A filesystem is a way to organize and store computer files with their data.

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What is this data that keeps reappearing after partition delete + new partition creation?

I deleted a big extended partition containing an ntfs logical partition with high percentage of occupied space and from that extended partition I made a new, smaller extended part. In it I ...
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42 views

Linux File System for an External HDD

I'm looking for a file system for an external HDD which will be basically used for backups. It will only be used with Linux machines, so I don't mind having a Linux-specific file system. I may ...
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Can a hard link break the file system structure?

I want a very simple example of how can a hard link break the file system structure. I saw somewhere that people say it's because of loops, however, I can make a loop with a soft link and so I still ...
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Device already mounted on resource is busy

Issue ::: I install Redhat 5.10 x64 on server which had faulty hdd . I removed the old faulty hdd and installed new one with 500GB capacity and after installation i need to copy some data from old ...
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What is /proc/filesystems supposed to be and why is it different from /lib/modules/linux_ver/kernel/fs?

The very little documentation about /proc/filesystems says it is a "list of supported file systems". I see a lot of file system modules in /lib/modules/linux_ver/kernel/fs, most of which do not appear ...
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Don't I need to move a shrunk filesystem before resizing the partition?

I have a partition of size X GB filled by an ext4 filesystem. Now, I want to shrink this partition (and the filesystem) to only take up the latter X/2 GB. I'm using command-line tools and no parted. ...
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29 views

lsof misses files

Why does lsof fail to list files I have open. For example I open with the text editor some file in my home directory. $ gedit ~/.python_history lsof does not even work as root $ sudo lsof | grep ...
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How do I speed up recovering “stuck” cifs mount?

I have a cifs mounted like this: mount.cifs -o uid=myuser,user=...,dom=... //IP/Share /some/mountpoint/ When I try to access it after period of inactivity (or when the network is inaccessible), it ...
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Creating and mounting a new file system on CentOS

On my CentOS machine I have to create a new partition/file system, not sure which one I need to be honest I am a little bit confused about it all. If someone could explain it and walk me through it ...
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41 views

Home server bottleneck (filesystem server)

I am trying to set up a filesystem server, so that I can use my various laptops to transparently mount a directory containing many VirtualBox VMs, some of which run full graphics environments. I will ...
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How does one inspect the directory structure information of a unix/linux file?

In Unix file systems directories are just special files with special directory structures that hold the child filename, filename size and inode reference number. The actual file metadata beyond ...
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Group member cannot list files in directory made by group

I am using Centos 6.6. I made a group with the following call sudo groupadd www-OtagoHarbour sudo usermod -G www-OtagoHarbour apache sudo usermod -G www-OtagoHarbour OtagoHarbour When I enter ...
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44 views

Why does my RAID 1 NAS have to “synchronize”?

I have a new QNAP TS-451 NAS with two new 3TB drives, installed as a RAID 1 pair. As I copy data on to it, it seems to spend the next few hours "synchronizing" the RAID group. (The web console shows a ...
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25 views

ITEAD Core A20 cant load or Proceed to the FileSytem

i have an ITEAD CORE AW2041, which i wanted to deploy some image on it, i got the image on an sd card but when i deploy it on the device, the booting process gets stuck at the kernel level, any heads ...
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1answer
28 views

Should I increase inode count for a rsync backup volume?

Considering rsync used for incremental OS backup creates hardlink farms for all non-differing files, if I use it to backup a large, slowly-changing system regularly to a dedicated volume, I'm worried ...
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34 views

“First orphan inode” in tune2fs output

I ran tune2fs -l /dev/sda on my production server today and got the following output: tune2fs 1.42.9 (4-Feb-2014) Filesystem volume name: <none> Last mounted on: / Filesystem UUID: ...
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57 views

Tiny directory on ext4 file system taking up 2024 blocks? [closed]

I have an ext4 file system on my work computer and I came across a directory that is taking up >1 mb of space. There are 7 entries in the directory. The directory hasn't ever contained more than 20 ...
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Is the directory that a file-system is mounted on (mount point) a device file of the file system's type?

A device file is an interface to the device driver of the device. When we mount a file system to a directory, is the directory considered a device file (of the file system's type)? If the ...
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Is file creation atomic?

I have a problem to solve: I just can make one CURL operation each second, but this operation can send up to 40 parameters. Those parameters are Id's. I have one web site that may sometimes ask for ...
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Showing only “interesting” mount points / filtering non interesting types

I used mount to show mounted drives, I don't want to see the not so interesting ones (i.e. non-physical). So I used to have a script mnt that did: mount | grep -Ev 'type (proc|sysfs|tmpfs|devpts) ' ...
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Are the size of a memory page and the size of a file system cluster always the same?

From http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Page_%28computer_memory%29 A page, memory page, or virtual page is a fixed-length contiguous block of virtual memory, described by a single entry in the page ...
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How do I know ACLs are supported on my file system?

Is it enough to see getfacl giving no error, or do I have to check some other place to see whether or not ACLs are supported by the file systems?
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Replacing a partition within a .img with another one

I have 2 .img files (embedded Linux images, each with 2 partitions- a boot partition and a rootfs). I need to replace the rootfs partition in one with the other's. How can I do this In the .imgs ...
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Meanings of defragmentation and when it is needed

There seem to be two meanings of defragmentation: Defragmentation is a process that reduces the amount of fragmentation. Fragmentation occurs when the file system cannot or will not allocate enough ...
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What and Why? - File Descriptors [closed]

What is a file descriptor? Why do we need them?
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What file system should a GRUB 2 boot partition use?

