A filesystem is a method of storing and organizing computer files and their data.

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harddisk not recognized / filesystem too large to mount safely on this system / hdparm shows garbage

I have a 4 TB Verbatim external hard disk with ext4. It can be successfully mounted at my Raspberry Pi. I am trying to plug it at my WD Mybook Live Duo device where I have SSH root access. When I ...
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24 views

how to access with Linux to the real block size info of a filesystem when it is mounted on nfs?

I have a Centos 6.5 and Solaris 5 machines. I'm trying to get the information about block size of a filesystem in the member f_frsize of statvfs. I tried first from Centos but when the filesystem is ...
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1answer
9 views

Multiple file systems on BeagleBone Black?

I'm trying to put together a BeagleBone Black using Debian on the EMMC, a separate MicroSD card and a flash USB disk (but could ostensibly be platter media on USB). My question, simply put: are there ...
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71 views

Determine if zfs is the actual filesystem [on hold]

With Solaris 11 the default filesystem should be zfs, but following the official guide I obtained (with cat /etc/default/fs) LOCAL=ufs Is this an error? I thought that the same information was in ...
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966 views

How to increase the size of rootfs?

So I got this error today and decided to investigate: /etc/init.d/mysql: ERROR: The partition with /var/lib/mysql is too full! ... failed! I'm not sure how... but I've filled up my rootfs ...
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1answer
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why doesn't iozone generate output file?

I'm using iozone3 for tesing, on Xamin (an Debian-based OS). When I enter iozone command, for example iozone -Rab output.xls, the test runs successfully. But after running the test (after displaying ...
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431 views

File system CRC check

I know that before running the kernel, u-boot (the boot loader) will check the kernel image CRC. Only if it is correct it will go further, else it will give a "Bad CRC" error. I want to do same thing ...
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How to copy to a formatted image without root privileges?

I have formatted an image file using the mkfs command, and I would now like to copy files to that image file without root privileges. I have already tried to mount the image to a local directory, ...
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25 views

Regarding identical copies of gedit files

When ever I save a gedit file in a directory, two copies of it get saved with identical content. Ex: If the gedit file is named as file_name and saved in Home directory then when u ls the Home ...
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42 views

Avoid infinite loops in file operations

In many programs, such as in this example filezilla, when I go to use certain directories they get stuck in an infinite loop. So I might be uploading a folder to an FTP server, but this folder links ...
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903 views

Mount exFAT file system as user without hardcoding

I've "solved" the following problem, but not in a desirable way. First, mounting exFAT file systems in Linux was truly as simple as this site says. The catch is, "as long as you are root." A user ...
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244 views

read only root filesystem

Somehow my Debian went to read only in root file system. I have no idea how this could have happened. For example when I am in /root folder and type command nano and after that press Tab to list ...
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4answers
317 views

Why is writing so slow on raw device, and so fast on filesystem (USB key)?

I have a USB key that I am trying to benchmark quick'n'dirty on Linux. I'm testing write bandwith. dd on raw partition I created a partition starting at sector 2048, then did a 4 GB sequential ...
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2answers
43 views

How to format a 1GB USB stick to FAT32 with 512 bytes sector?

I am trying hard to format a 1GB USB stick so that I can use it to install a new linux OS. Because the Disk utility has failed me when creating the file system. I tried to do it manually using fdisk ...
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1answer
127 views

monitor file permission changes

How can I figure out which process is changing the permissions of a file? on a Debian server, I have the problem that something is changing the permissions on /dev/null every day at 6:20 (since 3 ...
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4answers
81 views

mount info for current directory

I can do df . to get some of the info on the mount that the current directory is in, and I can get all the info I want from mount, but get to much info. I can grep it down, but am wondering if there ...
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Is there a file search engine like “Everything” in Linux?

On Windows there a nice file search engine called Everything, which is (unlike find) very fast and (unlike locate) always returns up to date results. AFAIK it works by filling a database from the ...
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Defining Languages Available at boot - LiveCD

I am trying to create a refined version of the buggy uck for customizing Ubuntu LiveCD ISO, here it is if you're interested in helping. NOTE: The process is straight-forward, except when customizing ...
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2answers
720 views

Debian won't boot: udevd fails to load device sda and sdb

I can't boot my Debian system, I got this error during boot up: Driver 'pcspkr' is already registered, aborting. I have solved this by adding blacklist snd-pscp to /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist.conf ...
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Why are block sizes limited by page size in Linux?

In many (all?) file systems that Linux uses, including ext2/3/4, the maximum block size is the page size of the architecture Linux is running on, ie. 4KiB on x86. Why is there this limit? Might this ...
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1answer
3k views

Mounting a multi-partition (GPT/HFS+) USB 2.0 harddrive on Debian

I have a 3TB USB 2.0 hard-drive which has two HFS+ (Mac) partitions using GUID partition table for the partition records. It was partitioned with Mac OS Disk Utility. How can I mount these partitions ...
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1answer
19 views

Installing a new OpenBSD kernel “safely”: why does `make install` go through these extra hoops?

After building a new OpenBSD kernel, the install target of the kernel Makefile does the following: rm -f /obsd ln /bsd /obsd cp bsd /nbsd mv /nbsd /bsd I understand that the first two lines remove ...
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2answers
49 views

Can the Operating System access a particular filesystem after it has been unmounted?

I have mounted a filesystem at a particular directory and I replace a file present in the filesystem.I now unmount the filesystem. Is there any possibility of Operating system accessing the replaced ...
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6k views

How to repair a corrupted HFS+ partition from a damaged hard-disk?

