Use this tag for questions about file management and operations on files.

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-1
votes
2answers
40 views

Prevent a user from deleting the folders and files in his own home

How to prevent a user from deleting the folders and files on his own home directory? In my scenario user can create & modify the folders but user should not delete them. How could we achieve this? ...
2
votes
1answer
40 views

Copy files that partially matches another files in another location

I have a list of jpeg files in a directory like this (below is just a sample, like the structure is the same but this there are many fo0# sub-folders, not only fo01 and fo01, where each of these ...
2
votes
4answers
273 views

Creating directories in a loop and moving files to those directories

Consider a directory with N files. I can list the files alphabetically sorted and store the list by ls > list Then I want to create n sub-directories in same directory, which can be done by ...
2
votes
1answer
90 views

Remove newlines in file names

I have a PHP code that generates the file name on which wget will append its logs. I generated 2000+ files, but the problem is I am having trouble working with them because I had a mistake of putting ...
2
votes
2answers
129 views

Run a command with wildcards in each subdirectory

I use this command to make a montage of all the images in a directory: gmic *jpg -gimp_montage 4,\""V(H(0,1),H(2,V(3,4)))"\",1,1.0,0,5,0,0,0,255,0,0,0,0 -o -0000."$(date)".jpg I want to run this ...
2
votes
3answers
238 views

Remove duplicate entries from a CSV file

I've got a [csv] file with duplicate datum reprinted ie the same data printed twice. I've tried using sort's uniq by sort myfile.csv | uniq -u however there is no change in the myfile.csv, also I've ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

File not read by Java until touched

We had a freak incident on Solaris. Our java program couldn't read a file until we touched the file. It was reading other files just fine, it just seemed to be completely blind to this one particular ...
3
votes
2answers
213 views

Meaning of `cat /dev/null > file`

In a document created by a former coworker there is this command: cat /dev/null > /var/spool/mail/root It says next to it that it will clean out mailbox. Can someone please explain how/why ...
0
votes
2answers
53 views

How to pass arguments to perl when trying to change a line?

I am using the approach suggested in http://askubuntu.com/questions/434051/how-to-replace-a-string-on-the-5th-line-of-multiple-text-files to modify the first line of an archive. Let's suppose the ...
2
votes
2answers
178 views

Script to determine if files are Images

I would like to create a shell script that will check to make sure all files in a directory are image files. We recently had an issue where a hacker was able to generate a file in a directory and ...
3
votes
1answer
111 views

I installed Ubuntu instead of Windows. Where are my files from D drive?

I'm quite new in Linux. I have had a Windows and two drives: C and D. Windows was on C. Then I installed Ubuntu instead of Windows, and I expected my files on D will stay. But I can't find it. As far ...
2
votes
2answers
79 views

File with permissions ---S--l---

Can some one explain what the meaning of these attributes: ---S--l---? When and why need to set this attribute? and for what? $ ls -ltr ---S--l--- 1 root root 0 Mar 10 ...
4
votes
1answer
261 views

Can I limit the size of the linux file cache?

I am running 64-bit Xubuntu 14.04, linux version 3.8.0-25 with 8GB of RAM. I have a script (in MATLAB, for what it's worth) that loads a large number of data files (~23k) one at a time, for a total ...
3
votes
2answers
94 views

Back up and restore file permissions

Is there a way to back up and restore file ownership and permissions (the things that can be changed with chown and chmod)? You can do this in Windows using icacls. What about access control lists?
2
votes
1answer
60 views

Using inotifywait along with vim

I have simple script that monitors file for changes and rsyncs it with remote copy: #!/bin/bash while inotifywait -e close_write somefile do rsync somefile user@host.domain:./somefile done It ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

How do I synchronize 2 xml files?

