guide to the Linux and general POSIX APIs. I know that much of the general POSIX ...
7
votes
1answer
131 views

FreeBSD systat doesn't calculate upload speed/total on wlan0

When I call systat -if shows that wlan0 out traffic/peak/total are 0 kb(/s). I'm using wlan0 for networking, internet down/upload are working. The in traffic/peak/total are OK. The wifi chip is ...
0
votes
3answers
1k views

Custom crontab does not work (FreeBSD)

I created file crontab.custom with: */1 * * * * /home/username/data/www/run.sh And run.sh contains: php script.php After this I run this command crontab crontab.custom. Now crontab -l ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

Does asynchronous disk IO affect swap usage?

I have a server application requiring usage of huge memory but can take little time. I therefore thought it should be economical to run it with a big swap and normal ram. I was reading about serving ...
2
votes
1answer
748 views

How to boot into FreeBSD installed in the second partition of an external drive

I have installed FreeBSD 9.1 on the second partition of an external hard disk and I'm not able to get my computer to boot from it. FreeBSD was installed using the FreeBSD memstick image dd'd onto a ...
4
votes
3answers
5k views

stderr redirection not working in csh

I run the following command: pkg_add emacs-23.4,2.tbz 2> output.log The output still displays in the terminal. When I press ↑, I get pkg_add emacs-23.4,2.tbz 2 > output.log with a space ...
4
votes
2answers
625 views

Does FreeBSD support network virtualization like Crossbow?

Does FreeBSD support network virtualization like Solaris Crossbow? I've tried to follow the VImage links from the FreeBSD wiki page, but the links are mostly dead. If VImage is no longer part of ...
6
votes
2answers
732 views

Find out what /dev/cuaU maps to?

I have an USB 3G modem (Huawei E353-u2) on pfSense 2.0.2 (which is based on FreeBSD 8.1-RELEASE-p13), it seems to create 2 /dev/cuaU devices: /dev/cuaU0.0 /dev/cuaU0.3 1) Why are there 2 devices? ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

How do I install the latest gcc on FreeBSD?

How do I install the latest gcc on FreeBSD ind set up the system so that this latest version would be used to compile further programs? At the moment of this writing the latest release of gcc is ...
1
vote
1answer
352 views

Erlang install on Freebsd 10 on Amazon ec2

I installed Erlang on amazon ec2 - on FreeBSD 10 with fetch http://www.erlang.org/download/otp_src_17.0.tar.gz gunzip -c otp_src_17.0.tar.gz | tar xf - cd otp_src_17.0 ./configure --disable-hipe ...
1
vote
0answers
182 views

Metin2 server on FreeBSD error

I have private metin2 server on FreeBSD 9.1 32 bit and I installed packet filter PF. In pf.conf, I wrote metin2 ports (open for public) and my IP Which can be connected to the server. Everything is ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Conceptual difference between Linux and (Free)BSD Kernel

(I've already noticed that this question was asked before but I think it has not been answered in a way I'd like to understand the topic.) What are the conceptual and structural differences between a ...
2
votes
1answer
144 views

How to add a read only group permission to a folder that already has a default group, and have it inherited for all newly created files & folders?

In Windows this is easy. I never fully figured out Linux permissions, I have a directory such as this: /Photos The current ACL permissions are as follows: owner: root - full access group: photos ...
2
votes
2answers
650 views

grep print relative file path when doing a recursive search

I'm trying to find out which version of hibernate the project depends on (this is orthogonal to my question). We have a parent project with several sub projects, and I know this is defined in one or ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

How to forward port by (sub)domain name?

I have this setup: a (Host) FreeBSD 9.2 host server running VirtualBox with another (Guest) FreeBSD guest server. I have set up port forwarding on the Host to the Guest like this: VBoxManage ...
3
votes
1answer
528 views

What does 'mergemaster' do that 'make distribution' doesn't?

After calling make installworld (or make world), there are two ways of updating source files in the new world: calling mergemaster -p or make distribution. I know that mergemaster calls make ...
3
votes
1answer
68 views

FreeBSD missing PCIIDS

I was trying FreeBSD in VirtualBox and so when I was compiling the VirtualBox guest additions (through ports), I got an error. PCIIDS could not be found on any of the FreeBSD servers, and so, my ...
2
votes
1answer
76 views

add newlines in .cshrc command output

I'm trying to set up a "dynamic" motd for users when they log in on FreeBSD 10. I've got it set up so that it uses .cshrc and has a few commands to output some info. However one of those prints as a ...
3
votes
3answers
764 views

Updating FreeBSD 8.0 to 8.1 (methods and policy)

I have 8.0-RELEASE-p4 + few ports installed. I wonder wheather I should update to 8.1. How long is 8.0 supported? How to update the system? I couldn't find anything about it in handbook. SOLUTION ...
1
vote
0answers
232 views

ulimit vs. limit on FreeBSD 8.3

I had the same issue with the error as this and this question (both of which I read and understood), the message being: $ ulimit -n 20000 ulimit: bad limit: Operation not permitted I encountered ...
1
vote
1answer
112 views

Boot loop after upgrade from FreeBSD 7.3-RELEASE to 8.3 using freebsd-update

I upgraded my 7.3 FreeBSD box using the following instructions from the FreeBSD website: 2.2 Upgrading Using “FreeBSD Update” The freebsd-update(8) utility supports binary upgrades of i386 ...
1
vote
0answers
116 views

Passing data from kernel space to user space in FreeBSD [closed]

I need some information regarding write requests from all applications on FreeBSD. I put a function inside the file system write call ffs_write() which collects the information into an array of ...
1
vote
1answer
194 views

Install r5u87x on FreeBSD

I need to install Ricoh r5u87x webcam loader on FreeBSD, because it solve not suspending in unix/linux boxes on my vaio laptop as I try it in UBUNTU, but the loader is simply for Linux, I think. Is ...
0
votes
1answer
108 views

Building Snapwm on FreeBSD (Problem of gcc and clang)?

According to FreeBSD, from version 10 they use Clang/LLVM instead of gcc. on the surface of it all things should perform as been before even better. but I have faced this reality more than I want to. ...
2
votes
4answers
1k views

pysqlite install error on FreeBSD in virtualenv

I am trying to install pysqlite using pip under a virtualenv in FreeBSD 7.3, with Python version 2.6.2. I didn't have any issues for installing other packages like Django, PIL etc. All of them I ...
2
votes
1answer
698 views

Why am I still getting pkg deprecation warnings?

I'm still getting warnings about the old pkg tools being deprecated and saying I should switch to pkgng, despite the fact that I followed the directions to switch weeks ago. I did the pkg2ng thing, ...
3
votes
1answer
611 views

How to make a custom FreeBSD distribution [closed]

I have been struggling for several hours on how to find a coherient guide on how to create your own BSD distribution based off of FreeBSD. I have looked at the GitHub repositories for pfsense, but I ...
2
votes
2answers
237 views

FreeBSD's net/ntp port is forbidden due to CVE-2013-5211, with no support upstream

FreeBSD port net/ntp was marked forbidden because it is vulnerable to traffic spoofing and amplification attacks, as documented in CVE-2013-5211. However, there's been no support from the upstream ...
7
votes
2answers
325 views

Is it possible to keep a FreeBSD system up to date (base system + packages) using only binaries?

I have been using Debian and NetBSD systems for a long time, and I have got used to do binaries upgrades for the base system and for packages (using pkgin with NetBSD) Now the NetBSD kernel does not ...