FreeBSD is a free Unix-like operating system descended from AT&T UNIX via BSD UNIX.

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6
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2answers
3k views

Is there an easy way to create a FreeBSD rc script?

I have a FreeBSD jail in which I run a server using the command: /usr/sbin/daemon /path/to/script.py At the moment I have to run this command every time I restart the machine and the jail starts. ...
6
votes
2answers
5k views

How to deal with FreeBSD's move to pkgconf?

It seems that the FreeBSD ports tree is busy transitioning from pkg-config to pkgconf. http://www.mail-archive.com/freebsd-ports-announce@freebsd.org/msg00018.html I first thought as an end user this ...
6
votes
3answers
6k views

Sharing folder from Windows Host to Freebsd Guest

First of all, let me say that though I use Linux (Red Hat, at work) regularly, I am a complete beginner when it comes to actually administrating it. What I am trying to accomplish: I have (at home) ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Bash: `-su: $*: unbound variable` with `set -u`

This is a FreeBSD 7.x system running GNU bash version 4.0. In Bash, the set -u option can force a shell to print an error if it encounters an unset variable, like this: $ set -u $ echo $THISISUNSET ...
6
votes
1answer
3k views

Calculate the date from 1125 days ago on non-GNU systems?

On the Unix Bash commandline, I want to calculate the date from 1125 days ago using the base operating system (e.g. No Perl or Python). On systems running GNU Date, I can do something like this: ...
6
votes
2answers
485 views

FreeBSD 10 trace disk activity

Is there any way to find some process which is periodically writing to disk (according to hdd led) on FreeBSD 10 with ZFS (maybe turn ZFS into verbose logging mode)? lsof and other instantly ...
6
votes
1answer
828 views

`kill -s TERM` works, `kill -s ABRT` gets “Operation not permitted”

There is a process that I own whose documentation claims I can send SIGABRT to in order to get some debugging information. However, when I try to send SIGABRT, I get back "Operation not permitted". I ...
6
votes
2answers
820 views

FHS differences between OS X, Linux and FreeBSD

I've read that there is a different behavior between FreeBSD and Linux with the /usr/local, in FBSD ports are installed there, in Linux not, can someone explain more on this? I'd like to know where ...
6
votes
2answers
946 views

Find out what /dev/cuaU maps to?

I have an USB 3G modem (Huawei E353-u2) on pfSense 2.0.2 (which is based on FreeBSD 8.1-RELEASE-p13), it seems to create 2 /dev/cuaU devices: /dev/cuaU0.0 /dev/cuaU0.3 1) Why are there 2 devices? ...
6
votes
3answers
19k views

FreeNAS versus a regular (CentOS/Ubuntu) linux server?

I'm looking to build a medium sized (6TB, mini ITX board) server for personal use. Most importantly, it will serve as a seedbox and will store a whole lot of data. I will be accessing the data over my ...
6
votes
2answers
4k views

mount freebsd slice partition under linux

I have under linux: Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System /filename.img * 63 1007999 503968+ a5 FreeBsd Under above partition i have two ...
6
votes
3answers
4k views

FreeBSD 10 does not boot after clean install

Latest FREEBSD 10 does not boot after clean installation. Installed using this image: FreeBSD-10.0-RELEASE-amd64-memstick.img Used Guided Partitioning, where I selected my only hard drive, chose ...
6
votes
1answer
326 views

Any random password results in successful login on tty

I can login to my machine (FreeBSD 9.1-RELEASE) for any user (for example: root or operator or any that exists in /etc/passwd) with any random password that I type... I tried to reset password for ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

How can I alter my Xorg config file to fix the screen distortion I am experiencing?

I have a system running FreeBSD 8.2-RELEASE-p2 with an LCD display attached capable of running at a native resolution of 1600 x 900. I have configured Xorg the way I think it should work, however the ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

How can I boot the PC-BSD live DVD-ISO IMAGE directly via GRUB2?

Via the loopback command, GRUB2 allows to directly boot an ISO file. Now, I've configured the according menuentry to boot the PC-BSD Live DVD ISO, but when I try to boot it, the FreeBSD bootstrap ...
5
votes
6answers
56k views

How can I change the default gateway?

Currently I'm running a FreeBSD 9.1 and the default gateway is already configured in the rc.conf. rc.conf: defaultrouter = "10.0.0.1" But now I want to change the default gateway without rebooting ...
5
votes
4answers
2k views

sed behaves different on FreeBSD and on Linux?