I want to install GRUB 2 to its own, comparatively small (500 MB), partition. Are there any requirements on what file system type it has to be? Are there any that, although possible, are not ...
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83 views

Mount Solaris Partition in Linux

I have a USB disk which when connected to a CentOS 6.5 system shows this as the output in fdisk -l. Disk /dev/sdn: 2000.4 GB, 2000398934016 bytes 255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 243201 cylinders Units = ...
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Which tuning I should do to install an Ubuntu into a flash drive?

My goal is to have a portable Linux, preferably kubuntu, installed in a flash drive so I can have all the software I need to university always with me. Must have: Debian KDE Updatable in a usual ...
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125 views

Is btrfs suitable as backup filesystem?

Right now I have a pretty traditional backup filesystem structure on top of ext4. Every time a backup is made, a new folder backup-DATE is created to which files are rsync'ed (with hardlinks made ...
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Size Range of ext4 Filesystem Journal

The minimum and maximum sizes respectively for the ext3 filesystem journal are 1,024 blocks and 102,400 blocks. Similarly — what are the minimum and maximum sizes for the journal on an ext4 ...
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51 views

Why is userspace slower than the kernel?

I've heard that FUSE-based filesystems are notoriously slow because they are implemented in a userspace program. What is it about userspace that is slower than the kernel?
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How to find the number of bytes rewritten to a folder hierarchy?

I want metrics for how much writing and reading have been done to a folder. vmstat -d gives metrics at the whole disk level. iotop will give per process rw stats. But how can I find out how much ...
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Error file system check

I enabled the package e2fsprogs and always when the system starts it return the following error (when partition mounting): Jan 01 00:00:03 xxxx systemd[1]: Found device /dev/mmcblk0p3. Jan 01 ...
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btrfs ERROR: error during balancing - No space left on device

My Kubuntu 12.04 system ran out of space on on the root partition and will not boot. The command df -h shows a lot of space available (with only 37% used): /dev/sda2 45G 17G 29G 37% ...
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194 views

F2FS vs ext3/ext4

We are using Beaglebone black Based custom board, we are planning to use eMMC in our board. We are in the process of checking different filesystem options, What are the different file system we can ...
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597 views

Read-only file system error while accessing the files on Ubuntu

I have a Ubuntu machine. I am connected to it remotely and getting the following errer: mkdir: cannot create directory `/testFolder': Read-only file system LIKE WINDOWS, REBOOTING the machine ...
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44 views

Transfer speed while copying from Windows to Pi

I am using a raspberry pi with samba as remotely accessible storage in my local network. While copying files from windows to pi I am getting strange transfer speed. It jumps from 200 kB/s and less to ...
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How to delete a file in QNX4 format when a CF card is mounted as read-only in Linux?

Recently, the DMA device of our lab is broken and the suspected problem is in the CF card which is in QNX4 format. I want to delete a file named 'calforce.dat' and recreate it by calibrating the ...
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Directory symlink to inode, not path (e.g. directory hardlinks)

I'm trying to better understand why directory hardlinks are not possible. Roughly, I think of directories and files as follows: directory --------- inode # exposed as . inode_of_parent # ...
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52 views

Verify Linux FAT32 Support [closed]

I apologize if this is a duplicate, but I could not find any related question. How can I verify that my Linux 3.16.1 kernel supports FAT32? Things to keep in mind: I do not have /proc/config.gz ...
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1answer
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Mechanism of multiple call for one script in the same time

Maybe this question is stupid Anyway I have the ruby script which is calling from different places in the same time(with defferent options). Is it safely and how this mechanism realized in linux? I ...
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BTRFS - Raid incomplete after balancing

I have two 3TB drive that are formated as btrfs and mounted on /media/andy/btrfs as one drive. I run btrfs balance start -dconvert=raid1 -mconvert=raid1 /media/andy/btrfs/ which takes forever. It ...
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201 views

specify mount option in /etc/fstab (mode=1777)

I have following line in my /etc/fstab: /dev/mapper/tmp /tmp ext4 noexec,nodev,nosuid,mode=1777 0 0 When I try to mount /tmp, I get following error in dmesg: EXT4-fs (dm-1): ...
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162 views

Is it possible to look 'behind' a mount point while still mounted? [duplicate]

I have two partitions, one mounted at / and one at /crypt. I'm using a bind mount to mount /crypt/home at /home/ (and various others). Problem is that I kinda need to look at the original /home dir ...
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185 views

How to find out which file is affected by a bad sector?

Consider you've been informed about a bad sector like this: [48792.329933] Add. Sense: Unrecovered read error - auto reallocate failed [48792.329936] sd 0:0:0:0: [sda] CDB: [48792.329938] Read(10): ...
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Indestructibles files on NTFS - cannot delete, not even by inode

I have a couple files on NTFS partition that seem to be indestructible - I tried all I know, and nothing: .../test/db $ ls -la total 37K drwx------ 1 ondra ondra 32K Nov 30 23:54 . drwx------ 1 ...
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Possibilities for executable symlink to non-executable file in Linux?

I have some Python scripts, that I keep in a repository; they are plain-text files, but if their executable bit is set, then the online repository page serves them as binary downloads, not as plain ...
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How to find out a file is hard link or symlink? [duplicate]

I have a file in ~/file.txt. I have created a hard link by : ln ~/file.txt ~/test/hardfile.txt and a symlink file : ln -s ~/file.txt ~/test/symfile.txt Now, How can I find out that which file ...
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Loopback (bind) mount automatically mounting additional ext4 USB drive

I have a USB (ext4) drive connected and it's registered in /etc/fstab. It mounts at /media/Backup fine. I want to mount a specific directory on that drive using a bind / loopback mount (this is ...
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Non-journalled filesystem that allows instant power off?

Is there a filesystem for Linux that allows for instant off via a power switch without going through a shutdown procedure? If so, would there be a significant performance hit compared to a journalled ...