Use this tag for questions about file management and operations on files.

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4
votes
2answers
324 views

Shredding everything: files/folders and corresponding filenames

Using find, it is easy to shred a directory's contents recursively (as discussed in this question). However, sometimes the filenames on their own carry sensitive information already. Is there a way to ...
1
vote
3answers
169 views

Deleting the starting 10 MB from a open file

I have a log file of size nearly 100 MB which is opened by some program and logging is continuously going on in that file. I want to delete the first 10MB from that file. Is there any way to do that ...
1
vote
6answers
6k views

ls: Do not show directories that match same pattern in wildcard searches, only files

Supposing I have something like the following, a typical business PC situation: drwxr-xr-x 1 whatever whoever 3 Oct 3 16:40 invoices2009 drwxr-xr-x 1 whatever whoever 4 Oct 3 16:40 ...
5
votes
1answer
131 views

In Emacs, how do I inspect what has been modified in a buffer (before saving and overwriting the file)?

In Emacs, how do I inspect what has been modified in a buffer (before saving and overwriting the file)? (In a sense, the requested action is an analog of git status and git add -i showing what has ...
7
votes
1answer
8k views

Cannot delete a file - permission denied - why?

[db2inst1][testing ~/sqllib/db2dump] rm db2diag.log rm: cannot remove `db2diag.log': Permission denied [db2inst1][testing ~/sqllib/db2dump] id uid=1002(db2inst1) gid=107(db2iadm1) ...
7
votes
2answers
318 views

Search MP3/Ogg files by tags/parameters from the command line

Is there any utility to search MP3/Ogg files by tags (or other characteristics) from the command line? (e.g. finding all audio files longer than 10 minutes with genre set to 'Rock'). I found this, ...
2
votes
4answers
11k views

How to permanently change the file/directory permission [closed]

How do I change the permission of file/directories such that I am able to create, edit, delete files/directories anywhere in my system? Currently I am using Ubuntu 12.04. I tried sudo chmod 777 -r ...
3
votes
4answers
1k views

Modification and Access time of a file?

Is it possible to change the file modification time without changing the file acess time?
3
votes
1answer
809 views

Confused about ident

I inherited a bunch of files that begin with the following statement at the top Ident:/some/path/to/a/file Ident seems to be related to C coding and make files but I am not really sure. None of the ...
0
votes
1answer
993 views

Asking ls to only list files in a path that match a specific glob/regex

In Zsh: Is there a way to use ls to only list files and folders in the current directory that match a specific globbing or regex pattern? For example, say I have multiple files that start with the ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

For filenames, are underscores or dashes more common in Unix file names?

When you are naming files with multiple words in the name, is it more common in Unix systems to use underscores, camel case, or dashes to separate the words?
3
votes
3answers
331 views

Why do I get 3048 MB from a 64 MB flash memory?

I have a Linux based STB (set-top-box) and it features a 64 MB flash memory and 256 MB of RAM. I wanted to take a backup of some of my settings before I flash it with another image, but I wasn't sure ...
42
votes
2answers
21k views

Why can rm remove read-only files?

If I create a file and then change its permissions to 444 (read-only), how come rm can remove it? If I do this: echo test > test.txt chmod 444 test.txt rm test.txt ...rm will ask if I want to ...
17
votes
8answers
38k views

List only regular files (but not directories) in current directory

I can use ls -ld */ to list all the directory entries in the current directory. Is there a similarly easy way to just list all the regular files in the current directory? I know I can use find find . ...
8
votes
4answers
2k views

List X random files from a directory

Is there a way to list a set of say, 30 random files from a directory using standard Linux commands? (in zsh) The top answer described here does not work for me (sort does not recognize the option ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

What do you filter / exclude list when doing backup with rsync? [closed]

I'm trying to build a comprehensive filter / exclude file, to prevent backuping stuff that doesn't make sense do backup, such as temporary / cache data or easily recreatable files. I would appreciate ...
1
vote
1answer
111 views

Will files created under source directory after running `cp` be copied?

