Use this tag for questions about file management and operations on files.

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3
votes
2answers
43 views

Is it possible to have a lag between scp and checking for new file

Got a cronjob that downloads things regularly: if ! su scpuser -c "scp ..." > /dev/null 2>&1 || ! [ -f $scptarget ]; then; error "did not download stuff" $scptarget is where the thing ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

UMASK not having effect on some file creations

I have umask set to 002 in my Linux server and its working fine while I create file using touch. But I still have some files that are created with permission contrary to umask. These problematic files ...
2
votes
2answers
374 views

Why does touch create new files?

I understand that this might be a very strange question to ask, but I couldn't help my curiosity, and I couldn't find this anywhere on the net (And I'm too lazy/incompetent to look up the source ...
31
votes
12answers
47k views

Efficiently delete large directory containing thousands of files

We have an issue with a folder becoming unwieldy with hundreds of thousands of tiny files. There are so many files that performing rm -rf returns an error and instead what we need to do is something ...
4
votes
0answers
88 views

Unexplained files found in home folder

For background information, I'm running openSUSE 13.2 and KDE 5. Today I found a number of unexplained files and folders in my home folder which state they've been edited 3 days ago. I do not ...
0
votes
2answers
54 views

Files greater than 1 GB and older than 6 months

I want to find files which are greater than 1 GB and older than 6 months in entire server. How to write a command for this?
31
votes
4answers
1k views

Does bash open files in O_APPEND when using “>>” on linux?

If we use echo 1234 >> some-file then Documentation says that the output is appended. My guess is that, if some-file does not exist, then O_CREAT will make a new file. If > was used, then ...
2
votes
1answer
18 views

Seeing all regex matches in a file in Bash

I'm in bash and I have a file, I want to find all matches of a regex in it and have them printed. How do I do that? Followup: Assume I want to print only unique matches, i.e. if a match appears ...
6
votes
3answers
152 views

How to copy a directory recursively using hardlinks for each file

I want to create a "copy" of a directory tree where each file is a hardlink to the original file Example: I have a directory structure: dirA/ dirA/file1 dirA/x/ dirA/x/file2 dirA/y/ dirA/y/file3 ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Any GNU C examples where faccessat() function (or equivalent) is used? [migrated]

In reading IEEE Std 1003.1 (POSIX Base Spec) regarding access(), I came across this note: "The purpose of the faccessat( ) function is to enable the checking of the accessibility of files in ...
17
votes
5answers
10k views

How to list files that were changed in a certain range of time?

How can I list recursively all files that were changed between 22.12.2011 and 24.12.2011?
3
votes
5answers
1k views

How to count recursively for the number of files in several directories?

I have a directory, containing a lot of files and directories. I am trying to get the number of files (and directories) contained recursively in every directory. I tried the following approach: for ...
1
vote
3answers
52 views

Is it possible to create dynamic content on file read operation?

Is it possible to generate file content based on file name? I need a lot of similar .conf files with content depending on file name only. Can I create some "dynamic" file and generate a bunch of ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Deleting a file object from a library

I've created a library with 3 file objects using: ar rv arhiva.a file.o file2.o file3.o Why I can't delete a file object from it? I've used ar xv arhiva.a file.o
-2
votes
0answers
9 views

File manager in BlackArch [duplicate]

What file managers available for BlackArch? Are available some managers In default distro of BlackArch? If there are F.M. - where is it?
10
votes
5answers
475 views

What Windows-related files are valueless to *nix users?

I have accumulated, from my time using Windows a good quantity of held-over filesystem copies and archives of system and data drives. I am trying to distill them down to the usable parts while ...
2
votes
1answer
420 views

referring to files inside a jar or zip files in Linux

I am wondering if I can refer to files inside JAR or ZIP files using URLs. I mean, without using a tool (such as the Java Jar utility) but just at the operative system level. For example, if I have a ...
3
votes
1answer
176 views

How to create a folder which will change its contents’ ownership to what the folder has?

In a GNU/Linux OS there is no way to change ownership of a file until you are root. But what if I want to hide my system’s username e.g. before sending a file to someone, because some things like tar ...
1
vote
4answers
502 views

Command substitution grepping ls output causes error

I'm trying to make a tar.tgz file using command substitution There are backups of 17 Aug 2012 -rw-r----- 1 ossec 502 804M Aug 17 2012 BKPMDISINT_i6nir20j.F_bkp -rw-r----- 1 ossec 502 2.7G Aug 17 ...
2
votes
2answers
99 views

What are the differences between split and rar?

I am used to raring files -- but I am looking for something faster. I see that there is a "split" command. How does this command compare to rar? What is are the differences between split and rar?
2
votes
3answers
71 views

How to know the path to a specific file in a zip archive, without extracting it?

I only know the filename but not its exact location. I would like to extract only that file from the archive. And I need to know its location in the archive.
13
votes
2answers
792 views

Is that possible to integrate zip and tar.gz files as directory into the file system

I wonder if there is a way to integrate (it's a bit different from mounting, I think) compressed files as directories into the file system? E.g., one could download a compressed-file.tar.gz to his ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

modify file ownership for files inside tar archive

I am working as user, and I would like to create a tar archive, which when unpacked (by root) will extract its files with root ownership (otherwise root would have to change the ownership manually for ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

Unzip all non-existing or older files from archive

The behaviour I'd like with unzip is to extract all files, overwriting any that are older than those in the archive, not touching any that are the same age or newer, and to never prompt. The options ...
1
vote
3answers
28 views

Should I put old projects in tarballs

I never really used tarballs/archived much, except for uploads (with compression). Now I've accumulated a huge list of software projects coding experiments -- basically directories with lots and lots ...
0
votes
1answer
86 views

Is there a way to use sed or awk to filter data inside a zipped file? [duplicate]

Is there a way to use sed or awk to filter data inside a zipped file? When I run a sed or awk command and send to stdout the file created is 0 bytes.
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Tar corrupting file attributes and skipping directories

While creating tar archives for backup purposes with 'large' numbers of files (200+), I have been repeatedly running into the following errors: tar: some/path/file.xyz: Cannot stat: Invalid argument ...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

How to undo and revert an accidental `7z e`

I accidentally typed 7z e archive.7z and all the files ended up in my home directory when I wanted to extract them in a subfolder. How can I clean the mess and remove all those files?
7
votes
7answers
8k views

What's the best way to count the number of files in a directory?