I have a friend's Mac OS X disk that comes with an HFS+ partition. I am supposed to recover the personal data from this disk, and I'm not yet sure if the filesystem is corrupted or the disk is dying). ...
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1answer
409 views

What determines the maximum file size in ext2 file system

I was reading the Kernel Documentation where it says There are various limits imposed by the on-disk layout of ext2. Other limits are imposed by the current implementation of the kernel code. ...
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Copying Linux NFS files to a standard consumer external hard drive

I am a graduate student and a relative Linux novice. My institution has an in-house Linux cluster on which I run many scientific simulations. I have a Windows desktop computer from which I access ...
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Proper file system for an External Hard Drive to work well on Linux [duplicate]

I have a External Hard Drive (EHD) I want to use to backup the data on my Linux laptop. I want to know how I should format my EHD for it to work correctly with Linux. Thanks.
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1answer
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ext4 filesystems frequently corrupting

We have occasional power outages in our environment which seems to cause data corruption on our Ubuntu machines with ext4 filesystems. To my understanding ext4's default is to use data=ordered ...
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Mount filesystems after boot to avoid fsck delay for sshd

I'm trying to optimise the overall downtime and improve availability in case of system failure. I'm specifically concerned about the reboot (e.g. after a kernel panic) taking so long that I don't ...
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1answer
571 views

Preventing access blocking while external HDD spins up?

I have an old laptop where I installed Debian along with a samba server which I am using to share read-write access to 4 external hard drives, which I use to stream my media from. All works fine, ...
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How to use Reiser4 on Debian Wheezy?

Is there an easy way to use Reiser4 on Debian Wheezy? I installed reiser4progs but obviously I need a patched Kernel as well to use it. Is there some semi-officially maintained kernel to install ...
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51 views

NFS mounting wrong File System

I have followed this How To ( https://help.ubuntu.com/community/SettingUpNFSHowTo ). My machine has a file system 30GB and other File System of 1TB mounted on /backup As this How To says to create a ...
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Use/See whole the flash memory space

When we bought a N Giga Byte flash memory, the free space that the OS provide for us, is less than N GigaBytes. For example, for a 2 GB flash memory, total space that we can use, is 1.86 GB. As far ...
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1answer
333 views

How do I mount a UFS disk in read-write mode?

I have a system drive that has filled up to the last sector, so that it doesn't boot anymore. The file system is UFS (it's an old Freenas 0.7 installation), but since UFS write support doesn't appear ...
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3answers
321 views

How can the mac time code “b” be “n/a”?

There are 4 mac time codes for linux ext2: M -- modified A -- accessed C -- created B -- n/a How can one be "n/a"? What does it mean?
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Reserved space for root on a filesystem - why?

I understand that by default, newly created filesystems will be created with 5% of the space allocated for root. I also know you can change the defined space with: tune2fs -m 1 /dev/sdXY What I'm ...
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20 views

Unix filesys reserved space [duplicate]

I've read that in Unix, you can configure the file-system to reserve certain amount of space for root. Which configuration property is it?
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How can I expand ext4 partition size on debian

I have a drive with this configuration: fdisk -l Disk /dev/sda: 500.1 GB, 500107862016 bytes 255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 60801 cylinders Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes Sector size ...
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Sum of all files does not add up to used disk space. Why?

A big folder on my external hard drive is missing and I am trying to find out where it went. When looking at the properties of my volume I found this weird difference between the sum of all files and ...
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How can I unveal files on my external hard drive?

I copied a big folder (around 110 GB) from my (Mac 10.7.5) computer onto a hard drive (exFAT). It took quite some time and afterwards I even checked that the files were actually there. After more ...
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1answer
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Get allocation status of a file's range in an FS which supports delayed allocation

For a very large file with delayed-allocation, some sectors may have been allocated and some may not. Delayed allocation is supported by ext4/xfs/etc.. For example, create an empty file and set to ...
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2answers
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Is the content of a file always stored continuously?

In ext filesystems, Is the content of a file always stored continuously? Or the file conent can be partitioned into different parts, with each part stored continuously, and all the parts stored not ...
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Cannot mount second 1TB harddrive in Linux, works fine in Windows 8.1

So I have this problem with my second hard-drive that I have been trying to fix for quite awhile now with no luck. I have searched around to try to find solutions to my problem but nothing seemed to ...
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2answers
23k views

timestamp, modification time, and created time of a file

I just know that ls -t and ls -f give different sorting of files and subdirectories under a directory. What are the differences between timestamp, modification time, and created time of a file? How ...
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1answer
44 views

Relation between the filename and inode of a file

For a file, it is said that its "filename" points to its inode. Does it mean that its "file name" is a data structure that has or is a pointer pointing to its inode? It is also said that its ...
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33 views

Debian file's permissions for secondary's group of user

I am installing a proftpd server on a debian dedicated server, In order to be able to update some website files in this folder : /var/www/website I have added a new user : my-ftp-user This user's ...
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1answer
39 views

What is advisory locking on files that Unix systems typically employs?

I read that Unix like system typically use advisory locking for file IO vs mandatory locking used by Microsoft OS's. If I understood correctly in mandatory locking file lock is enforced by the OS ...
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33 views

Create new temporary directory

What's an effective way of creating a new /tmp directory, that behaves just like /tmp (purged on reboot, etc.), but in a different location? In my case, I want to create a ~/dev/tmp directory where I ...
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Why hard links not allowed to directories in UNIX/Linux

I read in text books that UNIX/Linux doesn't allows hard links to directories but soft links do. Is it because, when we have cycles and if we create hardlinks, and after some time we delete the ...
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232 views

Ways to organize and access frequently visited directories and files?

In my Ubuntu, I have added some frequented directories to the bookmarks of Nautilus, for visiting them quicker. Nautilus can consume a lot of memory, when it has been kept open for long and there ...