Use this tag for questions about file management and operations on files.

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1
vote
1answer
61 views

Replace a string in a file and overwrite the file

I wrote my script using the the directory ~/deleted (it's a long script). after using ~/deleted for the whole script. I want to let the user choose the directory by putting the path in ~/.rm.cfg. My ...
6
votes
4answers
347 views

Delete spaces, hyphens, and underscores in filenames?

What is a good command to delete spaces, hyphens, and underscores from all files in a directory, or selected files? I use the following command with Thunar Custom Actions to slugify filenames: for ...
3
votes
2answers
77 views

Why does find -exec du sum up differently?

I have family pictures and movies in a folder /media/data/Selbstgemacht and I'd like to find the size of all pictures. In /media/data I use find Selbstgemacht -type f -iname '*.jpg' -exec du -ch '{}' ...
11
votes
4answers
548 views

How am I supposed to edit files on a network with Vim?

Currently I'm doing it by SSHing into a server, and executing Vim on the server. This has the benefit of not having to deal with cumbersome syntax of opening files from a remote server over SCP, and, ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

What are some preferred methods to efficiently edit files on a remote Unix server?

I'm looking for a more efficient GUI-based solution to edit root-owned and root-only writable files than using either nano or vim, both of which of course limit your cursor to navigate one character ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

Delete ghost files with special characters

I have read several ways to delete files with special characters, but none of them works for me in one special folder in my cache system. I have no idea how the files got there, and why they turned ...
1
vote
2answers
38 views

Remove unneeded file lock in script

I have some script using flock executable. It works well. Problem is when this script calls another script, and it creates background process. In this situation background process inherits file locked ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Compare file size of multiple files in an array [closed]

Scenario: Ftp site has 100s of files. Once a day, all the .gz files are copied to an AWS site then renamed. Only the date is kept in the file name. Some of the files corrupted during copy. A txt ...
4
votes
2answers
79 views

Write variable containing large text with \n to a file with common shell interpreters. How do you do it?

Environment: linux shell or better, ash shell in busybox (example system: Openwrt). Given a string variable with large text "${a}" constructed in this way: for index in $(seq 1 40000); do #it is ...
5
votes
5answers
7k views

Find the total size of certain files within a directory branch

Assume there's an image storage directory, say, ./photos/john_doe, within which there are multiple subdirectories, where many certain files reside (say, *.jpg). How can I calculate a summary size of ...
3
votes
6answers
1k views

How to use the sed command to only show the first column and last column in a text file

I need some help to figure out how to use the sed command to only show the first column and last column in a text file. Here is what I have so far for column 1: cat logfile | sed 's/\|/ /'|awk ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

/proc/config.gz is of 0 bytes

I have an Android TV stck I compiled Linux for IT from https://github.com/Galland/rk3x_kernel_3.0.36 But when I booted that Image I found /proc/config.gz is of 0 bytes can some please explain how ...
4
votes
2answers
174 views

Joining two files

I have a 2 files with the following: File1.txt A 1 B 2 C 5 Z 3 File2.txt A 4 B 7 C 10 D 11 What I would like to do is create something like A 1 4 B 2 7 C 5 10 D - 11 Z 3 - Is there a ...
3
votes
2answers
77 views

Script using “split” in a loop over large files

I'm attempting to get a bash script working, and running into terrible errors along the way. The aim of the script is to break several large text files, into multiple files with a line count read from ...
1
vote
1answer
18 views

Measuring transfer speed of USB drive

I want to write a program to find out the average data transfer speed of my USB port. How do I go about implementing it? The only method I can think of is writing a large file to the path where the ...
3
votes
4answers
84 views

The most *robust* remote file copy?

How would I go about to copy files over a very unstable internet connection? Sometimes, the connection is lost, other times the IP of one machine or the other machine is changed, sometimes both, ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

Better way to copy multiple directories to new directory

Is there a better way on the command line to essentially accomplish the following but with a single command cp -r css/ ar/ cp -r images/ ar/ cp -r js/ ar/ cp -r backups/ ar/ I've just been ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

How do I search for files from the gnome GUI in debian?