I use both Linux and FreeBSD (specifically, I use Debian Linux and PC-BSD), and I found something weird about sed. I frequently need to convert "tab separated values" files to "comma separated ...
5
votes
3answers
4k views

Host CPU does not scale frequency when KVM guest needs it

I have asked this question on serverfault, but it could also have been posted here. I will synchronise the answers if one is found. Observation: I have an HP server with an AMD dual core CPU (Turion ...
5
votes
1answer
827 views

how to reboot a frozen FreeBSD server from the serial console?

Linux has the "magic sysrq key" to reboot frozen machines remotely, and it works over the serial console, but what about FreeBSD? Is there a way to send a "control-alt-delete" to FreeBSD servers on ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

FreeBSD or PC-BSD?

After years of Linux I would like to give *BSD a try, but I'm uncertain if I should use FreeBSD or PC-BSD. With KDE out-of-the-box and graphical package-manager and such, PC-BSD strikes me as ...
5
votes
2answers
483 views

Why do entrepreneurial companies choose Linux rather than FreeBSD?

FreeBSD is an operating system. Linux, strictly speaking, is just a kernel, but the two systems are not too much different and in performance, at least, we can say they are comparable. Open source ...
5
votes
3answers
924 views

FreeBSD 10 with Root-on-ZFS using only a part of the disk

I'm having a bit of trouble here. I'll try and be as concise as possible in describing my objective: I'm setting up a storage server for my employer, using two Intel DC S3500 series 120GB solid state ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Installing FreeBSD from USB-Stick boots but later can't find the USB-Stick

When trying to install FreeBSD 8.2 from USB memory stick the kernel boots from the USB-Stick and the installer menus work and let me partition and everything. However when it comes to actually ...
5
votes
1answer
632 views

Get CPU usage for single process

I've got a problem getting a real-time CPU usage of a single process (by its PID). I'd like to setup a watchdog for the CPU usage of a process because it's suddenly reaching 100% of the CPU usage ...
5
votes
2answers
330 views

How to measure PCI-Express bus usage?

I'm looking for a way to find out if PCIe bus is the bottleneck or not. It's not a problem to measure how much bytes was transferred through any particular NIC: Is there a way to find how much ...
5
votes
2answers
6k views

How do you dual boot Debian and FreeBSD using GRUB2?

I've been trying to install FreeBSD alongside my Debian installation in a single partition. All examples readily present on the Internet had shortcomings: Some required chainloading the FreeBSD ...
5
votes
1answer
778 views

Multibooting FreeBSD and other Linux distros

Long story short: Have one laptop, need to multiboot FreeBSD/OpenBSD as well as a number of Linux distros. Which one do you think should go first? FreeBSD offers a bootMgr, but I'm not sure how it ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

FreeBSD: Can't install Python 2.7

I can't seem to be able to install Python 2.7 on my FreeBSD system. Here is some info: # portsnap update Ports tree is already up to date. Version: # uname -r 7.1-RELEASE Installation: # cd ...
5
votes
1answer
4k views

How can you get console backgrounds for Arch Linux?

I have tested out openSUSE and found that the tty1 is a bit different from other systems as the tty has got a background. I know that Knoppix has a tux penguin for each core the computer has, but I'm ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

ipfw : Traffic Shaping

I'm not sure what but it seems like I'm doing something wrong... my objective is to be able to limit some of my traffic, to be exact www traffic. One of my clients os running what's called a ...
5
votes
2answers
500 views

What is causing a pause during the system device probe?

I am running FreeBSD 10.0-RELEASE. During the boot device probe there is a two-times 30 second pause. The output relevant to this is # dmesg ... (aprobe0:ata0:0:1:0): ATAPI_IDENTIFY. ACB: a1 00 00 ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

How to install PostgreSQL 9.3 in FreeBSD jail?

I configured virtual NICS using pf, and a jail for FreeBSD using qjail create pgsql-jail 192.168.0.3. When I tried to install PostgreSQL 9.3 using port collection, it shows strange message at first. ...
4
votes
4answers
423 views

How to see the output produced by make install in freebsd

When in freebsd you install any software using cd /usr/ports/mysql56-server make install It produces a lot of output on the screen. How you can read that output latter in a file. I tried cd ...
4
votes
3answers
6k views

stderr redirection not working in csh

I run the following command: pkg_add emacs-23.4,2.tbz 2> output.log The output still displays in the terminal. When I press ↑, I get pkg_add emacs-23.4,2.tbz 2 > output.log with a space ...
4
votes
3answers
420 views

Do BSD and SunOS have multithreaded architectures?

