A filesystem is a way to organize and store computer files with their data.

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broken fs after removing disk from LVM group

I messed up a bit and I am trying to find the best way to recover. A few days ago, 1 of the physical disk of my lvm setup started to show sign of failure (I/O errors) so I decided to move it to ...
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ZFS datasets attribute inheritance

I have a ZFS filesystem on a Solaris system. In one pool I have an ISCSI share and an NFS share. zfs list tank 1,01G 2,88G 24,0K /tank tank/nfs 24,0K 2,88G ...
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How can I limit or delay the write speed to specify directory?

I want to limit the write speed and limit to specify directory. Make this directory flakey. Make this directory error for can't write data to it. I have user dmsetup to create the device mapper with ...
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Mount success but property of device mapper that dmsetup create is lost

I tried to create device mapper with dmsetup as followed: dmsetup create error_disk 0 20000 linear /dev/loop0 0 20000 1 error 20001 20959 linear /dev/loop0 20001 Then I check with command below: ...
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110 views

How to update directory size after file removal?

This is mostly theorethical question without real practical usage. As you may know, filenames are stored in directory inode. That means the more files we have and the longer filenames are the more ...
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88 views

Free-ing up unused space on a partition that is unaccessible after a mount

Originally I had a 50GB disk where the root / was mounted to a 6 GB partition on it. The partition was running out of room so I created a second partition with the rest of the free space (44 GB). ...
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31 views

How to verify which line in /etc/mtab is not in use

How to verify which line in /etc/mtab ia not in use I will explain Some times on my linux servers some command are hung As df –k So I Suspected on /etc/mtab file , and maybe some line is stuck the ...
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838 views

Forcing owner on created files and folders

I have a directory that contains data shared between a number of users. Access to this directory and anything underneath, will be controlled by the directory's group, which will be added to the users ...
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40 views

Why does Debian prefer a temp file replacing the original over modifying bytes in original file?

In the mp3gain manpages, you can read the following: -t mp3gain writes modified mp3 to temp file, then deletes original instead of modifying bytes in original file (This ...
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227 views

Calls to sync/fsync slow down after 30 minutes uptime

After 30 minutes of uptime using Ubuntu 14.04 with a hybrid SSD I see many processes blocking IO using iotop. This is during disk writes, for example if I open and close an empty file in gedit it can ...
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356 views

Why the size of an empty directory in Linux is 4KB? [duplicate]

I'm using Ubuntu 14.04 and I made an empty directory on /tmp with the mkdir command: cd /tmp mkdir foo and then I checked it's size using ls: ls -ldh foo and the result shows that the size of ...
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115 views

What filesystem mount point am I currently working on?

I would like to know in what filesystem mount point I am currently on, similarly to using pwd to know what directory I am in. I know you can use df . (or df $(pwd) or many variants), but I find it ...
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44 views

how to troubleshoot on whether a file system had actually been unmounted or not.?

We have a server on which, a couple of days before we got an alarm continuously everyday, that a file system has been unmounted. But when we logged into the server the file system is still there ...
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199 views

Resize partition after image using dd to another drive

I have a smaller 120GB drive which has run out of space, which I have imaged to a larger 500GB drive using: dd if=/dev/sdb1 of=/dev/sda4 bs=32M After mounting to /R500 df shows me 100% in use which ...
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144 views

File of Doom freezes any computer that attempts interaction

I have a file on an internal server that causes any machine that interacts with it to immediately and irrecoverably freeze. By interaction, I mean just about anything: rm, mv, cp, cat, vi, gedit, ...
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40 views

How can I make a read-only Linux system (which uses unionfs) read/write for the duration of upgrades?

Assuming having an embedded linux application, and for protection against corruption from example abrupt power offs, you implement a read only system with union fs. But then, how is it possible to ...
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287 views

RPM command stuck/FREEZE when installing RPM file

I want to install the following rpm from some reason RPM is stuck or freeze and not install the RPM package also I cant stop it by control C , please advice what could be the problem ? root]# rpm ...
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44 views

Is it possible to make a symbolic link of a file in other machine?

I have a account in a server and I would like have a symbolic link of some files in my local machine. How can I do this?
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53 views

Why do LiveUSBs use squashfs (and similar) file systems?

Every LiveUSB I have encountered so far uses squashfs or some similar method of "faking" and ext4 file system, while actually keeping the partition type already found on the USB flash drive. Why ...
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305 views

Stat, Blocks and Sector size - ext4

While reading upon how files are stored in the filesystem, I created a testfile which happened to be of size 217 bytes. Checking the output of stat on this file, I saw that this file is occupying 8 ...
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2answers
48 views

Disk usage on another filesystem

I have a directory on my ext4 partition with lots of rather small files. How can I figure out how much space would they use if I copy them to a file system with another cluster size (without actually ...
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149 views

How to specify block size for vFAT file system?

I just read that vFAT support different block size at (this link and in other places. It should be 512 bytes to 32 kb range ). So how can I specify this option in mkfs.vfat tool? Or does mkfs.vfat ...
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70 views

is there any use for /selinux folder, when I don't use selinux?

I'm using Debian Wheezy, and by default a folder /selinux exists on my filesystem, even though I'm not (knowingly) using any SELinux infrastructure. I know that SELinux is intertwined with some ...
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25 views

Many transient files on journaled filesystem?

