Use this tag for questions about file management and operations on files.

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3
votes
1answer
39 views

“Ghost” files in ext4? (ktorrent allocated disk space)

I'm downloading with KTorrent, and have noticed that when I select "allocate disk space before starting torrent", it creates all the files at start, presumably empty, to avoid fragmentation. When I'm ...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

find's - cnewer broken on NTFS-3g?

After extracting an archive to the wrong place, I thought I'd erase everything created after it, but find . -cnewer archive.7z gave the wrong results. So I made a controlled test by touching three ...
2
votes
2answers
108 views

Mailx with multiple uuencode attachments and body

I am sending multiple files using following line in my script find . -type f -name "Sum*pdf*"|while read name; do uuencode "$name" "${name##*/}"; done | mailx -s "North Bus Correction" $RECIP Now I ...
0
votes
4answers
38 views

adding programs to path [duplicate]

I have a load of tools that are kept in the /opt directory. The tools are organised like this: /opt/toolname/tool.sh. My question is, how can I add the tools in my /opt folder to my path, so i can run ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Find which file contain a particular keyword using `grep`

Suppose I know I have to change myhostname = abc.domain.lcl to myhostname = abc.domain.glbl directive but I don't know in which file exactly the directive myhostname is in (i.e., say I have never ...
0
votes
2answers
64 views

Rename file by it is folder name

I have a sort of folders (A,B,C,D,E,F,G,H) and I have one file in every folder has the same name in all the folders (file.txt) but the size of this file is different from folder to folder. I wanted to ...
0
votes
1answer
72 views

Ambigous redirect done >$2

I have finished my bash script but I am still getting two errors. I've also searched for related issues but none worked: #!/bin/bash avem_element () { local e for e in "${@:2}"; do [[ "$e" == ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

Allow inclusion of file in php but forbid reading/editing by user

I have a file.php that needs the be kept in secrecy, so its permissions are 700. What I'd like to do is maintain these permissions 700 but allow the inclusion of the file in other files. How can I ...
3
votes
6answers
179 views

redirect output to specific line number

I want to grep certain lines by keyword and redirect the output to specific line number of an existing file. Command grep "key" temp_file >> desired.txt What I need is that I can append the ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

How to import videos/pictures/documents from my Samsung smartphone to my Linux system?

I imported most of last year's videos and pictures from my Samsung Galaxy Note 3 to my Fedora 20 laptop through Gwenview import. Now I want to import the last month's but I'm having difficulty ...
3
votes
1answer
63 views

Filename expansion from date ranges

Consider dates in the ISO 8601 format i.e. ‘YYYY-MM-DD’, e.g. 2015-01-28, and say we have a folder with files of the form: AAAA_<date>_BBBB I am looking for a glob pattern in zsh (or Bash) ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

How to use awk to read data between all frequent time intervals

I have a log file in following format [30/Jan/2015:10:10:30 +0000] 12.30.30.204 xff=- reqId=[-] status_check len=- GET /api/getstatus HTTP/1.1 mi=- ec=- 200 425 [30/Jan/2015:10:11:00 +0000] ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

how to find out the full path of the command from the result of lsof -i

lsof is a great utility, just now started using it. lsof -i | grep smtp => this give the following result. httpd.pl 212548 global 3u IPv4 893092369 0t0 TCP ...
1
vote
4answers
181 views

'chmod g+s' command

Hello I want to understand the role of the chmod g+s command in Unix. I also would like to know what it does in this particular context: cd /home/canard; touch un; chgrp canard .; chmod g+s .; touch ...
0
votes
0answers
308 views

File limits getrlimit(RLIMIT_NOFILE) failed

(32-bit system) Posted a Q/A earlier regarding Chrome crashing because of exhausted limit in open files. Chrome has since run more smooth, (after increasing limit), but still crashes from time to ...
1
vote
2answers
129 views

Find unique files between two directories (recursively)

I am backing up files, and I have a lot of files duplicated in multiple locations. I've used fdupes to find duplicates, but I'm actually looking for some sort of inverse of this tool. I want to see ...
0
votes
1answer
99 views

Crontabbed shell script not able to create/write to a file

I have written a simple shell script to backup the tables in my DB using the mysqldump command. The command simply dumps the DB into a dbName.sql file. However, if the dbName.sql file doesn't already ...
-1
votes
4answers
265 views

How do I list files ending in txt only on Unix?