I'm interested in operating systems that have a multithreading architecture, like Mach and BeOS; not ones that depend on libraries like POSIX to be multithreading. Do BSD and SunOS have a ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

Which shell should I learn for FreeBSD and Debian?

I have read many articles that say the official shell in FreeBSD is tcsh, and in Debian, its dash. However, when I either echo $shell (FreeBSD) or env in Debian, it says that the shell is csh in the ...
4
votes
1answer
335 views

Replace FreeBSD base clang with ports clang

FreeBSD 10 was the first release that officially released with Clang as the default, base compiler. Most ports, unless specially marked, now compile using the base ("pre-installed") clang. ...
4
votes
1answer
5k views

How do I install the latest gcc on FreeBSD?

How do I install the latest gcc on FreeBSD and set up the system so that this latest version would be used to compile further programs? At the moment of this writing, the latest release of gcc is ...
4
votes
2answers
508 views

Is it possible (and a good idea) to do `pw lock root` on FreeBSD?

I have set up sudo on my FreeBSD server. As I now never want to log in as root anymore, I was wondering whether I should do sudo pw lock root. My questions are: Is this possible, without forever ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

Conceptual difference between Linux and (Free)BSD Kernel

(I've already noticed that this question was asked before but I think it has not been answered in a way I'd like to understand the topic.) What are the conceptual and structural differences between a ...
4
votes
1answer
228 views

How To Download All FreeBSD distfiles

How can I download all FreeBSD distfiles into /usr/ports/distfiles so that I have them for offline use? I realize it will be a huge download. I remember reading how to do this (possibly in the ...
4
votes
1answer
398 views

tcpdump don't show src and dst address

I'm having a problem with a tcpdump. The output is: 21:53:53.877873 MPLS (label 266837, exp 0, [S], ttl 255), IP, length: 193 21:53:53.878037 MPLS (label 326819, exp 0, [S], ttl 255), IP, length: ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

How can I mount a directory of the host system for use inside a FreeBSD jail?

I am performing the following on FreeBSD 9.0-STABLE: mount_nullfs /foo /jail/foo After that, from within the host system, the mount works. So this works: touch /foo/bar && ls /jail/foo/bar ...
4
votes
2answers
335 views

FreeBSD zfs timeout errors

I have FreeBSD 8.2 with ZFS v28. 8 cpu core, 16Gb ram. Two disk drives (1.5Tb WD Green) on zfs mirror raid. My system strangely uses memory. With alot of free (wired) memory it start to use swap and ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Share Internet connection from a Debian laptop to a FreeBSD desktop

I have this situation: My Debian laptop is connected to the Internet via its wlan interface through my wireless router. Recently I decided to install FreeBSD on a very old machine (a celeron 300Mhz) ...
4
votes
2answers
975 views

802.3ad on FreeBSD and Linux using crossover cables?

I have setup a NFS server on FreeBSD 8.1, which will be serving one Linux client. Each box has a dual-port 1gig fiber card, and each box is directly connected to the other over this link. There is ...
4
votes
1answer
137 views

How do I limit the number of getty processes started?

I've got a FreeBSD (9.2) box that I'm trying to strip down as lightweight as possible. It's running on a VM server, so other than ttyv0, we don't ever use the console. I'd like (if possible and ...
4
votes
3answers
330 views

How to create MBR partition /dev/ nodes FreeBSD for mounting

I currently have FreeBSD version FreeBSD 10.0-RELEASE. Installed using a ZFS root. I'm attempting to mount a MBR partitioned drive but I can't get the partition nodes, /dev/ada4p1, etc. The partitions ...
4
votes
1answer
427 views

How do I update lsof port on FreeBSD 9.2?

It threw errors about kernel sources missing. So, I looked and sure enough this box doesn't have them. The documentation I have says to install them via sysinstall. That failed both automatically ...
4
votes
2answers
711 views

Does FreeBSD support network virtualization like Crossbow?

Does FreeBSD support network virtualization like Solaris Crossbow? I've tried to follow the VImage links from the FreeBSD wiki page, but the links are mostly dead. If VImage is no longer part of ...