Logical entities that contain data in a filesystem. Use this tag if your question: is about programs that create files (e.g. gzip, tar, zip); deals with characteristics of files (permissions, size, path/location); or is about management of files (renaming, listing, moving, removing). For operating ...

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-8
votes
1answer
26 views

What does it mean when Linux states “the directory does not contain all necessary files”? [closed]

Copy all the files from the directory /usr/local/linuxgym-data/gutenberg whose names contain the string s2 into your ch4-pipewild/s2 directory. mkdir s2 cp *s2* /usr/local/linuxgym-data/gutenberg I ...
-3
votes
1answer
40 views

How can I treat my disk like one big file?

I was reading about device files in FreeBSD, but my understanding is not great. To practice, I thought up the following scenario. I suspect that the problem can be solved using device files. Imagine ...
0
votes
3answers
869 views

Creating a character device file

How to create the character device files? I have tried cat > xxx^c But I can't create a character device file
80
votes
17answers
25k views

Is there an easy way to replace duplicate files with hardlinks?

I'm looking for an easy way (a command or series of commands, probably involving find) to find duplicate files in two directories, and replace the files in one directory with hardlinks of the files in ...
70
votes
1answer
7k views

Why does the following script delete itself?

If you create an executable file with the following contents, and run it, it will delete itself. How does this work? #!/bin/rm
1
vote
1answer
44 views

Pass a list of URLs contained in a file to curl

I have to set ACL on a multiple files. I have downloaded a list of object stored using below commands. C:\Users\Gshrivastava\Downloads\curl_748_0>curl -o urlname.csv -i -k -H "Authorization: ...
1
vote
1answer
23 views

Is there any ways to copy all file to one specific sub-folder under the same parent-folder? [duplicate]

So for example i have one folder called "test". Inside that folder, i created one another folder called "player" and a lot of text file, let's say 50 files. [root@ip-10-0-7-70 test]# ls kaka.txt ...
3
votes
6answers
9k views

Find files by the length of filename

I want to find all files by length of the file names. For example if I want to find files of length 1, such as a.go, b.go. I put: grep '.\{1\}' file But this does not work. What command can I use ...
3
votes
3answers
89 views

Display files to size with lower and upper bound without using `find`

I need to create a program via vim in Linux called between. The script takes two arguments as the lower bound and upper bound of the file size, and prints out a list of file names as well as their ...
252
votes
6answers
484k views

How can I replace a string in a file(s)?

Replacing strings in files based on certain search criteria is a very common task. How can I replace string foo with bar in all files in the current directory? do the same recursively for sub ...
8
votes
5answers
17k views

monitoring file changes + process access to files

I would like to see what's happening in my app server folders, which files are changed by process x or which *.war files has been changed (replaced/created) in last x minutes. I am software developer ...
48
votes
7answers
4k views

How are file types known if not from file suffix?

I would like to know how file types are known if filenames don't have suffixes. For example, a file named myfile could be binary or text to start with, how does the system know if the file is binary ...
1
vote
1answer
4k views

Setfattr always returns operation not supported

I'm trying to get a script working however I'm having issues with a particular line trying to set file attributes with setfattr. The line in question is ret=os.system('setfattr -n "user.dummy" -v ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

move files with special characters to new directory

I'm trying to write a loop for a script that checks a specific directory for any special characters and moves those files to a specific directory (except spaces and hyphens - those are simply replaced ...
1
vote
0answers
7 views

Track amount of data application and a device file are exchanging

Is it possible to track how much data is going into a device file and an application as a third person? Background A web server is communicating with a device /dev/ttyACM0. The server offers a HTTP ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

Limited access to a directory's contents

There is a file in a directory that me and the other users want to be able to read. I want the other users not to be able to see the other files in the directory. They should be able to read a ...
-1
votes
1answer
35 views

