Use this tag for questions about file management and operations on files.

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2
votes
2answers
85 views

How to remove a file that can be seen but no program can seem to touch?

I'm trying to remove some obsolete backups, and deep inside one I've found a file 'cifs3bee' that I can find no way of removing. (And since I can't remove it, it's preventing the removal of the entire ...
5
votes
4answers
3k views

Understaning of diff output

I have file1.txt this is the original text line2 line3 line4 happy hacking ! and file2.txt this is the original text line2 line4 happy hacking ! GNU is not UNIX if I do: ...
0
votes
0answers
56 views

extract text to csv file from output of reading multiple files into specific rows

I am trying to write a bash script to generate a csv file from text within multiple pdf documents. I have a script for converting pdf to text, but not for generating the csv file. Each text document ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

What are the default file permissions in CentOS?

What are the default file permissions in CentOS 5, CentOS 6 and CentOS 7? Is there any difference in the default file permissions between these OSs?
4
votes
4answers
2k views

Merge 2 files based on all values of the first column of the first file

I need to merge below 2 files: file1: TABLES REF-IO HEAD-IO DIFF-IO test 200 500 -300 exam 2 3 -1 final 2 1 1 mail 4 2 2 TOTAL 208 506 -298 ...
2
votes
3answers
203 views

Transforming text to tabular form

I have a text file with the following structure: aaa bbb ccc ddd eee fff 1 2 3 4 5 6 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 ggg hhh iii jjj kkk lll 7 8 9 10 11 12 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 and I want the ...
1
vote
4answers
187 views

change last 10 characters of the base (not extension) of multiple files

I have many files of different lengths but the same extension and I have tried many commands to rename all of them at once. Is it possible to change only the last 10 characters of the base of all ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Operation of “mv” described in “Advanced Programming in the UNIX Environment”

In Advanced Programming in the UNIX Environment (book) Section 4.14, interpret the i-node and directory, there is a paragraph: When renaming a file without changing file systems, the actual ...
3
votes
2answers
132 views

Is there any Linux command to create a new file in a folder and auto create this folder if not exist? [duplicate]

I know this problem can solve by use combine mkdir and touch commands. But I want to know is there any other solution only use one command.
2
votes
2answers
49 views

remove whitespace from all items in a directory and sub directory

I have a directory which contains files and sub directories, some of which have whitespace in their names. Further more each of these sub directories contains files with whitespace in their names. Is ...
3
votes
7answers
150 views

for loop in bash lists dot and double dot folders [duplicate]

for f in ~/common/.*; do echo $f done The entries listed are, /home/sk/common/. #undesired /home/sk/common/.. #undesired /home/sk/common/.aliasrc And i am putting a ugly ...
0
votes
4answers
82 views

given a file, find where within a subdirectory it was copied to

Given a file that I know has been copied into a given directory, I want to find the exact path where the file copy now resides. It is guaranteed the file has not been edited and will look exactly like ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Net-SNMP Application

I don't know if this is the right place to ask this question, but, does anyone knows about Net-SNMP. Is it possible to not truncate the log file whenever snmptrapd is restarted? The logs are being ...
3
votes
4answers
7k views

How to find executable filetypes?

I want to find file types that are executable from the kernel's point of view. As far as I know all the executable files on Linux are ELF files. Thus I tried the following: find * | file | grep ELF ...
-3
votes
1answer
41 views

Create five copies of file with the same inode number

How can I create five copies of /etc/profile with the same inode number?
7
votes
2answers
173 views

Sorting a file with integer in parentheses with no space

I am trying to sort a file like this (which is a list of subroutine names) cfn=(1370) __lib_file_MOD_file_open fn=(1368) __universe_MOD_general_boot fn=(916) __universe_MOD_general_main fn=(6142) ...
1
vote
2answers
7k views

How do I set Nautilus as default file manager in Elementary OS

Elementary OS uses a program called files as the default file manager. I would like to use Nautilus as my default file manager as used in Ubuntu 12.04 . I have GNOME Nautilus 3.4.2 installed on my ...
0
votes
0answers
63 views

How to check if the shell script created a new error log file in a folder with the same shell script? [duplicate]

I am trying to check if the new file is created in the specific directory or not when I run the shell script. Here, I am creating a new file through the shell script itself and then checking whether ...
3
votes
5answers
56 views

How one can re-read image with dd so it will match one you just wrote?

