A filesystem is a way to organize and store computer files with their data.

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7
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2answers
13k views

Format external hard drive to linux compatible file system

How do I format my external hard drive to a very Linux compatible file system?
1
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1answer
580 views

External drive chmod does nothing

Why is it that I can do chmod on my files when they are on my laptops hard drive, but when i make files on my external drive, i can't change their access rights. I do: chmod 755 somefile, and on my ...
2
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1answer
2k views

Why my partitions don't show the right capacity on a 4096 byte physical block hard drive?

After reading a lot about why newer 4096 byte physical block hard drives should be partitioned taking care of alignment (Linux on 4KB-sector disks: Practical advice, What is partition alignment and ...
3
votes
2answers
88 views

Technology / program selection for picture viewing software

I want to learn some Binux usage and/or programming skills and provide an easy to use browser based picture gallery on my local home network. My idea is to have a server machine, that is the Linux ...
3
votes
1answer
708 views

UBI bad block management

Anyone know what happens when UBI uses up all its reserved PEBs that are reserved for bad block management? For example say I have a UBI volume that has 14 PEBs reserved # ubinfo -d 1 ubi1 Volumes ...
1
vote
1answer
127 views

Linking “..” do somewhere other than parent directory and other strange fs beharviors

Can the entry ".." become linked to someplace other than the parent directory? Is it possible to cause "tar" to create this weird behavior? Scenario: I have a pre-built compiler to a embeded system, ...
0
votes
1answer
3k views

File system jfs/btrfs/xfs/ext4 [closed]

I was looking into some of the requirement, where huge amount of recursive files are written and deleted and looking forward if any FS (file system) as such gives advantage on others. I am trying to ...
7
votes
4answers
8k views

How to clone/copy all file/directory attributes onto different file/directory?

I want to copy the attributes (ownership, group, ACL, extended attributes, etc.) of one directory to another but not the directory contents itself. This does not work: cp -v --attributes-only A B ...
11
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2answers
2k views

How to check if two directories or files belong to same filesystem

What's the best way to check if two directories belong to the same filesystem? Acceptable answers: bash, python, C/C++.
32
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5answers
34k views

Clear unused space with zeros (ext3,ext4)

How to clear unused space with zeros ? (ext3,ext4) I'm looking for something smarter than cat /dev/zero > /mnt/X/big_zero ; sync; rm /mnt/X/big_zero Like FSArchiver is looking for "used space" ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Linux and Windows compatible home drive

I want to have a singular home drive for both my Win7 and Arch partitions, so I initially set the partition to NTFS, as so: 5gb / 20gb C: 475gb /home + D: which worked up until I started ...
2
votes
1answer
758 views

Permissions corrupted?

A few weeks ago, I installed Linux Mint on a USB flash drive. I used it to copy the contents of my HFS+ external hard drive to my Windows drive on my desktop. Then, I formatted the external drive to ...
3
votes
6answers
661 views

Fastest way of finding files which contain exclusively some text

I'm trying to figure out the best and fastest way of finding files whose content is specifically "something" Here's the reason: I have a process that I'm pretty sure stores its PID somewhere in a ...
3
votes
2answers
721 views

/var House Keeping [closed]

Does anyone have any general advice or links for doing some house keeping on the /var filesystem on Unix and Linux servers? I have searched the issue quite a bit but can find no real concrete ...
11
votes
2answers
13k views

Create file image container

I would like to create a 100GB file to use as a file-system. The file will be stored on an encrypted volume, so the file/file-system itself does not need to be (further) encrypted. Searching has ...
2
votes
1answer
158 views

Monitor file system [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Is it possible to find out what program or script created a given file? How do I monitor the file system for specific purposes? For example, I read that shutdown (when ...
4
votes
1answer
183 views

ext4 directory lists as a file

I'm working with a large (8TB) EXT4 filesystem in linux. After a power outage, the filesystem wouldn't mount. fsck is taking weeks to complete, but i ran testdisk and i'm able to see my partition ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Besides the journal, what are the differences between ext2 and ext3?

