FreeBSD is a free Unix-like operating system descended from AT&T UNIX via BSD UNIX.

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7
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2answers
1k views

Find out what /dev/cuaU maps to?

I have an USB 3G modem (Huawei E353-u2) on pfSense 2.0.2 (which is based on FreeBSD 8.1-RELEASE-p13), it seems to create 2 /dev/cuaU devices: /dev/cuaU0.0 /dev/cuaU0.3 1) Why are there 2 devices? ...
7
votes
1answer
3k views

Korn Shell: End, pgup, pgdown, and delete key not working

So basically my End, Pageup/Pagedown, and Delete key are not working in ksh93. I'm running FreeBSD by the way. My arrow keys are working, and so is my home key. Those keys work when I put this in my ...
7
votes
2answers
5k views

mount freebsd slice partition under linux

I have under linux: Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System /filename.img * 63 1007999 503968+ a5 FreeBsd Under above partition i have two ...
7
votes
4answers
1k views

How to set up two-factor authentication with OTP on FreeBSD?

I have a FreeBSD hosted server that I like to be able to get to from anywhere. Normally I use SSH publickey to log in, or if I don't have my SSH private key available then I might use regular password ...
7
votes
1answer
9k views

How do I add PC BSD / FreeBSD to Grub 2 boot loader?

I have Ubuntu 10.04 installed as my primary operating system, and I installed PC BSD in a different partition: /dev/sda4 without installing it's boot loader. I figured out that I need to edit ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Multiple instances of Postfix throwing error fatal: unknown service: smtp/tcp

I am trying to configure multiple postfix-2.12 instances on FreeBSD 10.0-RELEASE following the README. postmulti -e init postmulti -I postfix-out -G mta -e create ... This all works I can start and ...
7
votes
1answer
257 views

FreeBSD systat doesn't calculate upload speed/total on wlan0

When I call systat -if shows that wlan0 out traffic/peak/total are 0 kb(/s). I'm using wlan0 for networking, internet down/upload are working. The in traffic/peak/total are OK. The wifi chip is ...
7
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2answers
420 views

Is it possible to keep a FreeBSD system up to date (base system + packages) using only binaries?

I have been using Debian and NetBSD systems for a long time, and I have got used to do binaries upgrades for the base system and for packages (using pkgin with NetBSD) Now the NetBSD kernel does not ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

How can I boot the PC-BSD live DVD-ISO IMAGE directly via GRUB2?

Via the loopback command, GRUB2 allows to directly boot an ISO file. Now, I've configured the according menuentry to boot the PC-BSD Live DVD ISO, but when I try to boot it, the FreeBSD bootstrap ...
6
votes
3answers
5k views

Host CPU does not scale frequency when KVM guest needs it

I have asked this question on serverfault, but it could also have been posted here. I will synchronise the answers if one is found. Observation: I have an HP server with an AMD dual core CPU (Turion ...
6
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2answers
2k views

How to disable daily run output email?

How to disable daily run output email from "Charlie &"? Googled couple of pages, but there is no clear answer. I use ssmtp instead of sendmail
6
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6answers
4k views

Read files owned by another user as non-root

I'm backing up servers on a backup server. Each server which is backed up has it's own account on the backup server, and the files are rsynced. It is important that the permissions remain intact ...
6
votes
2answers
4k views

Is there an easy way to create a FreeBSD rc script?

I have a FreeBSD jail in which I run a server using the command: /usr/sbin/daemon /path/to/script.py At the moment I have to run this command every time I restart the machine and the jail starts. ...
6
votes
2answers
5k views

How to deal with FreeBSD's move to pkgconf?

It seems that the FreeBSD ports tree is busy transitioning from pkg-config to pkgconf. http://www.mail-archive.com/freebsd-ports-announce@freebsd.org/msg00018.html I first thought as an end user this ...
6
votes
2answers
767 views

Is it possible (and a good idea) to do `pw lock root` on FreeBSD?

I have set up sudo on my FreeBSD server. As I now never want to log in as root anymore, I was wondering whether I should do sudo pw lock root. My questions are: Is this possible, without forever ...
6
votes
1answer
35 views

How can I tell which of my ports I compiled myself and which I installed from pre-compiled binary packages?

