A filesystem is a way to organize and store computer files with their data.

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Are encrypted volumes more vulnerable?

I have some encrypted volumes that I use with my Xubuntu machine. One volume is a container file that is mapped to /dev/loop0 and encrypted using plain dm-crypt; another volume is a USB hard drive ...
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2answers
4k views

Mount exFAT file system as user without specifying /dev/sdX1 in /etc/fstab

I've "solved" the following problem, but not in a desirable way. First, mounting exFAT file systems in Linux was truly as simple as this site says. The catch is, "as long as you are root." A user ...
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3answers
28k views

Best way to mount remote folder

I have two RasberryPi running debian wheezy and I would like to mount a folder from computer A on computer B. What is the best (as in most efficient) way to do this? I can do it via SMB, but that is ...
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5answers
27k views

Find where inodes are being used

So I received a warning from our monitoring system on one of our boxes that the number of free inodes on a filesystem was getting low. df -i output shows this: Filesystem Inodes IUsed ...
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1answer
21 views

What does mtp://[usb:002,003]/Storage/ mean? [duplicate]

Recently that I connect my Windows phone mobile to my Xubuntu laptop I see mtp://[usb:002,003]/Storage/ alongside the other drives.It shows my phone media files! That actually I can not find it in ...
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2answers
22 views

Can Symbolic Links span different file systems in Unix or Linux

Can Symbolic Links span different file systems in Unix or Linux ??? I.e consider different file systems like ext2 and ext3 can symbolic link span them?
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31 views

tail command doesn't work for heavy files?

I have NAS reindexed log which is almost 6GB. Output is human readable and text format. When i use tail -100f filename.txt It doesn't show anything. I though it was due to file size is ...
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2answers
893 views

File system CRC check

I know that before running the kernel, u-boot (the boot loader) will check the kernel image CRC. Only if it is correct it will go further, else it will give a "Bad CRC" error. I want to do same thing ...
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3answers
2k views

What file systems on Linux store the creation time?

Are there any (good known, reliable) file systems on Linux that store the creation time of files and directories in the i-node table? If there are, is the "changed" time replaced by the creation ...
2
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1answer
461 views

How can I get write access to my usb drives?

I have trouble writing to external drives. They are monuted automatically in Nautilus, but I can not copy anything there ('Paste' and 'create Folder' are just greyed out). Does Anyone have ideas what ...
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3answers
7k views

Birth is empty on ext4

I was just reading up on the Birth section of stat and it appears ext4 should support it, but even a file I just created leaves it empty. ~ % touch test ...
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4answers
45 views

Does the inode change when renaming or moving a file?

in PHP the fileinode() functions returns the inode of a file. I was wondering if I can use it to determine if a file was renamed, moved or modified. I did some tests and it seems the inode stays the ...
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2answers
31 views

Several hard-links with different metadata in Linux using Ext4

Is it possible for Ext4 file systems (or maybe another one understood by Linux) to assign different metadata (like modification time, owner, access rights) to several hard-links that refer to the same ...
0
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1answer
26 views

Program to decrypt file for only one process

I looking for a program to encrypt and decrypt files (better if directory) on fly and for only one process via cli. In my mind it must work like sudo: If you run cat $crypted_file (also in superuser ...
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4answers
5k views

Mounting multiple devices at a single mount point on Linux

Is there a way to mount multiple hard drives to a single mount point? Let's say I run out of space on /home and decide to add an extra hard drive to the computer. How do I scale the space on a mount ...
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2answers
49 views

Ubuntu broken after power failure. How to fix?

I have Ubuntu 11.10. server which suffered from power failure today. Ever since the power went back on the unit works only partially. Some services work OK, some does not start, e.g. apache2ctl ...
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6answers
563 views

Showing only “interesting” mount points / filtering non interesting types

I used mount to show mounted drives, I don't want to see the not so interesting ones (i.e. non-physical). So I used to have a script mnt that did: mount | grep -Ev 'type (proc|sysfs|tmpfs|devpts) ' ...
0
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1answer
47 views

du and ls commands reporting wrong directory size

I'm used to the du command. I often use it with -h option. I report the result in a text file which I use to track space consumers. But I was wondered today to see a directory being reported as using ...
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6answers
313 views

Which partition is mounted to where? [duplicate]

How can we check the mount points for partitions listed in /dev/sd*? For example, I would like know if the partition for my home is /dev/sda4.
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2answers
1k views

Querying an overlayfs

I'm looking for a way to query a mounted overlay filesystem (overlayfs) in order to check it's upper and lower directory, but until now I haven't found any suitable command for that. Is there is a way ...
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2answers
6k views

How to force drop all partitions and erase disk from terminal?

My question is in fact related to OS X, however I'm using Linux tools to resolve my problem. I'm trying to delete all the partitions on my SSD drive and create new GUID (HFS+) partition table. Native ...
5
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2answers
8k views

Format external hard drive to linux compatible file system

How do I format my external hard drive to a very Linux compatible file system?
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0answers
10 views

Possible to detect and alert when SMB writes cryptolocker to a share?

I need to make an alert,task, or action when cryptolocker uploads a specific app into the OS How can I hook into the filesystem in such a way so that I can detect this? For reference, I'm using ...
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3answers
555 views

How to know if /dev/hda2 is Primary partition or Extended partition

If all four primary partitions exist on an IDE drive, they are numbered as follows: /dev/hda1 /dev/hda2 /dev/hda3 /dev/hda4 We have also the partitions on a disk with one primary partition and ...
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shared filesystem with offline access

I would like a shared filesystem with offline access. I have two machines. One is a light laptop with a small amount of SSD storage that I carry with me. The other is a stay-at-home computer with much ...
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4answers
1k views

Why is writing SLOW on raw device, and FAST on filesystem (USB key)?

