Use this tag for questions about file management and operations on files.

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-1
votes
2answers
40 views

Error in file comparison - awk [duplicate]

I have two files file1.txt, file2.txt. I want to select records which are common to both file1.txt and file2.txtbased on column 2 and column 3 and copy them to out.txt with additional column(column 4 ...
2
votes
2answers
53 views

How do I check which files are written by an application?

On my system, sar reports an average write to disk about 5MB/s. Using dstat I found that it's not so permanently, but there are peaks to 30-50MB/s, and then are sleeps. Using iotop i found that most ...
0
votes
1answer
18 views

Returning last-written file, containing particular sub-string in file name?

Whilst monitoring logging I have to go to my log files, order by written date, so I can then see the name of the log file for the most-recent execution of my application. Is there any way, given a ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Comparing a bunch of files on different folders

I have two folders with 200 txt files each, all files named like file1.txt, file2.txt, file3.txt, etc., on both folders. Is there a way to use one command to compare file1 in both folders, file2 in ...
2
votes
1answer
11k views

How to add 'open folder as root' in Elementary OS file manager context menu?

Here it is the solution in order to add the 'open terminal here' into the context menu of Elementary OS' file manager (generically called 'Files' - the executable is pantheon-files). For that ...
4
votes
4answers
98 views

Stable sort a file by presence of ordered substrings on each line

I have a list of sound sources that I'm processing with a script. An example would be: alsa_input.usb-AVEO_Technology_Corp._USB2.0_Camera-02-Camera.analog-mono ...
1
vote
1answer
16 views

Generating a long sound file with SOX without actually playing the tone

I know how to play a tone for a specific amount of time using SOX. play -n synth 5 sin 347 I know how to save a tone using SOX. sox -n note.mp3 synth 5 sin 347 Question is : How can I save a ...
57
votes
3answers
49k views

How to tell gzip to keep original file?

I would like to compress a text file using gzip command line tool while keeping the original file. By default running the following command gzip file.txt results in modifying this file and renaming ...
2
votes
3answers
82 views

Remove duplicate entries from a CSV file

I've got a [csv] file with duplicate datum reprinted ie the same data printed twice. I've tried using sort's uniq by sort myfile.csv | uniq -u however there is no change in the myfile.csv, also I've ...
7
votes
5answers
672 views

Modify a file without creating another file

Is there a way to modify a file without writing the contents to another file, without sed and awk? For example: $ cat test.txt aaa aaa bbb ccc ddd Replacing using sed with -i option, sed -i ...
0
votes
2answers
38 views

Change the owner of a file I can write to

I have a folder called fruit with permission 777 and its owner is fruit. I want to create a folder named apple under the fruit folder. But I want to set this folder's owner as apple, not fruit. ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Why use mmap over fread? [migrated]

Why use mmap as opposed to reading from a filestream in chunks into a byte array? I guess I just never thought about using mmap before. mmap(2) fread(3) // Open the file // Read from the file ...
2
votes
1answer
97 views

How can I check if rsync made any changes in bash?

I have a script which uses rsync to sync data in a remote -> local scenario. Immediately after the rsync command is run, a check to see if the error code equals zero or not. If its zero, further ...
0
votes
2answers
29 views

Generate a list of installed PHP extensions

My goal is to write an as simple as possible (but not more simple) that generates a list of currently installed PHP extensions (*.so files) that the user can simply copy/paste into their php.ini. It ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Delete excel files which are older then 1 month

I need to delete excel files which are older then 1 month. need to set cronjob. any suggestion for this? which script can be used to search excel files from particular directory and delete them.
10
votes
4answers
3k views

Can I make `cut` change a file in place?