Suppose I use cp to copy a directory to another place. If the process takes long, and I create a new file under the source directory, will it be copied, or does it depend on something?
2
votes
2answers
479 views

Create a new link to access all files and folders

I get stuck to create a shell script for a new link something like that link linkPathName orginalPathName I want to create a link between a new link and original path; however, both can access ...
5
votes
1answer
156 views

Does the suid bit have any meaning for device files?

Does the suid bit have any special meaning for device files in Linux ?
5
votes
3answers
921 views

id3v2 used recursively at command line?

Trying to get my id3 tags cleaned up and am loving id3v2 on the command line -- but I've been using it only with a *.mp3 wildcard and want to explore if there's a way to use it recursively so I can ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Fast elimination of duplicate lines across multiple files

I have a huge amount of data in which each (data-)line should be unique. There are a lot of files in one folder in which this is already true. It is about 15GB splitted into roughly 170 files with ...
5
votes
2answers
5k views

Unpack files and directories from an image created by dd?

I created an image of an NTFS partition using dd. I wonder if I can unload/unpack the files and directories in the image to any partition whose size is larger than the image size, so that I can ...
10
votes
1answer
8k views

Group within group file permissions

I tried finding this on here, but couldn't so sorry if it's a duplicate. Say I have 2 groups and a user: group1, group2, user1 with the following structure: group1 is a member of group 2, user1 is a ...
2
votes
1answer
152 views

Read only new parts of a file?

I have a large CSV file, that grows by some entries every day (created by an external software which writes always to this one file, no splitting possible). For performance reasons and further ...
2
votes
1answer
768 views

Regarding generating intersection and union of two csv files

I have two csv files, there are some overlap columns between these two files. Assume one file is called as A.csv and another is called as B.csv. The intersection of A and B is called as C. I would ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

shell script to read from multiple files in parallel

I need to write a script that runs parallel and looks for a string in multiple files. I tried a lot of options but they slow down the speed of my processor.
2
votes
1answer
169 views

How to run a command against all the files of particular types on a filesystem?

I've just recovered tons of files (distributed in a complex directory structure, having very long names, using Unicode symbols, spaces etc in names) from a damaged hard drive. Now I'd like to verify ...
1
vote
3answers
881 views

Merging files into one also adding a new line between each file

I'm using find . -type f \( -name "*.js" ! -name "*-min*" \) -exec cat {} \; > all.js to merge files together. Unfortunately I don't get a new line after each file but it ends and the new file ...
9
votes
2answers
5k views

Can files be created with permissions set on the command line?

When creating directories, mkdir -m <mode> <dir> provides for creating one or more directories with the given mode/permissions set (atomically). Is there an equivalent for creating files, ...
1
vote
1answer
225 views

TeXstudio: open file at line number n

I am creating a script to produce some .tex files with a lot of lines (a kind of automatic sample). The script finishes with texstudio /home/$USER/foo.tex where foo.tex is the file created before. ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

How to make duplicates with different names from a single file? [closed]

I want to duplicate the contents of a file. Suppose there is a file named "Hydrogen.element". I want to duplicate the contents of this file with a different name ie.make another file named ...
57
votes
3answers
48k views

How to tell gzip to keep original file?

I would like to compress a text file using gzip command line tool while keeping the original file. By default running the following command gzip file.txt results in modifying this file and renaming ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

How to decrypt single EncFS encrypted files?

