find is a command line utility to search for files in a directory hierarchy

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Which order does find command use to print out

What order does the find command use to print out a list of files? Is this order different across different Linux distributions or versions?
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“find” output relative to directory

I'd like to use find to list all files and directories recursively in a given root for a cpio operation. However, I don't want the root directory itself to appear in the paths. For example, I ...
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Why can't find -regex match a newline?

Why does this fail? touch "$(printf "a\nb")"; find . -regex './.\n.' I also tried these, none of which work: find . -regextype posix-extended -regex '.\n.' find . -regextype posix-awk -regex ...
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How can I filter those “Permission denied” from find output? [duplicate]

I started using sed recently. One handy way I use it is to ignore unimportant lines of a log file: tail -f example.com-access.log | sed '/127.0.0.1/d;/ELB-/d;/408 0 "-" "-"/d;' But when I try to ...
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Concatenating thousands of files: > vs >>

I found two seemingly contradictory answers on StackOverflow to the following questions: Concatenating Thousands of Text Files Across Hundreds of Directories (while keeping some structure) How do I ...
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How to list only JPEG files from root below using the command line?

I am searching for a method to find only JPEG files/ With my limited knowledge of Linux I came to this point: list all paths that exist from root below with find / pipe the result into next command ...
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Which command to use to find all files/folders with non-default permissions?

Suppose I have a folder, containing other files and folders, and I'd like to find out recursively which subfiles and subfolders have non-default permissions (i.e., not 644 or 755). Which command can ...
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How to move the files based on Year

I need to move files based on a year. I used the find command find /media/WD/backup/osool/olddata/ -mtime +470 -exec ls -lrth {} \;|sort -k6 but for this command to successfully execute i need to ...
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Overwriting files found by find?

I have a list of files -rw-rw-r-- 1 t t 24813 Oct 23 2002 fig8_21.gif -rw-rw-r-- 1 t t 2259 Oct 23 2002 fig8_21t.gif -rw-rw-r-- 1 t t 35331 Oct 23 2002 fig8_23.gif -rw-rw-r-- 1 t t 2610 Oct 23 ...
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Why is `find -name *.jks` not returning some files? [duplicate]

find . -name *.jks -print 2>/dev/null returns files of extension jks that do not have underscores as part of their name. Much to my surprise, I have just discovered that * does NOT substitute ...
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Scope of variables when calling function from find

In a bash script I define a function that is called from find. The problem is that the scope of variables does not extend to the function. How do I access variables from the function? Here is an ...
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Execute on the basename of a find command

Suppose I have a directory structure as follows test test/a test/b Now I want to execute a command, such that in the . folder I can execute a command on the basename of the files a and b. So ...
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How to search and replace text in all php-files in a directory and it's subdirectories

I am looking for a shell script that recursively traverses all .php files in a directory and performs a search & replace of a particular text pattern. The search pattern is quite long ( > 5000 ...
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What is the best way to find directories that exactly match a string irrespective of the path?

Suppose I have the directories: /foo/ /A/B/C/foo/D/E/ /F/foo/G/H/foo/I/ How can get a result that lists all the directories whose basename exactly matches a given string (for example foo in here)? ...
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create md5 hash from a recursive file listing when some paths have spaces

I need to create an md5 hash of every directory and file inside of one main directory. The only thing that is keeping me from success is figuring out a way around files with a space in the path. I am ...
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what is the difference between `find .` and /home/user/* as an input to for command

What is the difference between find . and /home/user/* as an input to for command.? For example: for var in $(find .) do echo "$var" done or for var in /home/user/* do echo "$var" done In the ...
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How to prepend a particular text file contents to every text file in a directory and its subdirectories?

I hate to clutter my source code files with licensing/attribution comments but some times it is a requirement. So having dozens of source code files (organized in a tree of subdirectories) written I ...
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find -exec exit 1 \; Doesn't work neither does find -exec sh -c exit 1 \;

Using Enterprise Linux 5/6, Bash 4.x I want this type of logic: # IF temp file exists, exit because we are restarting already find /tmp/restarting_server -mmin -10 -exec exit 1 lsof -i TCP:1234 ...
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Omit the target dir from find results

How can I prevent find from returning the directory I use as the root to start searching from in the results? e.g.: $ find targetDir -name 'target*' targetDir/target1 targetDir/target2 ...
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How can I pass strings with single quotes to grep?

My desired outcome is the following: to recursively search a directory looking for a given string in all found files. The following command is my usual port of call: find ./ | xargs grep -ns 'foobar' ...
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executing multiple greps in a single find command

I want to use find command to find some files containing multiple patterns at the same time. I tried something like this: find . -name "*.xml" -exec grep -iH keyword1 + && grep -iH ...
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Understanding find(1)'s -exec option (curly braces & plus sign)

Using the following command, could someone please explain what exactly is the purpose for the ending curly braces ({}) and plus sign (+)? And how would the command operate differently if they were ...
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Using `find`, how can I get `rm` to print a fuller path name than it does when executed through `-execdir`?

Summary of Answers: while literature promotes "-execdir" as safer than "-exec", do not ignore the operational difference. The former is not a simple reimplementation of the latter. Also, when using ...
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How do I find a file with a name which depends on the current date (and a random component)?

