Use this tag for questions about file management and operations on files.

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25
votes
2answers
8k views

I made a mistake last night, which deleted 1800GB of my File-Server unintentionally

I ran this command yesterday, I thought on a test machine, but it was a File-Server connected through SSH. sudo rm -rf /tmp/* !(lost+found) My terminal emulator is Konsole. My system is Debian 7. ...
5
votes
1answer
72 views

List all files that are present in the cache

This question answers to the question on how to find the what is part of cache. However, in the fincore executable you have to pass the filename to check if it is part of cache. Is there a tools or a ...
12
votes
3answers
861 views

Determining if a file is a hard link or symbolic link?

I'm creating a shell script that would take a a filename/path to a file and determines if the file is a symbolic link or a hard link. The only thing is, I don't know how to see if they are a hard ...
3
votes
4answers
93 views

Determining the number of files and subdirectories in Linux

When displaying directories in linux using ls -ld, I get something like this: user@shell:~/somedirectory$ ls -ld drwxr-xr-x 2014 K-rock users 65536 20011-11-05 11:34 user@shell:~/somedirectory$ ...
5
votes
3answers
311 views

How to view last 5 lines from last created/modified file?

Every day I have to take backup and update the status to support teams at particular time for which I need to check last 5 lines of last created/modified *.aff file in a directory and update them. ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Check for subdirectory

A)I used the following code to get the modified date of a file. But this is also selecting the subdirectories and thus returning an error. How van I fix this. for file in $1/*; do echo `stat ...
0
votes
1answer
123 views

How to execute genymotion?

I just downloaded an Android Emulator and it downloaded as genymotion-2.3.1_x64(1).bin-- how do I open that? Install it?
2
votes
2answers
98 views

how to I change permissions to all subdirectories except for 1 folder using a single find command?

I need to change the folder and file permissions in all subfolders except for 1 folder. Currently, I'm running several find/exec commands to make it work. e.g. find /mystuff/temp/videos -type d -exec ...
0
votes
2answers
26 views

Can LVM split files between volumes?

Let's say I have 2 volumes 2 GB each (kept as single group). And I would copy there 3GB file. Will it be split? I just hope the answer is "no", and the files are atomic. The reason is -- with ...
17
votes
4answers
1k views

Are Unix Internet sockets files?

I understand that "Everything is a file" is one of the major concepts of Unix, but sockets use different APIs that are provided by the kernel (like socket, sendto, recv, etc.), not like normal file ...
2
votes
5answers
119 views

How to find different files in UNIX based on . extension?

How to find different files in UNIX based extension. Lets say suppose if I have 100 files for each vamsi.log-vamsi100.log, krishna.txt-krishna100.txt, super.csv..., rajat.jpeg..., ...
6
votes
3answers
400 views

how do I remove all files in a folder except just some specified files?

I want to remove all files in a directory while leaving just some specified files, they don't have anything in common by name. How could I achieve that? For example, the file names I want to keep ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

Delete a directory under Cryptkeeper without access to its account

I have a computer with read-write permissions for one of it is directories. I lost the password that can help me to log in to that directory. How can I delete this folder. I am using the following ...
1
vote
3answers
211 views

Constantly check if file is modified bash

I have a file called file1 I want in a script, whenever there is a change in it, do something, a beep sound actually. How do I do that ¿? Thank you in advance
0
votes
1answer
1k views

“bash: cannot create temp file for here-document: No space left on device”

My / only has about 800MB free space left. I guess it is the reason that $ convert * book.pdf Segmentation fault (core dumped) bash: cannot create temp file for here-document: No space left on device ...
3
votes
1answer
23 views

I need to create file with name is the result of the command in Solaris

I need to create only one file with name is the result of the command ls -l | head -2. I can't use environment variables. The filename must contain newline symbols. I've tried to use touch 'ls -l | ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

File weird character encoding [closed]