I have two FreeBSD 10.2-RELEASE systems and I'm trying to set up the second to be almost identical to the first. I don't wish to use ZFS snapshots for this task; I would just like to select, install, ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Bash: `-su: $*: unbound variable` with `set -u`

This is a FreeBSD 7.x system running GNU bash version 4.0. In Bash, the set -u option can force a shell to print an error if it encounters an unset variable, like this: $ set -u $ echo $THISISUNSET ...
6
votes
1answer
4k views

Calculate the date from 1125 days ago on non-GNU systems?

On the Unix Bash commandline, I want to calculate the date from 1125 days ago using the base operating system (e.g. No Perl or Python). On systems running GNU Date, I can do something like this: ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

`kill -s TERM` works, `kill -s ABRT` gets “Operation not permitted”

There is a process that I own whose documentation claims I can send SIGABRT to in order to get some debugging information. However, when I try to send SIGABRT, I get back "Operation not permitted". I ...
6
votes
2answers
207 views

What to do when “nice” isn't good enough (FreeBSD)

I've been using x265 to encode some video on my workstation lately, but I have a problem: even though I launch it using nice -n 20 x265 to deprioritize it, it still slows the computer to a crawl while ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

FHS differences between OS X, Linux and FreeBSD

I've read that there is a different behavior between FreeBSD and Linux with the /usr/local, in FBSD ports are installed there, in Linux not, can someone explain more on this? I'd like to know where ...
6
votes
3answers
7k views

FreeBSD 10 does not boot after clean install

Latest FREEBSD 10 does not boot after clean installation. Installed using this image: FreeBSD-10.0-RELEASE-amd64-memstick.img Used Guided Partitioning, where I selected my only hard drive, chose ...
6
votes
1answer
4k views

How can you get console backgrounds for Arch Linux?

I have tested out openSUSE and found that the tty1 is a bit different from other systems as the tty has got a background. I know that Knoppix has a tux penguin for each core the computer has, but I'm ...
6
votes
1answer
376 views

Any random password results in successful login on tty

I can login to my machine (FreeBSD 9.1-RELEASE) for any user (for example: root or operator or any that exists in /etc/passwd) with any random password that I type... I tried to reset password for ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

How can I alter my Xorg config file to fix the screen distortion I am experiencing?

I have a system running FreeBSD 8.2-RELEASE-p2 with an LCD display attached capable of running at a native resolution of 1600 x 900. I have configured Xorg the way I think it should work, however the ...
6
votes
0answers
450 views

Enabling support for AddressSanitizer in FreeBSD

The question essentially is how to compile a program that uses AddressSanitizer in FreeBSD. I use FreeBSD 10.0 (64-bit). I am trying to compile the following code with -fsanitize=address flag: int ...
5
votes
3answers
10k views

stderr redirection not working in csh

I run the following command: pkg_add emacs-23.4,2.tbz 2> output.log The output still displays in the terminal. When I press ↑, I get pkg_add emacs-23.4,2.tbz 2 > output.log with a space ...
5
votes
2answers
416 views

How to allow direct root access via SSH on certain IP range?

I would like to login to root via ssh directly while at home (192.168.1.0/24). But while outside (e.g. at work), I can still login via ssh by using one of the custom accounts I created. I jus ...
5
votes
2answers
5k views

Conceptual difference between Linux and (Free)BSD Kernel

(I've already noticed that this question was asked before but I think it has not been answered in a way I'd like to understand the topic.) What are the conceptual and structural differences between a ...
5
votes
1answer
4k views

Which shell should I learn for FreeBSD and Debian?

I have read many articles that say the official shell in FreeBSD is tcsh, and in Debian, its dash. However, when I either echo $shell (FreeBSD) or env in Debian, it says that the shell is csh in the ...
5
votes
1answer
11k views

How do I install the latest gcc on FreeBSD?

How do I install the latest gcc on FreeBSD and set up the system so that this latest version would be used to compile further programs? At the moment of this writing, the latest release of gcc is ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

FreeBSD or PC-BSD?

After years of Linux I would like to give *BSD a try, but I'm uncertain if I should use FreeBSD or PC-BSD. With KDE out-of-the-box and graphical package-manager and such, PC-BSD strikes me as ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

how to reboot a frozen FreeBSD server from the serial console?

