A filesystem is a method of storing and organizing computer files and their data.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (2)

0
votes
0answers
20 views

What Causes Maintenance Shell Segmentation Fault?

I'm running Ubuntu 14.04 Trusty Tahr in a Microsoft Hyper-V virtual machine on Windows Server 2012 R2. I've stopped the VM, replaced an EXT4-formatted virtual disk volume (/dev/sdb) with a new ...
2
votes
0answers
14 views

How do I find out what filesystem drivers are compiled-in into the linux kernel?

On a running linux system, what is a portable (among linux distributions) way to find out what filesystems the current kernel has compiled-in (not through modules) support for? Consider for example ...
0
votes
1answer
82 views

read only root filesystem

Somehow my Debian went to read only in root file system. I have no idea how this could have happened. For example when I am in /root folder and type command nano and after that press Tab to list ...
4
votes
2answers
5k views

Format external hard drive to linux compatible file system

How do I format my external hard drive to a very Linux compatible file system?
1
vote
0answers
15 views

Busybox compilation fails - networking/nslookup.c Error [on hold]

I'm trying to compile Busybox with Buildroot Cross-Compiler. Here are the steps: Download Busybox and untar it wget http://www.busybox.net/downloads/busybox-1.22.1.tar.bz2 && tar xjf ...
1
vote
0answers
11 views

how to migrate a squashfs system to another filesystem that's read/write

Well, basically what i want to do is copy all of my router's files (even the dev file (because i'm running busybox)) to my usb flash drive and let my router by default boot from the usb device. it ...
6
votes
1answer
577 views

Why could the size of the “dot” file “.” exceed 4096?

Today I found an "empty" directory with a size of 4MB. It had no visible contents, so I tried ls -lah. This showed me some hidden files (not very large). Searching for the reason why the directory ...
3
votes
3answers
149 views

Files are missing and I want to know what happened to them

Somehow some files are missing in a directory and I would like to know what happened to those files. Who has moved/deleted them? How can I investigate? Can we get a history on a directory? These are ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

Formatting an external HDD with Bash script

At my workplace we have an external HDD connected to a NAS device (Synology). There is a backup tasks which runs weekly and fills the external HDD after a while. Unfortunately the Linux-based OS of ...
16
votes
2answers
1k views

Why is JFS so obscure?

When I first got into using Slackware years ago I quickly learned to love JFS over ext3 or reiserfs given that it was reliable and if there was an unclean shutdown, its disk checking was very very ...
3
votes
2answers
132 views

Why can I access to my C: or D: drives from Ubuntu?

Why can I access to my C: or D: drives from Ubuntu when I install Ubuntu 14.04. Why does this happen?
4
votes
4answers
139 views

Ext4 - How to enable extra sanity, checksums, validations, tests of any kind?

I'm running Ext4 on a harddrive, and to be perfectly honest, I don't really trust the drive because it's old and has a few badblocks. I have nonessential data on the drive, so if it died tomorrow, ...
8
votes
2answers
4k views

largefile feature at creating file-system

Is useful to use -T largefile flag at creating a file-system for a partition with big files like video, and audio in flac format? I tested the same partition with that flag and without it, and using ...
1
vote
1answer
679 views

Mount exFAT file system as user without hardcoding

I've "solved" the following problem, but not in a desirable way. First, mounting exFAT file systems in Linux was truly as simple as this site says. The catch is, "as long as you are root." A user ...
2
votes
1answer
294 views

Hang during 'touch' operation on NFS mount

I have two NFS clients mounted to an openfiler 2.99 NFS share at 192.0.2.3: 192.0.2.1 mounts 192.0.2.3:/mnt/nfs01/volnfs01/share01 with ...
2
votes
2answers
37 views

dd to clone to smaller sdcard

One of my Raspberry Pi's is using a 4GB SDcard for the root/boot filesystem. As seen when mounted on another system: Disk /dev/sdc: 3904 MB, 3904897024 bytes 121 heads, 62 sectors/track, 1016 ...
0
votes
1answer
16 views

How the contents of a directory are impacted when a file system is mounted on that directory [duplicate]

How the contents of a directory are impacted (and when and/or if they are available for use) when a file system is mounted on that directory.
3
votes
1answer
61 views

What makes fsck so slow on big filesystems?

