find is a command line utility to search for files in a directory hierarchy

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recursive search for a pattern, then for each match print out the specific SEQUENCE: line number, file name, and no file contents

What I am after is almost exactly the same as can be found here, but I want the format "line number, separator, filename, newline" in the results, thus displaying the line number at the beginning of ...
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Delete all files except in a certain subdirectory with find

I want to recursively delete all files not accessed in a while in folder a, except all files in the subfolder b. find a \( -name b -prune \) -o -type f -delete However, I get an error message: ...
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find flags: -exec rm -rf vs -delete

I thought the flags I mentioned in the question are the same, but I get the following message with the former, but nothing with the latter: $ find . -mindepth 1 -type d -exec rm -rf {} \; find: `./...
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Delete all folders containing files which match pattern

I'm trying to delete all subdirectories of my current working directory which contain a rar file. My first attempt: find -name *.rar -exec rm -r {}/.. ';' failed because that is not a valid directory....
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Find files which are created a certain time after or before a particular file was created

I need a shell script which finds files which are created 1 hour before or 1 hour after a particular file (test.txt) was created. If I go with find -newer, that means I'd have to create a temporary ...
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How to find the total number of occurrences of text and files with find command

I am trying to run the find command to find the total number of occurrences of a particular text string and also the number of files which has this text string. What I have right now is this command. ...
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Spaces as line breaks from inline for loop command

Someone care to enlighten me as to why the spaces in the first command seem to be interpreted as line breaks? Also occurs substituting print for echo. $for l in $( find *.txt -exec head -1 {} \; ); ...
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Find a file which is 30 minutes old

How can I find the file which is of 30 minutes old in /bin/ksh?
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List all files in a directory recursively but exclude directories themselves

Simple question, I'm running the following find command: find . -type d \( -path ./.git -o \ -path ./log -o \ -path ./public -o \ -path ./...
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281 views

Exclude directory in (native Solaris) find command

I'm trying to exclude the directory /zones in my find command. I don't have GNU find available, just the native Solaris find. I tried something like this: find / -type d ! -name zones The problem ...
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Find files created by a particular user

How would I go about discovering all of the files created by a particular user and display them to the screen? I've started a script that prompts the current user to enter the username of whom they ...
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Find all symlinks to a directory and change target to another directory

I have a bunch of symlinks in /home to files and sub-directories in /foo. I want to target the new directory, /bar. My approach was to look at all invalid symlinks and verify that they were pointing ...
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Passing multiple directories to the -prune option in find

I am using find to locate and delete backup files but wish to exclude certain directories from the search. The backup filenames could terminate in .bck, bak, ~, or backup. The Minimal Working Example ...
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find files which have a higher permission than xxx

I want to find all files which have a higher permission than e.g. 640. Perhaps this would work with a find and exec command. But my knowledge isn't sufficient for such a task.
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Find incoming symlinks [duplicate]

In Linux, what is the best way to find all symbolic links that point to a given file (regardless of whether the symlink is relative or absolute)? I realize this will require scanning the whole ...
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272 views

Why does 'find -exec cmd {} +' need to end in '{} +'?

Preface: I understand the difference between -exec {} \; & -exec {} +. I also don't have a problem as such, I am just curious about the semantics of find. When ending the -exec argument with + ...
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144 views

Find latest copy of same file in folder structure

I need to get the path of foo.txt in a folder structure. There are multiple foo.txt files in this structure but I need an automated to find the latest. Suggestions?
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mv with rsync functionality

I'm trying to merge two directory trees that have many common elements but also each have elements that are only present in one of the two trees. The main issue I am having is that when mv encounters ...
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How to find files containing two strings in different lines

A real example is: I have a Python file util.py, and I changed one of the function name from foo to bar. There might be other files using foo as function name and they are irrelevant. I want to ...
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Mac OS X find/grep generating “unknown --devices option”

I am entering a command I have done often with Linux, Unix perfectly fine but with Apple Mac OS X 10.8 (and probably before) I get a grep: unknown --devices option when I attempt to run the following ...
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How do I make find follow most, but not all, symbolic links?

My OS and home directory are on an SSD. I store some large files on a hard disk, and symlink from my home directory to the hard disk (eg. ~/Videos/Films is a symlink to /mnt/hdd/Films). I also have a ...
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835 views

How to search file based on DAY of week

Actually I need to search for files and folder that were created in 2012 on Friday of every month. I did some attempts using the find command but it didn't work.
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Search for specified keywords in files and copy to a new filename based on the keyword

I'm trying to create an .sh script where if any keyword is found in a file then copy that file to the directory /pathtofolder/keywords/$thefirstkeywordfound (overwrite the file if it already exists). ...
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What is the difference between [.]* and '.*' for command 'find -name'?

