find is a command line utility to search for files in a directory hierarchy

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15
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2answers
4k views

Use find command to convert markdown files to html

Lets suppose I have files on my harddisk having extensions as .md. I want to convert all those files to .html through find and the -exec option. The command to convert a markdown file to html is ...
14
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3answers
4k views

How do I remove “permission denied” printout statements from the find program?

find: `/root/.dbus': Permission denied find: `/root/.gconf': Permission denied find: `/root/.gconfd': Permission denied find: `/root/.gnome': Permission denied find: `/root/.gnome2': Permission denied ...
14
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2answers
41k views

Remove all files created before a certain date

I have a directory containing a high number of files (like logs for every day of the year). I would like to remove all files created before let's say 22/11. How can I achieve that ? Must I use find ...
14
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3answers
4k views

How to detect whether “find” found any matches?

Is there an idiomatic means to detect whether "find" found any matches? I'm currently using COUNT=`find ... | wc -l` if [ "$COUNT" -gt 0 ]; then but this seems a little indirect to me. Also, I'd ...
13
votes
6answers
3k views

What is the difference between find . and find . -print

What is the difference between: find . and find . -print What does -print actually do? $ find . . ./hello.txt ./hello ./hello/txt ./hello/hello2 ./hello/hello2/hello3 ./hello/hello2/hello3/txt ...
13
votes
9answers
16k views

How to chain the commands 'date -d @xxxxxx' and 'find ./'?

I have directories whose names are timestamps, given in milliseconds since 1970-01-01: 1439715011728 1439793321429 1439879712214 . . And I need an output like: 1442039711 Sat Sep 12 08:35:11 ...
13
votes
3answers
7k views

Delete files and directories by their names. No such file or directory

I need to delete all compiled data: directories called build, directories called obj, *.so files. I wrote a command find \( -name build -o -name obj -o -name *.so \) -exec rm -rf {} \; that ...
13
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3answers
4k views

bash find xargs grep only single occurence

Maybe it's a bit strange - and maybe there are other tools to do this but, well.. I am using the following classic bash command to find all files which contain some string: find . -type f | xargs ...
13
votes
5answers
2k views

How to remove the (1) from filenames using the find command

I recently converted all of my FLAC files to a lower sampling rate of 44.1 kHz and bit depth of 24 bits (because iPhone/iPod don't support anything above that) using XLD on my Mac OS 10.7 (Lion). ...
13
votes
5answers
26k views

How can I find all files that do NOT contain a text string?

What concise command can I use to find all files that do NOT contain a text string? I tried this (using -v to invert grep's parameters) with no luck: find . -exec grep -v -l shared.php {} \; ...
13
votes
3answers
82k views

How to find multiple strings in files? [duplicate]

I use the following command to find files with a given string: find /var/www/http -type f | xargs grep -iR "STRING1" But how can I find files which include "STRING1" OR "STRING2" OR "STRING3"? ...
13
votes
7answers
19k views

How to report number of files in all subdirectories?

I need to inspect all sub-directories and report how many files (without further recursion) they contain: directoryName1 numberOfFiles directoryName2 numberOfFiles
13
votes
1answer
8k views

Finding files by their owner and file permissions

I'm trying to find files which are owned and have the primary group of root. Is there a parameter available to search for files like this? It's critical that all files in a certain directory not be ...
13
votes
1answer
14k views

How can I use `find` and sort the results by mtime?

I want to use find but sort the results reverse chronologically as with ls -ltr. Is this possible through any combo of flags or pipelines?
13
votes
3answers
7k views

find exclude directory

I am on Linux (Ubuntu) and I am would like to exclude certain directories (like .hg) when I am doing a find | less I tried the following to exclude the .hg directory from listing, but does not ...
13
votes
1answer
182 views

Why does `find . -type f` take longer than `find .`?

