Use this tag for questions about file management and operations on files.

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3
votes
3answers
7k views

How to recursively list all hidden files and directories?

I want to list all hidden files and directories and then save result to file. Is there any command for this?
1
vote
1answer
89 views

File size conflict

I am new to UNIX and have a doubt about file size in UNIX (AIX). ls -ltr shows me fileA size as 59096. As per my knowledge this is in bytes ,so it is nearly = 0.06 MB However, a script which should ...
10
votes
3answers
13k views

Find and remove large files that are open but have been deleted

How does one find large files that have been deleted but are still open in an application? How can one remove such a file, even though a process has it open? The situation is that we are running a ...
4
votes
3answers
178 views

A layman's explanation for “Everything is a file” — what differs from Windows?

I know that "Everything is a file" means that even devices have their filename and path in Unix and Unix-like systems, and that this allows for common tools to be used on a variety of resources ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

How can I tell when a file was compressed?

I want to find out when my log files were compressed by logrotate because when I received them from cron in my email, the logs came in as text in the main body of the email instead. I did: ls -1la ...
3
votes
3answers
43 views

How can I use rename to recursively rename everyting to uppercase

I'd like to recursively rename all files and folders (sub-folders) to uppercase. I found some scripts that will do it to lowercase, but I don't know how to change them so it will do it the other way ...
3
votes
2answers
69 views

Removing blank spaces and tabs from line without messing with line endings

I am trying to remove all spaces on a file without messing with line endings. This is to be run from inside a bash script. I have tried all the solutions here: ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

How to Link File URLs?

I am currently running WordPress/Woocommerce on an Apache server. I have files for sale on the server, located outside of the public path for security. I am attempting to link the downloadable files ...
3
votes
1answer
30 views

The reverse of `tree` - reconstruct file and directory structure from text file contents?

We all know we can use tree to get a nicely formatted text "visualization" of the structure of a directory; say: $ tree -spugD /usr/include/boost/accumulators/numeric/ ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

How do I know which process created a file? [duplicate]

Some program keeps creating a Desktop folder in my home directory, although I configured xdg-dirs so that my home directory is my DESKTOP directory, so this shouldn't happen. Anyway, how do I know ...
7
votes
3answers
432 views

Why does “cat ttyUSB0” not produce output?

I connected an infrared receiver to a USB port ... (the last line of dmesg tells device file) $ dmesg [10496.596063] usb 7-2: new full-speed USB device number 2 using uhci_hcd [10496.751112] usb 7-2: ...
2
votes
0answers
49 views

`crontab -e` sometimes fails with “Creation of temporary crontab file failed”

From time to time crontab -e fails on me on a Ubuntu box. It is the same for all users including the root and crontab -eu <user> under the root. Goes like this on a regular basis, a success here ...
3
votes
1answer
40 views

Test for a particular file format

This is a followup to Normal looking text file, detected by file as ASCII Pascal program text It seems file can't be trusted all the time. It seems possible that a particular file may be detected ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Is it viable to have a file with 700 permissions?

I have been wondering about the following thing: Consider Pc A. Pc A has n users. There is a folder with one file per user. There is some sensitive information for each usere there, so you don't ...
14
votes
2answers
1k views

How do I “cat and follow” a file?

A file is being sequentially downloaded by wget. If I start unpacking it with cat myfile.tar.bz2 | tar -xj, it may unpack correctly or fail with "Unexpected EOF", depending on what is faster. How to ...
7
votes
1answer
89 views

Normal looking text file, detected by file as ASCII Pascal program text

I have a "normal" looking text file (contains english sentences) which is getting detected by file command as ASCII Pascal program text. How does Pascal program text differentiate itself from normal ...
3
votes
1answer
255 views

“file” command confusing C & C++

When using file to check some file types, I noticed that it seems to incorrectly label C++ files as C files: $ file User.* User.cpp: C source, ASCII text User.h: C++ source, ASCII text User.o: ELF ...
2
votes
1answer
779 views

Zabbix-agent: cannot stat 'filename.log': [13] Permission denied

I have installed Zabbix-server and zabbix-agent and trying to add trigger to check log file. But in /var/log/zabbix/zabbix_agentd.log I got the same error every time: 10832:20131008:125634.180 ...
4
votes
3answers
33 views

Local Account Creation Date

For compliance purposes there is the need to fetch information regarding local (user and non-user) accounts creation date on UNIX machines. Is there any way (even if it's not the most reliable or ...
2
votes
1answer
30 views

Copy file from USB drive to a desktop loaded via a LiveCD

I have booted my computer using a LiveCD and want to copy a file from a USB drive to the LiveCD loaded desktop. I want to copy a file from the USB drive to the desktop environment in memory, which ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Storage Formats for Flat File DB

Currently I use a flat file database with find -type f -ls to store information for about 400GB of files. I'd like to store also the md5sum/sha[1|256]sum of the files. Because the files are often ...
29
votes
7answers
2k views

How can I trick a process into thinking a file doesn't exist?

I have a program that stores its settings in ~/.config/myprogram that I use both interactively and with a batch queuing system. When running interactively, I want this program to use my configuration ...
0
votes
1answer
9 views

remove special character from files in directory

I need to remove special characters from all .htm files in a directory. Ideally I need to keep the file name but if I have to I can copy each file to 1 or something like that. Here is the command I ...
2
votes
1answer
36 views

Create directory using filenames and move the files to its repective folder

I have a folder with around 150 text files. I would like to create folders in the name of the 150 files. After that I would like the text file to be moved to its respective folder. Example names of ...
2
votes
0answers
50 views

ls does not show a hidden file (OS X)

I am using lsof to view the list of open files. One such file that it displays open is : Google 3864 malaykeshav 46u REG 1,1 470455334 32578671 ...
2
votes
1answer
21 views

move the search content to different directory

I am on Oracle Solaris. I am using: grep "searchstring" filename.* above command returns my search result. Now I want to move the all the files in above search result (all the files not the ...
14
votes
5answers
5k views

How can I do a “copy if changed” operation?