Is it possible to decrypt single EncFS encrypted files with access to .encfs6.xml configuration file and without the proper directory structure it was created? With a little help from google I found ...
2
votes
1answer
418 views

referring to files inside a jar or zip files in Linux

I am wondering if I can refer to files inside JAR or ZIP files using URLs. I mean, without using a tool (such as the Java Jar utility) but just at the operative system level. For example, if I have a ...
4
votes
1answer
482 views

How to compare attributes of two files on Linux ext4

cmp(1) will of course tell me if the contents of two files are identical, but in order to test restoring from backups I also wanted to compare the relevant (!) file attributes. So if I did something ...
-1
votes
3answers
1k views

How to create an encrypted container (dynamically expandable) on OpenBSD

On OpenBSD, how/with what I can create an encrypted container that can later be dynamically expanded? Can I do it with GPG? (password protection is enough) So, if I open this container and put files ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Cron to delete particular file(s) from a specific directory

I am new to shell scripting. I am trying to write a cron for unix shell that will delete some files, say after 2 weeks or after 1 month from a specific directory. /somedir1/somedir2/ if(somedir2) ...
2
votes
4answers
5k views

How can I find all files in a folder that contain a match of a regular expression in the file name?

I'd like to find all of the files in my home folder on Linux (Ubuntu, in this case) that contain a match a particular regular expression. Is there a simple Unix command that I can use in order to do ...
10
votes
2answers
5k views

Finding all “Non-Binary” files

Is it possible to use the find command to find all the "non-binary" files in a directory? Here's the problem I'm trying to solve. I've getting an archive of files from a windows user. This archive ...
3
votes
2answers
867 views

Remove 50GB oldest files in busybox when used capacity reaches 95%

Ok i have requested a code here but initial i didn't ask to make it busybox compatible. My bad. I'm new to linux and coding. The code needs to do the following: Delete 50GB of oldest data (dir ...
5
votes
1answer
281 views

What does altering a file/directory mean?

From man ntfsundelete Look for deleted files altered in the last two days ntfsundelete /dev/hda1 -t 2d I wonder what altering files/directories mean? Does deleting some files/directories ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Can't rename a directory that I own

I have a directory with a big load of sub directories. I own all of them, and the permissions are all 777. pascal@azazel /box $ ls -al total 147872 drwxr-xr-x 293 root root 12288 aoû 22 19:44 ...
4
votes
1answer
97 views

Transform directory structure

I have the following folder structure root folder |-al2 |- GER.zip |- ENG.zip |-ww |- GER.zip |- ENG.zip and so on. The folder names are random strings. I want to sort the files in ...
8
votes
3answers
3k views

How to remove only the content of directories?

I'm in a folder: /var/myfolder. Inside there are some other folders like: /var/myfolder/A/ /var/myfolder/B/ `/var/myfolder/C/ etc. Inside each there are some files with random names. How do I ...
3
votes
2answers
272 views

open a file using CDPATH and symlink

To quickly move around, I added a path to CDPATH that contains symlinks to different locations. I did this by adding the following line to .bashrc: export CDPATH=~/symlinks When working with ...
9
votes
2answers
13k views

Locate and delete all temporary files in user directory

I use vim a lot, and my area has power failure a lot. So the resultant is I get many *.swp files scattered over my PC. I want an alias of rm command that removes all files with either .swp, ~, ...
2
votes
2answers
107 views

reformat a text file to have all text on one line using CentOS 5.6

I have a 210-line block of HTML that I have stored in a HTML for debugging purposes. The HTML, as you would expect, is formatted accordingly so is stored in the file with spaces and tabs. Is it ...
3
votes
1answer
321 views

How does the Linux file structure work?

I see the different folders bin, dev, mnt, proc, srv, sys, etc. What are the properties of all these different folders? What are there purposes? Are there files in some of them that I should not ...
19
votes
1answer
137k views

How do I remove a directory and all its contents?

I'm trying to learn some directory navigagtion with bash and all I know is that rmdir directoryname will remove the directory but not if it's containing something. Is there a way to force it to ...
4
votes
4answers
702 views

What are inodes good for?

I wonder if storing the information about files in inodes instead of directly in the directory is worth the additional overhead. It may be well that I'm overestimating the overhead or overlooking some ...