I have over a dozen of filesystems on my OpenBSD server with 12GB DDR3 and several 1.5TB HDDs. All filesystems themselves are generally between 8GB and 64GB in size. I've noticed that even by ...
3
votes
4answers
80 views

Mount filesystems after boot to avoid fsck delay for sshd

I'm trying to optimise the overall downtime and improve availability in case of system failure. I'm specifically concerned about the reboot (e.g. after a kernel panic) taking so long that I don't ...
1
vote
1answer
26 views

Recover an overwritten file [duplicate]

I had a linux plain text document file with close to 100000 lines, a size of 10 Mb. I accidentally overwrote the file via python code. But I got an exception in the middle of the code and think the ...
4
votes
3answers
243 views

Why does mcedit recommend removing hardlinks when saving a file?

Whenever I use mcedit to edit a file that is hard linked somewhere and I want to save the file, the editor asks me if I want to remove the hard links. Is that common behavior on Linux or is mcedit ...
2
votes
4answers
269 views

Why is writing so slow on raw device, and so fast on filesystem (USB key)?

I have a USB key that I am trying to benchmark quick'n'dirty on Linux. I'm testing write bandwith. dd on raw partition I created a partition starting at sector 2048, then did a 4 GB sequential ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

Trouble getting Exfat formatted drive to mount

I've just performed a new install of arch linux (3.15.3-1) on a macbook pro 8.2 All of my data is on an exfat drive, and I've installed exfat-utils. However, when I try mount -t exfat /dev/sdb1 ...
2
votes
2answers
690 views

Debian won't boot: udevd fails to load device sda and sdb

I can't boot my Debian system, I got this error during boot up: Driver 'pcspkr' is already registered, aborting. I have solved this by adding blacklist snd-pscp to /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist.conf ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

Too many levels of symbolic links

I created this file structure: test/src test/firefox When I run this command: ln -s test/src test/firefox I would expect a symbolic link test/firefox/src to be created pointing to test/src, ...
1
vote
1answer
20 views

Do files with equal name conflict in unionfs (aufs)?

I just tried to mount two folders in one using aufs on Debian 7 wheezy. The command I issued is the following: mkdir /test1 mkdir /test2 mkdir /test mount -t aufs -o dirs=/test1:/test2 none /test ...
0
votes
2answers
390 views

File system CRC check

I know that before running the kernel, u-boot (the boot loader) will check the kernel image CRC. Only if it is correct it will go further, else it will give a "Bad CRC" error. I want to do same thing ...
-2
votes
0answers
21 views

file system and block size [duplicate]

I'm just learning about i-node and get confused on difference between file system block size and disk block size. Please explain what the difference between them or give me some useful link resource ...
5
votes
1answer
554 views

Preventing access blocking while external HDD spins up?

I have an old laptop where I installed Debian along with a samba server which I am using to share read-write access to 4 external hard drives, which I use to stream my media from. All works fine, ...
4
votes
4answers
3k views

How to clone/copy all file/directory attributes onto different file/directory?

I want to copy the attributes (ownership, group, ACL, extended attributes, etc.) of one directory to another but not the directory contents itself. This does not work: cp -v --attributes-only A B ...
-2
votes
2answers
18 views

Check multiple files with string

i.e. for each .csv file, do the following: Check if the file contains the string “HEADER” in the first line. If its missing, do the following: Display, “ERROR: Missing HEADER record for ” Rename ...
3
votes
1answer
289 views

How do I mount a UFS disk in read-write mode?

I have a system drive that has filled up to the last sector, so that it doesn't boot anymore. The file system is UFS (it's an old Freenas 0.7 installation), but since UFS write support doesn't appear ...
4
votes
2answers
5k views

How to repair a corrupted HFS+ partition from a damaged hard-disk?

I have a friend's Mac OS X disk that comes with an HFS+ partition. I am supposed to recover the personal data from this disk, and I'm not yet sure if the filesystem is corrupted or the disk is dying). ...
13
votes
1answer
4k views

How do you use badblocks?

