Logical entities that contain data in a filesystem. Use this tag if your question: is about programs that create files (e.g. gzip, tar, zip); deals with characteristics of files (permissions, size, path/location); or is about management of files (renaming, listing, moving, removing). For operating ...

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votes
3answers
502 views

How to cp or rm files based on ownership / permission

After a problem with spam, I stopped postfix postfix stop and checked through the mailq manually to find hundreds of thousands of unsent spam. The spam was sent from one of the sites hosted ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

why cannot rename subdir when parent dir owner is not the same user [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Can’t rename a directory that I own I am trying to understand why when a dir X is owned by user A cannot rename it when parent dir of X is owned by user B. Can anyone ...
2
votes
2answers
91 views

'tie' [nonexisting] files to programs

Recently, I just had an idea which turned out to be pretty useful under certain circumstances. But first some simple explanation: In Perl, you have the option to tie variables to some functions ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Pre-defined umask under a given path [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to set default file permissions for all folders/files in a directory? Say I have default umask, umask1. I would like all files/folders that I create/modify under a ...
2
votes
1answer
204 views

vim not shown in fuser

First use Vim to edit a file, say /tmp/A. Assuming that vim process is the only one that accesses /tmp/A, then use "ctrl+z" to suspend the process, and execute fuser /tmp/A Then you see nothing ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

File delete versus overwrite and link at /proc/pid/fd

It is well known that UNIX systems won't actually delete a file on disk while the file is in use. So if a file is being accessed by process 1 and process 2 deletes the file using rm, process 1 ...
2
votes
2answers
134 views

How to generate folder ownership lists for each user?

I'd like to generate several separate lists for each user in Ubuntu. The lists contains the files and folders belong to each user. Using the command following list me all the users in the system: ...
2
votes
1answer
262 views

How are Flash Videos played?

I was tweaking around with a script for playing Youtube playlists in mplayer. My question is: How does linux play flash videos? My current research yields (By reading scripts written by others): ...
2
votes
1answer
246 views

Where can I find a reference to the format of the comment field (field 5) of the /etc/passwd file?

In the /etc/passwd file on my system, the "comment" field, field 5, is inconsistent in its contents. I thought that I could extract it to get the full name of the user. fullname=`awk -F: '$1 == name ...
2
votes
1answer
107 views

Finding out *what* is synchronizing two Linux servers

The last person to maintain these Red Hat servers somehow set it up so they stay in sync -- if I delete files on one it automatically deletes them on the other. I need to set up a new configuration on ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Should I end my text/script files with a newline? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What's the point in adding a new line to the end of a file? What is considered better behaviour: to leave the last letter of the last line to be the last byte of a ...
2
votes
2answers
203 views

Splitting giant files into a specific number of lines

I have a CSV that is 40 000 lines long. What is the simplest tool to read from line x to line y? I am sure there are more professional ways to do it but I would just like a bash script that works in ...
2
votes
2answers
36 views

Incorrect permissions on special files

I've noticed a lot of special files on Linux have what appears to be incorrect permissions: E.g.: $ ls -l /dev/fuse crw-rw-rw- 1 root root 10, 229 May 29 09:59 /dev/fuse appears writable but in ...
2
votes
1answer
31 views

Find differences of ownerships between two home folders?

I have two home folders: /home/masi and /home/masi_backup and I would like to find the differences between files of the two directories. Pseudocode vimdiff <`ls -la /home/masi` <`ls -la ...
2
votes
2answers
128 views

Lost Folders and Files in the directory /home/ubuntu/ in Ubuntu

I have uploaded a .tar file in /home/ubuntu/ and un-zipped the file in the folder name 'analytics'. After reboot, I couldn't found the directory and the tar files. I have checked it through SSH ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

What happens when multiple processes try to mv the same files between two different filesystems

I accidentally launched 32 processes (one process per core on my virtual machine) to mv some files between two ext4 filesystems, but only some of them were successfully mv'd: for i in `seq 1 32`; do ...
2
votes
2answers
70 views

Extract a List of .zip files into one new directory each, directory name to be taken from name of the zip file

