A filesystem is a way to organize and store computer files with their data.

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Delete the first n bytes of a file in O(n) time

I've been browsing around looking for a solution for a personal project (Read: a coding experiment), but nothing quite seems to fit. To be honest, I don't even know if it's possible. Now, there's ...
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572 views

How can I get write access to my usb drives?

I have trouble writing to external drives. They are monuted automatically in Nautilus, but I can not copy anything there ('Paste' and 'create Folder' are just greyed out). Does Anyone have ideas what ...
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Is there a simple way to move btrfs subvolumes to a different btrfs filesystem?

I have two separate btrfs filesystems which I would like to consolidate. The subvolume structure looks like this: / filesystemA |- subvolume1 |- subvolume2 |- ... |- subvolumeN / filesystemB |- ...
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328 views

Is btrfs suitable as backup filesystem?

Right now I have a pretty traditional backup filesystem structure on top of ext4. Every time a backup is made, a new folder backup-DATE is created to which files are rsync'ed (with hardlinks made ...
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How does rootfs.ext3 image file work?

I have a FriendlyARM mini6410 device and I have just hardly make it boot from sdcard. Now my sdcard uses "u-boot for mini" (u-boot.bin), "linux2.6.38 kernel" (zImage) and "rootfs qtopia fs" ...
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14 views

Create permissions for group to write and files created by owner are only writeable by owner

I have created a folder, /hello: it has the following permissions: Owner = rwx Group = rwx Others = r and the folder is owned by john and belongs to the group sales. I have created another user ...
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What is the difference in file size between Symbolic and Hard links?

I plan to keep all my movies in one giant folder, and then create other folders for the genres, while creating links for all the movies in the genre folder. This way I can organize movies into ...
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Querying an overlayfs

I'm looking for a way to query a mounted overlay filesystem (overlayfs) in order to check it's upper and lower directory, but until now I haven't found any suitable command for that. Is there is a way ...
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filesystem not detected while booting after regular updating

I am using RHEL7. After a latest regular update, my computer not booting. I noticed that, during updating, the kernel also got updated. All my attempt with previous kernel version,which is listed in ...
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3k views

Where do the files go if you mount a drive to a folder that already contains files?

I just accidentally mounted a new drive to a folder that already contained files. I don't care about them and have them somewhere else, but that folder appears empty now. I'm curious what happened ...
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OracleSolaris 11.2 - delete a directory which is mount point

I removed a user from the syste, with userdel -r user however it still keeps its homedirectory /export/home/user, although the contents has been removed. The directory is mounted, but I don't know ...
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23 views

Copy BTRFS partition to external harddisk BTRFS partition including snapshots

I have a question about backuping BTRFS partitions. Assume I have a BTRFS partition on /dev/sda1 and an external harddrive with BTRFS on /dev/sdb1. I already found out I can make an initial backup ...
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20 views

Performance of `tar -xf` (block size related)

I'm recently working on optimizing the performance of tar -xf, i.e. untar a file. I notice that under default settings, tar -xf calls writes to write 10 KiB output at a time in chunks. However, this ...
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Find where inodes are being used

So I received a warning from our monitoring system on one of our boxes that the number of free inodes on a filesystem was getting low. df -i output shows this: Filesystem Inodes IUsed ...
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8k views

Installing Android-x86 on a USB (not creating a Live USB)?

I want to carry around an Android OS install on a USB so I can have a Google Authenticator with me everywhere I go since I don't own any mobile devices. The idea being that I can run Android through ...
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36 views

btrfs filesystem end offset (image size)

I have a btrfs filesystem of about 7G in a 10G image file img.btrfs (I shrank it using btrfs fi resize -3G /mnt). How can I find the total size (end byte offset) of the filesystem, so that I can ...
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22 views

How To Induce RO To Linux FS

I've read in several places that during I/O error to system log file most linux distributions go to read only mode. Followed by how to recover from it. This is all fine, but I'm looking for a way to ...
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Completely hidden directory on ACFS imported via NFS

how is this possible: [root@oda001-d0 .ACFS]# pwd /OVS/Repositories/repo1/.ACFS [root@oda001-d0 .ACFS]# ls -la .. total 148 drwxr-xr-x 8 root root 4096 Jun 23 11:45 . drwxr-xr-x 5 root root 4096 ...
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Is there a file search engine like “Everything” in Linux?

On Windows there a nice file search engine called Everything, which is (unlike find) very fast and (unlike locate) always returns up to date results. AFAIK it works by filling a database from the ...
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30 views

Where should startup scripts for a specific user be installed?

I have one script that will run when a specific user logs in. Where should this script and its assets be placed? I was planning to put it in /usr or /bin or /var, but I was wondering if there's a ...
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Debian won't boot: udevd fails to load device sda and sdb

I can't boot my Debian system, I got this error during boot up: Driver 'pcspkr' is already registered, aborting. I have solved this by adding blacklist snd-pscp to /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist.conf ...
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Misc file corruption freebsd 10 and dns zone file

The computer is a VPS from Vultr. They tell me that "since it is loaded into RAM and not really a drive, nothing on the host would be causing this." One particular file, my zone file, will come up ...
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1answer
2k views

Proper way to delete contents of directory [duplicate]

What is the proper way to delete all the contents of a directory, without said directory? For example, I have the following directory structure: foo/ bar1/ bar2/ x.txt I want to delete ...
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How to determine what filesystem a directory exists on?

