A filesystem is a way to organize and store computer files with their data.

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11
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4answers
480 views

`ls` error when directory is deleted

I have two shells open. The first is in directory A. In the second, I remove directory A, and then recreate it. When I go back to the first shell, and type ls, the output is: ls: cannot open ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Where am I supposed to put PyCharm files?

I've just downloaded PyCharm (pro) for Linux (I'm running Ubuntu). It's basically a zipped directory containing everything it needs to run (tree below), including an entry point (bin/pycharm.sh). ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

ls - why is parent directory smaller than its contents? How to see the size of directory's contents?

So... ls -l --block-size=MB tells me that directory is one MB ls -l --block-size=MB directory tells me there's a 3MB file inside the directory. Shouldn't that make the directory at least 3MB? ...
1
vote
3answers
437 views

DD and Free Space

I have a partition (/dev/sda1) of 10 GB. Also have "dd" file of another 7 GB partition ( /dev/sdb1). When I execute the command as: dd if=sdb1.dd of=/dev/sda1 then everything goes fine but I ...
2
votes
0answers
13 views

Mount LVM volume as external usb drive? CentOS 6

I'm trying to mount my old 2x500GB drives to the new server which has the same drive volume. Both have LVM structure but it's not working. root@server [/mnt/usb]# ls /dev/sd* /dev/sda /dev/sda2 ...
2
votes
1answer
26 views

do I need fsck.ext4 before mounting a filesystem?

I have a script that mounts /dev/sdc1 to /home. I do not know the state of /dev/sdc1 in advance, it could possibly be "dirty". Do I need to run fsck.ext4 before mounting the filesystem, or has mount ...
1
vote
1answer
14 views

Help about CentOS 7 apps & Driver [on hold]

I'm using pc for several years but never tried Linux so I'm quite noob in this field. I'm using Autodesk maya, Nuke & will learn houdini very soon. I found that linux works faster for this apps so ...
4
votes
5answers
111 views

directory structure vs file system

I wonder what is the difference between directory structure and file system? Unix/Linux directories and file system looks as follows: /home/abc/xyzdir1 --is a directory /home/abc/xyzdir2 -- is a ...
2
votes
0answers
17 views

'Docker' File System - Compatibility with Symbolic Links

The question is marked in bold if you wish to skip the explanation of our situation. I work as a developer for a server network. We deploy multiple instances of our servers. we have 5 types of server ...
13
votes
3answers
1k views

Why is proc called a file system?

The proc file system allows the kernel to communicate information about each running process on a Linux system. Why is proc called a file system? It’s not a real file system like ext4. It’s just a ...
2
votes
2answers
985 views

Debian won't boot: udevd fails to load device sda and sdb

I can't boot my Debian system, I got this error during boot up: Driver 'pcspkr' is already registered, aborting. I have solved this by adding blacklist snd-pscp to /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist.conf ...
14
votes
2answers
415 views

Why are these files in an ext4 volume fragmented?

I have a 900GB ext4 partition on a (magnetic) hard drive that has no defects and no bad sectors. The partition is completely empty except for an empty lost+found directory. The partition was formatted ...
3
votes
1answer
4k views

Mounting a multi-partition (GPT/HFS+) USB 2.0 harddrive on Debian

I have a 3TB USB 2.0 hard-drive which has two HFS+ (Mac) partitions using GUID partition table for the partition records. It was partitioned with Mac OS Disk Utility. How can I mount these partitions ...
1
vote
1answer
22 views

NTFS-3G: All files are an “unsupported reparse point”

I just connected my NTFS HDD to my homeserver and I have an odd problem. EVERY file on the HDD is displayed as an "unsupported reparse point" in ls -lsa I tried mounting with different permissions ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

How are files associated with process? [closed]

I understand for a process descriptor there are pointers that can lead programmers to the files that this process is operating on. But is there a way to trace from a file that is being accessed back ...
0
votes
1answer
175 views

