find is a command line utility to search for files in a directory hierarchy

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3
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3answers
7k views

How can I pass strings with single quotes to grep?

My desired outcome is the following: to recursively search a directory looking for a given string in all found files. The following command is my usual port of call: find ./ | xargs grep -ns 'foobar' ...
4
votes
2answers
820 views

Why does this awk command not play as well with find as sed does?

I am very much a newbie at Unix/Linux command line stuff, and mostly get to where I'm going by copying, pasting, and modifying code I find on the internet. Just mentioning that in hopes people will ...
1
vote
2answers
136 views

Find all postgresql and mysql databases on a system

Is there a way to find all postgresql and mysql databases on my system? (Perhaps using the find command).
2
votes
2answers
920 views

Search for file permisions other than 755

In AIX really, how can I search in several directories and those below it, for files that are not of the specific permissions of 755. So I want to search /path/to/, /path/to/mydir, ...
4
votes
2answers
267 views

Why 2 linux machine behave differently with command of the same syntax?

I am using 2 machine , which is both Red Hat Enterprise Linux AS release 3 (Taroon Update 2) ( I check it in /etc/*-release ). I checked they are using the same default shell by ps -p $$, which is ...
1
vote
3answers
5k views

What is wrong with this “find all vim swap files and remove them with a confirmation” command?

I am trying to remove all vim swap file *.swp and remove them with a confirmation. The find command found the files, but rm says No such file or directory with the -i option. When I hardcode the path ...
22
votes
4answers
21k views

Sorting the output of “find”?

I need to be able to alphabetically sort the output of find before piping it to a command. Entering | sort | between didn't work, so what could I do? find folder1 folder2 -name "*.txt" -print0 | ...
85
votes
7answers
37k views

How can I find broken symlinks

Is there a way to find all symbolic links that don't point anywere? find ./ -type l will give me all symbolic links, but makes no distinction between links that go somewhere and links that don't. ...
1
vote
1answer
208 views

Listing specific lines in listed files

Find all files in /tmp that are ordinary files and print the lines that end with Programming. For this problem I know how to list all files in /tmp. What I do not know how to do is whether to use ...
6
votes
2answers
13k views

find a file within a tar.gz archive

Is it possible to use the find command so that it searches the files within a tar.gz archive also using wildcards? like find archive.tar.gz --name *foo*
4
votes
2answers
13k views

List of Recently Modified Files

How can I Get a list of all files modified , say 3 months ago. I checked this question but I was not able to apply it to my scenario. I am trying this now , it seems to be working , but I know there ...
7
votes
4answers
3k views

Find files with same name but different content?

I want to generate a list of files that have: Same name Different content in a directory (including all children directories and content). How to do? Bash, perl, anything is fine. So, two ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Is there a way to find files containing only non-printing characters?

I've got a program that's behaving badly and has created a number of files with only a few non-printing characters. If I were to cat the files, I see nothing (since they are non-printing chars). ...
1
vote
3answers
660 views

How to move files into newly created directory on condition in shell/perl

It was a mess of music files and directory. It is needed to perform the below operation over multiple directories at once: If the directory contains ".jpg" files, then create a new directory ...
1
vote
1answer
197 views

Creating Cron Task to kill stalled/failed runs in a system

I was given a task to create a cron which finds, kills and clears old puppet runs that were not successfully installed. I am more or less looking for a starting point.
11
votes
4answers
41k views

How can I list subdirectories recursively?

The obvious ls -dR does not work. I am currently using find /path/ -type d -ls but the output is not what I need (plain listing of sub-folders) Is there a way out?
33
votes
2answers
45k views

Find command: how to ignore case?

I am looking for file "WSFY321.c" in a huge directory hierarchy. Usually I would use GNU find: find . -name "WSFY321.c" But I do not know the case, it could be uppercase, lowercase, or a mix of both. ...
2
votes
1answer
142 views

Does find support OR in its regexes?