I sometimes spend time in the standard classic gnome GUI in debian wheezy, and today I wanted to search for files containing some text in a certain folder. I tried to do it the windows way by going ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

How can I unveal files on my external hard drive?

I copied a big folder (around 110 GB) from my (Mac 10.7.5) computer onto a hard drive (exFAT). It took quite some time and afterwards I even checked that the files were actually there. After more ...
9
votes
3answers
640 views

Why are some files and folders hidden?

I can understand the rationale of hiding files and folders in the /home/user directory to prevent users from messing around with things. However, I do not see how the same rationale can be applied to ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

How do I delete a file in a read-only directory?

I've got a directory and a file in it, with the directory marked as read-only: $ mkdir directoryname $ touch directoryname/filename $ chmod a-w directoryname I cannot delete the file, even if pass ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

What relationships do tie ACL mask and standard group permission on a file?

At first I create a file and check it's standard permissions and ACL entries: $ touch file; ls -l file; getfacl file -rw-r--r-- 1 user user 0 Jul 30 16:26 file # file: file # owner: user # group: ...
3
votes
2answers
46 views

Can I safely delete old directories in my home directory?

I have several hidden directories in my home directory of which I don't know if I need them any more. How do I know if I can safely delete them? For instance, next to the directory .gimp-2.8 there is ...
1
vote
4answers
59 views

Delete all but largest file in multiple directories

I have multiple subdirectories in /home/usr/ProjZ/programs/ that each contain multiple (or one) .js files. What I need to do is delete all but the largest .js file, if the subdirectory contains ...
2
votes
2answers
32 views

Select a range of files after sorting them

One thing I notice slower for me if I switch from using a GUI file manager to CLI is: In a GUI file manager, I can quickly select a subset of files under a dir by, first sorting them according to ...
3
votes
2answers
823 views

File descriptor and fork

When a child is forked then it inherits parent's file descriptors, if child closes the file descriptor what will happen ? If child starts writing what shall happen to the file at the parent's end ? ...
25
votes
2answers
24k views

timestamp, modification time, and created time of a file

I just know that ls -t and ls -f give different sorting of files and subdirectories under a directory. What are the differences between timestamp, modification time, and created time of a file? How ...
28
votes
8answers
2k views

How to delete this undeletable directory?

I untarred a corrupt tar file, and managed to end up with some directory that I can not delete, If I try to delete it, it seems like it can not be found, but ls shows it's present, both with bash and ...
2
votes
4answers
71 views

Command line 'buffer' [duplicate]

I wanted to tail the last 100 lines of a file to the same file, but the command tail -n 100 file > file doesn't work, I assume because the stdout gets written to the file 'live', before everything ...
6
votes
4answers
118 views

Find newest file. Multiple Filetype restrictions

I want to write a command that gives me the newest file in a directory recursively. But that's not my only limitation. The files has to be an mp3 or a jpg file. (case insensitive prefered) I only need ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

What is advisory locking on files that Unix systems typically employs?

I read that Unix like system typically use advisory locking for file IO vs mandatory locking used by Microsoft OS's. If I understood correctly in mandatory locking file lock is enforced by the OS ...
2
votes
4answers
106 views

Change to the last modified subdirectory of the current directory

I have an application which generates a couple of files in different directories at a regular interval and I need to check the latest files generated, i.e. the file which is generated in the most ...
0
votes
0answers
8 views

How to programmatically read until a certain character in a file? [migrated]

My C program writes a .json file. Few of the values in the schema of the .json file is string and has variable length. I am using jansson library. I will have to read a complete .json object ...
-1
votes
3answers
62 views

cat /dev/null emptied my log file but size did not change

I'm quite new to Unix. Using Solaris 10 I faced the below issue. There is a large log file with size 9.5G. I tried to empty the file using the below command. # cat /dev/null file_log.txt By doing ...
3
votes
3answers
144 views

filename and pathname of a file

It is said that the filename of a file is a pointer pointing to the inode of the file. Before knowing that, I thought it was the pathname of a file that does that job. I am not sure how a pathname ...
-1
votes
1answer
19 views

A command showing if I have the right to perform writing?