Writing and deleting many files quickly I'm going to write many temporary files per second, over a sustained period. Each will be deleted after some milliseconds. Say we have an image processing ...
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257 views

Filesystem for boot partition

I created a BIOS boot partition on a hard drive, using gdisk : $ sudo gdisk /dev/sdb Command (? for help): p Disk /dev/sdb: 7821312 sectors, 3.7 GiB Logical sector size: 512 bytes Disk identifier ...
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49 views

Must be in the same VG

I am trying to extend the fs like this, chfs -a size=+290G /Eq7_bakcup but getting this error, what am I doing wrong? mount: Log dev and fs dev must be in the same volume group
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347 views

mkfs.ext4: Discarding device blocks: failed - Input/output error

I am trying to format my new SD card, using following command; mkfs.ext4 -O ^has_journal /dev/mmcblk0p2 and I get following error: Discarding device blocks: failed - Input/output error I don't ...
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Files and Directories Dissappearing from Software Raid on Power Failure

I have a home samba file "server" (a raspberry pi) with two hard drives in a software raid 1, which have proven less reliable than any of my non-raid disks. I know there is a chance for data ...
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135 views

View physical location of a file/directory on a hard disk

Is there any Linux program which offers the same (or some of the) functionality of Sysinternals DiskView, especially being able to view to physical location of a file on a hard disk? DiskView URL: ...
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19 views

What means a number of links > 1 for directories? [duplicate]

Both programs stat and ls -l tell about the number of (hard) links to file(s). Going under the assumption that one usually cannot create hardlinks for directories in Linux it confuses me to see ...
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2answers
28 views

Optimize file layout for minimal seek in specific situations

Starting VLC is slow on my system. The reason: it reads more than 1000 different .so files. Is there a way to make it read those files faster? I think if all the files followed immediately after each ...
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146 views

Covert a .tar file to .ext3 [closed]

Quite a unix noob myself, but is there any way in linux/unix to convert a .tar file to a .ext3 file? The .tar file contains a rootfs folder structure, which I would like to make bootable with grub on ...
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1k views

Can't mount SD card - Wrong filesystem

Just bought a SanDisk microSDHC 8Gb card and tried to change the file system to ntfs (used cfdisk thru terminal). Couldn't mount the device. Tried to change back to FAT32, but still can't mount. ...
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51 views

Recommended file system for cloning AUR-mirror?

I'm beginning to use Arch Linux and wanted to explore the AUR repository. Because of this motivation, I learned two things immediately. Ext3 can support only 32000 sub-directories. (I ran into ...
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106 views

Cannot label F2FS (SELinux)

I'm running Arch Linux [testing] x86_64 For some reasons, I can't relabel my root file system (F2FS) with SELinux (custom kernel compiled, using refpolicy) Kernel ver $ uname -a ...
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728 views

Converting NTFS to Ext3

I recently partitioned a new drive in windows to NTFS. I want to make it ext3 so that I can transfer a WUBI Ubuntu installation onto it. I don't care about the data on this partition. Is there a ...
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NFS Block Size Open File

If I open an NFS file for the first time, what exactly is it that gets "downloaded"? Is it just file metadata and subsequent client requests will request individual blocks? Is it the whole file, or ...
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394 views

cannot create special file /dev/pts/0

When using midnight commander in console, I cannot "toggle" the window (using CTRL-o Not an xterm or Linux console; the panels cannot be toggled however, my $TERM is set to linux. After some ...
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How to repair a file system corruption?

Debian on external USB SSD drive. There was some error in dmesg log file: ...[ 3.320718] EXT4-fs (sdb2): INFO: recovery required on readonly filesystem [ 3.320721] EXT4-fs (sdb2): write access ...
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1answer
54 views

Shared home directories with local duplication

I have a couple Linux computers which are all in the same network. Currently, I use rsync to copy my dotfiles and the like to each machine every couple of days from the master computer. Ideally, I ...
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44 views

How to find out how the filesystem was created?

You can create the filesystem with mkfs... -- how to find out not only what filesystem is used on given partition, but what parameters where passed to mkfs? So how to perform mkfs in reverse -- ...
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Disallowing blank space in file system naming

Most recent versions of most Linux distros allow blank space in file and directory naming. I was wondering if there is a way to disable that and go back to the old UNIX standard of no spaces in file ...
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558 views

What are functional differences between tree-like/hierarchical and flat file systems?

The only differences I can think of are all aesthetic. E.g. When you have many files, it will be hard for the user to navigate to the desired file because it wouldn't be organised nicely like in a ...
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308 views

Which file system (among XFS, BTRFS and EXT4 only) does provide the best data resilience to disk corruption? [closed]

Question: Given these three filesystems: XFS, BTRFS and EXT4, I'm wishing to know which does provide the best data resilience to data corruption in a setup without RAID. And, of course, why? ...
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986 views

Ext2 filesystem for /boot partition

Is the ext2 filesystem good for /boot partition? I set ext4 for / root partition, but wasn't sure which filesystem to select for the /boot partition, and I just set ext2. Does it matter in this case?
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Cannot mount fresh partition twice

I try to partition a harddrive with a script, where I have some trouble remounting the partition. This happens both this btrfs as well as with ext4. So I assume the problem is the partition table, and ...
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How can I make a special file that executes code when read from

Most files on a Linux system are normal files, i.e. they are saved on disk and reading from them just reads from a specified chunk of memory on the disk. How can I make something that behaves like a ...
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how to get filesystem creation time/date for vfat on linux

I want the date, when the filesystem on a usb stick was created. This would be the age of the stick in my case, since I have not recreated it. I have found how to do this for files and ext ...
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64 views

How do I change the OS block size

I am using SUSE 11SP3 and formatted the devices with a block size of 4KB using mkfs.ext3. /sys/block/sda/queue/logical_block_size and /sys/block/sda/queue/physical_block_size show the OS is using 512 ...
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51 views

In Mac Os, what is .DS_store?

In each folder I find a hidden file called .DS_store? What is this exactly?