I have a folder containing many .zip files. They are named like this: John-Rupert A. Doe_nnnnnnn_assignsubmission_file_*.zip where n is a digit, * is a string and John-Rupert A. Doe is a string ...
2
votes
2answers
234 views

File merging - same name, different extension

How would you merge different input .txt and .tsv files (within a directory) who have the same name but a different extension into an output file? Input: file1.txt, file2.txt, file1.tsv, file2.tsv ...
2
votes
2answers
70 views

Find and replace all same files between 2 directories

I want to find all files in dir1 having corresponding same file names in dir2, and replace them with the files from dir2. For example: dir1: first.txt second.txt dir2: third.txt first.txt So I ...
2
votes
3answers
54 views

Recursively delete files with 'WIDTHxLENGTH' in the name in a directory

I have a directory that has subdirectories, and I want to delete images named like thumbnail-name_WIDTHxLENGTH.{jpg,png}, where WIDTH and LENGTH are both decimal integers, like box-image-150x150.jpg ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

Why grep shows different results when I use file1 as a pattern on file2 and viceversa?

When I run grep -m 1 -Fnxvf file1 file2, for some couple of files I get a different line number than running grep -m 1 -Fnxvf file2 file1 (swapped files). Why? I've reduced the files to a minimal ...
2
votes
3answers
315 views

Difference between files in directory

I have two directories with same files but with some difference in their contents. I want to list down those files which are differing. For example There are two folders Folder1 and Folder2 with ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Permission denied writing to mysql log

I am just testing out a new Ubuntu (Vivid 15.04) install on Vagrant, and getting problems with mysql and logging to a custom location. In /var/log/syslog I get /usr/bin/mysqld_safe: cannot create ...
2
votes
3answers
157 views

Move file and preserve owner and mode in one atomic operation

Is there a way to move a file and preserve original owner(group) and file mode in one atomic operation? So there will not be change for others to access moved file in time when is not already set ...
2
votes
2answers
919 views

Copying latest file from remote server

There is a collection of .doc files, in addition to other types of files, on a remote server (which supports SCP). I am trying to write a script to retrieve the latest (most recently modified) .doc ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

How can I check if rsync made any changes in bash?

I have a script which uses rsync to sync data in a remote -> local scenario. Immediately after the rsync command is run, a check to see if the error code equals zero or not. If its zero, further ...
2
votes
1answer
202 views

How to split file and save parts to multiple locations?

How do I split a large file into multiple smaller chunks and write each part of it into separate locations? split command seems to only output all the files into one location. The context I need to ...
2
votes
2answers
247 views

Make rsync move (not copy) files on local file system

Can I make rsync to move large amount of files instead of copying them when on local filesystem? I would like it to behave like improved mv command. I know about --remove-source-files option but ...
2
votes
1answer
226 views

Using find and sed to copy 20th line of many files into one file

I have a folder called PKA1 Within this folder I have several folders named as: 1eV, 2eV .... 30eV Within each of these subfolders I have a file called PKA.dump I want to copy the 20th line of ...
2
votes
4answers
2k views

Does the inode change when renaming or moving a file?

in PHP the fileinode() functions returns the inode of a file. I was wondering if I can use it to determine if a file was renamed, moved or modified. I did some tests and it seems the inode stays the ...
2
votes
1answer
102 views

Why am I seeing a number as owner / group instead a name?

CentOS 6.x / OpenVZ Recently my VPS provider moved my OpenVZ container to a new server. After that move, I've noticed that files/directories for one of my user accounts show an odd owner / group. ...
2
votes
2answers
270 views

Run a command with wildcards in each subdirectory

I use this command to make a montage of all the images in a directory: gmic *jpg -gimp_montage 4,\""V(H(0,1),H(2,V(3,4)))"\",1,1.0,0,5,0,0,0,255,0,0,0,0 -o -0000."$(date)".jpg I want to run this ...
2
votes
1answer
898 views

How to remove all but last 10 files [duplicate]

I accumulate sequentially named files as the result of an automated process, and I would like to keep only the last 10 around. I tried this, which had the effect of deleting everything: ls -r | more ...
2
votes
2answers
63 views

Network drives in the cloud?