My goal is to find all files or directories in a filesystem that start with a dot (.), for example .gnupg. So I came up with the command: find -name '.*' Checking on the Internet, I saw some hints ...
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Filtering the result of the find command, so that it returns only directories

Is it possible to get only the results from find that are directory paths? Using find with some option, or using grep or some other utility the results are piped into as a filter? I thought something ...
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find -exec mv stops after first exec

While researching for this question: Find and move directories based on file type and date, I stumbled upon a problem of my own. First I created a bunch of directories with files in them: seq 10 | ...
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Flatten Directory but Preserve Directory Names in New Filename

How can I flatten a directory in the following format? Before: ./aaa/bbb/ccc.png After: ./aaa-bbb-ccc.png
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Decrypt several password-pdf-protected files

I tried this command but I think something is wrong with '{}' '{}'. By the latter, I want InputXYZ.pdf OutputXYZ.pdf (I do not want any dupe files, I want to replace the old files to make reading a ...
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Delete files while excluding files using find

This command is not DWIM-compliant: find . \( -name .svn -prune -false \) -o \( -empty -delete \) find: The -delete action atomatically turns on -depth, but -prune does nothing when -depth is ...
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How to find a writable file owned by root?

How can I find a file on my hard drive created by root that has write permissions?
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Can “find” command preserve access-time

I'm running the following command which is supposed to find specific directories according to their Access-Time metadata detail however for some reason the find command changes the access time of ...
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517 views

Blank lines when executing “grep | xargs” in a “find -exec”

I'm trying to list all directories of a web server that are blocked by Apache via a .htaccess (containing deny from all). I've managed to get the list of blocking .htaccess but when I try to extract ...
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Delete all files in directories except those whose path are listed in a file

Given the following files: data/A/a.txt data/B/b.pdf ... date/P/whatever.log ... data/Z/z.jpg I would like to delete all files in the data/A/, data/B/, ..., data/Z/ directories except those files ...
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POSIX find all local files

I'm trying to write a cross-platform command line that will find all local files on a file system. My intention is to use the find command, using only POSIX parameters. Is there a way to skip ...
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368 views

Execute multiple bash commands on the output of find

I want to execute some commands using the find -exec option, but I'm not sure what' wrong with this code. Currently, it's only processing the first find result, then getting stuck. I'm using bash in ...
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1answer
282 views

How can I synchronize all PDFs from one directory with Dropbox?

I want to synchronize all the PDFs from one directory (my Zotero library) to Dropbox. Finally, I want to have a list of all the PDFs, not the directory names. I successfully synchronized all my PDFs ...
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What's the quickest way to find duplicated files? [duplicate]

I found this command used to find duplicated files but it was quite long and made me confused. For example, If i remove -printf "%s\n", nothing came out. Why was that? Besides, why they used xargs -I{}...
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Using find command to find folder ignoring case

I would like to know if a particular folder is present or not. I used the following command find /mnt/md0/ -maxdepth 1 -name 'dcn'||'DCN' I want to know if folder name is DCN or dcn . How would I ...
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How to move the files based on Year

I need to move files based on a year. I used the find command find /media/WD/backup/osool/olddata/ -mtime +470 -exec ls -lrth {} \;|sort -k6 but for this command to successfully execute i need to ...
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Why can't find -regex match a newline?

Why does this fail? touch "$(printf "a\nb")"; find . -regex './.\n.' I also tried these, none of which work: find . -regextype posix-extended -regex '.\n.' find . -regextype posix-awk -regex '.\n.'...
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Getting the -exec option in find to work

I am trying to make find print out a list of directories that contain files other than jpg images, but I think my use of the -exec option is broken. My environment is Cygwin Bash. $ find ! -iname "*....
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find files not matching list of filename patterns

I find myself needing to find and identify extraneous files (out of about 900K files on a 2T drive). There are lots of files that I want to keep, and I have filename patterns for these known good ...
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How do I use find when the filename contains spaces?

I want to pipe file names to other programs, but they all choke when the names contain spaces. Let's say I have a file called. foo bar How can I get find to return the correct name? Obviously I ...
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How to search for files by size and extension ?

I want to delete all empty files with a particular extension from a directory and all its subdirectories.
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251 views

Locating files and displaying their owner

I have to search for a specific file type on a storage unit and also want to know their owners. With locate '*.txt' >> result.txt I find all files I'm looking for but I'm missing the owner this ...
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What is the most efficient way to move a large number of files that reside in a single directory?

CentOS 5.x I apologize if this is a repeat question. I've seen a lot of similar questions (regarding deleting files) but not exactly the same scenario. I have a directory containing hundreds of ...
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How to deal with spaces in a variable

I'm working on some scripting: for x in `find ./ -name *.pdf` do echo pathname $x done My filenames are Test1 ( Volume II), Test2 ( Volume II). I'm getting a return of pathname Test1 pathname ( ...
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Append line to many files

I want to add some text to over 200,000 files I am trying this find . -name *.txt -print | xargs -I % echo "hello world" >> % But nothing is happening. When i run find . -name *.txt it work ...
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Why 2 linux machine behave differently with command of the same syntax?

I am using 2 machine , which is both Red Hat Enterprise Linux AS release 3 (Taroon Update 2) ( I check it in /etc/*-release ). I checked they are using the same default shell by ps -p $$, which is ...
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How to find files in subdirs and sort them by filename in a single command?

Result of a normal find using find . ! -path "./build*" -name "*.txt": ./tool/001-sub.txt ./tool/000-main.txt ./zo/001-int.txt ./zo/id/002-and.txt ./as/002-mod.txt and when sorted with sort -n: ./...