I have a ~1GB image that I'm writing to a 8GB SD card via the dd tool. I'd like to verify that it was written without corruption by reading it back and comparing its hash with original one. ...
2
votes
1answer
24 views

How to tar-bzip old files in yearly groups

I wish to know a command I can use to grab and archive all files for a year at a time. I am working on a directory that has 72000 files, with files dated from 2007 to current. And I wish to make that ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

How do I move files from a disk image using Terminal.

I downloaded an application (LaTeXiT) that installed itself as a disk image. I navigated to /Volumes and into the disk image, but when I try to move the contents to my /Applications folder, it returns ...
37
votes
4answers
106k views

How can i count the number of lines of file with common tools in a bash?

I am redirecting grepping-results to a file, and then use cat to show its content on the screen. I want to know how many lines of results I have in my results file and then += it to some counter. ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

Delete all files to which no corresponding file with another extension exists

My goal is to find a Linux command sequence, which deletes some files if a special condition is fulfilled: All files with the extensions .cut or .cut.bak in the current directory shall be removed, IF ...
23
votes
4answers
4k views

What is so special about Linux permission 004?

I was reading Practical Unix and Internet Security, when I came across the following lines which I couldn't comprehend. If you are using the wu archive server, you can configure it in such a way ...
2
votes
2answers
77 views

Sort files with a specific extension by modified time and store them into an array

I have found many answers to sort the files of directory and even to save them in an array. Sorting Example ls -t Directory listing in array array=(*) My particular problem needs to sort files ...
0
votes
2answers
53 views

How to find file without knowing the name of it [duplicate]

So I've finally given up after searching/trial and error for an hour now on how to find a file given specific criteria (none of which is the name of the file or the extension). The file info provided ...
2
votes
0answers
18 views

Specify the format of application temp/backup files in kde

Many text editors will create temporary or backup files with the format ~<filename>. Because of this, folders appear very cluttered with tons of files duplicated in this way ( <original> ...
13
votes
5answers
23k views

Test if there are files matching a pattern in bash

I am trying to write an if statement in bash to test whether there are any files matching a certain pattern. If there is a text file in a directory it should run a given script. My code currently if ...
14
votes
3answers
22k views

how to output text to both screen and file inside a shell script?

Currently I have a shell script which logs messages to a log file like this: log_file="/some/dir/log_file.log" echo "some text" >> $log_file do_some_command echo "more text" >> $log_file ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

Using Btrfs to eliminate corrupted archives

I am trying to get my personal filesystem in order I want to tar everything and get it organized into proper directories I have many HDDs and a few SSDs I want to use Btrfs with it's checksum and ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

Can I use lzma compression, without using “tar”, on OSX 10.10.3?

I kind of think of OSX as Unix by another name. But, if I need to move this to the Apple forum, please tell me! I can create tar files compressed using lzma as such: $ ls ./DbDumps alpha.dmp ...
0
votes
2answers
32 views

Why is there a minor number in /dev for directories such as pts?

