Use this tag for questions about file management and operations on files.

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2
votes
4answers
92 views

Fastest way to read last line within pattern of multiple files with the same extension

I have in a directory /home/files/ some files that all have the same extension .txt. For example 1.txt 2.txt 3.txt 4.txt 5.txt test.txt These files are all the same in data format but the data are ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Sphinx Search shutting down after `FATAL: accept() failed: Too many open files`

I'm running Sphinx Search Server V2.06 ( the latest stable release ) on an Amazon EC2 with Linux CentOS. In general it is running fine, but the searchd.log is showing this error over and over with ...
1
vote
3answers
4k views

Changing file associations in GNOME?

This blog post talks about how to change the default application to handle a file type in Nautilus for individual file types (right-click on the file, "open with", and select the new default ...
2
votes
2answers
57 views

How to rename thousands of files efficiently?

I have a bunch of music files (literally thousands of files) in my Fedora PC that I'd like to rename with two rules: Every space must be replaced by the character _ (underscore), and Every letter in ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

How is the open file table structured?

I'm starting to read Linux Systems Programming, 2nd Ed., and I was curious about the file table that is a "per-process list of open files." Is the file table like a table in a SQL db with the fds used ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

How do I `avconv` every m4a in a dir to mp3s?

So I'm trying to convert lots of m4as to mp3s, and I think the best way to do that is using avconv. The problem is, I can't seem to find any solid examples on how to use avconv. Looking at the man ...
1
vote
1answer
16 views

What is the difference between these two sets of command for configuring ACL permissions?

Hi I am wondering what is the difference between the two sets of commands below: 1) To allow Davis to access and modify all files and folders in the the home directory of John # setfacl -m ...
0
votes
2answers
16 views

Supervise File Operations

I want to find out what file operations (failed and successful) where performed in the last hour on my system. Is there a way to do that?
2
votes
2answers
66 views

Collect files from several different directories and put them in one place

I have a large amount of ebooks that are very disorganized. Some of them are alone in their own directories, some of them are corrupted, some of the directories are empty. How do I gather my ebooks ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

Sudo User: Not able to see the home directory of other users

I created sudo user hrsupport with following commands: hrsupport ALL=ALL, NOPASSWD: /bin/chown, /bin/chmod, /bin/chgrp, /scripts/pkgacct, /scripts/restorepkg How can I achieve this The hrsupport ...
1
vote
1answer
20 views

Openbox Syntax Error in ~/.config/openbox/rc.xml [closed]

I added a new keybinding to my rc.xml and now I get this message every time I log into Openbox. Also, the right-click menu does not work anymore either. Now I would have fixed the error myself, but ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Still able to read file after changing permissions

I've made a file as root, and written a string in it. Now I've changed mode to "0" like this: root# ls -al transit/ total 4.0K ---------- 1 root root 6 Jan 5 18:15 27050 root# If I try to tail, ...
0
votes
1answer
555 views

How do I create a RAM disk on Linux Mint?

I am running a package that adds data to the end of 140–300 files each time through the process. I'm thinking of moving the process to a RAM disk, and using rsync to copy it back when done. My goal ...
0
votes
2answers
35 views

Remove all the contents from /root ( /~ )directory

I wanted a software to be installed and its default directory to install was /root. But the software could not get installed. Now I want to do it again from scratch. But there are some files in /root ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Maintain (or restore) file permissions when replacing file

I have a command that accepts a file as an argument, modifies the file, then writes it to the file name specified in the second argument. I'll call that program modifyfile. I wanted it to work "in ...
3
votes
1answer
63 views

Copy only file details (file name, size, time) from remote machine in unix

how can we copy only file details (filename, size, time) from a remote machine in Unix? For example: I have a directory (/opt/apache/…/webapps/Context) placed on a remote machine. Now I want to copy ...
3
votes
3answers
101 views

Determine if a file has been modified

In Linux (currently using ext4 filesystem), how can one check quickly if the contents of a file has been modified without reading any of its contents? Is the stat command a recommended approach? I ...
2
votes
2answers
57 views

Find file, check size and overwrite when filesize is different

Today I found a little bug in my own written CMS. Now I want to rewrite all the files on the server with the same filename. However, I do have some customers with the specific file customized so I ...
1
vote
2answers
57 views

What and Why? - File Descriptors [closed]

What is a file descriptor? Why do we need them?
1
vote
2answers
41 views

Delete all files by find

How to delete all files found by this command? find -type f -name "*-thumb.png"
1
vote
4answers
435 views

Fast incremental searching of files from shell

I like the command-t script in vim editor that is able to intelligently and incrementally search for files. Is there some similar program that is able to search from shell? It would be great if it ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

How to check the file type in a script

I want to do a loop for all the images in a directory. The images doesn't have extension so I have to read the first bytes of the image to know its type. The loop should end up being something like. ...
2
votes
3answers
39 views

Pipe files downloaded with wget into a function

I'm downloading a bunch of images with wget and I want to rm the files if they are empty with a function to which I can pass the file. My question is how do I pipe the images to a function like this: ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Create sub-directories and organize files by date

I have some directories of files copied from my security camera that I would like to organize into sub-directories by file date. So for example; -rwxrwxrwx 0 root root 4935241 Jul 19 2012 ...
1
vote
2answers
49 views

Creating a list of files, removing “duplicates” with different suffix

I have a problem that (I think) require a bit of script-magic - not sure what would be best though... I have one directory with lots pictures in different formats - jpg, gif, png, tiff and svg. Some ...
0
votes
1answer
80 views

How to move completed torrent downloads to another folder without breaking the torrent link?