I just saw an answer question about filesystems for embedded hardware on another Stack Exchange site. The question was "What file system format should I use on flash memory?" and the answer suggested ...
1
vote
1answer
334 views

How to prevent fs unmounting?

(Apologies in advance for giving so few details below, but trust me that the set-up and the problem I'm dealing with are truly baroque, and even a superficial description would result in a far ...
3
votes
2answers
191 views

Uniformity of Linux files

How is it that, if you are in a folder with various files --- pictures, binary executables, scripts, even directories, zip files, just about everything --- how it is that when you hit ls -l, you get ...
3
votes
1answer
546 views

Followed SSD-optimization advice, now root partition won't mount rw

Tonight I decided I wanted to tweak the configuration of my Debian install on my netbook (Ideapad S10-2) to work better with the SSD I put in it. I have done this before and never had any issues but ...
10
votes
2answers
5k views

Find filesystem of an unmounted partition from a script

I'm writing a custom automated install using AIF (Arch Installation Framework), and I need to find the filesystem on a partition given a partition. So far I have this: grok_partitions () { local ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

btrfs on openSUSE not releasing disk space

I have an openSUSE 12.1 install on my main desktop running with btrfs filesystem for root (/boot is ext4). I started having issues today with KDE informing me that disk space is almost all gone and ...
12
votes
2answers
10k views

largefile feature at creating file-system

Is useful to use -T largefile flag at creating a file-system for a partition with big files like video, and audio in flac format? I tested the same partition with that flag and without it, and using ...
3
votes
1answer
120 views

To use -c0 -i0 in file-systems with journal

I've several partitions with ext4. Now, I would want if it makes sense to use tune2fs with flags -c0 (max-mount-counts) and -i0 (interval-between-checks) in the partitions with a journal file-system ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Can /mnt/hgfs/'shared folder' be used as apache root?

I have an Ubuntu Server (12.04) running on my development machine. It is in a VM. I have succeeded with the task of setting up Apache2, MySQL, and PHP. I can access the server from my host browser ...
2
votes
0answers
93 views

What are the differences between the current Linux kernel and the Unix SVR4 kernel in terms of device drivers+i/o and virtual files systems?

Yes I realize that Linux supports many more file systems and recognizes more devices than Unix SVR4. I'm interested in what the differences are in the abstraction on top of an actual file system, or ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

How to delete a file with multiple colon signs in its name?

I have a folder with so many files whose name has multiple colon signs. For example: Mail::Message::Field::Full.3pm.gz. I wonder how to delete them. I have tried rm ...
1
vote
0answers
664 views

How can I determine how directories/filesystems have been mounted?

I have access to a VM which on a different network at work using NIS. (Debian by the way) This VM has about 10 extra /directories in / when I log in. They do not exist on that VM alone, they are ...
6
votes
3answers
591 views

Bash autocomplete gives different file name than ls

An incredibly strange thing just happened. Through a serious typo, I entered cp filename.xsl .^?~ Yeah, that's right, dot-caret-questionmark-tilde! Truth is stranger than fiction. It gets weirder. ...
5
votes
3answers
695 views

File size of 60.0 PB is wrong. Can deleting it cause data loss?

While backing up some data (a 200 GB home directory) with rsync, I got an I/0 error for a particular file, after which rsync continued on "normally" with its backup. The problem source file showed as ...
3
votes
3answers
365 views

Is it safe to use GParted while booted?

I have Linux Mint installed on an external hard drive, and I have the 4 main partitions (/boot, swap, /, and /home). I also have 600GB of unallocated space. I know there's always the chance of data ...
0
votes
2answers
4k views

How can I rename all files in the current directory having a particular extension to another extension? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Renaming multiple files (changing extension) Suppose that in my current/working directory I have five files: file1.xvg file2.xvg file3.xvg file1.eps file2.eps Is ...
5
votes
5answers
4k views

How can I mount partitons in a full disk image (i.e. image with partition table) with fuse?

