Use this tag for questions about file management and operations on files.

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2
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2answers
278 views

unix file is corrupted

I discovered that one of my logs consumes lots of space which comes from a running process. I wanted to clean this file, so I can run logadm to rotate it after. but I don't know how # ...
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6answers
7k views

ls: Do not show directories that match same pattern in wildcard searches, only files

Supposing I have something like the following, a typical business PC situation: drwxr-xr-x 1 whatever whoever 3 Oct 3 16:40 invoices2009 drwxr-xr-x 1 whatever whoever 4 Oct 3 16:40 ...
1
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4answers
78 views

Delete all files in a directory

I have a directory which includes some files and some folders containing other files. I'm trying to remove these files in the main directory without touching the folders or their contents. I'm using ...
1
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2answers
255 views

How would I change file permissions if the file name has a space in it in linux [duplicate]

I would like to know how would I rename and change file permissions of a file that contains a space in the name on Linux. Example The name of my file is: my file I have tried mv my%20file my_file ...
1
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4answers
3k views

Is there a command to list files, exclude sub-directories and display size and date?

Before I begin please assume I have only basic knowledge in UNIX. Basic meaning I have only started reading about it since last week for a work related purpose. I have been experimenting with the ls ...
1
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2answers
5k views

Creating an empty file having a variable name in a script

I need to create an empty file using a shell script. The filename will be determined by examining all the files in a directory matching a pattern, say TEST.*, and appending _END to it so that the new ...
1
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3answers
70 views

How to change the permission and group-owner of a file at the same time

For changing file permission, I know I could use chmod. For changing group-owner, I could use chgrp. However, if I want to change both permission and owner at the same time, any command I could use on ...
1
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1answer
121 views

How to delete file called “-C” [duplicate]

I need to delete the following file which I managed to create with bunzip2: -rw-r--r-- 1 beginner group 67493376 Feb 17 17:30 -C The following don't work rm -rf '-C' rm -rf "-C" My OS is ...
1
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2answers
160 views

Sort files into directories named by prefix of file

I have a bunch of files like this 5830_1.png 5830_2.png 5830_3.png 5831_1.png 5832_1.png 5832_2.png I'd like to sort these files all into directories that take the prefix of the file name as the ...
1
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2answers
7k views

How do I set Nautilus as default file manager in Elementary OS

Elementary OS uses a program called files as the default file manager. I would like to use Nautilus as my default file manager as used in Ubuntu 12.04 . I have GNOME Nautilus 3.4.2 installed on my ...
1
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4answers
105 views

Typical text files present on all (most) GNU/Linux systems? [closed]

I may need to develop some short snippets/examples involving reading text files; so I thought - why not use some files that are typically present on all (and since I sense "all" may be a stretch, then ...
1
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4answers
92 views

How to find what device a file is on (and use that in a script)?

I want to find out what device my file is on so that I can use it in a script. I can get this far: $ df . Filesystem 512-blocks Used Available Capacity Mounted on /dev/disk0s2 498438976 ...
1
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1answer
378 views

Why the inode value of shadow file changes?

I created a hard link for the shadow file. For removing the passwd of the user I opened the shadow file in vi editor and removed the encrypted passwd and then saved. The inode value of the shadow file ...
1
vote
1answer
98 views

Command to list in real time all the actions of a process

I cannot remember this command (and googling was unsuccessful), but there is a way to get the list of actions performed by a process, that outputs something like # listprocessactions -p 1234 ...
1
vote
4answers
886 views

Solaris 10 : Remove trailing blank lines from multiple files

I'm working on Solaris 10.What is the easiest way to remove blank lines from multiple files at once?
1
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3answers
627 views

How do I track all the most recent file changes on my UNIX system?

Say, either for a Debian system or a Red Hat one.
1
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2answers
32 views

How to add some characters to filename via 'rename'?

