Logical entities that contain data in a filesystem. Use this tag if your question: is about programs that create files (e.g. gzip, tar, zip); deals with characteristics of files (permissions, size, path/location); or is about management of files (renaming, listing, moving, removing). For operating ...

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10
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3answers
2k views

A layman's explanation for “Everything is a file” — what differs from Windows?

I know that "Everything is a file" means that even devices have their filename and path in Unix and Unix-like systems, and that this allows for common tools to be used on a variety of resources ...
1
vote
1answer
392 views

How to Link File URLs?

I am currently running WordPress/Woocommerce on an Apache server. I have files for sale on the server, located outside of the public path for security. I am attempting to link the downloadable files ...
3
votes
2answers
716 views

The reverse of `tree` - reconstruct file and directory structure from text file contents?

We all know we can use tree to get a nicely formatted text "visualization" of the structure of a directory; say: $ tree -spugD /usr/include/boost/accumulators/numeric/ /usr/include/boost/accumulators/...
0
votes
1answer
104 views

Is it viable to have a file with 700 permissions?

I have been wondering about the following thing: Consider Pc A. Pc A has n users. There is a folder with one file per user. There is some sensitive information for each usere there, so you don't ...
3
votes
1answer
119 views

Test for a particular file format

This is a followup to Normal looking text file, detected by file as ASCII Pascal program text It seems file can't be trusted all the time. It seems possible that a particular file may be detected ...
3
votes
1answer
709 views

“file” command confusing C & C++

When using file to check some file types, I noticed that it seems to incorrectly label C++ files as C files: $ file User.* User.cpp: C source, ASCII text User.h: C++ source, ASCII text User.o: ELF ...
7
votes
1answer
472 views

Normal looking text file, detected by file as ASCII Pascal program text

I have a "normal" looking text file (contains english sentences) which is getting detected by file command as ASCII Pascal program text. How does Pascal program text differentiate itself from normal ...
2
votes
0answers
1k views

`crontab -e` sometimes fails with “Creation of temporary crontab file failed”

From time to time crontab -e fails on me on a Ubuntu box. It is the same for all users including the root and crontab -eu <user> under the root. Goes like this on a regular basis, a success here ...
0
votes
0answers
137 views

Storage Formats for Flat File DB

Currently I use a flat file database with find -type f -ls to store information for about 400GB of files. I'd like to store also the md5sum/sha[1|256]sum of the files. Because the files are often ...
5
votes
2answers
6k views

Local Account Creation Date

For compliance purposes there is the need to fetch information regarding local (user and non-user) accounts creation date on UNIX machines. Is there any way (even if it's not the most reliable or ...
2
votes
1answer
103 views

Copy file from USB drive to a desktop loaded via a LiveCD

I have booted my computer using a LiveCD and want to copy a file from a USB drive to the LiveCD loaded desktop. I want to copy a file from the USB drive to the desktop environment in memory, which ...
18
votes
3answers
3k views

How do I “cat and follow” a file?

A file is being sequentially downloaded by wget. If I start unpacking it with cat myfile.tar.bz2 | tar -xj, it may unpack correctly or fail with "Unexpected EOF", depending on what is faster. How to ...
0
votes
1answer
621 views

remove special character from files in directory

I need to remove special characters from all .htm files in a directory. Ideally I need to keep the file name but if I have to I can copy each file to 1 or something like that. Here is the command I ...
2
votes
1answer
797 views

Create directory using filenames and move the files to its repective folder

I have a folder with around 150 text files. I would like to create folders in the name of the 150 files. After that I would like the text file to be moved to its respective folder. Example names of ...
2
votes
0answers
190 views

ls does not show a hidden file (OS X)

I am using lsof to view the list of open files. One such file that it displays open is : Google 3864 malaykeshav 46u REG 1,1 470455334 32578671 /Users/malaykeshav/Library/...
31
votes
7answers
3k views

How can I trick a process into thinking a file doesn't exist?