I would like to copy a set of files from directory A to directory B, with the caveat that if a file in directory A is identical to a file in directory B, that file should not be copied (and thus its ...
5
votes
2answers
101 views

Why does a grep reboot the machine?

On a RHEL 6.5 Desktop, if I use: sudo grep -r foo /* my desktop reboots. Q: Why?? How to debug this? It's the third time my Desktop reboots because of this :D
3
votes
1answer
581 views

Samba set share browsable only for a group

How I can configure samba to set browsable a share for a group only. I wanna hide the share for all other users, if a set browsable to yes all the users can see the share when explore. I don't want ...
3
votes
1answer
47 views

Can't create a+r file

Using Debian I am unable to create files that by default has read permission for all users. For example: # umask 0002 # touch test # ls -l test -rw-rw----+ 1 user user 0 Jun 25 18:18 test Is there ...
1
vote
2answers
31 views

Permissions under a 700 (rwx------) directory

If a directory /foo/bar/baz has 700 (rwx------) for its permissions, thereby making it inaccessible to all but its owner (and the superuser), does it matter what the "group" and "other" permissions ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Check whether files in a file list exist in a certain directory

The runtime arguments are as follows: $1 is the path to the file containing the list of files $2 is the path to the directory containing the files What I want to do is check that each file listed in ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

Set file creation date to its modification date on OSX

I need to batch edit file creation date (some stupid audio recorder set the file creation date to UNIX epoch and the correct recording date in the modification date) to set it to the files ...
3
votes
2answers
44 views

Comparing files in unix columnwise

I want to compare two files with same number of rows and columns with records in same order. Just want to highlight the differences in the column values if any. file A: 1,kolkata,19,ab ...
4
votes
2answers
99 views

“no such file or directory” message when deleting a file that exists on NTFS

I have a directory with images. Suddenly I found out that there's a new image with a new name. The image content is similar to another image in another directory but with a different name. I didn't ...
3
votes
1answer
52 views

Monitoring filesystem activity

Say, I have a program, and I want to monitor its filesystem activity (what files/directories are created/modified/deleted etc.) This program may be capable of spawning further processes, and thus, I ...
4
votes
4answers
188 views

Redirecting Output of print to multiples files in awk

I want to print same lines to 2 different files. What I am doing right now is: print ID[i]" "Value[i]" "TS1[i]" "TS2[i] > "file1.txt"; print ID[i]" "Value[i]" "TS1[i]" "TS2[i] > "file2.txt"; ...
46
votes
15answers
12k views

Is there an easy way to replace duplicate files with hardlinks?

I'm looking for an easy way (a command or series of commands, probably involving find) to find duplicate files in two directories, and replace the files in one directory with hardlinks of the files in ...
3
votes
3answers
438 views

Splitting a large binary file into sections determined by context patterns

I have a large (2GB) file that looks like this: ^%%-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-%%^ <binary data> ^%%-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-%%^ <binary data> ^%%-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-%%^ ...
2
votes
1answer
881 views

Sphinx Search shutting down after `FATAL: accept() failed: Too many open files`

I'm running Sphinx Search Server V2.06 ( the latest stable release ) on an Amazon EC2 with Linux CentOS. In general it is running fine, but the searchd.log is showing this error over and over with ...
-11
votes
2answers
162 views

Count the number of executable programs in a directory [closed]

How can I count the number of executable regular files in the current directory in a shell script?
5
votes
2answers
656 views

More sophisticated file command for deep inspection?

Sometimes it seems that the standard file command (5.04 on my Ubuntu system) is not sophisticated enough (or I am just using it wrong, which could well be). For example when I run it on an .exe file, ...
1
vote
2answers
769 views

How to find human-readable information about file types recognized by `file`?

Searching, googling, I could not find any information about file types recognized by file. For example, an *.mp4 file is identified as "ISO Media" (while being able to play with VLC normally). This ...
6
votes
1answer
267 views

What could cause strange behavior in file(1) command?

What could cause file(1) command to output application/msword application/msword (yes, twice in a row) as the mime type for some of the .doc files? Normally it prints just application/msword. If run ...
2
votes
2answers
3k views

Move huge number of files into date structured directory order

I have about 1 million files in this directory: /home/username/images/ Each of the files are called something like: 012345678910(Place)_0_20120414185957_28841.jpg with the timestamp part of the ...
3
votes
0answers
58 views

How does fsnotify setting affect system performance?

Occasionally a software package I install complains that the default fsnotify setting is far too low for decent performance. Intellij IDEA or crashplan are two examples. They suggest using fsnotify ...
2
votes
3answers
140 views

How is it possible to do a live update while a program is running?

I wonder how killer applications such as Thunderbird or Firefox can be updated via the system's package manager while they are still running. What happens with the old code while they are being ...
2
votes
3answers
387 views

get age of given file

How can I get the age of a given file in, at least, days? I'm well aware of ls -lh and similar commands. I want something that will work sort of like this: getfage <FILE> # prints out '12d' ...
4
votes
5answers
3k views

Gedit won't save a file on a VirtualBox share: Text file busy

I have a text file that I can change using other applications (for example openoffice). But when I try to change and save it using gedit, I am getting error from gedit: Could not save the file ...
16
votes
4answers
56k views

How to get over “device or resource busy”?

I tried to rm -rf a folder, and got "device or resource busy". In Windows, I would have used LockHunter to resolve this. What's the linux equivalent? (Please give as answer a simple "unlock this" ...