Use this tag for questions about file management and operations on files.

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2
votes
1answer
74 views

How to create gcov files for a project in a different dir?

I want to analyze code coverage datas. I want to create gcov files from OpenSSL (and from other projects), but I can only create them in the same directory of the project, and only for the files in ...
0
votes
3answers
81 views

Get recursive file count (like `du`, but number of files instead of size) [duplicate]

Since I'm having performance problems with rsnapshot, I'd like to identify directories with great number of files recursively. I think the problem is not the size of the files, but the file count in ...
1
vote
2answers
21 views

Getting a list of files modified after an apt-get upgrade or intstall?

I would like to run AIDE or tripwire to make sure executables/configuration files/... do not get modified by malware. Or at least notify me if they do get modified. I would like to get a list of ...
4
votes
4answers
276 views

Remove a directory from inside using the command line interface [duplicate]

Imaging the next simple file structure within the /home/user/ directory: /home/user |--dir0 |--dir1 |--file1 My current directory is 'dir1' and I remove the ...
2
votes
3answers
96 views

Monitor processes trying to access non-existent file or directory

We're moving websites from one server configuration to a new configuration and the websites will live in different paths than previously. We're planning to diligently go through and replace old paths ...
2
votes
0answers
25 views

Can I make cross-computer sharing compatible with tinfoil-hat security (password managers, email, etc.)

Preface: I realize the following is asking for tinfoil-hat type security, but I'm really curious for answers to my questions -- not suggestions to enable two-factor logons on gmail, etc. and call it a ...
10
votes
4answers
3k views

How to run a command when a directory's contents are updated?

There is a directory A whose contents are changed frequently by other people. I have made a personal directory B where I keep all the files that have ever been in A. Currently I just occasionally ...
2
votes
2answers
324 views

unix file is corrupted [closed]

I discovered that one of my logs consumes lots of space which comes from a running process. I wanted to clean this file, so I can run logadm to rotate it after. but I don't know how # ...
6
votes
4answers
596 views

How to print the name of missing files in a folder?

I have 2000+ files in a folder, but there are few files missing from the folder. Name of the files are like GLDAS_NOAH025SUBP_3H.A2003001.0000.001.2015210044609.pss.grb ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

What permissions apply if specific user's permission on file or directory differ from user's group to which this user belong to in Linux? [duplicate]

Case 1: User has "rwx" permissions to certain file or directory. But has no permissions "---" in group it belongs to. Question: who wins - Does user have "rwx" or "---", effectively (not what's ...
-6
votes
1answer
71 views

Delete Huge file in linux

I would like to delete a large file in my server. It's very large nearly more than TB's. What is the best way to delete that huge file ???
4
votes
1answer
132 views

Unexplained files found in home folder

For background information, I'm running openSUSE 13.2 and KDE 5. Today I found a number of unexplained files and folders in my home folder which state they've been edited 3 days ago. I do not ...
1
vote
2answers
41 views

How do I find/list all files on filesystem with a certain SELinux “fcontext”

I'm having trouble finding information on what command, presumably from setools, I should use to find all the files on my filesystem that are labeled by SELinux with a certain file-context (fcontext). ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

find files in a folder

I'm trying to make a FIFO script that keeps deleting files when disk usages reaches a limit. I have used the find command so that number of files wont be a limit to run the script. But I get an error ...
43
votes
10answers
67k views

How do I loop through only directories in bash?

I have a folder with some directories and some files (some are hidden, beginning with dot). for d in *; do echo $d done will loop through all files, but I want to loop only through directories. ...
2
votes
3answers
86 views

Modify multiple files in different folders with one command?

I have a file abc.txt in the folder /etc/zyz/ and also in a few sub folders /etc/zyz-1/ /etc/zyz-2/ How can I modify all of those files with a echo command for example (all named abc.txt) in every ...
4
votes
1answer
129 views

Undeletable directory

Everything I've tried (always with superuser privileges) has failed: # rm -rf /path/to/undeletable rm: cannot remove ‘/path/to/undeletable’: Is a directory # rmdir /path/to/undeletable rmdir: failed ...
1
vote
2answers
38 views

Piping contents of multiple files between programs while keeping contents separate

I would like to read in a number of files and pipe their output to subsequent programs while still maintaining them as individual pipelines of data. program1 *.txt | program2 | program3 folder I ...
2
votes
1answer
33 views

How to create a zip of directories -mtime -150

I want to zip the directories, sub directories, files in main and sub directories from today till 150 days ago. I only consider the date of the directories where I am running the command, no matter ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Get mutt to open files >2G

According to the very likely sounding answer to How to access and manage a large mailbox (11 GB) I need to use mutt to open the large mailbox. However the 2G limit was supposed to have been removed ...
6
votes
7answers
308 views

File protection in Unix

Is there a way to protect a file in such a way that even root cannot delete it or rewrite it after creating it? I have a file which is created by root under /var/log/ and I want to restrict all users ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Access history of a file [duplicate]

I was wondering if there are any tools to keep track of the access history of a file. I know of stat, but as far as I understand, it only returns information about the last time the file was accessed. ...
4
votes
4answers
18k views

Linux file access monitoring

Is there any way in unix to find out who accessed certain file in last 1 week? It may be user or some script ftp it to some other place. Can I get a list of user name who accessed certain file? How ...
4
votes
1answer
112 views

Using inotifywait along with vim

I have simple script that monitors file for changes and rsyncs it with remote copy: #!/bin/bash while inotifywait -e close_write somefile do rsync somefile user@host.domain:./somefile done It ...
2
votes
5answers
97 views

Change strings in multiple files to current subdirectory name

I have several directories each containing a file containing this line: ../a_a_q1.out ../a_a_q2.out ../a_a_q3.out I would like to loop through all the subdirectories, and change the a_a part to the ...
3
votes
1answer
57 views

How does `lsof` keep track of open file descriptors' filenames?