For example I have a file named 5.jpg. How can I rename it to aaaaa.jpg with char a 5 times. I tried rename -v 's/(\d{1,})/a{$1}/g' * but this renames 5.jpg to a{5}.jpg, which is not what I want. I ...
1
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3answers
64 views

How to scp all files of a certain owner?

I want to scp all files of certain owners. For example, if this is my ls -la output: -rw-rw-r-- 1 owner1 ad 704 Jun 1 18:16 file1 -rw-rw-r-- 1 owner2 ad 798 May 29 11:15 file2 -rw-rw-r-- 1 ...
1
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2answers
126 views

Why is there a file called [ in my /usr/bin directory? [duplicate]

Recently back to Linux from another operating system I noticed a file called [ which seems strange to me. What is it for? $ ls -l /usr/bin | head -2 -rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 39552 Nov 3 14:44 [ ...
1
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2answers
366 views

How to get file permission in octal

I have set of linux folders and I need to get the permissions of the folders numerically. For example in the below directory, I need to what is the permission value of the folder... Whether 755, 644 ...
1
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2answers
402 views

How do I move a line in a text file up or down by one line?

I have some text files, and I'd like to be able to move an arbitrary line in any of the files up or down one line (lines at the beginning or end of the file would stay where they are). I have some ...
1
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2answers
212 views

How use minimum number of commands to copy all .txt files from all subdirectories to one directory?

I have more than 90 subdirectories and inside each one, there will be a number of .txt files. What I need to do is to copy all those txt files out to one single directory. How can I do that?
1
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2answers
494 views

Find when the file was closed in Unix

I know ls -l will give the modified time of file, but it is giving the time when the file was opened, not closed (using Ctrl+D or something) Please tell me how to find the time of file closed ...
1
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2answers
90 views

Merge 2 files based on all available values of the first column in both files

I need to merge below 2 files: file1: viewer 23 test 27 remark 2 file2: viewer 2990 exam 200 remark 240 merged file should be as shown below: type value1 value2 difference ...
1
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2answers
1k views

Use sudo tee with heredoc to append to existing file

From Generate script in bash and save it to location requiring sudo we have this method, which I like: sudo tee "$OUTFILE" > /dev/null <<'EOF' foo bar EOF However, I would like to use that ...
1
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4answers
56 views

Find text in a file and copy it to another file

Is there any command in Linux to find text in a file and if found then copy it in another file? Using sed -i we can find text but how to copy whole line in another file?
1
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2answers
211 views

How would I use sed or awk to extract certain lines in a file

If I wanted to search for all lines in a file that start with a date, such as "May 1", how would I do that with sed or awk? I need to extract this data and either send to screen or a file. Thanks.
1
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1answer
52 views

How to copy a directory with only specified type of files?

I got a git directory with plenty of python files(and some special file like .git). I'd like to copy only these python files to another directory with the directory structure unchanged. How to do ...
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2answers
200 views

readlink -f not working on multiple files

I tried to run readlink -f on multiple files by using wildcard "*", but it evaluates other files as operand Command readlink -f *log Output (desired) /home/trail_1.log /home/trail_2.log Am I ...
1
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3answers
104 views

How to hide a content of a file? [closed]

Is there any way to hide the content of a file? Suppose I have the file bind which contains the following line: This is a test. After saving the file, it should not display its content. Is there ...
1
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3answers
45 views

Why does Debian prefer a temp file replacing the original over modifying bytes in original file?

In the mp3gain manpages, you can read the following: -t mp3gain writes modified mp3 to temp file, then deletes original instead of modifying bytes in original file (This ...
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3answers
74 views

How to access temporary file straight after creation?

I've script which is connecting to remote host via SSH, creates temporary file and executing the following command: Calling system(mysql --database=information_schema --host=localhost < ...
1
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2answers
191 views

I accidentally GZIPed a whole bunch of files, one by one, instead of using tar(1). How can I undo this mess?

