A filesystem is a way to organize and store computer files with their data.

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17
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2answers
2k views

Why is JFS so obscure?

When I first got into using Slackware years ago I quickly learned to love JFS over ext3 or reiserfs given that it was reliable and if there was an unclean shutdown, its disk checking was very very ...
4
votes
3answers
5k views

Why can't I copy my DVD with dd?

I tried dd, dd_rescue and ddrescue, all failed. I thought these tools bypass the filesystem and make a bitwise copy. dd is fooled, it finishes but just produces a small file and states it's finished. ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

EXT4 requiring twice as much storage space - Ubuntu / Beets

I have a question I'm struggling to research an answer for. I have am building a Ubuntu media server at home and decided to carve up my 2TB bulk storage disk into various partitions. I created a ...
-3
votes
0answers
21 views

File layer (want to get requested filename) [on hold]

Imagine that there is running application that wants to read a file from working directory. When it happens I want to get a name of requested file and check if it is existing in specified directory, ...
2
votes
3answers
76 views

Bulk remove a large directory on a ZFS without traversing it recursively

I want to remove a directory that has large amounts of data on it. This is my backup array, which is a ZFS filesystem, linear span, single pool. The data is in this pool called san, mounted on /san ...
1
vote
4answers
513 views

Fast incremental searching of files from shell

I like the command-t script in vim editor that is able to intelligently and incrementally search for files. Is there some similar program that is able to search from shell? It would be great if it ...
11
votes
5answers
573 views

Is there a more succinct alternative to piping to wc for counting files in a directory

If I do ls -1 target_dir | wc -l, I get a count of files in a directory. I find this a bit cumbersome. Is there a more elegant or succinct way?
3
votes
1answer
70 views

Where are my inodes going?

My root filesystem is running out of inodes. If this were an issue of disk space, I'd use du -s to get a top-level overview of where the space is going, then head down the directory tree to find ...
2
votes
1answer
630 views

How can I get write access to my usb drives?

I have trouble writing to external drives. They are monuted automatically in Nautilus, but I can not copy anything there ('Paste' and 'create Folder' are just greyed out). Does Anyone have ideas what ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

Copying files from a VFAT32 formatted disk into Linux

I was curios to know what happens when I copy files from a VFAT32 formatted disk ( formatted under Windows system ) into the Linux system. Does the files which are copied in the linux system ...
2
votes
2answers
35 views

warning: Filesystem seems to be mounted read-only

I have an old SGI indigo with an EFS file system (Extent File System ), and the password needs to be reset. I can mount the hard drive, but read-only. I need write permissions. # mount --rw -t efs ...
0
votes
1answer
12 views

How to turn default Scientific Linux on top of some file system into linux on top of zfs?

So I have a cluster with an array of hard drives (say 6), currently they are not in any RAID, on top of one of them I currently have my Scientific Linux installed and running. How to migrate it onto ...
17
votes
3answers
840 views

Can I list the filesystems a running kernel can support?

I'm trying to detect what filesystems a kernel can support. Ideally in a little list of their names but I'll take anything you've got. Note that I don't mean the current filesystems in use, just ones ...
14
votes
2answers
17k views

“mount -t TYPE /” - how to know that what could the “TYPE” be?

OS: ex.: Ubuntu 10.04 - how to know that what does the "mount -t TYPE" knows? I mean is there a command to list the supported filesystem types using with mount?? UPDATE: is the following cmd always ...
41
votes
9answers
43k views

Mount Google Drive in Linux?

Now that Google Drive is available, how do we mount it to a Linux filesystem? Similar solutions exist for Amazon S3 and Rackspace Cloud Files.
1
vote
2answers
46 views

Unix equivalent of smart folders

What I want to do is present a directory, the contents of which are sourced from a series of other directories on the file system. It would be like a soft-link, only a link to multiple directories at ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

ecryptfs error leads to unknown filesystem on grub rescue

I have a Lenovo Thinkpad with a dual boot for Ubuntu and Windows 7. While in Ubuntu I closed the lid to the computer (which doesn't put Ubuntu to sleep) and went out to run some errands. I come back ...
1
vote
1answer
16 views

System claims my USB is mounted when I insert it and I cannot (un)mount it. How do I fix this?