This is a part of /dev in CentOS 6.6. What is the meaning of the minor number for directories like ., .. , bsg, block and ... ? drwxr-xr-x. 18 root root 3800 Jul 3 06:00 . dr-xr-xr-x. 21 ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Copying directories to directories with different names

How can I copy a number of directories: directory_01 directory_02 directory_03 to different directories tmp_directory_01 tmp_directory_02 tmp_directory_03 where each tmp_directory_* directory ...
3
votes
1answer
56 views

Deleting ghost files with non-ASCII characters

I have some weird files and folders in my trash on Mac OS X. After I "empty" the trash, the files still remain. I attempted to manually delete the files: $ cd ...
3
votes
1answer
105 views

Two users with different permissions on same directory

Is it possible to give two users different permissions on the same directory? I want to use it for ftp: userFull gets R+W and userLim gets only Read, depending on who logs on. Im getting stuck on the ...
6
votes
1answer
3k views

Keep same file owner for newly created files

This question is regarding samba file access. I have created a folder A, and under folder A created two folders B and C. And also created three users A, B and C. User A has access to all three ...
4
votes
1answer
169 views

string in a file as a variable

I have a conf file content like below. file.conf: key="name" value="pswd" Now I want write a script to having two variable like above script.sh key="name" #key as variable value="pswd" ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Delete the first n bytes of a file in O(n) time

I've been browsing around looking for a solution for a personal project (Read: a coding experiment), but nothing quite seems to fit. To be honest, I don't even know if it's possible. Now, there's ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

What is going on with Google Chrome and deleted files

Debugging some CouchDB problems, I was looking for (still open) deleted files: $ lsof -nP | grep '(deleted)' And to my surprise I found that Google Chrome has around 16900 such files: 15870 files ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Use sudo tee with heredoc to append to existing file

From Generate script in bash and save it to location requiring sudo we have this method, which I like: sudo tee "$OUTFILE" > /dev/null <<'EOF' foo bar EOF However, I would like to use that ...
3
votes
2answers
71 views

Script for changing modification time of files and directories recursively

I have many big folders with thousands of files in them and I want to use touchto set their modification times to be "original time"+3 hours. I got this script from a similar thread in superuser: ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Creating an symbolic link in /bin automatically creates a second link in /usr/bin and the which command chooses /usr/bin

I just created an executable: ln -s /path/to/script.sh /bin/script then I check if everything succeeds and it does(/bin/script is created) but this has also created: /usr/bin/script and if I ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

Move files from multiple directories to another system

Let's suppose I have a folders in the source system: AB1, AB2, AB3. And I have the same folder names AB1, AB2, AB3 in the destination system. I want to move AB1 files to AB1 and AB2 files AB2 and ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

How to remove an empty directory (btrfs filesystem)?

I'm using the experimental btrfs filesystem. My directory looks like this: ls -la empytfolder total 4 drwxr-xr-x 1 root root 0 19. Mär 14:00 . drwxr-xr-x 1 root root 298 19. Mär 13:59 .. I ...
2
votes
3answers
82 views

Single record of a file getting splitted over multiple lines

We are using flat text files to store in teradata table after transformations from Informatica. The file contains 14 fields (~ separated). But as the records are getting scattered over multiple lines ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

How should I distribute files/packages/software across multiple drives?

I am primarily a Windows user, but I am starting to use Linux more as I realize all the features it has. In Windows, I install my software that I use regularly on my 120GB SSD, along with the OS, ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

How to clear log files periodically

Hi I am new to Shell script. i want to clear log files in a directory basing on the dates. I have managed to gather this code: DIR1='/home/u01/app/oracle/servers/DIR1/logs' ...
2
votes
2answers
42 views

Log new files in a directory

Is there a tool, which lets me know about the last newly created files? The still common way of using a hierarchically file system makes it hard to save files in different places, so sometimes I sort ...
0
votes
2answers
32 views

Where should startup scripts for a specific user be installed?

I have one script that will run when a specific user logs in. Where should this script and its assets be placed? I was planning to put it in /usr or /bin or /var, but I was wondering if there's a ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Directory Permission Order [duplicate]

In Linux, let us assume we have a directory with the following properties: drwx---r-x 29 user1 group1 4096 Jun 22 14:11 dir1 can I, as user2 having group group1, navigate into dir1? Since ...