Use this tag for questions about file management and operations on files.

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0
votes
1answer
29 views

How do I search for files from the gnome GUI in debian?

I sometimes spend time in the standard classic gnome GUI in debian wheezy, and today I wanted to search for files containing some text in a certain folder. I tried to do it the windows way by going ...
9
votes
3answers
640 views

Why are some files and folders hidden?

I can understand the rationale of hiding files and folders in the /home/user directory to prevent users from messing around with things. However, I do not see how the same rationale can be applied to ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

How do I delete a file in a read-only directory?

I've got a directory and a file in it, with the directory marked as read-only: $ mkdir directoryname $ touch directoryname/filename $ chmod a-w directoryname I cannot delete the file, even if pass ...
3
votes
4answers
84 views

The most *robust* remote file copy?

How would I go about to copy files over a very unstable internet connection? Sometimes, the connection is lost, other times the IP of one machine or the other machine is changed, sometimes both, ...
1
vote
4answers
59 views

Delete all but largest file in multiple directories

I have multiple subdirectories in /home/usr/ProjZ/programs/ that each contain multiple (or one) .js files. What I need to do is delete all but the largest .js file, if the subdirectory contains ...
2
votes
2answers
32 views

Select a range of files after sorting them

One thing I notice slower for me if I switch from using a GUI file manager to CLI is: In a GUI file manager, I can quickly select a subset of files under a dir by, first sorting them according to ...
3
votes
2answers
46 views

Can I safely delete old directories in my home directory?

I have several hidden directories in my home directory of which I don't know if I need them any more. How do I know if I can safely delete them? For instance, next to the directory .gimp-2.8 there is ...
2
votes
4answers
71 views

Command line 'buffer' [duplicate]

I wanted to tail the last 100 lines of a file to the same file, but the command tail -n 100 file > file doesn't work, I assume because the stdout gets written to the file 'live', before everything ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

What relationships do tie ACL mask and standard group permission on a file?

At first I create a file and check it's standard permissions and ACL entries: $ touch file; ls -l file; getfacl file -rw-r--r-- 1 user user 0 Jul 30 16:26 file # file: file # owner: user # group: ...
6
votes
4answers
118 views

Find newest file. Multiple Filetype restrictions

I want to write a command that gives me the newest file in a directory recursively. But that's not my only limitation. The files has to be an mp3 or a jpg file. (case insensitive prefered) I only need ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

What is advisory locking on files that Unix systems typically employs?

I read that Unix like system typically use advisory locking for file IO vs mandatory locking used by Microsoft OS's. If I understood correctly in mandatory locking file lock is enforced by the OS ...
28
votes
8answers
2k views

How to delete this undeletable directory?

I untarred a corrupt tar file, and managed to end up with some directory that I can not delete, If I try to delete it, it seems like it can not be found, but ls shows it's present, both with bash and ...
0
votes
0answers
8 views

How to programmatically read until a certain character in a file? [migrated]

My C program writes a .json file. Few of the values in the schema of the .json file is string and has variable length. I am using jansson library. I will have to read a complete .json object ...
2
votes
4answers
106 views

Change to the last modified subdirectory of the current directory

I have an application which generates a couple of files in different directories at a regular interval and I need to check the latest files generated, i.e. the file which is generated in the most ...
-1
votes
1answer
19 views

A command showing if I have the right to perform writing?

I'm searching for a command which only says if the current user has r-rights (read) on the file passed as a parameter. This command could be something like haveIRights -x <file> and it has to ...
-1
votes
3answers
62 views

cat /dev/null emptied my log file but size did not change

I'm quite new to Unix. Using Solaris 10 I faced the below issue. There is a large log file with size 9.5G. I tried to empty the file using the below command. # cat /dev/null file_log.txt By doing ...
-1
votes
1answer
28 views

Is %a an option of stat?

