A filesystem is a way to organize and store computer files with their data.

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EXT4-fs (sdc): VFS: Can't find ext4 filesystem

In short, this is where I found the best answers to my problem with my disks: https://help.ubuntu.com/community/DataRecovery During Fedora 15 installation, I added all my 3 drives to be mounted on ...
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0answers
133 views

129 MB used space shown in the SD card even after formatting it with mkfs.ext4 [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: ext4: How to account for the filesystem space? The full 2 GB space doesn't get shown as free space even after fully formatting it with mkfs.ext4. Are these some system ...
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Choosing filesystem for a 16TB Raid

I'm just putting together a machine with eight 2TB disks. I will be using Raid 6 (12TB of usable capacity) on top of them, but I'm not sure whether I should make LVM on top of the RAID, or what ...
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239 views

arch linux installation, “could not create filesystems”

im installing arch linux, the x86-64 net install. during the part where the hard drive is being processed/erased, i get: "Warning: Could not create all needed filesystems. Either the underlying ...
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Several questions about file-system character encoding on linux

Due to a lot of file exchange works between Windows (GBK encoding) and Linux (UTF-8 encoding), it will encounter character encoding issues easily, such as: zip/tar files whose name contains chinese ...
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How to check if a file is corrupt or not?

Are there any general solutions to check if a file is corrupt or not? For example, whether a video file is bad, or a compressed file is corrupt, etc.
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1answer
318 views

Do the file descriptors get lost when remounting a file system?

If I remount the file system on /home with: mount -o,remount /home will the open file descriptors be lost?
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4answers
620 views

Fast incremental searching of files from shell

I like the command-t script in vim editor that is able to intelligently and incrementally search for files. Is there some similar program that is able to search from shell? It would be great if it ...
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2answers
483 views

Status of adding Reiser4 to the Linux kernel

I used the Reiser4 fs for some time and would love to see it get into the mainline kernel. I would think the project can still go forward even if Hans is not able to contribute these days. Is there ...
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When does UNIX “defrag”? (specifically Solaris)

On Windows, there is Disk Defragmentor that runs every so often to make files contiguous again. I explain this to users in lay-men terms, but at the same time, I would like to mention yet another +1 ...
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How to resize an IMG file's partition info?

I made an ISO this way: sudo partimage save /dev/sdc1 /media/56AE8240AE82191F/Backup/xfcefat.iso The resulting iso file is very small but when mounted I see that it has correctly preserved the ...
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2answers
283 views

With full data journaling, why does data appear in the directory immediately?

I've got a question regarding full data journaling on ext3 filesystems. The man page states the following: data=journal All data is committed into the journal prior to being written into the main ...
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Difference between block size and cluster size

I've got a question concerning the block size and cluster size. Regarding to what I have read about that I assume the following: The block size is the physical size of a block, mostly 512 bytes. ...
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1answer
75 views

What are the ways to improve system stability and prevent data loss in conditions of frequent hard reboots and/or kernel panics?

Suppose we are working in environment where you can't be sure that your computer won't just suddenly shut off. What measures can be taken to improve system's (unix) resist to such failures? And how to ...
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4answers
7k views

The merits of a partitionless filesystem

I ran into something a couple of weeks ago that I'd never seen before: A filesystem (ext3 I believe) installed to a storage device without a partition. In essence /dev/sdb was the entire filesystem. I ...
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2answers
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What is this new /run filesystem?

I just ran df -h a minute ago and noticed a filesystem has been added that I'm not familiar with. Does anyone know why /run exists? Is this something that's been added by the kernel? By Arch Linux? ...
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2answers
1k views

Virtualbox, mounting guest directory on host computer

Is there a way to mount a directory residing on my VB guest (linux) on my host (linux)? I know I can do it the other way around with the shared folders feature on Virtualbox, but is there a way to do ...
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3answers
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Adding an unused partition to a linux filesystem

I am running kubuntu 11.04. I installed it in a dual-boot scenario on a single drive, with Windows XP installed first. The XP installation is fubar so I now would like to use the space in kubuntu. I ...
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How does the Unix file privilege system differ from that of Windows?

Related question: How does the Linux file system/organization differ from Windows? I am somewhat familiar with how privileges work when it comes to files and directories - each entry has an owner and ...
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ext4: How to account for the filesystem space?

I've recently formated a 1.5 TB drive with the intention of replacing ntfs with ext4. Then I noticed that the files I saved don't fit on the new partition. df: ext4 (ext3 & ext2 show the same ...
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4answers
5k views

What is the “directory order” of files in a directory (used by `ls -U`)?

According to the man page for ls, ls -U means: do not sort; list entries in directory order. What does "directory order" mean, and how is it determined? The following test (executed on an ...
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4answers
2k views

File system for an SSD drive

I always thought that traditional file systems, are geared and optimized for non-ssd drive, where, for instance, data locality is important, and fragmentation is problematic. Is there a file system ...
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3answers
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How do I remove a Read-only file system from a usb drive

During an ill-fated attempt to get tinycore linux to boot from a USB drive I managed to create a bunch of files that I now cannot remove. fortino@rebel:/media/working/boot/isolinux$ rm *.* rm: ...
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1answer
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How many files can be saved in one directory on Linux? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Number of files per directory I need to save 1 milion static html files in one directory as there is not possible to group the files into the directories (all files must ...
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2answers
130 views

where on the filesystem do user-generated system scripts go?

I have a couple command line php scripts and also php pages that call the same class file. Instead of having mutiple copies of it floating around, I want to put class.myApi.php in one central location ...
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Where can I see the last mount time?