It seems like find would have to check whether a given path corresponds to a file or directory anyway in order to recursively walk the contents of directories. Here's some motivation and what I've ...
12
votes
2answers
9k views

`find` with multiple `-name` and `-exec` executes only the last matches of `-name`

When I'm using find . -type f -name "*.htm*" -o -name "*.js*" -o -name "*.txt" it finds all the types of file. But when I add -exec at the end: find . -type f -name "*.htm*" -o -name "*.js*" -o ...
12
votes
3answers
552 views

Two find commands comparison

Recently I received this find one-liner, but I'm not able to explain where the difference of the below two comes from: Example 1 [root@centos share]# find . -exec grep -i "madis" {} /dev/null \; ...
12
votes
6answers
3k views

How to find files with 100% NUL characters in their contents?

What is the Linux command-line command that can identify such files? AFAIK the find command (or grep) can only match a specific string inside the text file. But I want to match whole contents, i.e. ...
12
votes
5answers
20k views

Find files in multiple folder names

I am trying to list all the files from dir1, dir2, dir3 and dir4 which might be anywhere in as a sub directory of my cwd using the find command. I tried the following with no success: find . -type f ...
12
votes
5answers
45k views

How to find the path of a file based on its name?

I am trying to find settings.xml file in my Ubuntu machine. I have no clue where it is, and which directory it is in. I tried using this - ls -R | grep settings.xml But it doesn't show me the ...
12
votes
1answer
851 views

How to do `head` and `tail` on null-delimited input in bash?

find command can output names of files as a null-delimited strings (if -print0 is provided), and xargs can consume them with -0 option turned on. But in between, it's hard to manipulate that ...
12
votes
2answers
10k views

How do I stop a find from descending into found directories?

I'm wanting to find all directories with a specific string so I can do another find on the files contained within. So I don't want to waste time on ./my-search-term/dir/my-search-term etc. How can I ...
11
votes
3answers
20k views

How to return both file name and line number with find … -exec grep?

When using find, how do I return the file name and the line number when searching for a string? I manage to return the file name in one command and the line numbers with another one, but I can't seem ...
11
votes
1answer
2k views

Find a file where name starts with a capital letter

I'm trying to find all files for which there name starts with a capital letter. I have tried using the following command: find . -type f -regex '.*\/[A-Z][^/]*' It's finding paths with only ...
11
votes
2answers
3k views

Why the dot in find commands?

Typically, one sees find commands that look like this: $ find . -name foo.txt when the search is to begin from the current directory. I'm finding that on my machines (Ubuntu, Cygwin) I get the same ...
11
votes
5answers
10k views

Get list of subdirectories which contain a file matching a string

How can I get a list of the subdirectories which contain a file matching a particular string? More specifically, I am looking for directories which contain a file with the letter 'f' somewhere ...
11
votes
3answers
5k views

bash - can I do : find … -exec this && that?

Is there a way to logically combine two shell commands that are invoked with find - exec? For instance to print out all the .csv files that contain the string foo together with its occurrence I would ...
11
votes
3answers
7k views

identify files with non-ASCII or non-printable characters in file name

In a directory size 80GB with approx 700,000 files, there are some file names with non-English characters in the file name. Other than trawling through the file list laboriously is there: An easy ...
11
votes
5answers
37k views

Move all files with a certain extension from multiple subdirectories into one directory

I have a bunch of .zip files in several directories: Fol1/Fol2 Fol3 Fol4/Fol5 How would I do move them all to a common base folder?
11
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2answers
2k views

Tar up all PDFs in a directory, retaining directory structure

I'm trying to create a compressed tarball that contains all PDF files that exist in one of my directories. The directory structure needs to be retained. Empty directories are not needed, but I really ...
11
votes
1answer
20k views

Find a file in lots of zip files (like find command for directories) [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Find recursively all archive files of diverse archive formats and search them for file name patterns I need to search for a file in all zip files in a directory. Is ...
11
votes
3answers
6k views

find with -execdir

I run a find with -execdir both I don't get the results I was expecting. SSCCE below: mkdir -p a/b/c find . -type d -execdir touch foo \; $ tree a a ├── b │   ├── c │   └── foo └── foo Directory c ...
11
votes
4answers
14k views

find -exec in bash script with variable expansion

I'm trying to run a command similar to the one below in a bash script. It should search through all subfolders of $sourcedir and copy all files of a certain type to the root level of $targetdir. ...
10
votes
8answers
19k views