Usage: stat [OPTION]... FILE... Display file or file system status. -L, --dereference follow links -f, --file-system display file system status instead of file status -c ...
7
votes
3answers
616 views

How can a log program continue to log to a deleted file?

From the Unix Power Tools, 3rd Edition: Instead of Removing a File, Empty It section: If an active process has the file open (not uncommon for log files), removing the file and creating a new ...
3
votes
1answer
49 views

Default files in home dir for each user

I'm using ubuntu server 14.04. I want to add some files and folders by default in each user's home directory, whenever a user account is created.
3
votes
3answers
145 views

filename and pathname of a file

It is said that the filename of a file is a pointer pointing to the inode of the file. Before knowing that, I thought it was the pathname of a file that does that job. I am not sure how a pathname ...
5
votes
4answers
234 views

Ways to organize and access frequently visited directories and files?

In my Ubuntu, I have added some frequented directories to the bookmarks of Nautilus, for visiting them quicker. Nautilus can consume a lot of memory, when it has been kept open for long and there ...
2
votes
3answers
105 views

Count files in a directory by extension

For the purpose of testing, I'd like count how many images files are inside a directory, separating each image file type by file extension (jpg="yes". This because later it will be useful for another ...
4
votes
2answers
198 views

Should /usr owner be root?

After having installed the MySQL database on openSUSE I realized that for all files in /usr/bin the owner was changed to the "mysql" user of the "mysql" group. Maybe there was some mistake of mine. ...
3
votes
3answers
119 views

Copy a file and overwrite the existing file

I have two images (image1.png and image2.png) in the same folder on my server, I want to run a command that overwrites image2.png to image1.png. I prefer to overwrite the image instead of deleting it ...
3
votes
2answers
131 views

Valgrind /usr/lib files are not regular Linux files

The problem that I encountered today (on an embedded device with Linux) is that some files (specifically, the Valgrind /usr/lib files) are behaving very strange and they are not copy-able with scp ...
1
vote
1answer
12 views

Unzip all non-existing or older files from archive

The behaviour I'd like with unzip is to extract all files, overwriting any that are older than those in the archive, not touching any that are the same age or newer, and to never prompt. The options ...
3
votes
1answer
65 views

How does `stdin` of linux work?

I know that stdin refers to standard input in linux, usually the keyboard. It can also be referred by file descriptor 0. So, which file descriptor does the (standard input) mouse refer to? Or is it a ...
4
votes
1answer
24 views

. (dot) in file mode [duplicate]

I tar a folder on windows and untar on RHEL machine. ls -l shows a . in file mode and folders are in blue + yellow background. [root@xt-storage-01 apache-tomcat-8.0.5]# ls -l total 120 drwxrwxrwx. 2 ...
3
votes
2answers
68 views

fdupes - delete files after comparing two directories

I'm currently trying to solve an issue using fdupes. I'd like to compare two folders with each other, and afterwards delete all duplicate files within one of these directories. Example: Files are ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

How to find which application is creating a particular file in a path? [duplicate]

The issue is that, one particular flat file is getting created in a directory. I'm not sure which application is creating that flat file. I am using Unix environment. Is there any possibility to ...
5
votes
2answers
144 views

File handles and filenames

I read this post. Are file descriptors the same as file handle? While trying to configure the linux kernel, it asks open by fhandle syscalls (FHANDLE) [Y/n/?]. Why is this option provided? Does ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Give a user the permission to access files in a directory

I have mounted a volume from NAS storage to my Solaris 10 machine using NFS. I want to give read/write permission for a user to the directories and subdirectories and files. I have tried setfacl -m ...
5
votes
2answers
275 views

How is the inplace modification of a file being done?

What does the "inplace" modification of a file e.g. via sed -i or perl -i mean? My question is about how this inplace modification is done. Is the file copied the modification is done in the copy and ...
3
votes
1answer
57 views

How do I use sudo to run multiple commands as another user within a portion of a script?