I have 2 xml files named 1k.xml and 1n.xml. The file 1k.xml contains some additional elements and data which are not there in 1n.xml. I want to copy whatever is absent in 1n.xml to it, so that both ...
2
votes
0answers
46 views

Higher-level wrapper for entr or inotifywait

I'm looking for a way to rerun a specific command as soon as any of the files in a subdirectory (perhaps minus selected excludes) changes. Use case I'm working on a project that is self-contained in ...
1
vote
2answers
258 views

How to get file permission in octal

I have set of linux folders and I need to get the permissions of the folders numerically. For example in the below directory, I need to what is the permission value of the folder... Whether 755, 644 ...
1
vote
3answers
30 views

Should I put old projects in tarballs

I never really used tarballs/archived much, except for uploads (with compression). Now I've accumulated a huge list of software projects coding experiments -- basically directories with lots and lots ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

How to make a temporary file in RAM?

I have a script that will pipe its output to |tee scriptnameYYMMDD.txt. After each cycle of the for loop in which the output is generated, I'll be reversing the file contents with tac ...
1
vote
3answers
57 views

How to can I make Filename Sequencing with the help of Loops

my intention is to keep the code as simple as possible.Here there are 5 files namely A_1.CSV, A_2.CSV, A_3.CSV, A_4.CSV, A_5.CSV The below code retrieves the first row in a CSV file. Code : ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Which way is safer to read data from /sys

I am attempting to write a program that will monitor the temperature of various hardware components. The language I chose for it is Java. Now there are two ways I could read the temperatures: a) Do ...
1
vote
2answers
297 views

How do I move a line in a text file up or down by one line?

I have some text files, and I'd like to be able to move an arbitrary line in any of the files up or down one line (lines at the beginning or end of the file would stay where they are). I have some ...
2
votes
0answers
117 views

Random file showing up in various directories. How to trace its creator?

I am finding a 0 byte file named ^- (that is a caret and a dash) in various directories on my file system. I use zsh with oh-my-zsh and I am pretty sure something in there is creating it but I really ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

Batch rename “case duplicates”

I have a folder on my Linux system that is cross-synchronized with other computers, some of them with Windows. The problem is that in that folder there are files that are "case duplicates", i.e. their ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

FS on NFS share responding slow

We have two server ex name app1 and app2.Both server have a nfs mount from same server as below:- nfsserver:/prlocal 249G 190G 46G 81% /prlocal Now the problem is when we try to access the FS ...
2
votes
2answers
36 views

Network drives in the cloud?

Is there such a service that allows Linux servers to access remote cloud storage as if it were a file on a local network? I'm running a very small server, 512 MB RAM and 20 GB hard drive space, but do ...
7
votes
6answers
5k views

How do I grep recursively through .gz files?

I am using a script to regularly download my gmail messages that compresses the raw .eml into .gz files. The script creates a folder for each day, and then compresses every message into its own file. ...
3
votes
1answer
75 views

Edit a file via a script yet maintain the osx tags

On OSX you can have tags which allows you to identify different categories of files. Here are two text files with different tags when viewed in Finder: I have a large number of these files and have ...
1
vote
1answer
181 views

pass all files in directory as one argument to perl script

linux beginner here I have a directory with 50 files in it and I want to simultaneously pass them all to a perl script with just a space between names , as in... ./perl_script.pl file1 file2 file3 ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

Swap two files in bash [duplicate]

How do I swap two files in Linux console with minimum typing? Boring approach: $ mv file1.dat fileX.dat $ mv file2.dat file1.dat $ mv fileX.dat file2.dat
4
votes
2answers
84 views

Use lines in a file to produce string and file name

I have a file, foo.txt, that has a folder name on each line: folder_1 folder_2 folder_3 And I'd like to do something like this: cat foo.txt | xargs -I {} echo 'function {}() { return stuff; }' ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

getting ? in permissions when running ll/ls command

I am trying to remove a folder and I am getting rm: cannot remove ‘...' when running the ll command I am getting : > ll ./folder/ ls: cannot access ./folder: Input/output error total 64 ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Relationship between file properties and user and group

There is something not clear on relationship between file properties and user and group. root@debian:/home/debian# ls -l /home/linuxsir total 4 -rw-r--r-- 1 linuxsir root 1549 Feb 23 19:16 ...
4
votes
2answers
162 views