Linux has the "magic sysrq key" to reboot frozen machines remotely, and it works over the serial console, but what about FreeBSD? Is there a way to send a "control-alt-delete" to FreeBSD servers on ...
5
votes
2answers
593 views

Why do entrepreneurial companies choose Linux rather than FreeBSD?

FreeBSD is an operating system. Linux, strictly speaking, is just a kernel, but the two systems are not too much different and in performance, at least, we can say they are comparable. Open source ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

FreeBSD 10 with Root-on-ZFS using only a part of the disk

I'm having a bit of trouble here. I'll try and be as concise as possible in describing my objective: I'm setting up a storage server for my employer, using two Intel DC S3500 series 120GB solid state ...
5
votes
2answers
4k views

How do I set dhclient debug info on?

On a FreeBSD computer Is there a DHCP client log that I could use to debug a DHCP issue? Can I set a debug param to get more information from the dhclient? UPDATE #1 I found a lead on this ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Installing FreeBSD from USB-Stick boots but later can't find the USB-Stick

When trying to install FreeBSD 8.2 from USB memory stick the kernel boots from the USB-Stick and the installer menus work and let me partition and everything. However when it comes to actually ...
5
votes
1answer
971 views

Get CPU usage for single process

I've got a problem getting a real-time CPU usage of a single process (by its PID). I'd like to setup a watchdog for the CPU usage of a process because it's suddenly reaching 100% of the CPU usage ...
5
votes
2answers
7k views

How do you dual boot Debian and FreeBSD using GRUB2?

I've been trying to install FreeBSD alongside my Debian installation in a single partition. All examples readily present on the Internet had shortcomings: Some required chainloading the FreeBSD ...
5
votes
2answers
537 views

How to measure PCI-Express bus usage?

I'm looking for a way to find out if PCIe bus is the bottleneck or not. It's not a problem to measure how much bytes was transferred through any particular NIC: Is there a way to find how much ...
5
votes
1answer
997 views

Multibooting FreeBSD and other Linux distros

Long story short: Have one laptop, need to multiboot FreeBSD/OpenBSD as well as a number of Linux distros. Which one do you think should go first? FreeBSD offers a bootMgr, but I'm not sure how it ...
5
votes
3answers
15k views

FreeNAS 9.2: install FreeBSD packages

I have installed FreeNAS 9.2amd64 (based on the same FreeBSD version) on a VirtualBox VM. I created users and pool/volume for my data. In anticipation of installing ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

FreeBSD: Can't install Python 2.7

I can't seem to be able to install Python 2.7 on my FreeBSD system. Here is some info: # portsnap update Ports tree is already up to date. Version: # uname -r 7.1-RELEASE Installation: # cd ...
5
votes
2answers
743 views

FreeBSD and Windows show different times

In a dual-boot system, I usually use FreeBSD 9 but when I boot to Windows 7 my system time in both OS automatically change and show incorrect time. What's the problem and How can I solve it?
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Where can I find a log file that logs ports error messages in FreeBSD?

I looked in /var/log/ but there isn't any log files that records ports log, and I just found this person asking the same thing in other forum and get an answer which stating there is no such file. If ...
5
votes
3answers
8k views

Configure multiple interfaces with different hostnames using DHCP and DNS

I have a machine running Ubuntu 12.04 Server with two interfaces connected (eth0, eth1) to the network. Our network is set up so that a FreeBSD based DHCP server hands out leases and registers the ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

ipfw : Traffic Shaping

I'm not sure what but it seems like I'm doing something wrong... my objective is to be able to limit some of my traffic, to be exact www traffic. One of my clients os running what's called a ...
5
votes
0answers
49 views

FreeBSD throttle cpu clock on high temperature

I'm using a laptop with bad cooling system, so my CPU sometimes hits very high temperature, and linux kernel is able to throttle cpu clock to cool it as I can see in dmesg: [22612.245243] CPU3: Core ...
5
votes
1answer
60 views

Does FreeBSD contain non-free software in its base?

I mean binary blobs compiled by third parties. Additionally if you do pkg install, are there non-free packages considered by default?
5
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0answers
41 views

enable external display on FreeBSD console

tl;dr, I'd like to use the external display with FreeBSD 10.0 on an HP Pavilion g7-2270us. Don't care if it's mirrored or I have to select one or the other. Here's the symptoms: When a display is ...