Tagged Questions

Use this tag for questions about file management and operations on files.

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2
votes
2answers
57 views

How to make system file partitions larger without reinstalling

I'm a complete beginner with any Linux distro and I recently picked up SteamOS. SteamOS I believe is Debian based. I wiped the laptop and got it installed nicely. When I started moving my music over ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

Copying files to a directory shared via ACL doesn't get default mask

I'm trying to setup a simple shared directory on an ext4 filesystem for a group of users to work on. Let's say i just need to give all permissions to all users belonging to the group "workgroup" to ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Find files belonging to a group

Actually I want to find all the files and folders that are under the same group, for example I have this : [test] user1/sam a.txt user9/sam b.txt user4/sam I'm looking for a command ...
0
votes
3answers
84 views

Unable to delete a file without permissions etc

I have a file in Windows XP left over after deleting Google Chrome. Its location is C:\Documents and Settings\Admin\Local Settings\Application Data\Google\Chrome\User Data\Default\old_Cache_000 The ...
2
votes
2answers
97 views

Shell script to merge files with same names

I have a directory of files such as: file.1111111_1.pdf file.1111111_2.pdf file.2222222_1.pdf file.2222222_2.pdf … file.1234567_1.pdf file.1234567_2.pdf … file.aaaaaaa_1.pdf file.aaaaaaa_2.pdf … ...
9
votes
2answers
507 views

Tool in unix to subtract text files? [duplicate]

I have a large file composed of text fields separated by semicolons in the form of a large table. It has been sorted. I have a smaller file composed of the same text fields. At some point, someone ...
2
votes
2answers
75 views

Change file timestamp and display hour instead of year with ls

I want to change a file's date to tomorrow 21:00. I used touch, but when I type ls -l the year of the file is displayed instead of the hour. -rw-r--r-- 1 ABCD DEF 0 sept. 30 2014 test01 -r-xr-xr-x ...
0
votes
2answers
44 views

check two partitions by selecting random files and running sha1 hashes on two files of each partition

A previous answer to a post mentions to run sha1 hashes on an images of a dd drive clone image. Another answer to that post suggests mounting the dd image an then compare if the sha1 hashes of ...
-10
votes
1answer
68 views

unix command to search for a file whose name starts with letter g

What unix command can I use to search for a file whose name starts with the letter g?
8
votes
2answers
276 views

How can I tell when a process has finished writing to a file?

I have a process which has been spawned from a shell. It is running as a background process and exporting a DB to a CSV file in /tmp. How can I tell when the background process has completed ...
13
votes
3answers
1k views

Why are TCP/IP sockets considered “open files”?

I need some assistance grasping what I'm sure is a fundamental concept in Linux: the limit for open files. Specifically, I'm confused on why open sockets can count towards the total number of "open ...
2
votes
1answer
45 views

How to gather byte occurance statistics in binary file?

I'd like to know the equivalent of cat inputfile | sed 's/\(.\)/\1\n/g' | sort | uniq -c presented in ...
3
votes
1answer
60 views

Monitoring files continuously with lsof

Is there a way to make lsof work continuously to monitor every file that is being opened in real time? I don't know the name of the process. I want lsof to work continuously for a period of time ...
2
votes
2answers
47 views

List of subdirectories that contains a particular file name

I am wondering if i can do this in a single shell command. I am in home directory and want to find a list of subdirectories that contains a particular file. The file name and the depth is always ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Change file ownership, based on previous owner

I am a moderately new linux user. I changed my PC, and started using CentOS 7 from CentOS 6. So I attached my previous hard disk to my new pc to take backup of my files. Now, copying the files (and ...
3
votes
1answer
43 views

read only symlink or something similar? [duplicate]

I created myself a NAT for home use (Ubuntu+Samba+Greyhole+Apache+MySQL+other web server related stuff). 90% of files I store there are pictures that i really don't wanna loose (that's why Greyhole). ...
2
votes
3answers
54 views

Password protect a single folder ( not a web folder )