I'm on ubuntu 13.10 and am writing a program in eclipse that's supposed to output my result in a file. I'm building an LZW compression and decompression program that uses character conversion to its ...
0
votes
4answers
303 views

keep the last file of every month and delete the rest

I have files like below. I want to keep SEP 30, OCT 30....files and delete the rest. Can you please help me with any script? -rw-r--r-- 1 nbswmcm advboprd 13463761 Sep 2 01:19 ...
1
vote
2answers
88 views

React to incoming files in a directory on HP-UX

How can I achieve this logic using a script: Monitor new incoming files in a directory. If files are not received in the directory for 3 hours or if the received file is empty then do something. ...
6
votes
4answers
590 views

Modify a file without creating another file

Is there a way to modify a file without writing the contents to other file, without sed and awk? For example, $ cat test.txt aaa aaa bbb ccc ddd Replacing using sed with -i option, sed -i ...
2
votes
1answer
49 views

Maximum time a file descriptor can be held

I am writing a long-running program in the Linux environment that will be calculating entries in a large table. Every time it comes to the end of the row, it outputs the calculated values into a ...
1
vote
3answers
34 views

Why does Debian prefer a temp file replacing the original over modifying bytes in original file?

In the mp3gain manpages, you can read the following: -t mp3gain writes modified mp3 to temp file, then deletes original instead of modifying bytes in original file (This ...
2
votes
5answers
147 views

Finding new lines in one file compared with another

I need to compare two txt files. Every line of both txt files contain entries. One entry per line. The new file contains entries the old one lacks. I have tried to use diff and vimdiff but these don't ...
4
votes
1answer
47 views

rsync doesn't preserve directory ownership even with -a

I use this rsync invocation to backup my home directory: rsync -aARrx --info= --force --delete --info=progress2 -F "$USER_HOME" "$BACKUP_MNTPOINT" rsync man page says that -a implies -g and -o ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Postfix no longer logs to /var/log/mail after it has been deleted and re-created?

I accidentally deleted the /var/log/mail file. Until that point I was able to monitor it using postfix stuff. Now, it seems that Postfix doesn't send its logs to /var/log/mail, since the file is not ...
0
votes
1answer
135 views

Why the size of an empty directory in Linux is 4KB? [duplicate]

I'm using Ubuntu 14.04 and I made an empty directory on /tmp with the mkdir command: cd /tmp mkdir foo and then I checked it's size using ls: ls -ldh foo and the result shows that the size of ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

open() sys call [closed]

Process A wants to open a file fd1 = open("/var/file1", O_RDONLY); In the process of opening file1 which table is referred first system wide file table or file descriptor table or in-core inode ...
4
votes
3answers
428 views

Add text with echo but start with new line if file not empty

I'm trying to create next script echo "#!/bin/sh" >/script echo "del x.txt" >>/script witch is ok if /script file is empty, if not - will append first line to last text #!/bin/sh del ...
3
votes
3answers
100 views

How to use all the inodes

Without creating a file can I use any inode which is free? I want to write a script that will use all free inodes in the system. is it possible?
1
vote
3answers
110 views

Find and delete duplicate txt files

I have a folder with around 300 text files, is there any command that reads every every file indivdually and deletes the duplicate files? I mean the content and not the file names.
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Change encoding of a text file in-place: iconv alternative? [duplicate]

Apparently, iconv is unable to use the same file as input and output file. Other tools, e.g. sed, have an -i switch that allows "updating" a file in-place. (Under the hood, temporary files are ...
2
votes
1answer
78 views

How do I choose a file names with consecutive numeric suffixes?

I like to preserve things, so I want to preserve .bash_history. I would like to copy it into a directory using a script. Like here #!/bin/bash #Something here? number=~/Desktop/Coding/Bash\ ...
3
votes
1answer
90 views

Add content one file to another

FILE1=$1 FILE2=$2 if [ ! -e "$FILE2" ] then touch $FILE2 fi while read line; do if grep -q "$line" $FILE2 then echo else echo $line >> $FILE2 fi done < $FILE1 I want ...
4
votes
1answer
310 views

Why doesn't inotifywatch detect changes on added files?