File size limits

i have a text file which its size is 23.5 Mb. i want to reduce file size under 20 Mb. how can i do that? the file type is: plain text document (text/plain). this file have ~40000 line and ~500 column. ...
3
votes
2answers
504 views

Redirecting/grep'ing an existing shell's STDOUT

I run a lot of long running processes (simulations) that print progress to STDOUT. I occasionally forget to redirect to STDOUT to a file I can grep, and it's usually too far along to restart. ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

Ubuntu shell curly brace expansion - confusion with sox command

I'd like to search through multiple subdirectories and convert all .mp3 files to .al files. Here's how I do it: find . -name '*.mp3' -type f -print0 | xargs -0 -t -r -I {} sox {} -r 8000 -c1 -e a-law ...
3
votes
2answers
272 views

How can I find files with a long first line?

currently I have a problem with a server. One user who is hosting a lot of sites got hacked and some of his php files were modified. Now I want to get a list of the infected files and also want to ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

How to maintain only four lines in my file in shell scripting?

Input file: 01.05.2016 87893938 02.05.2016 35435345 03.05.2016 35435345 04.05.2016 12345678 I want to keep only four lines in my file. that means if date 05.05.2016 6905698 is inserted then ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

Cannot mv to a subdirectory of itself

I am running this simple script and I am trying to create a cron job so that the file gets copied to my thumbdrive (with the new name) sudo cp /home/pi/NewLog.log /media/usb sleep 20 cd ...
1
vote
2answers
54 views

Check in pure bash that the download is complete

short story is, I probably need a simple loop in bash which checks periodically whether the size of a given file has changed or not since last checked. Long story, I will be downloading a file ...
2
votes
5answers
399 views

How to find what device a file is on (and use that in a script)?

I want to find out what device my file is on so that I can use it in a script. I can get this far: $ df . Filesystem 512-blocks Used Available Capacity Mounted on /dev/disk0s2 498438976 ...
1
vote
2answers
938 views

How to give sftp access to sub-directory only not to parent

I want to give SFTP access to user tom for directory /var/www/html/my_project/. while I don't want to give any SFTP access to directory /var/www/html/. currently /var/www/html/my_project/ and ...
2
votes
1answer
64 views

How to delete files with ~?

I have removed all my python code from the home directory, but when I do ls I get: a11.py~ class1.pdf foobar.txt~ n1 pic.py~ When I do ls like this: ls *.py I get: ls: cannot access *.py: No ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Can't delete files using SSHFS on windows

My problem is that i can't delete any fails from any folder using my windows sshfs client. Even though i'm logging in through root account, it still says that i do not have enough permission to ...
13
votes
4answers
666 views

dd: multiple input files

I need to concatenate chunks from two files: if I needed concatenate whole files, I could simply do cat file1 file2 > output But I need to skip first 1MB from the first file, and I only want ...
11
votes
5answers
9k views

How do you compare two folders and copy the difference to a third folder?

You've got three folders: folder current, which contains your current files folder old, which contains an older version of the same files folder difference, which is just an empty folder How do ...
0
votes
2answers
25 views

How can I give files extended attributes in mac os x?

How can I give files extended attributes in mac os x? Mac os x doesn't have the 'setattr' command.
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Qubes/Xen OS: access file manager for dom0

I hope somebody more experienced with Qubes specific terminal commands can help. If the KDE manager is installed, how does one open via terminal input the file manager for 'dom0'? To browse 'Home' ...
2
votes
2answers
949 views

how to find out the full path of the command from the result of lsof -i

lsof is a great utility, just now started using it. lsof -i | grep smtp => this give the following result. httpd.pl 212548 global 3u IPv4 893092369 0t0 TCP ...
1
vote
1answer
818 views

Apache created files and its permissions for CentOS 6.x

In short, I have an authenticated HTTP-POST that: posts a jpg image (created as 666 apache:www) into /directory1 (777 ftpuser:www) creates /directory2 (created as 666 apache:www) in a 777 ...
2
votes
3answers
39 views

Is there a way to see the dimensions of a jpeg file in linux using the command line?