How to automatically set permission at automount without mask

I store my data on a NTFS parition to share it with my Windows. I use the dmask,fmask option in my fstab entry to avoid rwx default permissions to everyone, for coherence, security, and also because ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

fsync on newly created folder? [migrated]

Can anyone explain why fsync can return EINVAL when I pass folder descriptor in it? There is my code, it is pretty simple: #include <dirent.h> /* Defines DT_* constants */ #include ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Modifying the EXT2 Filesystem [migrated]

For a project I'm working on, I need to be able to modify the EXT2 filesystem. I have done extensive research, but as this is not a commonly required task, there seems to be very little helpful ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

/etc/fstab is mounting rw filesystem as read-only

A partition of my internal hard drive (not the root partition) I want to mount automatically on boot. I've been using /etc/fstab to mount my external backup drive automatically read-only, so this is ...
1
vote
2answers
36 views

ext4 file system tuning for storage partition

I searched the Internet, but I was not able to find a satisfying answer to my problem. The Problem I'm encountering currently is, that I'm transitioning my data from a NTFS Partition to a ext4 ...
4
votes
2answers
92 views

Why does '/' have the inode 2?

On many *nix systems like OS X and Ubuntu, We can see the inode of root directory is 2. Then what is the inode 1 used for?
1
vote
1answer
57 views

“ls -l” shows some abnormal files with “?”

Recently I ran into a problem with FTP server access. The server system logs shows that /etc/wu-ftpd/ftpaccess file is missing, as below: wu-ftpd[15695]: cannot open access file ...
6
votes
3answers
512 views

How does Unix implement file permissions?

I have a text file named foo.txt with root permission in one Linux distribution. I copied it to another Linux distribution on another computer. Would file permissions be still maintained for ...
1
vote
0answers
17 views

Mapping a physical sector to a filename

I just finished using ddrescue to recover the contents of a failing hard drive. It was able to recover everything but two sectors. How do I figure out which files (if any) occupied those sectors? ...
2
votes
2answers
31 views

How many inodes do I need to access to read a file?

Imagine I want to access the blocks of file /hello/file. How many inodes should I walt through? I guess two, since I should not go through the root inode, right?
2
votes
1answer
121 views

“mount: wrong fs type..” error when mounting USB

I'm stuck trying to mount a USB drive on a Raspberry Pi (Wheezy). I've reformatted it (ext4) and tried re-mounting it in /media/owncloud (following sudo chown -R pi:pi /media/owncloud), but hit an ...
9
votes
4answers
627 views

filesystem for archiving

I have some complex read-only data in my file system. It contains thousands of snapshots of certain revisions of a svn repository, and the output of regression tests. Identical files between snapshots ...
2
votes
1answer
415 views

referring to files inside a jar or zip files in Linux

I am wondering if I can refer to files inside JAR or ZIP files using URLs. I mean, without using a tool (such as the Java Jar utility) but just at the operative system level. For example, if I have a ...
2
votes
2answers
98 views

What are the differences between split and rar?

I am used to raring files -- but I am looking for something faster. I see that there is a "split" command. How does this command compare to rar? What is are the differences between split and rar?
8
votes
4answers
224 views

Virtual write-only file system for storing files in archive

I have an embarrassingly parallel process that creates a huge amount of nearly (but not completely) identical files. Is there a way to archive the files "on the fly", so that the data does not consume ...
13
votes
2answers
779 views

Is that possible to integrate zip and tar.gz files as directory into the file system

I wonder if there is a way to integrate (it's a bit different from mounting, I think) compressed files as directories into the file system? E.g., one could download a compressed-file.tar.gz to his ...
2
votes
1answer
111 views

zfs deduplication “low” ratio

In Solaris 11, in a pool named mypool I activated deduplication with zfs set dedup=on mypool Then I created two 100 MB file: file1 and its copy file1copy. Only their names are different: their ...
1
vote
3answers
28 views

Should I put old projects in tarballs

I never really used tarballs/archived much, except for uploads (with compression). Now I've accumulated a huge list of software projects coding experiments -- basically directories with lots and lots ...
12
votes
3answers
532 views

Can the filesystem become inconsistent if interrupted when moving a file?