I have a directory with nine files in it. 1 ending in .bat 2 ending in .bak 4 ending in .txt 2 ending in .xtxt My question is, how do i list only the files ending in txt, but without the period. ...
5
votes
5answers
507 views

What are the root permissions for a file?

If I type: ls -l file.txt I see that the rights for that file are equivalent to "456": 4 = owner (r--) 5 = group (r-x) 6 = others (rw-) Which the rights for root in this case? Does it have 777? ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

Deleting a file object from a library

I've created a library with 3 file objects using: ar rv arhiva.a file.o file2.o file3.o Why I can't delete a file object from it? I've used ar xv arhiva.a file.o
1
vote
1answer
198 views

Rename files based on directory names

How can I rename .jpg files in multiple folders based on the name of the folder? I also want the .jpg files to remain in their respective folders and not moved. The folder names have no spaces. So, ...
10
votes
5answers
864 views

How to get the last N files in a directory?

I have many files that are ordered by file name in a directory. I wish to copy the final N (say, N=4) files to my home directory. How should I do it? cp ./<the final 4 files> ~/
1
vote
1answer
30 views

output log file from some time to some time via ssh

I have a access_log which size is neally 2GB. I want to analyze it from 2015:09:55 to 2015:09:57, but during this period, there have more than 500 items. So I want to output and download the ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

How to upload to a unix server?

Im a part of a project group, and one of our tasks is to upload some content to a server. I am completely new to this and have some questions. There are content on different servers(distributed on ...
1
vote
2answers
214 views

Read line from file then delete

How can I read a series of lines from a file and then remove each line? Obviously I can read like this: while read -r line; do echo $line done < myfile.txt But if I do this: while read -r ...
3
votes
2answers
105 views

How to remove “lock” from deleted, but still used files on Linux?

SERVER:~ # df -mP /home/ Filesystem 1048576-blocks Used Available Capacity Mounted on /dev/mapper/rootvg-home_lv 496 491 0 100% /home SERVER:~ # SERVER:/home # ...
2
votes
3answers
54 views

How to determine if a soft link's target is a directory or a file?

Given the ll command outputs as follows #> ll lrwxrwxrwx ... How to determine if a soft link's target is a directory or a file from "lrwxrwxrwx"?
-1
votes
1answer
36 views

Show the content of a file in the mail body

I am writing a script where it shows the content of file in the body of the mail. But i am getting error while I am executing it. RECIP="abc@gmail.com" lines=`wc -l $HOME/totals` if [ $lines == 6 ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

Many files in folder - time difference while accessing file with fullpath

Folder /var/log/something may have 1 file (test.log) in it or 1000000 different files (and test.log of course). Is there a time difference while accessing file test.log with realpath between those ...
3
votes
3answers
110 views

Get modification date that can be used with touch -m

I need to get the modification date of a file so that I can set it on other files using touch -m. stat or perl -le 'print((stat shift)[9])' Didn't return what I wanted. I think that you are supposed ...
0
votes
1answer
223 views

Bash script, ask for user input, to change a directory, sub directorys, and file's mtime atime linux recursively

Using GNU bash, version 4.3.11(1)-release (x86_64-pc-linux-gnu) I am a bash scripting novice, not sure where to begin except at shebang #!. The following command. touch -a -m -t 201501010000.00 ...
1
vote
7answers
260 views

Remove a specific extension from all the files in a directory

I have a couple of files with ".old" extension. How can I remove the ".old" extension without remove the file? I can do it manually but with more work: mv file1.key.old file1.key mv ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Read from character delimted file and assign into variables | for email

I am using ksh. I need to read the data from file, into the variables and then further use them for sending emails. File can be delimited by any less used characters (like | ^ etc.) or group of ...
2
votes
1answer
197 views

Chrome too many files open / crash / Sorry Jim

When using Google Chrome I frequently get “Sorry Jim” tabs. The browser also frequently freezes and crashes. Running it from terminal emulator show a long line of Too many open files: ...
1
vote
3answers
47 views

How to access the contents of a file that is used as an argument when running a bash script?