If parsing the output of ls is dangerous because it can break on some funky characters (spaces, \n, ... ), what's the best way to know the number of files in a directory? I usualy rely on find to ...
4
votes
3answers
93 views

Why can't I read /dev/stdout with a text editor?

I just started learning how Everything Is A FileTM on Linux, which made me wonder what would happen if I literally read from /dev/stdout: $ cat /dev/stdout ^C $ tail /dev/stdout ^C (The ^C is me ...
8
votes
5answers
5k views

Show contents of many files

From the command line, what is the easiest way to show the contents of multiple files? My directory looks like below. ./WtCgikkCFHmmuXQXp0FkZjVrnJSU64Jb9WSyZ52b ...
1
vote
3answers
32 views

How to change the permission and group-owner of a file at the same time

For changing file permission, I know I could use chmod. For changing group-owner, I could use chgrp. However, if I want to change both permission and owner at the same time, any command I could use on ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Unzipping a .gz file without removing the gzipped file

I have a file file.gz, when I try to unzip this file by using gunzip file.gz, it unzipped the file but only contains extracted and removes the file.gz file. How can I unzip by keeping both unzipped ...
2
votes
1answer
34 views

Clustering identical files ignoring spaces & linebreaks

Consider a folder with many XML files (10K small text files). Some XML files are identical, some are different. I would like to find out what files are identical (ignoring whitespaces, tabs and ...
3
votes
3answers
55 views

Create many files with random content

I am looking for a command to create multiple (thousands of) files containing at least 1KB of random data. For example, Name size file1.01 2K file2.02 3K file3.03 5K ...
8
votes
2answers
403 views

Create a gzip file of a predetermined size

I want to test an upload of files of content type application/x-gzip of various sizes ranging from 100 MB to 999 MB. How can go I about creating .gz files of these predetermined sizes? If I do dd ...
2
votes
3answers
70 views

Search and Delete duplicate files with different names

I have a large music collection stored on my hard drive; and browsing through it, I found that I have a lot of duplicate files in some album directories. Usually the duplicates exist alongside the ...
4
votes
2answers
86 views

Are files defined by their content blocks, inodes, both, or filenames?

Are files defined by their content blocks, inodes, both, or filenames, or something else? Fundamentially, what is the definition of a file? E.g. two hard links can share the same inode and thus ...
2
votes
2answers
44 views

Efficient search of unique owners of files and directories

I would like to view the unique owners of all the files and directories underneath a certain directory. I have tried: ls -ltR <dir-path> | grep -P '^[d|\-]' | awk '{print $3}' | sort | uniq ...
39
votes
6answers
19k views

Find duplicate files

Is it possible to find duplicate files on my disk which are bit to bit identical but have different file-names?
2
votes
2answers
52 views

Find files created by a particular user

How would I go about discovering all of the files created by a particular user and display them to the screen? I've started a script that prompts the current user to enter the username of whom they ...
2
votes
2answers
35 views

Relation between timestamps of files

If I am correct: atime is the last time the file was read/accessed. mtime is the time when the file content last modified. ctime is the time when the inode of the file, was last changed. ...
-2
votes
0answers
48 views

creating new filesystem?

Is it possible to create directory/filesystem that would be beyond unix-like filesystem ( I mean "/" ) so when I will use command pwd , its output would be "example_folder" not "/example_folder" . I ...
4
votes
5answers
11k views

How to read a .war file?

I am trying to view the content of a .war file. I first did set its permissions with chmod 777 then when I try to accces it using: cd /usr/local/standalone/deployments/Sample.war/WEB-INF/classes/ ...
-1
votes
1answer
26 views

Advice with How to Return the # of Files found within a folder [duplicate]

Create a script to ask a user for the name of a folder and have the script return the number of files found within the folder. If folder doesn't exist, display error message to the screen I've gotten ...
0
votes
2answers
29 views

Precaching the list of files of the filesystem

I was wondering where and in what form a list of files and directories is stored on the ext4 filesystem. The problem is that whenever I try to access a certain directory for the first time since boot ...
0
votes
1answer
190 views

How can I delete files on a read-only file system?

I have an encrypted .dmg file with some useless files that I need to delete to make space. How can I delete them without having to convert them into a read write system and then back? (Would take 4~5 ...
17
votes
5answers
27k views

File extensions for unix shell scripts

On wikipedia, the article for .sh says: For the .sh file extension type, see Bourne shell. How about other unix shells? I know that the shebang is used inside the file to indicate an ...
3
votes
4answers
67 views

Traverse, copy & transform file names

My issue: I need to copy log files, all with identical names, but stored 1-deep in subdirectories, and change their names. I'm copying from the a folder called Logfiles which contains a bunch of ...
4
votes
7answers
4k views

How to remove blank lines from a file in shell?

I want to remove all empty lines from a file. Even if the line contains spaces or tabs it should also be removed.