I have two folders on the same partition (EXT2) If I mv folder1/file folder2 and some interruption occur (e.g. power failure) could the file system ever end up being inconsistent? Isn't the mv ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Repeated Ext4-fs error with comm psad: invalid block. Does it mean the SSD is dying?

Configuration : Debian Jessie with SSD. /dev/sda1 is root filesystem, /dev/sda6 is home filesystem. Errors occurs only on /dev/sda1. For the third time, I've got software errors because the root ...
2
votes
1answer
112 views

Mount linux mount in windows (without ftp)?

I successfully mounted my external hard drive (ntfs) to /mnt/seagate. I'm using debian and the server is connected over LAN to my PC. So how can I mount my hard drive in my windows explorer without ...
4
votes
1answer
735 views

How do I mount a UFS disk in read-write mode?

I have a system drive that has filled up to the last sector, so that it doesn't boot anymore. The file system is UFS (it's an old Freenas 0.7 installation), but since UFS write support doesn't appear ...
-1
votes
0answers
52 views

how to remove root clone folder

I am not entirely sure what i have done to be honest, but i believe i have mounted a folder to a / directory. So no when i am in / folder i have : bin etc lib media proc ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Filesytem errors during boot

I am using OMAPL138 and kernel version 2.6.37 and I would like to improve the boot time of my system. I made some progress on this, but I still have some errors which may be causing delay in the boot ...
1
vote
1answer
26 views

How do file permissions work with partition filesystem?

If I store a file in ext2, ext3, or ext4 formatted partition, it's permission is saved. I mean, I can have different permissions for different files in extX partition. However, If I store a file in ...
2
votes
1answer
126 views

rm -rf: cannot remove `/opt/jetty': Directory not empty

I have a script using the following command to remove a folder: ssh -q root@hostname sh -c 'rm -rf /opt/jetty/' Most of the times it works fine, but occasionally I get this message: rm: cannot ...
0
votes
2answers
28 views

Precaching the list of files of the filesystem

I was wondering where and in what form a list of files and directories is stored on the ext4 filesystem. The problem is that whenever I try to access a certain directory for the first time since boot ...
2
votes
2answers
4k views

Give read-only access to specific folders?

I would like to give read-only access to a user but I want him/her to see only the exact folders I give access. for example he/she shouldn't travel around all the server and browse to all users ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

Not detecting hfs+ partition on second drive

I'm having a problem, I want to backup some files to my second drive before reinstalling, but I can't mount it. The filesystem is contained in /dev/sdb10, according to GParted, but that doesn't exist ...
2
votes
1answer
37 views

How can I (easily) map a block device node to the directory it's mounted on?

I need to find (in C or C++) the used space on a filesystem (Linux) when being provided only with the disk block device name and the partition number. For most filesystems I can go: Craft a dev ...
1
vote
1answer
22 views

Backup Files on ext4 to external NTFS drive

Would there be any problems in copying files on my Linux system with ext4 filesystem to an external drive that is formatted in NTFS? I'm reinstalling my OS and intend to copy these files back to my ...
5
votes
2answers
92 views

Converting ext2 to ext4

I have a file-server with three disk's that are ext2 file-systems, is it possible to change/convert these to ext4 which have much improved characteristics, while data is on the disk's and without ...
3
votes
4answers
2k views

Why is writing SLOW on raw device, and FAST on filesystem (USB key)?

I have a USB key (PQI U822V-Speedy 32G) that I am trying to benchmark quick'n'dirty on Linux. I'm testing write bandwith. dd on raw partition I created a partition starting at sector 2048, then did ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Can we delete or reduce allocated space to mounted filesystem?

Can we delete or reduce allocated space on an already mounted filesystem? I have already mounted or allocated 4 Gb space for a particular filesystem, but I need to reduce the allocated space to 1 GB. ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

File system CRC check

I know that before running the kernel, u-boot (the boot loader) will check the kernel image CRC. Only if it is correct it will go further, else it will give a "Bad CRC" error. I want to do same thing ...