I have an NFS share which is shared across about two other machines. I recently realized that one of the servers isn't sharing the directory and is keeping files all for itself. Is there a way to see ...
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Can I find the filesystem a file is going to be installed to? [duplicate]

I have a list of files along with their filepaths, that I'm planning to copy into a server. Is there a way, I could figure out before I copy, which filesystem it actually would go into? assuming the ...
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Ext3 Journaling Question on inode and disk layout

I was going through Journaling and JBD and wanted to ask you a very basic question for which I was not getting an answer: 1.Why Journal Inode number comes as 8 when we do ./dumpe2fs? 2.So far my ...
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Mounting a multi-partition (GPT/HFS+) USB 2.0 harddrive on Debian

I have a 3TB USB 2.0 hard-drive which has two HFS+ (Mac) partitions using GUID partition table for the partition records. It was partitioned with Mac OS Disk Utility. How can I mount these partitions ...
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Load root partition on embedded linux system

I'm using a zynq-7000 SoC, running a custom petalinux build, which is on an SD card. The boot partition contains a boot.bin (the bootloaders etc) and an image (containing the kernel). The root ...
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How to trap an event when a file with a specific content (given by e.g. checksum) was created on the local file system?

I want to implement sort of trip-wire security mechanism, that tracks in real time events when user writes a file with a specific content on hard drive of his workstation (which will be managed by ...
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1answer
2k views

/etc/fstab is mounting rw filesystem as read-only

A partition of my internal hard drive (not the root partition) I want to mount automatically on boot. I've been using /etc/fstab to mount my external backup drive automatically read-only, so this is ...
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What is metadata, and how does it aid in the “fsck” process?

If I understand it correctly, "fsck" is used in UNIX systems to check for internal consistency within disks after there has been a crash. I was wondering, then, how it uses "metadata" to make sure ...
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33 views

Download small ZFS formatted image

I don't run Linux myself, so I'm the odd one out here, but I have hopelessly been searching for a small image file that contains ZFS (e.g. ZFS formatted media). I like to implement ZFS recognition in ...
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2answers
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Transforming a disk from MBR to GPT

I have a disk with classic MBR and want to transform it to use GPT without data loss. I have seen several more or less useful tutorials, but most of them are dealing with the specific problems related ...
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How to format a partition inside of an img file?

I created an img file via the following command: dd if=/dev/zero bs=2M count=200 > binary.img It's just a file with zeroes, but I can use it in fdisk and create a partition table: # fdisk ...
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1answer
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How to find directories whose size is greater than 4K?

When you have many files in one directory, the size of the directory file grows because it needs to store more entries. So, at some point it could look like this: # ls -ldh /var/log drwxr-xr-x 15 ...
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107 views

How to create an FS under SunOS?

So there is a global zone, and we need to create an FS on a non-global zone. Also we need the new FS in a new DG/Volume inside the DG of the zone (if we see it from the global zone). How to do it? ...
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Change the owner of an ntfs filesystem mounted via fstab

I want to mount a partition on boot and need it to have read, write and execute permissions. I'm using 64-bit Arch Linux and created the following /etc/fstab file: /dev/sda1 ...
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How are the reserved GDT blocks used after online resizing in ext3 file system

I am working on Ext3 and after looking at FS layout - ext3 reserves ~1024 blocks as Reserved Group Descriptor Table (reserved GDT blocks are between Group Descriptor blocks and Bitmap blocks). These ...
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1answer
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Open source OS/File Backup solution [closed]

There are quite professional "OS/File" Backup solution from many vendors like Symantec BackupExec/Veeam. But those solutions aren't free & requires license. I am planning to build a open source ...
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1answer
19 views

Using btrfs to sandbox programs

First, for this post, I'm using the term sandbox to really mean separation of filesystem changes only. Neither of these methods would: isolate processes in the sandbox from interacting with other ...
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2answers
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Conceptualizing btrfs - understanding snapshots, and space used

Just starting to learn about btrfs and considering switching. My current thought of btrfs is that operates pretty much like git, with everything tracked, and a commit happening every 30 seconds after ...
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1answer
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Monitor folders mounted via SSHFS

I want to monitor changes made a folder that is mounted via SSHFS. I have tried iwatch but it does not notify when a new file is created, below is the syntax I am using with iwatch: iwatch -e create ...
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1answer
71 views

How to detect special hidden files in Linux (e.g. .reiser_priv)?

I've recently found out that there are special hidden directories found on Linux that are not displayed with ls -a command. Namely the one I encountered is .reiserfs_priv directory located in the root ...
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Recursively lowercase, replace space and remove invalid characters on linux FS

I want to recursively run the following commands on a directory as part of a cron. The first line changes everything to lowercase, the second replaces spaces with _ and the third removes all invalid ...
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How are file types known if not from file suffix?

I would like to know how file types are known if filenames don't have suffixes. For example, a file named myfile could be binary or text to start with, how does the system know if the file is binary ...
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How to track resources' (inodes, blocks) usage change upon starting a program

I am supposed to track how file system's usage of resources (i-nodes, blocks) changes before I start a program, after I start a program, delete its executable file, and then finally after I kill its ...
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How to force drop all partitions and erase disk from terminal?

My question is in fact related to OS X, however I'm using Linux tools to resolve my problem. I'm trying to delete all the partitions on my SSD drive and create new GUID (HFS+) partition table. Native ...
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299 views

Is there an equivalent way to remember directories on mounted volumes like DOS

A while ago, I moved from a purely Windows environment to using Windows and a Mac. Whilst I am slowly getting used to my Mac and loving it, there are a few things that frustrate me. One of them is ...
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Can an NFS stale file handle persist for 2 complete days without any sign?

I have my home directory on an NFS file server, our IT team has moved to another server one week ago. Before the move, I killed all my processes with killall -u my_user_name. After the move, I was ...