I need to do a destructive (rw) test on a new drive, and a read-only on a drive that fell out of my RAID array. I want to see if it finds problems and how far along it is.
28
votes
5answers
10k views

How can I create a /dev/null-like “blackhole” directory?

I would like to create a "/dev/null" directory (or a "blackhole" directory) such that any files written to it are not really written, but just disappear. I have an application that writes out large ...
4
votes
3answers
149 views

Linux file system that ages off older files when partition is full

I am wondering if there is a file system equivalent to a round-robin database, which for a fixed size, ages off the oldest files. It is pretty easy to implement with a simple cron job, which I have, ...
4
votes
1answer
23 views

batch rename files

I have multiple photo files with inconsistent name format. beach north.JPG beach south sm.jpg Bryce windsurfing sm.jpg DSC01031 1024x.jpg DSC02652 ed sm.jpg DSC03229 sm.jpg Kayak kids 2.jpg Maui ...
4
votes
3answers
85 views

Transactional UNIX shell for file system changes

It is easy to make a mistake when copying (cp), moving/renaming (mv), removing (rm/rmdir), creating dirs (mkdir), and changing file permissions (chmod). It would be nice to have a log to view before ...
5
votes
4answers
754 views

Is Gobolinux active any more?

Today I hear about existence of a revolutionary distro named Gobolinux. I am very interested and excited about it (in particular its file structure). Unfortunately it is not updated for a while. ...
5
votes
1answer
90 views

What's the easiest way to resize an ext4 partition from the command line?

What's the easiest way to resize an ext4 partition (or any type partition depending on the method) from the command line (potentially with the fewest commands, but also the easiest to understand)? ...
3
votes
1answer
415 views

Can /mnt/hgfs/'shared folder' be used as apache root?

I have an Ubuntu Server (12.04) running on my development machine. It is in a VM. I have succeeded with the task of setting up Apache2, MySQL, and PHP. I can access the server from my host browser ...
14
votes
3answers
2k views

Is there a limit of hardlinks for one file?

Is there a limit of number of hardlinks for one file? Is it specified anywhere? What are safe limits for Linux? And what for other POSIX systems?
1
vote
2answers
4k views

ext3 root filesystems goes read-only with aborted journal even after repairs

Short version: ext3 root filesystem on rackspace (xen) VM detects aborted journal on boot and mounts read-only. I've attempted to repair this from a rescue environment with tune2fs and e2fsck as ...
4
votes
1answer
191 views

Filesystems and Partitions

I have been reading up more on UNIX and have brushed up on different filesystems and partitioning HDs. In the book it mentioned that filesystems are very much different than partitions and one ...
0
votes
2answers
2k views

How to force drop all partitions and erase disk from terminal?

My question is in fact related to OS X, however I'm using Linux tools to resolve my problem. I'm trying to delete all the partitions on my SSD drive and create new GUID (HFS+) partition table. Native ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Mount (or makefs or tunefs or cap or…) option to disallow symlinks?

(Other than mkfs.vfat, that is.) Is there a way in Linux to have a filesystem mounted but to prevent symlinks from being made on it? It's fine if this needs to happen at the time the filesystem is ...
11
votes
4answers
9k views

XFS vs Ext4 vs Others - which file system is stable, reliable, for long run such as 24/7 case [closed]

XFS and Ext4 file system which one is really stable and reliable for long run with heavy disk write and read? the system will be used in a place where 24/7 is in service, and every second there is ...
2
votes
1answer
359 views

What determines the maximum file size in ext2 file system

I was reading the Kernel Documentation where it says There are various limits imposed by the on-disk layout of ext2. Other limits are imposed by the current implementation of the kernel code. ...
-1
votes
2answers
21 views

Does tar create new inodes to be archived?

When tar is asked to archive a directory, does it create a new inode for each file system object? If yes, how does it query and save the meta-data? Won't the format of storing this inode metadata vary ...
0
votes
1answer
19 views

Difference between a distributed and a cluster file system

I have been reading some articles and I didn't find the answer for which I am looking for. What I understand is the following: Both systems span over a network. A distributed file system features ...