E.g: I need to know when was the last time a pendrive was mounted. Where could I see that? The pendrive has e.g.: FAT32, EXT3 filesystem.
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Do journaling filesystems guarantee against corruption after a power failure?

I am asking this question on behalf of another user who raised the issue in the Ubuntu chat room. Do journaling filesystems guarantee that no corruption will occur if a power failure occurs? If this ...
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1answer
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Why does “ls *” take so much longer than “ls”?

I have a couple of files in a directory: $ ls | wc -l 9376 Can anybody explain why there is such a huge time difference in using ls * and ls? $ time ls > /dev/null real 0m0.118s user 0m0....
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3answers
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How to change partition UUID (2 same UUID)?

I have a fedora guest OS in VMware. I want to expand /boot partition, so I add another virtual disk to this VM, and try to clone the disk. After dd if=/dev/sda1 of=/dev/sdb1, blkid report that /dev/...
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1answer
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What options are there for tuning Linux file system caching?

What various types of caching are possible in the ext3 file system and how can their values be changed using system calls or other methods? I don't want to use commands or tools.
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2answers
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What mount points exist on a typical Linux system?

I have 2 questions. During Linux installation we specify memory space for 2 mount points - root and swap. Are there any other mount points created without the users notice? Is this statement ...
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1k views

How can I fix linux disk without unmount it?

I had large file 200GB in my ext2 disk, then I deleted it(three are no files in Trash). And I haven't gained any free space. I don't want to use fsck as it requres me to unmount disk. I were windows ...
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How can I de-fragment a drive using Ubuntu?

Is it necessary to defrag drives in Ubuntu? If so, how do I do it and how often should it be done?
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How are extended attributes stored and preserved?

I have a small question about extended file attributes. Assume I label my files with metadata in extended attributes (e.g. to account for the integrity - but this does not matter for my question). The ...
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2answers
3k views

Determine file system timestamp accuracy

File timestamps accuracy is limited to one second for EXT3, one microsecond for UFS, and one nanosecond for EXT4 (at least according to experience). Is there any way to determine this based only on ...
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6answers
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What's the most “correct” mount point for a permanent NTFS partition?

I have an NTFS partition (containing a Windows installation from which I dual boot) that I would like to permanently mount from my Linux installation. Problem is, I can't figure out what the best/...
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How to synchronize a networked drive and an external drive (Ubuntu & OS X)?

In light of a recent hardware failure, I've decided that it's time to be a little less lax regarding back-ups. What I have: An Ubuntu 10.10 'server/NAS' A MacBook 5,2 A WD external HDD The server ...
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1answer
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How do I find on which physical device a folder is located?

Specifically: I did sudo mkdir /work, and would like to verify it indeed sits on my harddrive and not mapped to some other drive. How do I check where this folder is physically located?
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When networkmanager is used, OpenSuSe gets stuck during boot for 10 minutes

I have this problem on all machines that I every installed (different configurations, different geographical locations, even different OpenSuSe versions) and it's extremely irritating. When I turn on ...
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about UFS allocation on FreeBSD

I am wondering what allocation method does UFS use? I know there are several options: contiguous, linked allocation and indexed allocation. Which one is for UFS?
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How much disk space should be allocated for FreeBSD?

I have a Samsung N150 netbook with 160 GB hard disk. I want to install FreeBSD OS. There will be no other OSs, no dual booting or like that, just FreeBSD. So the manual says to have a separate ...
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1answer
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How can we customize linux file systems like ext2/3?

Actually IOzone is a filesystem benchmark tool. The benchmark generates and measures a variety of file operations like sequential reading/writing, random reading/writing. So I want to customize my own ...
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1answer
409 views

Problem on Linux NAND Root Filesystem

I'm have a JFFS2 root filesystem running on a large NAND device. Every once in a while, when I restart the computer, I get error messages about invalid ELF headers when /sbin/init or /bin/login try ...
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3answers
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Really strange FAT32 file listing problem

I'm mounting a FAT32 drive on my NAS (which has a USB port), and hitting a strange issue when I use the ls command on the drive root: ls: cannot access ???²é?u.g: Input/output error ls: cannot ...
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3answers
2k views

How many bits is the access flags of a file?

How many bits on a linux file system is taken up for the permissions of a file?
3
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1answer
120 views

Is it safe to leave a enc folder mounted?

I was looking at this and ecryptfs seems cool. I'd like to use it on my server to encrypt git pushes. I dont want to ssh in everytime to mount/unmount the encrypted folder. However once in a while ...
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2answers
923 views

How to manage huge amount of files in shell?

$ ls ./dir_with_huge_amount_of_files/errors/ Suppose a directory is full of pictures with unix timestamps, I mean a lot measured in many GBs or even more. Shell-commands like ls will get overflow-...
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2answers
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Change file creation time on a FAT filesystem

I need a way to change the creation time of a file on a mounted FAT32 volume. I have to do that because my MP3 player will only read files sorted by this creation time. If I can find a way to set the ...
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Why is deleting files by name painfully slow and also exceptionally fast?

Faux pas: The "fast" method I mention below, is not 60 times faster than the slow one. It is 30 times faster. I'll blame the mistake on the hour (3AM is not my best time of day for clear thinking :).. ...
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1answer
159 views

Filesystem and journal layout

Is there any tools or some way in linux which can be used to view internals of filesystems ? How to view the inode related structures and journal ? and cached pages of files (pagecache).