I run debian and I'm looking to limit a folder to only be accessible by one user. How do I set the permissions up so only that one specific user can enter it, and no other user. The folder I'm talking ...
2
votes
1answer
133 views

write() system call ignores file permissions

I made a very simple program in C which writes "Test string" into file named "file.txt": root@3:~# cat test.c #include "unistd.h" #include "string.h" #include "stdio.h" main() { FILE *fp; int ...
5
votes
1answer
99 views

Ability to add files to a directory but not remove existing files

Is there some permissions setup that would allow a user, say, john, to add a file to a directory d, but not be able to remove an existing file owned by another user, say, root? My understanding is ...
1
vote
2answers
157 views

I accidentally GZIPed a whole bunch of files, one by one, instead of using tar(1). How can I undo this mess?

I'm new to the gzip command, so I googled some commands to run so I can gzip an entire directory recursively. Now while it did that, it converted each of my files to the gzip format and added .gz to ...
3
votes
1answer
67 views

Find Stale NFS Files

I've been pondering about an efficient way to locate stale NFS files for a few days with out much success and was wondering if there are better approaches to the problem. Problem: every once in a ...
6
votes
3answers
447 views

How can I make a special file that executes code when read from

Most files on a Linux system are normal files, i.e. they are saved on disk and reading from them just reads from a specified chunk of memory on the disk. How can I make something that behaves like a ...
1
vote
2answers
70 views

finding latest date and date modified file and using sed

I have a series of files that contain a date and I need to get the file which has the latest date, and the latest date modification and pipe it to sed. I have tried various approaches and I cannot ...
8
votes
2answers
278 views

Reindexing a large CSV file

I went through the answers in this helpful thread, but my problem seems to be different enough that I can't think of good answer (at least with sed). I have a large CSV file (200+ GB) with rows that ...
6
votes
1answer
47 views

Linux: Locating text file from a string input

I have started to use Linux and I'm practicing using/making codes to locate and do things. I need help with code that locates any file from a string of input. I don't know where to start?
4
votes
5answers
341 views

Clone directory tree structure and copy files to the corresponding directories modified after a specific date

I have a folder with more than 30 sub directories and I want to get the list of the files which was modified after a specified date(say sep 8 which is the real case) and to be copied with the same ...
2
votes
2answers
54 views

Run grep or other commands on files on a web server

I have files on another domain. What's the best way to use commands on them like grep? wget http://path/to/file.txt | grep search However this doesn't work. I guess I can use curl but is there a ...
4
votes
2answers
69 views

zsh solutions to “the argument list is too long”

I read in this answer from @Gilles the following: In zsh, you can load the mv builtin: setopt extended_glob zmodload -Fm zsh/files b:zf_\* mv -- ^*.(jpg|png|bmp) targetdir/ as a solution to ...
2
votes
1answer
31 views

Compress a tar file without extracting the content

Is it possible to compress a tar file such that I don't end up with an archive file in an other archive file but just an archive file containing my content fx. a tar.gz file? I don't want to extract ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

Root is receiving “operation not permitted” error when trying to move a a users .bash_profile

This are the permissions on the RHEL5 machine: [root@server1 belmin]# ls -la | egrep '\.(bash_profile)?$' drwx------ 9 belmin belmin 4096 Sep 16 14:29 . drwxr-xr-x 40 root root 4096 ...
2
votes
2answers
95 views

How to make my bash script be able to create an log file for a clamscan running in cron?

I've created an custom clamscan(clamav) in bash and when I run it in my shell everyhing is fine, but if I run it in a cron, it can't create the log file. This are the errors: ...
0
votes
2answers
66 views

Removing duplicated files in the rootfs - to speed up booting time, and improve memory usage

With Buildroot I'm making images for my Embedded Linux Hardware. Mainly I'm trying to speed up the boot sequence (and on the way lower the memory usage), where I've tried many techniques successfully. ...
1
vote
1answer
84 views

dialog menu to display files and select one of them

I want to display all the files under /home directory in menu, and select only one of them. Then the script will print the full path of the selected file. I have created the following script. This ...
-1
votes
3answers
54 views

Delete oldest files from a directory if number exceeds seven

Daily downloads are stored in a directory. A script has been created which counts how many files reside in this folder. The part I am struggling with is deleting the oldest file in the directory if ...
-1
votes
1answer
35 views

In Mac Os, what is .DS_store?