For example, I want to find all files in a directory that end in 'm' or 'sh'. The following works correctly: find . -regex '.*.m' -o -regex '.*.sh' But this fails: find . -regex '.*.(m|sh)' What ...
4
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2answers
1k views

How to search for files by size and extension ?

I want to delete all empty files with a particular extension from a directory and all its subdirectories.
5
votes
3answers
4k views

find files which have a higher permission than xxx

I want to find all files which have a higher permission than e.g. 640. Perhaps this would work with a find and exec command. But my knowledge isn't sufficient for such a task.
1
vote
1answer
389 views

How to create a cron which finds/kills/clears old puppet runs?

I am a new user of bash/cron, and I was given a task to create a cron which finds/kill/ and clears old puppet runs that were not successfully installed. The more help the better, but I am more or less ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Using files that have spaces in their name in pipes

I have folder named play which contains a file damn file (with space). When I use find and pipe the output to tar: find play/ -name 'damn*' | tar cf archive.tar -T - It works perfectly. Why does ...
13
votes
3answers
7k views

find exclude directory

I am on Linux (Ubuntu) and I am would like to exclude certain directories (like .hg) when I am doing a find | less I tried the following to exclude the .hg directory from listing, but does not ...
3
votes
4answers
7k views

Show files from the last 2 days on a mounted ntfs system?

What's exactly the command to show files younger than 2 days? I thought about something like this: $ find / -mtime -2 ...but I'm not sure how to print the date of the found files. My target is to ...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

find usage with -L

I have link -> file I do find -L . -name 'link' And get ./link Why is that? man find says: -L : Follow symbolic links. When find examines or prints information about files, ...
8
votes
2answers
4k views

How can you move (or copy) all files to a directory with the same filename prefix?

Using Bash So let's say I have a bunch of files randomly placed in a parent directory ~/src, I want to grab all the files matching a certain suffix and move (or copy) them to a ~/dist directory. ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

find with multiple -exec options; redirecting &>/dev/null for one exec command sends process to background

I have a find command with multiple -exec arguments and would like the output (both stdout and stderr) for one of the commands to be suppressed. When I use &>/path/to/file, it sends the process to ...
10
votes
4answers
9k views

find -exec in bash script with variable expansion

I'm trying to run a command similar to the one below in a bash script. It should search through all subfolders of $sourcedir and copy all files of a certain type to the root level of $targetdir. ...
9
votes
1answer
7k views

What's the {} in find /path/ -exec command '{}' do?

I'm curious as to what the {} in the following command is actually for? Example Command: find /foo/ -name "*.txt" -exec rm -v {} \; The Man page provided a small blurb but it confused me a little ...
5
votes
2answers
798 views

How to make `find` output full absolute file names?

When I run find, it outputs relative (./-based) file names, but I need full absolute (/-based) names.
7
votes
2answers
1k views

sync files recursively between two folders where files are less than 24 hours old

I want to find all the files under a directory which are within 24 hours then rsync those files with another server. There are some old files that I do not want to transfer, however if those old ...
2
votes
2answers
842 views

Find: combine -depth with -prune to feed cpio

I'm building a backup script where some directories should not be included in the backup archive. cd /; find . -maxdepth 2 \ \( -path './sys' -o -path './dev' -o -path './proc' -o -path ...
6
votes
1answer
8k views

How can I use `find` and sort the results by mtime?

I want to use find but sort the results reverse chronologically as with ls -ltr. Is this possible through any combo of flags or pipelines?
5
votes
2answers
137 views

Decrypt several password-pdf-protected files

I tried this command but I think something is wrong with '{}' '{}'. By the latter, I want InputXYZ.pdf OutputXYZ.pdf (I do not want any dupe files, I want to replace the old files to make reading a ...
4
votes
3answers
3k views

How to search and replace text in all php-files in a directory and it's subdirectories

I am looking for a shell script that recursively traverses all .php files in a directory and performs a search & replace of a particular text pattern. The search pattern is quite long ( > 5000 ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

How to find every symbolic link on a server?