Is there such a service that allows Linux servers to access remote cloud storage as if it were a file on a local network? I'm running a very small server, 512 MB RAM and 20 GB hard drive space, but do ...
2
votes
4answers
323 views

Script to delete files that don't match certain filenames

I have a folder with 500,000 images, sorted in subfolders by year and month. I'd like to create a script that does this: If the filename does not match any of the filenames in names.log then delete ...
2
votes
3answers
139 views

How to determine if a soft link's target is a directory or a file?

Given the ll command outputs as follows #> ll lrwxrwxrwx ... How to determine if a soft link's target is a directory or a file from "lrwxrwxrwx"?
2
votes
1answer
657 views

How is the open file table structured?

I'm starting to read Linux Systems Programming, 2nd Ed., and I was curious about the file table that is a "per-process list of open files." Is the file table like a table in a SQL db with the fds used ...
2
votes
3answers
114 views

Pipe files downloaded with wget into a function

I'm downloading a bunch of images with wget and I want to rm the files if they are empty with a function to which I can pass the file. My question is how do I pipe the images to a function like this: ...
2
votes
2answers
62 views

Command to work on all files in a folder and output result to single file

I have a list of files, 10 to be exact, in a recipe folder. I must determine the number of occurences of each word in all the files and then order them according to these frequencies. I can get my ...
2
votes
3answers
107 views

Remove files from listing that are created/modified on Saturday

I am not sure if it is possible. I do ls -l, it gives all the files in the current directory. Is there a way to say list only files that weren't created/modified on Saturday's with shell command?
2
votes
5answers
338 views

How to find different files in UNIX based on . extension?

How to find different files in UNIX based extension. Lets say suppose if I have 100 files for each vamsi.log-vamsi100.log, krishna.txt-krishna100.txt, super.csv..., rajat.jpeg..., ...
2
votes
1answer
331 views

In a Virtualbox VM how do I set the filesystem permissions?

I have a virtualbox VM with arch Linux running on my windows PC (which I unfortunately have to use for work). I use this to work on my windows PC with a Linux environment as an alternative to Cygwin. ...
2
votes
2answers
850 views

Shell script to merge files with same names

I have a directory of files such as: file.1111111_1.pdf file.1111111_2.pdf file.2222222_1.pdf file.2222222_2.pdf … file.1234567_1.pdf file.1234567_2.pdf … file.aaaaaaa_1.pdf file.aaaaaaa_2.pdf … ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Change file timestamp and display hour instead of year with ls

I want to change a file's date to tomorrow 21:00. I used touch, but when I type ls -l the year of the file is displayed instead of the hour. -rw-r--r-- 1 ABCD DEF 0 sept. 30 2014 test01 -r-xr-xr-x ...
2
votes
2answers
492 views

Run grep or other commands on files on a web server

I have files on another domain. What's the best way to use commands on them like grep? wget http://path/to/file.txt | grep search However this doesn't work. I guess I can use curl but is there a ...
2
votes
2answers
54 views

Log new files in a directory

Is there a tool, which lets me know about the last newly created files? The still common way of using a hierarchically file system makes it hard to save files in different places, so sometimes I sort ...
2
votes
1answer
993 views

How does ACL calculate the effective permissions on a file?

I ran the following command to give the wheel group rwx permissions on new files and subdirectories created: [belmin@server1]$ ls -la total 24 drwxr-sr-x+ 2 guards guards 4096 Aug 27 15:30 . ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

Desktop app run by admin user (but not explicitly with sudo) takes file ownership of shared file

Similar to http://stackoverflow.com/questions/15143614/file-ownership-changes-to-root-after-saving-from-a-program-in-ubuntu but I can't use the answer since I'm not running a command-line app as sudo. ...
2
votes
1answer
166 views

How can I tell when a file was compressed?

I want to find out when my log files were compressed by logrotate because when I received them from cron in my email, the logs came in as text in the main body of the email instead. I did: ls -1la ...
2
votes
1answer
716 views

Create directory using filenames and move the files to its repective folder

I have a folder with around 150 text files. I would like to create folders in the name of the 150 files. After that I would like the text file to be moved to its respective folder. Example names of ...