In each folder I find a hidden file called .DS_store? What is this exactly?
1
vote
3answers
71 views

Can a file ( such as PNG image ) wear out if transferred via SSH ( scp ) 1000s of times back and forth?

The question is about anything really. But in my case it is PNG images. Can they wear out if transferred in-between servers over and over again? I send them to another server and then retrieve ...
-3
votes
1answer
82 views

Find files using ls and wildcards

pwd : ../bin under bin I have a directory called datafiles. Use meta characters and the ls -lL command (with lower and upper case L) to list all filenames under the datafiles directory that contain a ...
3
votes
2answers
86 views

Extract csv files from path to multiple files in bash

I have a files multiple file path for backup purpose ,now i want to filter it based on ".csv " fromat. I have tried this. filesall=(/home/abc/allfiles/*) files=$((${filesall[@]}|grep -F ".csv")) ...
6
votes
2answers
93 views

How come sed is so fast?

I thought about whether this question is suitable for SE or not, I hope you agree it is. Some time ago I asked on SE how to find text in files and leave the file with only the matching lines that ...
1
vote
2answers
105 views

Delete old files but keep one each week/month/year

I have a folder with log-files each ~10 minutes: alfred_140810-190001.json alfred_140810-191001.json alfred_140810-192002.json alfred_140810-193001.json alfred_140810-194001.json ...
0
votes
2answers
30 views

How to make partitions with in /home/user/ writable by user?

I have a partition scheme like this: / /home/ /home/user/files/ When logged in as user, I cannot save any files at /home/user/files/. The only solution I can find is to create a new subdirectory as ...
3
votes
1answer
307 views

Do files change while passing from ext2 to ext3 to ext4?

If one creates a file on an ext2 (or ext3 or ext4) partition, then moves from one partition to another, each formatted differently, does any part of that file change? Once returned to the original ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

How to remove a specific string from file name [duplicate]

I have a report running in UNIX and creating a file named xxxx_ddmmyy_hhmm_zzzzzz.txt. I need to remove the zzzzzz from the file name. How do I do it?
1
vote
1answer
43 views

Linux does not see a file until I ls on that directory

I have a really weird problem. I have a php script that runs, submits a child process to run, and waits until its done by checking for a OUTFILE.end file to appear. The problem is the file appears, ...
0
votes
2answers
51 views

Remove by date in Shell Script

I have a shell script that creates a backup of a database. I would like to keep the last 7 days for files. What is the syntax I need to remove files in a directory by date or can I keep the newest 7 ...
11
votes
2answers
211 views

Why does cat x >> x loop?

The following bash commands go into an infinte loop: $ echo hi > x $ cat x >> x I can guess that cat continues to read from x after it has started writing to stdout. What is confusing, ...
3
votes
3answers
317 views

How to integrate mv command after find command?

Given a scenario I was searching for file name which contain AAA withing it on a path using following command: find path_A -name "*AAA*" Given the output shows from the above command, I want to ...
6
votes
2answers
82 views

Operations only on complete files [duplicate]

I have machine on which the files are uploaded by ftp. From this machine I would like to run cronjob and scp/rsync (simply copy them) to different machine in the same network. The problem is I don't ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

Print output of some my data in a file that should start with first line without blank space

By using some shell command i filter some output Please can some one suggest how i can print this output in some file For example I filtered some line and save it to some file but problem is it is ...
9
votes
3answers
841 views

Open a text file and let it update itself

How can I open a text file and let it update itself? Similar to the way top works. I want to open a log file and watch it update itself on the fly. I have just tried: $ tail error.log But just ...