How to delete part of a binary file without copying

I need to delete the first 2 bytes of a 6MB file. However, this is an embedded Linux with only 32 Mbytes RAM and less than 1 MB free flash memory. I tried using dd, as: 1 - # dd bs=1 skip=2 ...
-3
votes
1answer
90 views

find all .sh files then copy to <date>scriptbackup

Locate all the .sh scripts you have created in your Linux installation (searching recursively if needed – excluding existing backup folders) It will then copy them all into a folder called ...
1
vote
1answer
20 views

Rename command with non-existing target directory

I'm trying to group files automatically into subdirectories using a command like this: $ rename 's/(.)(.)(.+)/$1\/$2\/$1$2$3/' *.* A dry run with the -n parameter shows me what I want: test.jpg ...
0
votes
2answers
33 views

How to specify the file type in a hard link [closed]

Does anyone know how to specify the file type of a hard link? Is this even possible? For example, I want to link to an HTML file (with content type text/html) in my website directory, so I used ln ...
1
vote
2answers
40 views

move content from a folder with unknown name up one directory

I have data arranged as follows: --parent_dir | --4Bz27go1c | -- foo.md -- bar.tar.gz -- baz.c .. I have a parent directory with a known name and a child ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

unix2dos not recogonizing outfile

I typed unix2dos /path/to/filename_unix.txt /path/to/filename_dos.txt in the CentOS 7 terminal, but I got the following in response: unix2dos: converting file /path/to/filename_unix.txt to DOS format ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

What is nobody nobody user and group?

On my server (Synology DS212) some files and folders have nobody nobody users and groups. What are the characteristics of this user and group? Who can write of read this file? How can I change it ? ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

moving binaries from bin to specific folder

I want to install RNAhybrid tool so I downloaded it and configured it. I wanted to keep in a directory called programs, so I downloaded the tar.gz in that directory, extracted it and then used ...
0
votes
2answers
115 views

Solaris 11.2 extended permissions shown by ls

I have a file that shows up as having extended file permissions. ls -V /usr/share/X11/app-defaults/XScreenSaver rwx------ 1 root root 53 Dec 2 21:52 ...
4
votes
3answers
573 views

Run command automatically when files are copied into a directory

I have two folders called: A and B, in different paths on the same computer. When I add any new file(s) into folder A, I want to copy it to folder B automatically. My folders: /auto/std1/nat1/A ...
1
vote
4answers
131 views

Script to delete files that don't match certain filenames

I have a folder with 500,000 images, sorted in subfolders by year and month. I'd like to create a script that does this: If the filename does not match any of the filenames in names.log then delete ...
1
vote
0answers
81 views

fopen problem when mounting ecryptfs filesystem

After an unrecoverable fsck problem the mount of my encrypted /home/me filesystem isn't possible any more. The visible effects are: a) logging in though most of the selectable GUI window managers ...
3
votes
1answer
112 views

Deleted folder keeps coming back

I have a directory at /opt/splunk that I cannot seem to get rid of. root@alpha:/opt# ls -la total 87156 drwxr-xr-x 4 root root 4096 Feb 20 15:44 . drwxr-xr-x 23 root root 4096 Feb 19 13:29 ...
1
vote
1answer
21 views

How to display metainformation for different kinds of time of a file ?

As far as I know each name within a path, e.g. /name1/name2/name3, is allocated to one inode. This inode is a collection of meta information for each name (file or directory). Some of these ...
2
votes
3answers
72 views

Single record of a file getting splitted over multiple lines

We are using flat text files to store in teradata table after transformations from Informatica. The file contains 14 fields (~ separated). But as the records are getting scattered over multiple lines ...
2
votes
1answer
54 views

Creating symlinks in the etc directory without root access

What I would like to create if I had root access would be a symlink from some file or folder in the /etc to another file or folder in the /etc. However, I do not have root access. Is there any way to ...