I need to find every symbolic link on the server. The version is AIX 6.1. man find says -L Follow symbolic links But find -L is not a proper usage. Usage: find [-H | -L] Path-list ...
3
votes
1answer
117 views

'find' across directories named …/dirnameXX/… with XX variable

I am executing this command to find certain files in specific directory: find ./rgs/test/maesXX/master/stdlist -name \*.extract \ -mtime +30 \! -size 0 -exec ls -lrt {} \; where XX could be ...
3
votes
1answer
88 views

What is the best way to find directories that exactly match a string irrespective of the path?

Suppose I have the directories: /foo/ /A/B/C/foo/D/E/ /F/foo/G/H/foo/I/ How can get a result that lists all the directories whose basename exactly matches a given string (for example foo in here)? ...
1
vote
4answers
361 views

What is this Bash line supposed to mean?

find . -name "*.html" -exec grep -l somethingtobefound {} \; I was just wondering what the keywords "-name" "-exec" "-l" "{}" "\" and ";" were supposed to signify. Also, I commonly see ...
4
votes
1answer
138 views

Why does find:s -or fail when I add a -print0 at the end?

I am writing a little script the modifies some movies in a directory tree, and I would like to parse that tree with a bash for loop or similar. So I started to find the files with find -iname ...
8
votes
4answers
15k views

How can I find all files that do NOT contain a text string?

What concise command can I use to find all files that do NOT contain a text string? I tried this (using -v to invert grep's parameters) with no luck: find . -exec grep -v -l shared.php {} \; ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

List of modified files of the past 24 hours

Is there a reliable way to have a system that mails me the list of files that were modified in the past 24 hours inside a set of directories? (like /home/*/public_html/* and /home/*/*domains/*)
6
votes
4answers
2k views

Colored FIND output?

Is it possible to get colored output from the find command? That is, in the path of each found item, directories are blue, executable scripts are green, et cetera? I'm using version 4.4.2 of GNU ...
6
votes
6answers
304 views

Searching in many files

Is there some sophisticated technique to search strings in many files? I tried this basic technique for i in `find .`; do grep searched_string "$i"; done; It doesn't look much sophisticated and ...
11
votes
4answers
8k views

How can I run a specific command for each find result?

How would one run a specific command for each file that was found by using the find command? For the purpose of the question lets say that I would simply like to delete each file found by find. I am ...
6
votes
3answers
4k views

How store in a variable a file list that includes the backslash when needed?

Main question: I am writing a script to perform a backup. I make a list of files in the following way: LISTOFFILES=$(find ~ \( -name '*.[pP][dD][fF]' -o -name '*.[oO][dD][tT]' \)) The variable ...
4
votes
6answers
2k views

Grep a directory and return list with line numbers

I'm currently trying to learn more about bash scripting and all of that fun stuff, and I pieced together this little command: find $path | xargs grep -n $pattern | awk '{print $1}' While this DOES ...
5
votes
2answers
6k views

Looking for a Java class in a set of JARs with find, unzip, grep

I was trying to find the JAR containing a Java Class. JARs are in zip format. My first attempt was: $ find -name "*3.0.6.RELEASE.jar" | xargs -l1 unzip -l \ | grep stereotype.Controller ...
2
votes
3answers
3k views

Use find and tar together

I have a directory with many log files, with filenames like acct.20111001 up to acct.20111030. I want to zip them by running: tar -cvjf acct.20111001.bz2 acct.20111001 How can I use find to ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

Rename All Files with a Certain Name

I'm trying to find certain files with the name "stringx" and replace the name (but not the extension) with "stringy". So basically for stringx.txt and stingx.cs, I'd want stringy.txt and stringy.cs. ...