It's a bit indirect, but it's possible mount a partition with a disk image using mount or losetup's "offset" parameter. I'm looking to be able to use fuse to do the same thing in user space Use ...
14
votes
5answers
10k views

How can I copy a file and create the target directories at the same time?

I want to cp aaa/deep/sea/blob.psd to bbb/deep/sea/blob.psd How do I do the copy if the deep and sea directories don't exist under bbb so that the copy both creates the directories that are needed ...
4
votes
5answers
605 views

How does this directory use so much space

Unix is not my native language and I'm getting confused by their concept of filesystems. When I look at my free space I see: /$ df -kh Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on ...
1
vote
1answer
476 views

wdfs mount problem

I'm running Fedora/Gnome 3.4.2 64bit and I'm trying to mount a webdav file system to work with. As root, I run the command #mkdir /mnt/webdav #wdfs https://www.webiste.com:port/directory ...
4
votes
3answers
961 views

Copying a deeply nested directory structure

I have to copy a directory structure to a new host as part of an application migration. The directory structure is as follows: {10 - ff} / {00 - ff} / {00 - ff} (non-inclusive) / uniquefilename So ...
2
votes
1answer
302 views

Overwrite file and apply file system rights of overwritten files?

I backed up some linux configuration files to a windows machine, so the file system rights were lost. Now I would like to restore my backed up configuration by overwriting the configuration currently ...
26
votes
2answers
5k views

Where do the files go if you mount a drive to a folder that already contains files?

I just accidentally mounted a new drive to a folder that already contained files. I don't care about them and have them somewhere else, but that folder appears empty now. I'm curious what happened ...
-12
votes
3answers
241 views

File name in file system [closed]

I have a strange question about file system in Unix. Why isn't it possible to give the same name to two files under same directory ? Wouldn't it be possible to use IDs to differentiate between ...
9
votes
3answers
3k views

ext2/3/4 reserved blocks percentage purpose

I know that this feature dates back 20 years but I still would like to find out What is the purpose of the reserved blocks in ext2/3/4 filesystems?
6
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the space overhead of different filesystems?

I backed up/restored a filesystem from a Ubuntu system to a Fedora 17 one. I noticed that according to df output the used space increased by 30 %. What could be the reasons for this? At the Fedora ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Is Native Language Support (NLS) kernel support still necessary?

Does ext4 / cifs system need kernel NLS support ? I'm not sure if it's being handled by user-space program (decoding / encoding) ?
3
votes
1answer
13k views

disabling journal vs data=writeback in ext4 file system

What is the difference between disabling journal on ext4 file system using: tune2fs -O ^has_journal /dev/sda1 and using data=writeback when mounting? I thought ext4 - journal = ext2. means when we ...
4
votes
1answer
5k views

Mounting a multi-partition (GPT/HFS+) USB 2.0 harddrive on Debian

I have a 3TB USB 2.0 hard-drive which has two HFS+ (Mac) partitions using GUID partition table for the partition records. It was partitioned with Mac OS Disk Utility. How can I mount these partitions ...
4
votes
1answer
4k views

Recover a reiserfs hard disk

I'm unable to mount my 300GB external (in external enclosure) HDD's single partition. None of the fsck tools add anything, they cannot even recognize the partition. I had forgotten whether I had used ...
0
votes
0answers
113 views

Real copy to Android device

When i copy files to the Android phone, they are copied to some cache, but they aren't written. I don't like it, because i don't know what is done. I've tried these methods: copying via thunar file ...
4
votes
3answers
770 views

Monitor directory and if a file is requested then rsync on demand

Is there a tool that monitors a certain directory and if a program tries to access a file in that directory, the program loads that file from another place transparent for any application that tries ...
9
votes
4answers
21k views

Is it possible to compress a very large file (~30 GB) using gzip?

Is it possible to compress a very large file (~30 GB) using gzip? If so, what commands, switches, and options should I use? Or is there another program (preferably one commonly available on Ubuntu ...