I'm running Ubuntu 14.10 Server (headless). I have a group of USB flashdrives that I need to reformat for use across several devices. I've successfully mounted, formatted, copied files to, and ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

pendrivelinux install on usb stick - only uses 5.8GB of a 14.7GB usb stick

I used http://www.pendrivelinux.com to build an installation of Linux Mint on a USB stick, so I could have a portable OS (mainly for work emergencies). It's installed, and works fine, but it's only ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Is there a way to change file/folder ownership on a server in Ubuntu/Kali-Linux? [migrated]

I accidentally changed file ownership of a folder in Windows 7 and now nobody can edit, copy, view, move it, etc. Not even the administrator account account can change it back. I tried icacls and ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Debian won't boot: udevd fails to load device sda and sdb

I can't boot my Debian system, I got this error during boot up: Driver 'pcspkr' is already registered, aborting. I have solved this by adding blacklist snd-pscp to /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist.conf ...
0
votes
1answer
18 views

Does Gparted change permissions?

Sometimes but not often, but many times, after formatting an SD card with Gparted, the SD card becomes unaccessible to normal user, so I go as root and change the permissions, happens especially when ...
-1
votes
2answers
29 views

How to make an existing directory (and sub-directories) to be suddenly writable by ROOT ONLY?

Let's say i have a directory, at: /tmp/uploads/ And inside got several recursive directories and files created by DIFFERENT USERS before. So now, suddenly how do i make that above directory to be ...
-2
votes
1answer
40 views

How to make a NON-WRITABLE directory?

Actually i'm aware of a "PHP Web Folder". There seems to be some potentials of incoming attacks. So that i want to make sure this whole directory is READ-ONLY (Only writable by ROOT). Let's say the ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Querying an overlayfs

I'm looking for a way to query a mounted overlay filesystem (overlayfs) in order to check it's upper and lower directory, but until now I haven't found any suitable command for that. Is there is a way ...
4
votes
1answer
117 views

Undeletable directory

Everything I've tried (always with superuser privileges) has failed: # rm -rf /path/to/undeletable rm: cannot remove ‘/path/to/undeletable’: Is a directory # rmdir /path/to/undeletable rmdir: failed ...
3
votes
1answer
27 views

Cache atime writes

Is there a way to set atime writes to be cached for a very long time? I need atime (that is to say, relatime won't cut it), but I don't want it to effect performance so much. Data loss in of atimes ...
58
votes
1answer
3k views

Why are there so many different ways to measure disk usage?

When I sum up the sizes of my files, I get one figure. If I run du, I get another figure. If I run du on all the files on my partition, it doesn't match what df claims is used. Why are there so many ...
1
vote
2answers
616 views

Filesystem for boot partition

I created a BIOS boot partition on a hard drive, using gdisk : $ sudo gdisk /dev/sdb Command (? for help): p Disk /dev/sdb: 7821312 sectors, 3.7 GiB Logical sector size: 512 bytes Disk identifier ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Mount compressed tar file and update it

How do I mount a .tar.gz file, update it (add new files, edit files), and then unmount it such that changes are reflected in the original compressed file? I'm open to other compression formats if no ...
1
vote
2answers
21 views

VDI size increase not reflecting

I have a dynamically allocated virtual disk, which was initially 40GB. I increased the disk size from 40 GB to 100GB first and then also updated the partition using GParted as described here, ...
3
votes
1answer
4k views

Mounting a multi-partition (GPT/HFS+) USB 2.0 harddrive on Debian

I have a 3TB USB 2.0 hard-drive which has two HFS+ (Mac) partitions using GUID partition table for the partition records. It was partitioned with Mac OS Disk Utility. How can I mount these partitions ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Mount a disk over another disk

I have a Drupal website on a VM (RHEL 7) and it works on an SSD storage both public and private directories: /storage/drupalpublic and /storage/drupalprivate. Now and in the future, I need to store a ...
1
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0answers
20 views

Recovering files with directory structure

EDIT: I am using Debian 8.1.0 So I somehow deleted my /etc directory. While I have not been able to recover the complete /etc directory hierarchy with all files, I have received different parts from ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

ext3 vs ext4 - same disk size, less usable disk space under ext4 comparing to ext3. why?