I am running a bash script with its parameters/arguments as files. From inside the script, how do I get the contents of those files? I run the script with this command line: sh script_name ...
3
votes
7answers
612 views

List files whose name begin with any of the characters between a to k

How to list the files whose name begin with any of the character a to k (both inclusive)?
2
votes
2answers
352 views

How to remove all CRLF in file (not replace with LF)

I'd like to remove all carriage returns followed by line feeds (CRLF), such as \r\n in a file. How can I do that? I can't use dos2unix because that replaces CRLF with LF. And I can't use tr because ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

Recover hard disk file from corrupted one

I bought a 1 TB hard disk from my friend to back up my files but when I tried to copy 150 GB of data to the hard disk, during the last 5MB my laptop shut down due to power loss. After power came back ...
2
votes
0answers
50 views

Prevent scp from overwriting existing files?

Have been googling this for a while, and the problem is not so much of one where I trust my users to "do the right thing" and have them use rsync with various options to avoid overwriting files. I ...
1
vote
2answers
30 views

Common user to modify files owned by 'other' users

I would like to understand how to use the permission system in CentOS to achieve the following: The system has the following users: user1 user2 user3 And the following directory structure.. ...
0
votes
5answers
128 views

Compare one to one lines in 2 different files using shell scripting [closed]

I have two files: File1 File2 abc abc cde cde,xyz,efg,hij,...,n efg lmn,opq,weq,...n Now I want to compare File1 line1 with File2 line1, line2 with line2 and ...
0
votes
5answers
85 views

Getting the shellscript to display a chosen file extension

I'm new to this with shellscript and Linux and now I'm stuck. I shall write a simple program that allows me to search for andy file extension I want and then display how many of them there are. I've ...
1
vote
2answers
123 views

readlink -f not working on multiple files

I tried to run readlink -f on multiple files by using wildcard "*", but it evaluates other files as operand Command readlink -f *log Output (desired) /home/trail_1.log /home/trail_2.log Am I ...
0
votes
4answers
83 views

How does one inspect the directory structure information of a unix/linux file?

In Unix file systems directories are just special files with special directory structures that hold the child filename, filename size and inode reference number. The actual file metadata beyond ...
2
votes
4answers
112 views

Fastest way to read last line within pattern of multiple files with the same extension

I have in a directory /home/files/ some files that all have the same extension .txt. For example 1.txt 2.txt 3.txt 4.txt 5.txt test.txt These files are all the same in data format but the data are ...
2
votes
1answer
96 views

How is the open file table structured?

I'm starting to read Linux Systems Programming, 2nd Ed., and I was curious about the file table that is a "per-process list of open files." Is the file table like a table in a SQL db with the fds used ...
2
votes
2answers
106 views

How to rename thousands of files efficiently?

I have a bunch of music files (literally thousands of files) in my Fedora PC that I'd like to rename with two rules: Every space must be replaced by the character _ (underscore), and Every letter in ...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

What is the difference between these two sets of command for configuring ACL permissions?

Hi I am wondering what is the difference between the two sets of commands below: 1) To allow Davis to access and modify all files and folders in the the home directory of John # setfacl -m ...
0
votes
2answers
22 views

Supervise File Operations

I want to find out what file operations (failed and successful) where performed in the last hour on my system. Is there a way to do that?
2
votes
2answers
120 views

Collect files from several different directories and put them in one place

I have a large amount of ebooks that are very disorganized. Some of them are alone in their own directories, some of them are corrupted, some of the directories are empty. How do I gather my ebooks ...