find is a command line utility to search for files in a directory hierarchy

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GNU find -[cma]time option and daylight saving time

In the GNU find man, you can read this about the -atime option: -atime n File was last accessed n*24 hours ago. When find figures out how many 24-hour periods ago the file was last ...
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du command show a slash after directories?

How to use du command show a slash after directories? For example: du -ab /root/test/php-5.4.8/ Result: 1781 /root/test/php-5.4.8/main/internal_functions.c.in 973596 ...
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How does this find command using “find … -exec sh -c '…' sh {} +” work?

@StephaneChazelas posted the following solution to this Q&A: Having some trouble using “find -exec {} +”. $ find . -iname "*.extension" -exec sh -c ' exec <command> "$@" <additional ...
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tar: how can I exclude intermediate directories but include leaf directories?

I want to create a tar file suitable for extracting into /. I've created a work directory that represents the root of the file system, and it has all the stuff I want included in the tar underneath, ...
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Expected behavior of `find -depth` if execute permission denied for subdirectory?

I'd like to know if I can rely on the behavior I am seeing when using find with -depth option and user does not have execute permission for a subdirectory. Assume the following directory structure: ...
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The find command: the options '-mindepth' conflicts with the action '-prune'

If the file structure is like this: /a/p/c/d... /c/a/c/g/f/... /a/c/d/e/... ... And I want to do this: find -mindepth 3 -type d -name p -prune -or -name c -print However, this command will not ...
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Is it possible to run ls or find and pipe it through stat?

Is there a way to run ls or find to get the list of files within a directory and then run stat to get all of the specific information (i.e. File Group, File Name, File Owner, File Size (displayed in ...
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Sort the files in the directory recursively based on last modified date

Sort the files in the directory recursively based on last modified date I have modified a lot of files in my directory want to know what are those files by sorting them by the last modified date ...
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How can I filter those “Permission denied” from find output? [duplicate]

I started using sed recently. One handy way I use it is to ignore unimportant lines of a log file: tail -f example.com-access.log | sed '/127.0.0.1/d;/ELB-/d;/408 0 "-" "-"/d;' But when I try to ...
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find not recursive when file at top

Imagine a source tree. There are xml files everywhere. But since there is a XYZ.xml at the root of this tree it won't find my xml files. find -iname *.xml returns ./XYZ.xml instead of ...
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recursively chmod

I was trying to chmod folders and files with: find . -type d -exec chmod 755 {} \; find . -type f -exec chmod 644 {} \; But I was wondering: How to do it in one line using find and excluding the ...
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Use basename to parse a list of paths held in a file

I'm running Mac OSX and trying to use the command line to find the number of files I have with the same name. I tried to use the following command: find ~ -type f -name "*" -print | basename | sort ...
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Rename files based on their parent directory using find/xargs command?

I have a directory structure like this: Project/ | +--Part1/ | | | +--audio.mp3 | +--Part2/ | | | +--audio.mp3 | +--Part3/ | | | +--audio.mp3 ... I want to ...
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ls with find :: report total size

I am trying to get the total size of files satisfying a find, e.g.: ls $(find -maxdepth 2 -type f) However, this kind of invocation of ls does not produce the total size as well.
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How to I scan using find for all files that do have execute bit set?

I want to write a permission fix script that uses find to fix permissions on files. Mainly what I need is a find command that is able to list all files with execute bit set, regardless of the other ...
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How do I move all the files with the same name scattered through the file system into one folder?

I have a file system tree and on different locations within it are files with the same name. I tried the following command on the command line: find / -name "HAHA" -exec mv {} /home \; It only ...
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How do I get absolute path from using find unix command

How to get absolute path by using find command. actually I am running the following script:- find . -size +20M | while read a do i=$(echo $a | sed 's:/: :g') echo $a; j=($i) ...
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Recursively Remove SVN files

I'm still learning the bash shell. I want to recursively find and remove svn files within the child directories of a given folder. I made the mistake of checking out instead of just cloning. So i'm ...
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Use find to find certain directory and delete all files in it except one directory

I'm having the following problem. I have a directory structure and want to delete everything that is within a directory named Caches. Everything should be delete except all directories named ...
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create md5 hash from a recursive file listing when some paths have spaces

I need to create an md5 hash of every directory and file inside of one main directory. The only thing that is keeping me from success is figuring out a way around files with a space in the path. I am ...
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How do I remove every file that has x in its title?

I have a lot of directory where there are hundreds of files. In every directory there are pairs of my_file-01.jpg and my_file-€01.jpg I want to remove every file that contains € sign in its title: ...
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how to delete all files with specific extension in specific named folders in large tree?

I have large tree, with many pdf files in it. I want to delete the pdf files in this tree, but only those pdf files in sub folders named rules/ There are other type of files inside rules/. The rules/ ...
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How to quote arguments with xargs

Suppose that I want to delete all files in a folder that are greater than 1 MB. $ find . -size +1M | xargs -0 rm This will not delete files that have space in their names. So I want it to quote all ...
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Collect files using find

I currently have this script: find . -name '*.log' -print0 | xargs -0 tar zcf $file To collect all the "*.log" files. I would like to modify it to include also all the ".txt" files but I don't know ...
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Is there a way to find files containing only non-printing characters?