I'm using Transmission on EOs and I've downloaded a bunch of torrent files which ended up my Download folder in my /home. I'd like now to move the files to my external hard drive without breaking the ...
4
votes
3answers
97 views

Disallow File IO for a process except for FIFOs

How do you start a process that cannot do any file IO (opening / closing files, creating / deleting files, reading / writing files, etc.), except to read and write to pre-created FIFOs? (chroot will ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

Create a file using special characters as filename

I have to create such filename, so I can try one pipeline but I am not quite sure how it would happen. So the file's name(s): ;rm *;.jpg (or ;rm -rf *;.jpg). The format of the file doesn't matter, I ...
1
vote
2answers
61 views

Find latest versions of multiple files in multiple directories

I am writing an application and one of the prerequisites is to be able to look at multiple directories and find the latest version of each file. I've had success with ls and find in order to get the ...
2
votes
2answers
69 views

assigning read/write privileges for a folder to a user in CentOS 7

I am logged into a CentOS 7 server as root. I created a folder /somefolder. I want someusername to be able to write to that folder via scp from a remote computer. What command should I run so that ...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

Linux Mint desktop displays different files from ls command

Background I'm running Linux Mint 17 Cinnamon. After a botched attempt at migrating my data to a NAS, I restored my data from an external USB. Problem Statement After restoring from backup, all my ...
5
votes
2answers
53 views

Merging/Combining 2 text files according to numeric field

I have 2 text files file_1: 14595|Age 35|Salary xx|Position ax|2013|Info 1|Info 2|Info 3|Info 4|Info 5 14649|Age 30|Salary xx|Position az|2015|Info 1|Info 2|Info 3|Info 4|Info 5 file_2: ...
4
votes
5answers
217 views

efficient cross-os file size shell function

I'm looking for a simpler way to have a cross-os-unix file size check. I could use wc -c but I'm concerned the performance may suck on large files (I'm assuming it just counts chars and doesn't do a ...
6
votes
4answers
173 views

Need to move the last line of the file to second line of the same file

I have a file 'test' in linux with below data. aaaaaa bbbbbb cccccc dddddd eeeeee I need to cut the last line of this file and put it in the second position. It must look like below. aaaaaa eeeeee ...
1
vote
2answers
28 views

May cp override subdirectories with the same name?

I downloaded an Adobe flash plugin, It includes a .so file and a directory called usr. In this folder, it has sub-folders like bin, lib, lib64, share. In the readme file, it says I need to do the ...
12
votes
4answers
397 views

A shell-like environment for binary processing

This question came to me a couple of times before, now in response to the question Loop through binary data chunks from stdin in Bash Answers given in ...
2
votes
3answers
54 views

Find command associated with configuration file

Let's say I didn't know what ~/.bashrc is for. Is there a command that would tell me what the file is/does? Other than googling for an answer. The man pages have a files section, maybe there is a way ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

run a certain file (e.g. a .py) when a certain image, .wav or excel file get opened [duplicate]

Recently, me and my friend have purchased a Palm Vein Scanner. the goal was using it in a mini-project as a new door lock system. we are connecting it to a Raspberry Pi to run the software on it. ...
0
votes
3answers
57 views

Number of files in a directory starting with specific text

How to get count of files in a directory starting with specific text like dataxxx.csv
2
votes
1answer
72 views

How to count occurrences of all the words in all the files of a directory using grep? But with count incremented only once per word per file

I have already asked a similar question but people misunderstood what i was asking. I was asking how to generate a list of every word with a word count incremented only once per word per file. For ...
1
vote
1answer
26 views

How do I find/list all files on filesystem with a certain SELinux “fcontext”

I'm having trouble finding information on what command, presumably from setools, I should use to find all the files on my filesystem that are labeled by SELinux with a certain file-context (fcontext). ...
1
vote
3answers
6k views

Giving PHP permission to write to files and folders

UPDATED FOR FURTHER CLARITY: According to http://expressionengine.com/user_guide/installation/installation.html, it says: For most Unix hosts the following is typical, but you may check with your ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

How to give permission to group to read/edit unowned files on archlinux?

I'd like to be able to read files from external hdd or other partitions without having to su root every time or chmod the whole partition to myself/group. How can I give myself/group permission to ...
-1
votes
2answers
157 views

delete files having a certain pattern in their names

I want to delete all files that have two numbers and a dot in beginning of their names for example: 01. abc 02. xyz
1
vote
2answers
85 views

How to rename file in bash script one by one

I have loads of files which look like this: data1.csv data2.csv . . data(n).csv My use case is that when I will call my script it will change data1.csv to data.csv and remaining files as it is and ...
8
votes
2answers
449 views

Finding a file type assuming wrong extension

I have an image archive I keep up. Sometimes, the sites I pull them from reformat the file while keeping the extension the same, most often making PNG images into JPG's that are still named ".png". ...
25
votes
2answers
8k views

I made a mistake last night, which deleted 1800GB of my File-Server unintentionally

I ran this command yesterday, I thought on a test machine, but it was a File-Server connected through SSH. sudo rm -rf /tmp/* !(lost+found) My terminal emulator is Konsole. My system is Debian 7. ...
6
votes
3answers
276 views

Is there a way to protect a file from being deleted, but not from being altered?

I want certain files to be able to be altered by myself on my basic account. To me, they are high priority files, with many backups. But we have some young'uns in the house and I don't quite trust ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

Split the large files into sub files. How to do this process? [duplicate]

I have a large file in my unix box with 2 Gb. The files contains the xml lines. I want to split the files into say 10 files say each file is now of 204 MB ( approx ) so that combining the 10 files ...
2
votes
2answers
65 views

Check files for conventions

I need a script that checks and lists all text files for project conventions. With conventions I mean for example: UTF-8 encoding No trailing white spaces Newline at the end of file No not-ascii ...