Files copied from ext3 filesystem do not fit on same size ext4 filesystem. How to reproduce: create two 1GB files, setup loop device for each, create filesystem one ext3, one ext4, mount, rsync ...
-2
votes
2answers
660 views

How can I fill the free space with zeroes?

I use windows server 2008r2 with role Hyper-V. The guest system is Ubuntu 12.04 LTC. It is situated on the dynamic virtual hard disk (2TB). The size of this vhd is 360 GB. But the real size is about ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

EXT4 Journaling - Problem

Basically my root (/) ext4 partition keeps being mounted as read-only when I apply internal journaling feature. I understand that this should be default, but today I had been trying to apply external ...
2
votes
2answers
119 views

How can I print current reads and writes to the filesystem on demand?

I am interested in getting statistics about filesystem reads and writes, specifically to an NFS mount. I know there are many tools such as iostat, nfsstat and inotifywait but there are issues I have ...
29
votes
5answers
47k views

Find where inodes are being used

So I received a warning from our monitoring system on one of our boxes that the number of free inodes on a filesystem was getting low. df -i output shows this: Filesystem Inodes IUsed ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

Does Linux have any symlinks by default? [closed]

I have written a program that performs health checks on servers. One of its functions is that it can check whether or not a symlink exists. I am currently in the process of writing unit tests (for use ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

/etc/fstab is mounting rw filesystem as read-only

A partition of my internal hard drive (not the root partition) I want to mount automatically on boot. I've been using /etc/fstab to mount my external backup drive automatically read-only, so this is ...
16
votes
3answers
961 views

Simple way to see the content of directories in Linux/UNIX file systems

In the past, I learned that in Linux/UNIX file systems, directories are just files, which contain the filenames and inode numbers of the files inside the directory. Is there a simple way to see the ...
4
votes
4answers
75 views

How do I create small disk image with large partitions

I am building a disk image for an embedded system (to be placed on an 4GB SD card). I want the system to have two partitions. A 'Root'(200Mb), and a 'Data' partition(800Mb). I create an empty 1GB ...
0
votes
4answers
179 views

How does one inspect the directory structure information of a unix/linux file?

In Unix file systems directories are just special files with special directory structures that hold the child filename, filename size and inode reference number. The actual file metadata beyond ...
33
votes
2answers
12k views

What is this new /run filesystem?

I just ran df -h a minute ago and noticed a filesystem has been added that I'm not familiar with. Does anyone know why /run exists? Is this something that's been added by the kernel? By Arch Linux? ...
160
votes
4answers
28k views

/usr/bin vs /usr/local/bin on Linux

Why are there so many places to put a binary in Linux? There are atleast these five: /bin/ /sbin/ /usr/bin/ /usr/local/bin/ /usr/local/sbin/ And on my office box, I do not have write permissions ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

Parallel vs Distributed vs Traditional File system

I am trying to understand the difference between these three file system at a very basic level. Distributed FS: HDFS Parallel FS : Lustre Tradational FS : ext4/ext3/ NTFS/FAT etc. I want to ...
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votes
1answer
23 views

Official resources about disc management on linux / distributions [closed]

My question is about official linux and common distributions (e.g. fedora/debian) on learning disk management in practice on linux / linux distributions. The layout, may be including the file system, ...
3
votes
0answers
72 views

Problems with file system

I created a partition with EXT4 file system and when I'm writing in this partition frequently the Kernel return the following error: Jan 01 01:17:54 infobuffer360 kernel: r7:c0561280 Jan 01 01:17:54 ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Operation of “mv” described in “Advanced Programming in the UNIX Environment”

In Advanced Programming in the UNIX Environment (book) Section 4.14, interpret the i-node and directory, there is a paragraph: When renaming a file without changing file systems, the actual ...