find is a command line utility to search for files in a directory hierarchy

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recursively chmod

I was trying to chmod folders and files with: find . -type d -exec chmod 755 {} \; find . -type f -exec chmod 644 {} \; But I was wondering: How to do it in one line using find and excluding the ...
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list the timestamp of the files in “find” command

In bash, if I use $ find ./ -name "*.sqlite" , it will list all the sqlite files in current directory. I also want to see the modified time of the files, can anybody give me some help?
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How do I move all the files with the same name scattered through the file system into one folder?

I have a file system tree and on different locations within it are files with the same name. I tried the following command on the command line: find / -name "HAHA" -exec mv {} /home \; It only ...
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ls with find :: report total size

I am trying to get the total size of files satisfying a find, e.g.: ls $(find -maxdepth 2 -type f) However, this kind of invocation of ls does not produce the total size as well.
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Recursively Remove SVN files

I'm still learning the bash shell. I want to recursively find and remove svn files within the child directories of a given folder. I made the mistake of checking out instead of just cloning. So i'm ...
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How to find multiple strings in files? [duplicate]

I use the following command to find files with a given string: find /var/www/http -type f | xargs grep -iR "STRING1" But how can I find files which include "STRING1" OR "STRING2" OR "STRING3"? ...
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Use find to find certain directory and delete all files in it except one directory

I'm having the following problem. I have a directory structure and want to delete everything that is within a directory named Caches. Everything should be delete except all directories named ...
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find-command for certain subdirectories

Let's say I have a directory dir with three subdirectories dir1 .. dir3. And inside I have many files and other subdirectories. I'd like to search for a file inside, say with a *.c ending, but I'd ...
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How do I remove every file that has x in its title?

I have a lot of directory where there are hundreds of files. In every directory there are pairs of my_file-01.jpg and my_file-€01.jpg I want to remove every file that contains € sign in its title: ...
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287 views

Collect files using find

I currently have this script: find . -name '*.log' -print0 | xargs -0 tar zcf $file To collect all the "*.log" files. I would like to modify it to include also all the ".txt" files but I don't know ...
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Converting `for file in` to `find` so that my script can apply recursively

I've been working on my first bash script for some time now (I just started UNIX this week). I have this idea of running a bash script to check some conditions and using ffmpeg to convert all the ...
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Faster way to delete large number of files

I have a directory where lots of cached files are getting generated very quickly. Since these are very small files, it is consuming all my inodes very quickly. Currently I am running the following ...
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Move all files with a certain extension from multiple subdirectories into one directory

Suppose I have a bunch of zip files in several directories: Fol1/Fol2 Fol3 Fol4/Fol5 And I want to move them all to a common base folder. How would I do this?
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Recursively rename files and directories

I'm using this command to rename files: for fname in *; do mv "$fname" $(echo "$fname" | sha1sum | cut -f1 -d' ') done But it only renames in the current directory. Let's say I have many ...
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How store in a variable a file list that includes the backslash when needed?

Main question: I am writing a script to perform a backup. I make a list of files in the following way: LISTOFFILES=$(find ~ \( -name '*.[pP][dD][fF]' -o -name '*.[oO][dD][tT]' \)) The variable ...
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List files larger than {size} sorted by date

I want to solve the problem 'list the top 10 most recent files in the current directory over 20MB'. With ls I can do: ls -Shal |head to get top 10 largest files, and: ls -halt |head to get top ...
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925 views

Find file names that don't contain a specified string

I'd like to execute the opposite of: find . -name "*2013*" Find all the files in the current directory that don't contain the string "2013" in their names. How can I do that?
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Sort files by modification time

I've seen many questions and answers here using a construction along the lines of list_dir=`ls -t /path/to/dir/` for i in $list_dir; do or ls -t | while read i; do Now, I know that you shouldn't ...
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Use find result without ./

I'm trying to use find to create a bunch of symlinks but using the result with {} includes ./ before each filename. How can I avoid that? find . -type l -name '*.h' -exec ln -s /sourcedir/{} ...
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missing argument to find -exec

I want to remove certain files using find and -exec. But unlikely bash tells me, that I'm "missing" some argument. find . -name *.png -exec rm {} /; what do I miss? same "missing argument" return ...
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168 views

find usage - command line vs script

I am seeing different results from the find command between being run manually on the command line vs run in a script. If I run the following on the command line: find . -name '*.txt' ! -name ...
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How to make `find` output full absolute file names?

When I run find, it outputs relative (./-based) file names, but I need full absolute (/-based) names.
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combining find with other commands: when to use -exec and when to use pipe? [duplicate]

I've learned to use the find command by itself to find files and directories however when it comes to doing something with the files/folders I'm confused. Given the following command: find . -type f ...
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Where does the pattern occur in a match by find?