I have to check a particular path every day and find the file with a name of the form: StaticData_Sets_yyyymmdd-232550.txt The date in the name after the string StaticData_Sets_ is updated every ...
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Find files in directory with paired names

I'm running tests of a variable-size-and-contents test set. Data files are added and removed frequently. I'm looking for an automated way of gathering a file list. All files are in subdirectories of ...
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find the single largest file

We host a share of size 4 TB. How efficient is it to find a file with highest size. Usually we use: du -ak | sort -k1 -bn | tail -1 and it is not easy to scan through a share of such huge size and ...
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Why does this one-liner clobber files?

I have written this to help me batch-encode some videos: find -name '*.mkv' -exec HandBrakeCLI -Z "Android Tablet" \ -c "1-3" -m -O --x264-tune film -E copy --decomb -s 1 -i {} \ -o `echo {} | tr ...
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linux shell: find -exec in find -exec

I want to execute chmod 555 on all files and directories I get with the following command (it returns the directory test and all files and directories in it): find ~/.config/google-chrome -type d ...
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Recursive find that does not find hidden files or recurse into hidden dirs

I am wanting to search recursively through a directory and find all files that are not hidden files themselves and are not in a hidden dir. I tried using find . -type f -not -name '.*' which excludes ...
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'find' across directories named …/dirnameXX/… with XX variable

I am executing this command to find certain files in specific directory: find ./rgs/test/maesXX/master/stdlist -name \*.extract \ -mtime +30 \! -size 0 -exec ls -lrt {} \; where XX could be ...
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How to search for a string only in textfiles? (recursively)

I can list all the textfiles (by mimetype) in a folder with: find . -type f -print0 | xargs -0 file -i | fgrep -i text | sed 's/:$//g' 2>/dev/null | awk 'BEGIN {FS=": "} {print $1}' Ok. But how ...
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How to show distinct directories on find?

I want to find all directories containing, for example, files named *.txt. but the output must not contain duplicates. How to do it?
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'is a directory' error when trying to pass directory name into function

Note: I am a newbie to bash scripting In my bash script, I use find to get the folder names by wildcard: for i in $(find ${directory} -mindepth 1 -type d -name ${wildcard}); do stuff=doStuff ${i} ...
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How to run "find -exec <script> {}\;

I have a script that changes the properties of the files for a folder. Here is the example tree: dir 1 --file 1 --file 2 --file 3 dir 2 --file 1 --file 2 dir 3 --file 1 ...
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Remove 50GB oldest files in busybox when used capacity reaches 95%

Ok i have requested a code here but initial i didn't ask to make it busybox compatible. My bad. I'm new to linux and coding. The code needs to do the following: Delete 50GB of oldest data (dir ...
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Make directory copies using find

I have a directory with a bunch of subdirectories in it. Thus /usr/local/src/ccl/ccl-1.8/x86-headers$ ls elf gl gmp gnome2 gtk2 jni libc Each of these directories has a further subdirectory C ...
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How to find executable filetypes?

I want to find file types that are executable from the kernel's point of view. As far as I know all the executable files on Linux are ELF files. Thus I tried the following: find * | file | grep ELF ...
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How to find the total number of occurrences of text and files with find command

I am trying to run the find command to find the total number of occurrences of a particular text string and also the number of files which has this text string. What I have right now is this command. ...
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Find files starting with ~$ (MicroSoft Word Temp files)

For some reason my machine is full of M$ Word temporary files such as: ~$Filename.docx ~$AnotherFile.docx Can someone suggest a find/regex command to search $HOME and delete them?
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Show files from the last 2 days on a mounted ntfs system?

What's exactly the command to show files younger than 2 days? I thought about something like this: $ find / -mtime -2 ...but I'm not sure how to print the date of the found files. My target is to ...
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How to grep recursive UNIX tree results along with each tree node?

Here is what I do tree -R /Applications/NetBeans/NetBeans\ 7.0.app/ | perl -e 'while (<>) { print if /java$/ }' but of course this doesn't return the result I want. What I want is to display ...
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-not -name does not work with find

I am trying to use find/grep to find some text patterns in my code base. I want to exclude non-source directories into which my build process duplicates source files: find . -name *.java -not -name ...
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find/grep outputs two lines for each file it finds match

I search my code base to find string patterns and list all the files where the pattern is found but only the file and not the lines on which it is found: find . -name *.java -exec grep -l 'someText' ...
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find multiple conditions with multiple execs

I'm trying to build a find command with multiple conditions that lead to multiple actions. It was suggested to me that I should use only one find command for efficiency. Here is what I have: ...
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file mass deletion

I would like to delete all the txt, xls,pdf files in a directory as well as its sub directories. I would like to save everything else. find . -type f ! -iname '*.xml$,.png$,.jpeg$,.gif$,' -delete ...
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How to count recursively for the number of files in several directories?

I have a directory, containing a lot of files and directories. I am trying to get the number of files (and directories) contained recursively in every directory. I tried the following approach: for ...
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removing folders with find - strange message

mkdir foodir find . -iname foodir -exec rm -fr {} \; It does the job, but barfs message: find: `./foodir': No such file or directory
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Rename multiple directories

I want to find all directories with the last subdirectory named doc, for then rename them to Doc. How can be renamed? I've the first part: find -type d -name 'doc' which returns directories paths ...
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How to change permissions of multiple files found with find command?

I have a directory with numerous files. Part of the files have the 755 permissions and the other part have 644 permissions. I'd like to convert the files with 755 permissions to 644. I have tried the ...
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find files based on name and moving them with renaming simultaneously

Consider I've directories named according to years and containing pdf files according to subject-code. ls output is: $ ls -l total 32 drwxrwxrwx 1 root root 4096 Apr 8 08:52 May-June-2011 ...