The man page doesn't give me much hope, but I'm hoping it's an undocumented (and/or GNU-specific) feature.
1
vote
2answers
48 views

Compare three files: lines present in one, but not in the other using column comparison

I have three files file1.txt, file2.txt, file3.txt and they are of same format(same number of columns with same data type). I want to select records from file1.txt which are not present in file2.txt, ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

sort file based one colum and group by another column

I have a file of three columns: 1 A 0.5 2 B 0.7 3 A 10 4 C 4 5 B 4 I want to sort the file by increasing order of column 3 and group by column 2 1 A 0.5 3 A 10 ...
26
votes
4answers
15k views

Reading lines from a file with bash: for vs. while

I'm trying to read a text file and do something with each line, using a bash script. So, I have a list that looks like this: server1 server2 server3 server4 I thought I could loop over this using ...
0
votes
2answers
105 views

Expect Scripts - Reading from Files and Accepting User Input

How can I write an "Expect" script to: iterate over a list of IP addresses and log in to each to perform commands (like in a BASH for loop). Right now I just copy/pasted the few lines that are my ...
7
votes
1answer
6k views

How to change the default program for a specific file extension system-wise in kde or xfce?

I'd like to have certain file extensions to be opened with some specific programs. What are the files the edit ? I have found in /usr/share/appplications/default.list but it doesn't work.
2
votes
1answer
36 views

How to compare two directories thoroughly without git?

Here thoroughly means “list all differ files, find those files with same name and different content, list the difference of content”. Before I got a lazy solution, git init one directory and copy ...
-1
votes
0answers
10 views

Where to find rescan-scsi-bus.sh in linux os

I can't find the rescan-scsi-bus.sh. I installed yum install sg3_utils. Where to find this file? I checked in /usr/bin/rescan-scsi-bus.sh but i didn't found it.
18
votes
5answers
520 views

Find files that a user can write, efficiently with minimal process creation

I am root. I would like to know whether a non-root user has write access to some files - thousands of them. How to do it efficiently while avoiding process creation?
6
votes
5answers
193 views

How to execute a bash command in all possible subdirectories?

Let's say my main directory is /home/test Under it i have lots of subdirectories and under subdirectories still a lots of them and so on. Example: /home/test /home/test/subdir1 ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

Assigning ls output to a variable gives unexpected behavior

I was writing a script to clean a text file from a directory (I know,it's a bad idea but I really need it) and I wrote this: #!/bin/bash var=$(ls -p /direcotry/to/file | grep -v /) truncate -s 0 $var ...
9
votes
3answers
2k views

find with -execdir

I run a find with -execdir both I don't get the results I was expecting. SSCCE below: mkdir -p a/b/c find . -type d -execdir touch foo \; $ tree a a ├── b │   ├── c │   └── foo └── foo Directory c ...
5
votes
2answers
138 views

How to sync two folders with command line tools?

Having migrated to Linux from Windows, I would like to find an alternative software to Winmerge or rather learn command line tools to compare and sync two folders on Linux. I would be grateful if you ...
0
votes
3answers
186 views

How to restrict one user files to another user

On my machine there are user accounts. My question is how to restrict access to ones user files. Meaning no one else can access my files at all. How can I setup this restriction? How many root users ...
2
votes
2answers
48 views

How can I start a file-processing daemon? [closed]

How can I run a script-based tool which will process files continuously downloaded to given directory as they arrive? I'd like to minimize delay (~1 second is OK), script can have own infinite loop. ...
3
votes
2answers
43 views

Is it possible to have a lag between scp and checking for new file

Got a cronjob that downloads things regularly: if ! su scpuser -c "scp ..." > /dev/null 2>&1 || ! [ -f $scptarget ]; then; error "did not download stuff" $scptarget is where the thing ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

UMASK not having effect on some file creations

I have umask set to 002 in my Linux server and its working fine while I create file using touch. But I still have some files that are created with permission contrary to umask. These problematic files ...
1
vote
2answers
372 views

Why does touch create new files?