I've noticed, if a file is renamed, lsof displays the new name. To test it out, created a python script: #!/bin/python import time f = open('foo.txt', 'w') while True: time.sleep(1) Saw that ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

How do I find directories where none of the files inside have been accessed in a year?

I have a tools directory /tools/tool_name that has hundreds of releases of the tool inside. I am trying to find an easy way of knowing what releases can be archived. Is there an easy way of finding ...
-5
votes
1answer
68 views

Find the number of files with sizes

Find the number of files with sizes > 100KB in /, /bin, /usr, /usr/bin and /usr/sbin directories and output them in a two column format with the name of the directory and the number of files.
-1
votes
1answer
19 views

Daemon opens a file in RO mode only

I am trying to write a kind of keylogger myself. I don't know if my logic of developing a keylogger is good or not but I have thought of doing it the following way. First a daemon is created, and to ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

Continously writing terminal output to text file

I am running a small cli python app in terminal. It loops infinitely and outputs text to the terminal. I want to output the text to a file, and I can do that with the following command python [my cli ...
69
votes
4answers
62k views

How to tell gzip to keep original file?

I would like to compress a text file using gzip command line tool while keeping the original file. By default running the following command gzip file.txt results in modifying this file and renaming ...
32
votes
8answers
11k views

How to delete this undeletable directory?

I untarred a corrupt tar file, and managed to end up with some directory that I can not delete, If I try to delete it, it seems like it can not be found, but ls shows it's present, both with bash and ...
4
votes
3answers
147 views

How to copy recursively and change file names to be unique

I have a large tree containing a lot of photos on an external drive that was formatted with one of the linux filesystem types (don't remember which one). It's mounted on my mac and I'm trying to copy ...
1
vote
2answers
98 views

What is the file permission of /etc/shadow in CentOS?

What is the default file permission of /etc/shadow in CentOS? Is there any difference in the default file permission of /etc/shadow in previous versions of CentOS?
29
votes
6answers
71k views

How to list all files in the size order

I would like to list all files in the order of big to small in size and the files could be present anywhere in a certain folder.
42
votes
6answers
123k views

How to get over “device or resource busy”?

I tried to rm -rf a folder, and got "device or resource busy". In Windows, I would have used LockHunter to resolve this. What's the linux equivalent? (Please give as answer a simple "unlock this" ...
5
votes
2answers
71 views

`sudo cp -a` changes ownership to root (instead of preserving the original user)

I was trying to backup some directories and some of the copies made by sudo cp -av resulted in being owned by root while others preserved their attributes. Is this a known issue or am I missing ...
4
votes
2answers
600 views

Overwriting an input file

Solutions that I have come across for replacing the contents of an input file with converted output involve using a temp file or the sponge utility. Stephane Chazelas's answer here indicates another ...
18
votes
7answers
2k views

Why compute checksums of downloaded files?

I often see a checksum given next to a file available for download. The purpose of this practice eludes me. It is obviously to detect corrupt files, but what could be the cause of this corruption and ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Using imagemagick to crop video

I want to crop a video that I have in yuv format using imagemagick. I am using the following command: convert -size 1280x720 my_clip_1280_720s.yuv -verbose -crop 352x288 +repage my_clip_352_288.yuv ...
2
votes
4answers
283 views

Replace regex match with string containing match

I have a file with text as Afghanistan=+93 Albania=+355 Algeria=+213 American Samoa=+1 Andorra=+376 Angola=+244 It has all the country list and its dialing code. I want to replace: ...
1
vote
4answers
58 views

How to move all files (excluding sub-directories) from one directory to another?

How do you move all the files (excluding sub-directories) from one directory to another. I'd prefer if the solution used just basic shell scripting.
0
votes
4answers
213 views

How does one inspect the directory structure information of a unix/linux file?

In Unix file systems directories are just special files with special directory structures that hold the child filename, filename size and inode reference number. The actual file metadata beyond ...
1
vote
2answers
715 views

Read line from file then delete

How can I read a series of lines from a file and then remove each line? Obviously I can read like this: while read -r line; do echo $line done < myfile.txt But if I do this: while read -r ...
3
votes
0answers
19 views

Get consistent encoding for all files in directory

I have a directory containing lots of csv files from various vendors with two different encodings: ASCII Text / UTF-8 UCS2 / UTF-16 little endian I'd like to use grep, awk, sed and other utilities ...
0
votes
3answers
68 views

What is the difference between a directory name that ends with a slash and one that does not? [duplicate]

Is there any difference between a directory name such as mydirectory and mydirectory/ I noticed this happens when I execute ls in some directories - some of the directory names have a slash and ...
0
votes
2answers
54 views

Merging large data set in fastest possible way

I have a large data set ~100 GBs having smaller csv files ~ 100,000. I wish to merge all .csv files together in the fastest possible way. Files are located in two different folders. Someone ...
2
votes
2answers
98 views

How to remove a file that can be seen but no program can seem to touch?

I'm trying to remove some obsolete backups, and deep inside one I've found a file 'cifs3bee' that I can find no way of removing. (And since I can't remove it, it's preventing the removal of the entire ...
6
votes
4answers
4k views

Understaning of diff output

I have file1.txt this is the original text line2 line3 line4 happy hacking ! and file2.txt this is the original text line2 line4 happy hacking ! GNU is not UNIX if I do: ...
0
votes
0answers
93 views

extract text to csv file from output of reading multiple files into specific rows

I am trying to write a bash script to generate a csv file from text within multiple pdf documents. I have a script for converting pdf to text, but not for generating the csv file. Each text document ...