I'm new to the gzip command, so I googled some commands to run so I can gzip an entire directory recursively. Now while it did that, it converted each of my files to the gzip format and added .gz to ...
1
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1answer
62 views

Create a file that's really a network port

I have a program running on a cluster, and the output of the program is written to a log file which I specify. However, instead of writing it to a file, I want to write it to a network port, so that ...
1
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2answers
120 views

Remove all files without a keyword in the filename

I have a list of files in the following fashion: > file1.jpg > file1_orig.jpg > file2.jpg > file2_orig.jpg I want to keep all the files with the extension _orig.jpg and discard those ...
1
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1answer
504 views

Replace a string in a file and overwrite the file

I wrote my script using the the directory ~/deleted (it's a long script). after using ~/deleted for the whole script. I want to let the user choose the directory by putting the path in ~/.rm.cfg. My ...
1
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1answer
201 views

How to install a .bin file that gives the error that it needs more space in /tmp?

Here is the error: ~]$ ./jdev_suite_121200_linux64.bin 0%....................................................................................................100% Not enough disk space in dir ...
1
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2answers
58 views

Store a file for all users within a group

If user A is member of group foo, is it then possible for A to share a file for all members within foo without root permissions? chown foo:foo file Is not permitted without privileges. A can say ...
1
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1answer
222 views

Difference between cat * and cat * >>

To merge multiple files in a dir I have tried: cat * myfile.log but this seems to just merge line and line and is thus very slow So using instead: cat * >> bigfile merges the files much ...
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2answers
53 views

Machine keeps backups of files that I have already deleted

I recently found out that my machine keeps backups of files that I have already deleted. For example, a file called a.svg that I have deleted in the past, still exists in the directory it was deleted ...
1
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5answers
5k views

Find files by the length of filename

I want to find all files by length of the file names. For example if I want to find files of length 1, such as a.go, b.go I put: grep '.\{1\}' file But this does not work. What command can I use ...
1
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2answers
932 views

/dev/null-like automatic trash directory for file moves?

I can (redirect) textual output to /dev/null in order to get rid of it. This is quite handy because this way I can easily enable/disable it in my bash code. Now I have a script that processes files, ...
1
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1answer
430 views

Bash script to hide/show files

I prepared a little bash script to toggle the visibility of my hidden OS X files. if (defaults write com.apple.finder AppleShowAllFiles FALSE); then defaults write com.apple.finder ...
1
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1answer
2k views

File is readable by everyone, but I can't open the file

I'm fairly new to Unix and I have written a script: SERVER="/usr/local/abc/.../somefile.txt" OPTION="$1" if [ x$OPTION = "xtitle" ] then grep $OPTION $SERVER exit fi As far as I ...
1
vote
1answer
914 views

Trigger action each time a file is modified [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Can a bash script be hooked to a file? Is it possible to mount a mechanism to a file to perform an action (e.g. mark the change in some log file and such) each time the ...
1
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3answers
275 views

How to move all files plus hidden to folder down?

I want to move all my drupal files in www folder to html folder. I don't know how to do this in terminal and I'm not sure if all folder and files including hidden ones are drupal in the www folder, is ...
1
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1answer
215 views

Listing specific lines in listed files

Find all files in /tmp that are ordinary files and print the lines that end with Programming. For this problem I know how to list all files in /tmp. What I do not know how to do is whether to use ...
1
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2answers
2k views

permission denied when executing a binary

I used these instructions to install mongodb on my OS X machine. I did not make the files owned by root though, I used my local user (markdsievers), and installed to /usr/local/mongodb and ...
1
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1answer
26 views

What do you call the supervisord and php-fpm et. al. config format?

Both php-fpm and supervisord use a config format that looks like this: [category] settings = value some_other_setting = value Is there a name for this format?
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2answers
158 views

How to see if the directory exists?

How can I check if /bin/x86_64/bin/ls is a directory in a bash shell script Here is what I tried: #!/bin/bash if [ $# -eq 2 ]; then if [[ "$1" = /* ]] then cd ./bin/x86_64/bin/ls ...