I'm trying to monitor my /tmp folder for changes using inotifywatch: sudo inotifywatch -v -r /tmp After creating couple of files (touch /tmp/test-1 /tmp/test-2), I'm terminating inotifywatch (by ...
1
vote
3answers
51 views

How to access temporary file straight after creation?

I've script which is connecting to remote host via SSH, creates temporary file and executing the following command: Calling system(mysql --database=information_schema --host=localhost < ...
1
vote
1answer
18 views

What files does affect apt-get purge¿?

I want to know before doing apt-get purge <packet> what files thats gonna have effect on. The reverse thing would be, what packet do I have to do purge if I want to remove that file (apt-file ...
1
vote
4answers
53 views

How to do grep even if the file is not present?

I am doing something like this in my code file_nm=`ls -latr *abc*` if [ `grep "search_txt" "$file_nm" | wc -l` -gt 0 ] then echo "string found" else echo "string not found" fi If the file_nm is ...
1
vote
1answer
255 views

How to output the directory structure to Json format [duplicate]

I have been using 'find' to output the directory structure from the root down and I don’t mind that it takes a while. My problem is that I want to cut down on the redundant info of repeating every ...
2
votes
1answer
86 views

In a Virtualbox VM how do I set the filesystem permissions?

I have a virtualbox VM with arch Linux running on my windows PC (which I unfortunately have to use for work). I use this to work on my windows PC with a Linux environment as an alternative to Cygwin. ...
25
votes
2answers
1k views

Is it safe to move a file that's being appended to?

I have a node.js process that uses fs.appendFile to add lines to file.log. Only complete lines of about 40 chars per lines are appended, e.g. calls are like fs.appendFile("start-end"), not 2 calls ...
4
votes
1answer
88 views

How to make sure only one instance accessing the file at a time in a folder?

I have a shell script which will be executed by multiple instances and if an instance accessing a file and doing some operation how can I make sure other instances are not accessing the same file and ...
2
votes
2answers
114 views

How to disallow file modification time change for non root users

I don't want anybody to create a file then change the creation date to backward date(For example using touch or system call). In my Ubuntu hosting account I'm getting many hacked php code getting ...
8
votes
2answers
445 views

Finding a file type assuming wrong extension

I have an image archive I keep up. Sometimes, the sites I pull them from reformat the file while keeping the extension the same, most often making PNG images into JPG's that are still named ".png". ...
1
vote
1answer
137 views

File of Doom freezes any computer that attempts interaction

I have a file on an internal server that causes any machine that interacts with it to immediately and irrecoverably freeze. By interaction, I mean just about anything: rm, mv, cp, cat, vi, gedit, ...
6
votes
3answers
279 views

Is it possible to create an edited copy of a file without using up extra disk space?

If I have a large file, I can use ln to make make "copies" of it that don't use up extra disk space. But what if I don't want an exact copy of the file? Is there a way to create a new version of a ...
2
votes
2answers
132 views

print the /etc/shadow file in the console

How do I change the permissions of an executable file to access the /etc/shadow file? So far I have the following bash script: #!/bin/bash gcc print.c -o print chmod +s print ./print exit 0 and ...
2
votes
1answer
38 views

Which types of files can have a shared library dependency?

I'm trying to find a way to let the find command only find files, that could possibly have a shared library dependency (meaning they produce output when called with ldd). To find all dependencies of ...
2
votes
3answers
161 views

How to remove file with mv command?

I started to study Solaris in my university. Teacher told me to remove a file with mv command. I tried to move a file to /dev/null. But that did not work. How can I remove file with mv command?
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Is it possible to access these directories?

I'm trying to recover data from my Ready NasDuo which is Spark based with a 16kb block size. I've followed another post and successfully mounted the drive using a command like sudo fuseext2 -o ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

Command that can find files that are not referenced by other files and then delete them

I was wondering if anyone knew how I could go about writing a grep command that recursively finds files that are not being referenced/used in a specific file and/or a directory of files, and then ...