I'm searching for a command which only says if the current user has r-rights (read) on the file passed as a parameter. This command could be something like haveIRights -x <file> and it has to ...
5
votes
4answers
234 views

Ways to organize and access frequently visited directories and files?

In my Ubuntu, I have added some frequented directories to the bookmarks of Nautilus, for visiting them quicker. Nautilus can consume a lot of memory, when it has been kept open for long and there ...
7
votes
3answers
616 views

How can a log program continue to log to a deleted file?

From the Unix Power Tools, 3rd Edition: Instead of Removing a File, Empty It section: If an active process has the file open (not uncommon for log files), removing the file and creating a new ...
-1
votes
1answer
28 views

Is %a an option of stat?

Usage: stat [OPTION]... FILE... Display file or file system status. -L, --dereference follow links -f, --file-system display file system status instead of file status -c ...
3
votes
1answer
65 views

How does `stdin` of linux work?

I know that stdin refers to standard input in linux, usually the keyboard. It can also be referred by file descriptor 0. So, which file descriptor does the (standard input) mouse refer to? Or is it a ...
2
votes
3answers
105 views

Count files in a directory by extension

For the purpose of testing, I'd like count how many images files are inside a directory, separating each image file type by file extension (jpg="yes". This because later it will be useful for another ...
3
votes
3answers
118 views

Copy a file and overwrite the existing file

I have two images (image1.png and image2.png) in the same folder on my server, I want to run a command that overwrites image2.png to image1.png. I prefer to overwrite the image instead of deleting it ...
4
votes
2answers
198 views

Should /usr owner be root?

After having installed the MySQL database on openSUSE I realized that for all files in /usr/bin the owner was changed to the "mysql" user of the "mysql" group. Maybe there was some mistake of mine. ...
2
votes
0answers
52 views

Removing duplicate files but ignoring certain lines (e.g. embedded timestamp)

I have a bunch of gzipped text files. I am trying to remove duplicate files (using fdupes) but the problem is these files contain a line that has their timestamp in them, and the files are identical ...
3
votes
2answers
131 views

Valgrind /usr/lib files are not regular Linux files

The problem that I encountered today (on an embedded device with Linux) is that some files (specifically, the Valgrind /usr/lib files) are behaving very strange and they are not copy-able with scp ...
19
votes
4answers
7k views

How to properly and easy configure `xdg-open` without any enviroment?

I'm using OpenBox window manager without any desktop enviroment. xdg-open behaves strangely. It opens everything with firefox. $ xdg-settings --list Known properties: default-web-browser ...
1
vote
1answer
12 views

Unzip all non-existing or older files from archive

The behaviour I'd like with unzip is to extract all files, overwriting any that are older than those in the archive, not touching any that are the same age or newer, and to never prompt. The options ...
14
votes
5answers
22k views

Script to monitor folder for new files?

How do I detect new files in a folder with a bash script? I would like to process the files as soon as they are created in the folder. Is this possible to do so or do I have to schedule a script with ...
3
votes
2answers
68 views

fdupes - delete files after comparing two directories

I'm currently trying to solve an issue using fdupes. I'd like to compare two folders with each other, and afterwards delete all duplicate files within one of these directories. Example: Files are ...
38
votes
8answers
22k views

How can I edit multiple files in VIM?

I know I can open multiple files with vim by doing something like vim 2011-12*.log, but how can I switch between files and close the files one at a time? Also, how can I tell the file name of the ...