The manpage of find says: -name Base of file name (the path with the leading directories removed) $ find ~ -name bookmark | less returns nothing, while $ find ~ ...
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Find directories and files with permissions other than 775 / 664

I am moving a website from one server to another and Git does not store metadata such as file permissions. I need to find the directories and files that are not 775 / 664 respectively. Right now, I'm ...
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Excluding a specific directory using a recursive 'ls'

I've been using the following command to list the most recently updated files (recursively) within a specific directory and order by modification time: $ stat --printf="%y %n\n" $(ls -tr $(find * ...
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remove duplicate files

On my Mac OS X 10.6.7, iTunes duplicated every single file in my music library. Now I have 3,840 files instead of 1,920. The problem is that iTunes didn't simply duplicate the whole folder, but each ...
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find command in cygwin giving parameter format not correct

I am using cygwin in my windows machine. I am trying to do a find and it is giving parameter format not correct. Why is that? $ ls bootstrap.jar catalina-tasks.xml catalina.bat catalina.sh ...
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recursively copy only images and preserve path

I'm working on a website migration. I have a scrape of the site, with all the files and directory structure as you would see them in the URL. I want to pull all images, maintaining the directory ...
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Is it possible in unix to search inside zip files

I have 100s of directories and within those I have a few zip files. Now there are images named abc.jpg in those zip files. The zip files may be in any folder or in any subfolder so its difficult to ...
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468 views

Can the “find” command work more efficiently to delete many files?

I want to delete old files in a directory that has a huge number of files in multiple subdirectories. I am trying to use the following - after some googling it seems to be the recommended and ...
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Using a generated list of filenames as argument list — with spaces

I'm trying to invoke a script with a list of filenames collected by find. Nothing special, just someting like this: $ myscript `find . -name something.txt` The problem is that some of the pathnames ...
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Find files which are created a certain time after or before a particular file was created

I need a shell script which finds files which are created 1 hour before or 1 hour after a particular file (test.txt) was created. If I go with find -newer, that means I'd have to create a temporary ...
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Looking for a Java class in a set of JARs with find, unzip, grep

I was trying to find the JAR containing a Java Class. JARs are in zip format. My first attempt was: $ find -name "*3.0.6.RELEASE.jar" | xargs -l1 unzip -l \ | grep stereotype.Controller ...
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Create symlink tree in existing directories

I carry all of my music around on a 1TB USB drive and have a udev rule to symlink it to $HOME/Music/ when I plug it in to one of my laptops, which it does. The issue I have is that this works fine ...
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How can I cat the contents of files found using find into a single file?

I managed to shoot myself where it hurts (really bad) by reformatting a partition that held valuable data. Of course it was not intentional, but it happened. However, I managed to use testdisk and ...
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Delete all folders containing files which match pattern

I'm trying to delete all subdirectories of my current working directory which contain a rar file. My first attempt: find -name *.rar -exec rm -r {}/.. ';' failed because that is not a valid ...
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Spaces as line breaks from inline for loop command

Someone care to enlighten me as to why the spaces in the first command seem to be interpreted as line breaks? Also occurs substituting print for echo. $for l in $( find *.txt -exec head -1 {} \; ); ...
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How can I list files of which no symlinks exist?

I have a large "myfiles"directory full of miscellanous documents and do not want to modify its structure. I therefore created (several) other directories for each class of documents. For example I ...
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100 views

Exclude directories in locate search

A search with locate finds paths in the filesystem. Often, you know a priori you are interested in either files only, or directories only. A 'locate' search often returns many results. It would be ...
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find -maxdepth 0 not returning me any output

I am trying to understand how to use find -maxdepth 0 option. I have the below directory structure. --> file1 --> parent --> child1 --> file1 ...
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Compress old log file into single zip-linux

I have a folder /home/testuser/log which contain log files of one day old *.log. I wish to compress all the log files older than one day to a single zip(gzip or tar.gz) and delete the older files. I ...
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mv with rsync functionality

I'm trying to merge two directory trees that have many common elements but also each have elements that are only present in one of the two trees. The main issue I am having is that when mv encounters ...
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How to find files containing two strings in different lines

A real example is: I have a Python file util.py, and I changed one of the function name from foo to bar. There might be other files using foo as function name and they are irrelevant. I want to ...
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459 views

Mac OS X find/grep generating “unknown --devices option”

I am entering a command I have done often with Linux, Unix perfectly fine but with Apple Mac OS X 10.8 (and probably before) I get a grep: unknown --devices option when I attempt to run the following ...
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Find/ls caching

It seems as though the first time I run find or ls on a directory, it takes a while to work. But, each time thereafter, it is fast, as though a list of the directory's contents has been cached or ...
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find files which have a higher permission than xxx

I want to find all files which have a higher permission than e.g. 640. Perhaps this would work with a find and exec command. But my knowledge isn't sufficient for such a task.
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Find incoming symlinks

In Linux, what is the best way to find all symbolic links that point to a given file (regardless of whether the symlink is relative or absolute)? I realize this will require scanning the whole ...
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Why does 'find -exec cmd {} +' need to end in '{} +'?

Preface: I understand the difference between -exec {} \; & -exec {} +. I also don't have a problem as such, I am just curious about the semantics of find. When ending the -exec argument with + ...
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Find latest copy of same file in folder structure

I need to get the path of foo.txt in a folder structure. There are multiple foo.txt files in this structure but I need an automated to find the latest. Suggestions?