I have a program that stores its settings in ~/.config/myprogram that I use both interactively and with a batch queuing system. When running interactively, I want this program to use my configuration ...
3
votes
1answer
126 views

move the search content to different directory

I am on Oracle Solaris. I am using: grep "searchstring" filename.* above command returns my search result. Now I want to move the all the files in above search result (all the files not the ...
3
votes
1answer
61 views

Can't create a+r file

Using Debian I am unable to create files that by default has read permission for all users. For example: # umask 0002 # touch test # ls -l test -rw-rw----+ 1 user user 0 Jun 25 18:18 test Is there ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Permissions under a 700 (rwx------) directory

If a directory /foo/bar/baz has 700 (rwx------) for its permissions, thereby making it inaccessible to all but its owner (and the superuser), does it matter what the "group" and "other" permissions ...
2
votes
1answer
577 views

Set file creation date to its modification date on OSX

I need to batch edit file creation date (some stupid audio recorder set the file creation date to UNIX epoch and the correct recording date in the modification date) to set it to the files ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Monitoring filesystem activity

Say, I have a program, and I want to monitor its filesystem activity (what files/directories are created/modified/deleted etc.) This program may be capable of spawning further processes, and thus, I ...
4
votes
2answers
538 views

Comparing files in unix columnwise

I want to compare two files with same number of rows and columns with records in same order. Just want to highlight the differences in the column values if any. file A: 1,kolkata,19,ab 2,delhi,89,...
6
votes
4answers
8k views

Redirecting Output of print to multiples files in awk

I want to print same lines to 2 different files. What I am doing right now is: print ID[i]" "Value[i]" "TS1[i]" "TS2[i] > "file1.txt"; print ID[i]" "Value[i]" "TS1[i]" "TS2[i] > "file2.txt"; ...
6
votes
2answers
6k views

“no such file or directory” message when deleting a file that exists on NTFS

I have a directory with images. Suddenly I found out that there's a new image with a new name. The image content is similar to another image in another directory but with a different name. I didn't ...
6
votes
3answers
3k views

How is it possible to do a live update while a program is running?

I wonder how killer applications such as Thunderbird or Firefox can be updated via the system's package manager while they are still running. What happens with the old code while they are being ...
3
votes
1answer
308 views

Compose and pipe a gzipped tar archive in one go

I'm trying to come up with an effective way to create a gzipped archive of various system partitions on Android, piping everything out to stdout so as to be able to encrypt it as it comes across via ...
2
votes
3answers
407 views

File ID that doesn't change upon rename

I am trying to write a system utility script that will run as a cron job and capture file system statistics and environment settings in order to track as many changes as possible. Consider the ...
4
votes
1answer
6k views

Minimum file permissions to delete a file [duplicate]

To delete a file in Linux: What minimal permissions do we need to set on it? What minimal permissions do we need to set on its parent directory?
2
votes
3answers
1k views

User permissions problem Linux

Every time I create a new file from "eclipse", I need to run these two lines of code to get the r/w permission: chmod -R 775 /var/www/folder/filename.extension And/Or sudo chown -R www-data:www-...
0
votes
1answer
267 views

How do I cat a command file?

I have the output of the crontab -l stored in a file (crontab_file) with no extension. But whenever I try to cat it, I get errors saying command not found for multiple line of the file. Here is the ...
4
votes
3answers
807 views

Find files in directory with paired names

I'm running tests of a variable-size-and-contents test set. Data files are added and removed frequently. I'm looking for an automated way of gathering a file list. All files are in subdirectories of ...
4
votes
3answers
234 views

zsh's “echo SomeText >> **/filename” in other shells

I need to fill all files with a specific filename (recursively) with a text. In zsh this can be done with echo SomeText > **/TheFileName I search generic solutions for sh-compatible and/or tcsh ...
0
votes
3answers
223 views

Looping the listing files in UNIX

I've given the command: ls -lrt and the listed files and directories are: drwxr-xr-x 4 root root 4096 Feb 2 2014 abc drwxr-xr-x 4 root root 4096 Feb 2 2014 cde drwxr-xr-x 4 root ...
3
votes
4answers
7k views

Get the latest directory (not the latest file)