I've got a program that's behaving badly and has created a number of files with only a few non-printing characters. If I were to cat the files, I see nothing (since they are non-printing chars). ...
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Recursively rename files and directories

I'm using this command to rename files: for fname in *; do mv "$fname" $(echo "$fname" | sha1sum | cut -f1 -d' ') done But it only renames in the current directory. Let's say I have many ...
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Find files containing string in file name and different string within file?

I would like to (recursively) find all files with "ABC" in their file name, which also contain "XYZ" in the file. I tried: find . -name "*ABC*" | grep -R 'XYZ' but its not giving the correct ...
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Find file names that don't contain a specified string

I'd like to execute the opposite of: find . -name "*2013*" Find all the files in the current directory that don't contain the string "2013" in their names. How can I do that?
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How search for a file beginning with either a or z and ending with a or z?

I attempted find -name 'a*' 'z*' '*a' '*z' but it gave me the error code find: paths must precede expression: z* I know how to find files starting with a though z, or ending with a-z, but not ...
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How to search files where two different words exist?

I'm looking for a way to search files where two word instances exist in the same file. I've been using the following to perform my searches up to this point: find . -exec grep -l "FIND ME" {} \; ...
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Can the “find” command work more efficiently to delete many files?

I want to delete old files in a directory that has a huge number of files in multiple subdirectories. I am trying to use the following - after some googling it seems to be the recommended and ...
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1answer
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Find directories and files with permissions other than 775 / 664

I am moving a website from one server to another and Git does not store metadata such as file permissions. I need to find the directories and files that are not 775 / 664 respectively. Right now, I'm ...
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Use find result without ./

I'm trying to use find to create a bunch of symlinks but using the result with {} includes ./ before each filename. How can I avoid that? find . -type l -name '*.h' -exec ln -s /sourcedir/{} ...
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list all files newer than given timestamp and sort them

I want to list all files (sorted by date) that are newer than timestamp in format 20130207003851 in directory /tmp only. Subdirectories can be omitted. Using SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11. The ...
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1answer
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find usage - command line vs script

I am seeing different results from the find command between being run manually on the command line vs run in a script. If I run the following on the command line: find . -name '*.txt' ! -name ...
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1answer
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find & sed (search and replace)

I'm using the following command on my mac: $find . -name “*.java” -exec sed -i ’s/foo/bar/g’ {} \; and it seems to have no effect. I have two files in the directory that end in .java, which both ...
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How to make `find` output full absolute file names?

When I run find, it outputs relative (./-based) file names, but I need full absolute (/-based) names.
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Create symlink tree in existing directories

I carry all of my music around on a 1TB USB drive and have a udev rule to symlink it to $HOME/Music/ when I plug it in to one of my laptops, which it does. The issue I have is that this works fine ...
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Where does the pattern occur in a match by find?

The manpage of find says: -name Base of file name (the path with the leading directories removed) $ find ~ -name bookmark | less returns nothing, while $ find ~ ...
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why does find command use {} for a placeholder variable?

I'm curious as to why find uses {} as the syntax for variable substitution (e.g., as in find . -name "*~" -exec rm {} \;). It's a rather unusual syntax, and I don't know any other programs or ...
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Excluding a specific directory using a recursive 'ls'

I've been using the following command to list the most recently updated files (recursively) within a specific directory and order by modification time: $ stat --printf="%y %n\n" $(ls -tr $(find * ...
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remove duplicate files

On my Mac OS X 10.6.7, iTunes duplicated every single file in my music library. Now I have 3,840 files instead of 1,920. The problem is that iTunes didn't simply duplicate the whole folder, but each ...
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Looking for a Java class in a set of JARs with find, unzip, grep

I was trying to find the JAR containing a Java Class. JARs are in zip format. My first attempt was: $ find -name "*3.0.6.RELEASE.jar" | xargs -l1 unzip -l \ | grep stereotype.Controller ...
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recursively copy only images and preserve path

I'm working on a website migration. I have a scrape of the site, with all the files and directory structure as you would see them in the URL. I want to pull all images, maintaining the directory ...
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Is it possible in unix to search inside zip files

I have 100s of directories and within those I have a few zip files. Now there are images named abc.jpg in those zip files. The zip files may be in any folder or in any subfolder so its difficult to ...
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Find and create empty files with the same name in another location

I want create empty files with the same name, but in another location. Is it possible? find some files use only filenames touch an empty file in another place Something like this: find . -type f ...
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recursive search for a pattern, then for each match print out the specific SEQUENCE: line number, file name, and no file contents

What I am after is almost exactly the same as can be found here, but I want the format "line number, separator, filename, newline" in the results, thus displaying the line number at the beginning of ...
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Delete all files except in a certain subdirectory with find

I want to recursively delete all files not accessed in a while in folder a, except all files in the subfolder b. find a \( -name b -prune \) -o -type f -delete However, I get an error message: ...
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Delete all folders containing files which match pattern

I'm trying to delete all subdirectories of my current working directory which contain a rar file. My first attempt: find -name *.rar -exec rm -r {}/.. ';' failed because that is not a valid ...
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Find files which are created a certain time after or before a particular file was created

I need a shell script which finds files which are created 1 hour before or 1 hour after a particular file (test.txt) was created. If I go with find -newer, that means I'd have to create a temporary ...