I have a USB key (PQI U822V-Speedy 32G) that I am trying to benchmark quick'n'dirty on Linux. I'm testing write bandwith. dd on raw partition I created a partition starting at sector 2048, then did ...
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1answer
18 views

Smallest file block size (ext 3, 4)

I'm curious, what is the smallest size a file can really be on Linux? (Assuming Ext3 fs, so why not ext4 fs as well). Sure you can write a file that only contains one byte, or maybe even less; but ...
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197 views

Is btrfs suitable as backup filesystem?

Right now I have a pretty traditional backup filesystem structure on top of ext4. Every time a backup is made, a new folder backup-DATE is created to which files are rsync'ed (with hardlinks made ...
0
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1answer
44 views

how to read and write to a filesystem in linux?

I have a hard disk and partitioned it into several partitions. How can i read and write into the filesystem. What is the use of mountpoint? If a process has to write or read something from that ...
18
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7answers
8k views

Is there a file search engine like “Everything” in Linux?

On Windows there a nice file search engine called Everything, which is (unlike find) very fast and (unlike locate) always returns up to date results. AFAIK it works by filling a database from the ...
0
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1answer
32 views

Overhead when relocating a directory to a different file system using a symbolic link

I need to relocate some frequently accessed files to a different file system. The simplest way of doing this is to move the directory containing the files to the new file system and creating a ...
0
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0answers
20 views

Detecting filesystem changes without direct fs-support

How do I detect changes (additions, deletions, modifications) to a directory tree without filesystem support (like btrfs snapshots)? I want to list all changes to a specific directory tree on an ext2 ...
2
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2answers
959 views

Debian won't boot: udevd fails to load device sda and sdb

I can't boot my Debian system, I got this error during boot up: Driver 'pcspkr' is already registered, aborting. I have solved this by adding blacklist snd-pscp to /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist.conf ...
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2answers
11k views

how can I recursively delete empty directories in my home directory? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to remove all empty directories in a subtree? I create directories very often, scattered over my home directory, and I find it very hard to locate and delete them. ...
11
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3answers
3k views

EXT3: If block size is 4K, why does ls -l show file sizes below that?

If you run ls -l on a file that contains one letter, it will list as 2B in size. If your file system is in 4k blocks, I thought it rounded files up to the block size? Is it because ls -l actually ...
1
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1answer
25 views

Storing documents and backups on several different drives

Currently I have Ubuntu installed on a 120GB SSD. However I also have 3 more hard drives installed on the computer, 2 x 640GB in aRAID array and a 60GB SSD. What I am trying to achieve is to use the ...
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2answers
18 views

file creation and acces monitoring app [duplicate]

I remember long time ago I had some antivirus on windows which had wile accesses monitor, and could tell you if any process accesses a file.I need to monitor every file in my home folder(or any other) ...
2
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2answers
44 views

Concatenate two files to loop-mount the filesystem inside them

I have two files diskimage.part1 and diskimage.part2 on an external slow (USB 2) hard drive and I need to do the equivalent of cat diskimage.part{1,2} > diskimage mount -o ro,loop diskimage ...
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0answers
71 views

No space left on device, with 320 GB free

I'm a bit lost. I have a 500 GB external hard drive with its original filesystem still in place. The last command (dd writing to a file within this filesystem) failed with "no space left on device". ...
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0answers
27 views

ack.pl tool and ack.pl flags

I am using the ack.pl tool in order to search string or IP’s in files The official site of ack.pl is - http://beyondgrep.com/documentation/ Example of ack.pl CLI ( want to find the string ...
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2answers
68 views

Which file system is better for Ceph?

I've read the Ceph OS recommendations document, but still I have a question. Which file system is better for Ceph? XFS, ext4, or something else?
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0answers
30 views

How can I recovery data? Or how can I fix file system without deleting of data?

I have done fsck.ext4 -f /dev/sda5 but questions were too much and I close one several times. After that I used several times e2fsck. But it was very slowly and I stopped one several times too. ...
53
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1answer
2k views

Why are there so many different ways to measure disk usage?

When I sum up the sizes of my files, I get one figure. If I run du, I get another figure. If I run du on all the files on my partition, it doesn't match what df claims is used. Why are there so many ...
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0answers
19 views

Is there a way to backup and restore ACL file and folder permissions on linux the way that there is using icacls in Windows? [duplicate]

In Windows you can do this (backup and restore ACL permissions) can you do this in Linux? And to clarify, I mean ACLs in Linux, I do not mean the default permissions modified with chmod / chown.
2
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0answers
25 views

How to check if GRUB is password protected or not?

Is there any command to check whether GRUB boot loader is password protected or not? What is the file path? where it stores this information specially on Debian OS.
2
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1answer
39 views

What is in /dev /proc and /sys

After mount there are listed some filesystems. I need to know what's in the /dev, /proc and /sys. Some examples would be great!
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get all files and folders from image file [migrated]

C program that reads a disk image specified as a command line argument and prints the paths for all files and directories in the image.If the entry is a directory, print a forward slash at the end of ...
3
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1answer
972 views

Can virtfs/9p be used as root file system?

Is it possible to use a folder shared from the host to the guest via virtfs/9p as the root file system inside the guest? Loosely related to my previous question: Can virtfs/9p be used to share the ...
3
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2answers
76 views

How can I test if my /tmp “works”?

I had to delete some files and whatever, long story, I ran sudo rm -rf /tmp/. Now, on mac (might be universal, I'm not sure) it is a symlink to /private/tmp/. But my /tmp/ folder has a thumbnail ...
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3answers
26 views

Should I put old projects in tarballs

I never really used tarballs/archived much, except for uploads (with compression). Now I've accumulated a huge list of software projects coding experiments -- basically directories with lots and lots ...