I have some .jpeg images saved in a file in a cluster at school. I am at home using PuTTY to access one of the Debian nodes. I'm able to get to the folder with all the images but I need to see the ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Where is my 7za data being written to

I have a weird question about 7za on Centos 7. I am adding a file to a 7za archive using the following command (the total size of the directory is around 40GB) /usr/bin/7za a -ppassword -t7z -mmt=off ...
1
vote
2answers
38 views

Are all files outside of /home/userabc owned by root?

I'm writing a tar implementation for a package manager, and I wonder if I can skip the permission setting of the user in the tar headers and keep what is there by default, the user who wrote the ...
0
votes
2answers
44 views

How to see information inside inode data structure

I can do an ls -li to see a file's inode number, but how can I list information inside a particular inode by using that inode number.
0
votes
3answers
26 views

How to apply dos2unix recursively to all the contents of a folder?

Is there a way to apply the dos2unix command so that it runs against all of the files in a folder and it's subfolders? man dos2unix doesn't show any -r or similar options that would make this ...
55
votes
5answers
31k views

Find duplicate files

Is it possible to find duplicate files on my disk which are bit to bit identical but have different file-names?
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Import Windows file into Linux Ubuntu VM [duplicate]

I have a Ubuntu/Gnome VM using Virtual box installed on an external usb drive. I have been emailed a ubuntu script recorded session from another user to my Windows PC. I want to be able to import ...
0
votes
1answer
268 views

Ambigous redirect done >$2

I have finished my bash script but I am still getting two errors. I've also searched for related issues but none worked: #!/bin/bash avem_element () { local e for e in "${@:2}"; do [[ "$e" == ...
0
votes
1answer
117 views

How to fix ntfs file problem when there is now windows?

I have a "stubborn" file on an NTFS partition which refuses to be deleted. A little background on the problem... Problem happened when I was running Zim on my Linux and the system froze due to some ...
0
votes
0answers
102 views

Google Drive HTTP Error when downloading .zip file with Firefox

I'm using openSUSE 42.1 and opened a fresh install of Firefox, but somehow when I try to download a zip file from my Google Drive, an error is shown: Could not download "[filename]". HTTP error. ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

How “Max open files” soft and hard limit are set for specific process?

I used the cat /proc/<pid>/limits command to check the Max open file hard and soft limit, but I want to know how this value will be set and can it be increased or decreased? Is this value is ...
7
votes
2answers
652 views

Zip Archive With Limited Number of Files

What command can I use to create zips with a file number limit? I have a folder (no subfolders) of, say, 5000 files, so I would want a command that could divide that number and create 10 individual ...
-1
votes
1answer
23 views

adding date to beginning of file name using script

I have multiple files that need to be renamed with a date added to the beginning of the file name that I am trying to script. I'm using the cp command because I need to keep the original file I need ...
1
vote
2answers
59 views

Why does SCP fail when “RequestTTY force” option is enabled?

In my SSH config file, I have to enable the RequestTTY force for some important reasons. And currently my config file looks like this: Host x.x.x.x HostName yyyy StrictHostKeyChecking no ...
6
votes
2answers
11k views

What is nobody user and group?

On my server (Synology DS212) some files and folders have nobody nobody users and groups. What are the characteristics of this user and group? Who can write of read this file? How can I change it ? ...
5
votes
1answer
43 views

Clear recent open file history on Linux Mint

Sometimes others in my household briefly use my computer, when they do I sometimes don't want them to see my file history. I know how to prevent Bash from writing entries to the ~/.bash_history file ...
5
votes
4answers
7k views

Constantly check if file is modified bash

I have a file called file1 I want in a script, whenever there is a change in it, do something, a beep sound actually. How do I do that ¿? Thank you in advance