I understand that this might be a very strange question to ask, but I couldn't help my curiosity, and I couldn't find this anywhere on the net (And I'm too lazy/incompetent to look up the source ...
31
votes
12answers
47k views

Efficiently delete large directory containing thousands of files

We have an issue with a folder becoming unwieldy with hundreds of thousands of tiny files. There are so many files that performing rm -rf returns an error and instead what we need to do is something ...
4
votes
0answers
84 views

Unexplained files found in home folder

For background information, I'm running openSUSE 13.2 and KDE 5. Today I found a number of unexplained files and folders in my home folder which state they've been edited 3 days ago. I do not ...
0
votes
2answers
52 views

Files greater than 1 GB and older than 6 months

I want to find files which are greater than 1 GB and older than 6 months in entire server. How to write a command for this?
31
votes
4answers
1k views

Does bash open files in O_APPEND when using “>>” on linux?

If we use echo 1234 >> some-file then Documentation says that the output is appended. My guess is that, if some-file does not exist, then O_CREAT will make a new file. If > was used, then ...
2
votes
1answer
18 views

Seeing all regex matches in a file in Bash

I'm in bash and I have a file, I want to find all matches of a regex in it and have them printed. How do I do that? Followup: Assume I want to print only unique matches, i.e. if a match appears ...
6
votes
3answers
145 views

How to copy a directory recursively using hardlinks for each file

I want to create a "copy" of a directory tree where each file is a hardlink to the original file Example: I have a directory structure: dirA/ dirA/file1 dirA/x/ dirA/x/file2 dirA/y/ dirA/y/file3 ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Any GNU C examples where faccessat() function (or equivalent) is used? [migrated]

In reading IEEE Std 1003.1 (POSIX Base Spec) regarding access(), I came across this note: "The purpose of the faccessat( ) function is to enable the checking of the accessibility of files in ...
17
votes
5answers
10k views

How to list files that were changed in a certain range of time?

How can I list recursively all files that were changed between 22.12.2011 and 24.12.2011?
3
votes
5answers
1k views

How to count recursively for the number of files in several directories?

I have a directory, containing a lot of files and directories. I am trying to get the number of files (and directories) contained recursively in every directory. I tried the following approach: for ...
1
vote
3answers
49 views

Is it possible to create dynamic content on file read operation?

Is it possible to generate file content based on file name? I need a lot of similar .conf files with content depending on file name only. Can I create some "dynamic" file and generate a bunch of ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Deleting a file object from a library

I've created a library with 3 file objects using: ar rv arhiva.a file.o file2.o file3.o Why I can't delete a file object from it? I've used ar xv arhiva.a file.o
-2
votes
0answers
9 views

File manager in BlackArch [duplicate]

What file managers available for BlackArch? Are available some managers In default distro of BlackArch? If there are F.M. - where is it?
10
votes
5answers
474 views

What Windows-related files are valueless to *nix users?

I have accumulated, from my time using Windows a good quantity of held-over filesystem copies and archives of system and data drives. I am trying to distill them down to the usable parts while ...
2
votes
1answer
415 views

referring to files inside a jar or zip files in Linux

I am wondering if I can refer to files inside JAR or ZIP files using URLs. I mean, without using a tool (such as the Java Jar utility) but just at the operative system level. For example, if I have a ...
3
votes
1answer
176 views

How to create a folder which will change its contents’ ownership to what the folder has?

In a GNU/Linux OS there is no way to change ownership of a file until you are root. But what if I want to hide my system’s username e.g. before sending a file to someone, because some things like tar ...
1
vote
4answers
494 views

Command substitution grepping ls output causes error

I'm trying to make a tar.tgz file using command substitution There are backups of 17 Aug 2012 -rw-r----- 1 ossec 502 804M Aug 17 2012 BKPMDISINT_i6nir20j.F_bkp -rw-r----- 1 ossec 502 2.7G Aug 17 ...
2
votes
2answers
98 views

What are the differences between split and rar?

I am used to raring files -- but I am looking for something faster. I see that there is a "split" command. How does this command compare to rar? What is are the differences between split and rar?