I'm trying to run the following: if [! -f .owner ]; then creator=$(whoami) sudo -u appuser ksh echo "$creator" >> .owner mkdir test1 test2 test3 exit fi However, the ...
1
vote
2answers
126 views

How would I change file permissions if the file name has a space in it in linux [duplicate]

I would like to know how would I rename and change file permissions of a file that contains a space in the name on Linux. Example The name of my file is: my file I have tried mv my%20file my_file ...
3
votes
1answer
26 views

Can close() block?

For example, if you close a pipe or socket that still has data in its write buffer that hasn't been read by the process on the other end, does close() block until the data is read or the other process ...
2
votes
2answers
137 views

Difference between `ls -c` and `ls -t`

What is the difference between -c and -t options for the ls Unix command? And how can I sort by date of creation with the ls command?
1
vote
0answers
21 views

Recover deleted files on Raspberry Pi? [duplicate]

So I just rm -rf'ed a folder with a few files I need. Yes I know I should've had a backup, but it's just a Pi. It's designed to be played around with! Is there anything I can do to recover that ...
6
votes
2answers
295 views

How to find out which program can open a given file?

Let's say I have a file thesis.pdf or picture.jpg Is there a command which returns a program to open this file with? I am aware of the command file, but it just returns the correct type of the file ...
4
votes
2answers
77 views

How to redirect stdout to a file and read from the same file simultaneously with another task?

I want to run a task (which takes quite a long time) remotely in Ubuntu Linux Bash via nohup and redirect stdout to a file, e.g.: nohup task > out.txt & From time to time I would like to ...
4
votes
1answer
121 views

FILE size limitation according to Robert Love's textbook

From Robert Love's Linux System Programming (2007, O'Reilly), this is what is given in the first paragraph (Chapter 1, Page 10): The file position’s maximum value is bounded only by the size of ...
1
vote
2answers
41 views

scp and file owner

What are the reasons that could make a change in a file ownership after scp'ing it from one server to another? The file ownership changed from 'owner' to 'apache'. I used scp -p . The user 'owner' ...
5
votes
1answer
217 views

How could I restrict directory content by file type?

Is there a way to restrict directory content by the file type? For example, I have an upload directory that I only want users to put images in, could I go a step further & actually put a ...
2
votes
1answer
26 views

Desktop app run by admin user (but not explicitly with sudo) takes file ownership of shared file

Similar to http://stackoverflow.com/questions/15143614/file-ownership-changes-to-root-after-saving-from-a-program-in-ubuntu but I can't use the answer since I'm not running a command-line app as sudo. ...
2
votes
0answers
52 views

Removing duplicate files but ignoring certain lines (e.g. embedded timestamp)

I have a bunch of gzipped text files. I am trying to remove duplicate files (using fdupes) but the problem is these files contain a line that has their timestamp in them, and the files are identical ...
5
votes
1answer
155 views

Cannot cat or grep contents of file

I'm on Debian Jessie. When I open a new textfile with mousepad and save it, then modify it with vim and save it again, I cannot print or grep the contents of it anymore. If I do cat file, nothing is ...
3
votes
3answers
69 views

Moving latest files from one directory to another

I'm trying to move newest files from one directory to another directory. The find command finds the files but not moving them to another directory. The destination directory exists. $ cd ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

Does “freshening” a zip file with the -FS option change the modification time of the file?

I have a zip file that I use as a backup for my work. I use the "freshen" option (-FS) whenever I want to update my backup file. However, the file shows the date of last modification as being the ...
0
votes
2answers
48 views

Getting rsync failures randomly

I am getting the following rsync errors randomly from my capistrano scripts. rsync: stat "/app/test-0.1-SNAPSHOT.jar.SB4uq7" failed: No such file or directory (2) rsync: rename ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

How can I tell when a file was compressed?

I want to find out when my log files were compressed by logrotate because when I received them from cron in my email, the logs came in as text in the main body of the email instead. I did: ls -1la ...