Faster way to delete large number of files [duplicate]

I have a directory where lots of cached files are getting generated very quickly. Since these are very small files, it is consuming all my inodes very quickly. Currently I am running the following ...
10
votes
6answers
82k views

List the files containing a particular word in their text

I would like to list the files recursively and uniquely that contain the given word. Example: Checking for word 'check', I normal do is a grep $ grep check * -R But as there are many occurrence ...
10
votes
2answers
16k views

How can I find files and then use xargs to move them?

I want to find some files and then move them. I can find the file with: $ find /tmp/ -ctime -1 -name x* I tried to move them to my ~/play directory with: $ find /tmp/ -ctime -1 -name x* | xargs ...
10
votes
6answers
2k views

Best way run a command on each file in a directory tree

There appear be a number of ways to do this including loops in shell script, find and xargs. Which of these is best, and which is most portable?
10
votes
6answers
49k views

How to search for a word in entire content of a directory in linux

need to search for something in entire content I am trying: find . | xargs grep word I get error: xargs: unterminated quote How to achieve this?
10
votes
5answers
10k views

How do I perform an action on all files with a specific extension in subfolders in an elegant way?

My current best bet is: for i in $(find . -name *.jpg); do echo $i; done Problem: does not handle spaces in filenames. Note: I would also love a graphical way of doing this, such as the "tree" ...
10
votes
3answers
3k views

Make find show slash after directories?

How can I make the find command show a slash after directories? For example, I want dir to show up as dir/ instead of dir. I'm using find . -print
10
votes
2answers
975 views

What's the + in find /path/ -exec command '{}' + do?

What's the + in find /path/ -exec command '{}' + do? as opposed to find /path/ -exec command '{}' \;
10
votes
1answer
750 views

Is it possible to use `find -exec sh -c` safely?

I'm trying to use find to echo 0 into some files, but apparently this only works with sh -c: find /proc/sys/net/ipv6 -name accept_ra -exec sh -c 'echo 0 > {}' \; But using sh -c with find -exec ...
10
votes
4answers
28k views

Getting all files that have been modified on a specific date

Is it possible to find all php files within a certain directory that have been modified on a certain date I'm using find /var/www/html/dir/ -mtime -28 | grep '\.php' to get files modified within ...
10
votes
1answer
10k views

find files without extension

Let say I have: foo.txt bar baz.ooo If I use ls -1 !(*.*) then I'll get only bar on the output. Great, now I wish to have same results with find - some find -regex that will do the job. NOTE: ...
10
votes
2answers
271 views

What are the security issues and race conditions in using `find -exec`?

From the find man page: -exec command ; There are unavoidable security problems surrounding use of the -exec action; you should use the -execdir option instead. -execdir command {} + ...
10
votes
1answer
10k views

Solaris equivalent for depth/prune?

I am trying to find some files inside a directory. By default, the find command is searching the directory which I have specified and it's sub directories. I tried to use depth/maxdepth and prune, ...
10
votes
6answers
9k views

How do I recursively grep through compressed archives?

I'm trying to find out what modules use Test::Version in cpan. So I've used minicpan to mirror it. My problem is that I need to iterate through the archives that are downloaded, and grep the files ...
10
votes
1answer
3k views

Got less output with print0 option on find?

I have read the man page and other references, but I am still confused by the behavior of find with -print0 option. -print0 This primary always evaluates to true. It prints the pathname of ...
10
votes
1answer
11k views

What's the {} in find /path/ -exec command '{}' do?

I'm curious as to what the {} in the following command is actually for? Example Command: find /foo/ -name "*.txt" -exec rm -v {} \; The Man page provided a small blurb but it confused me a little ...