My folder parent has the following content: A.Folder B.Folder C.File It has both folders and files inside. B.Folder is newer. Now I just want to get B.Folder, how could I achieve this? I tried this,...
3
votes
1answer
811 views

Protecting data against bit rot

I have realized that I need to protect all of my photographs against bit rot (file corruption occurring at random due to errors in hard drives or network transfer). I recently discovered par2 which ...
1
vote
1answer
152 views

Mount a file collection in a linux environment

I am presently working as a summer intern. My first objective is, given a collection of files, recover and identify the file types present in it. To download sample pseudo-forensics data I have been ...
13
votes
2answers
49k views

Cron job to delete files older than 3 days

I need to remove files older than 3 days with a cron job in 3 different directories. (these 3 directories are children of a parent directory /a/b/c/1 & /a/b/c/2 & /a/b/c/3) Can this be done ...
1
vote
2answers
274 views

Copying the newest files

We have a script running which picks up the report generated monthly on remote servers. I was trying to find a way to pick up the latest file from the remote servers only. Will find work in script ...
2
votes
1answer
120 views

updatedb for a beginner

The updatedb command, as I understand it, is basically the utility that keeps the mlocate.db database file updated. And it's a good idea to keep it updated regularly. For that matter, I've kept a ...
11
votes
1answer
520 views

How is file owner and group remembered for an external drive?

I formatted an external hard drive with an ext4 partition and subsequently mounted it. So that I could use the new partition, I did: sudo chown me:me /mount/directory to change the file owner and ...
3
votes
3answers
180 views

Moving an open file to a different device

I have an application running that is generating a large (~200GB) output file, and takes about 35 hours to run (currently I'm about 12 hours in). The application just opens the file once then keeps it ...
5
votes
3answers
622 views

Bash: Zipping/grouping files by common substring

I have about 100 files. They are named like this. 3000_ABCD_XXXXXXX.csv 3000_ABCD_YYYYYYY.csv 3000_ABCD_XYXYZYZ.csv 3000_EFGH_XXXXXXX.csv 3000_EFGH_YYYYYYY.csv 3000_EFGH_XYXYZYZ.csv ...
3
votes
2answers
696 views

Error when calling mv with wildcards

#! /bin/bash error_text=$(tail -n +1 /path/dir/folder/exc/a/update/Abd/ER/* | \ grep 'Warning\|Loaded\|Event') echo $error_text nc 10.10.99.45 25 << EOF ehlo mail.abc.pvt mail from: robot@...
0
votes
1answer
367 views

setfacl remove all write access

I want to remove all write access to files & directories for any user or group while preserving other permissions. Is this possible?
12
votes
3answers
475 views

How to check whether file1 is a prefix of file2?

I have two files with sizes 124665 and 124858 in bytes and want to check whether file1 is a prefix of file2 or not.
7
votes
2answers
7k views

Is there a command line method by which I can check whether a downloaded file is complete or broken?

I'm writing a script that involves downloading and manipulating a file, and I want to ensure that the file is not incomplete (due to e.g. a dropped connection) before I work on it.
1
vote
1answer
36 views

console (driver) not opening using any of the editor

In my initramfs, I have; [root@xilinx Peta_Microzed_15_05]# ls initramfs/dev/ console [root@xilinx Peta_Microzed_15_05]# nano initramfs/dev/console [root@xilinx Peta_Microzed_15_05]# The above ...
1
vote
2answers
264 views

Sort files into directories named by prefix of file

I have a bunch of files like this 5830_1.png 5830_2.png 5830_3.png 5831_1.png 5832_1.png 5832_2.png I'd like to sort these files all into directories that take the prefix of the file name as the ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

What is the Linux command to display how many file names in the directory end in two digits

What is the Linux command to display how many file names in the directory end in two digits? Using ls with a command like this : ls -l | wc –l *[0-9][0-9]
0
votes
2answers
2k views

using inotify to monitor access to a file

I would like to have a trigger and when a particular file is accessed by some process, I would like to be notified (i.e. a script should be run). If I understand correctly, this could be achieved with ...