Use this tag for questions about file management and operations on files.

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6
votes
2answers
4k views

“no such file or directory” message when deleting a file that exists on NTFS

I have a directory with images. Suddenly I found out that there's a new image with a new name. The image content is similar to another image in another directory but with a different name. I didn't ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

How is it possible to do a live update while a program is running?

I wonder how killer applications such as Thunderbird or Firefox can be updated via the system's package manager while they are still running. What happens with the old code while they are being ...
3
votes
1answer
224 views

Compose and pipe a gzipped tar archive in one go

I'm trying to come up with an effective way to create a gzipped archive of various system partitions on Android, piping everything out to stdout so as to be able to encrypt it as it comes across via ...
2
votes
3answers
206 views

File ID that doesn't change upon rename

I am trying to write a system utility script that will run as a cron job and capture file system statistics and environment settings in order to track as many changes as possible. Consider the ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Minimum file permissions to delete a file [duplicate]

To delete a file in Linux: What minimal permissions do we need to set on it? What minimal permissions do we need to set on its parent directory?
2
votes
3answers
674 views

User permissions problem Linux

Every time I create a new file from "eclipse", I need to run these two lines of code to get the r/w permission: chmod -R 775 /var/www/folder/filename.extension And/Or sudo chown -R ...
0
votes
1answer
196 views

How do I cat a command file?

I have the output of the crontab -l stored in a file (crontab_file) with no extension. But whenever I try to cat it, I get errors saying command not found for multiple line of the file. Here is the ...
3
votes
2answers
522 views

Find files in directory with paired names

I'm running tests of a variable-size-and-contents test set. Data files are added and removed frequently. I'm looking for an automated way of gathering a file list. All files are in subdirectories of ...
4
votes
3answers
174 views

zsh's “echo SomeText >> **/filename” in other shells

I need to fill all files with a specific filename (recursively) with a text. In zsh this can be done with echo SomeText > **/TheFileName I search generic solutions for sh-compatible and/or tcsh ...
0
votes
3answers
95 views

Looping the listing files in UNIX

I've given the command: ls -lrt and the listed files and directories are: drwxr-xr-x 4 root root 4096 Feb 2 2014 abc drwxr-xr-x 4 root root 4096 Feb 2 2014 cde drwxr-xr-x 4 root ...
2
votes
4answers
2k views

Get the latest directory (not the latest file)

My folder parent has the following content: A.Folder B.Folder C.File It has both folders and files inside. B.Folder is newer. Now I just want to get B.Folder, how could I achieve this? I tried ...
3
votes
1answer
461 views

Protecting data against bit rot

I have realized that I need to protect all of my photographs against bit rot (file corruption occurring at random due to errors in hard drives or network transfer). I recently discovered par2 which ...
8
votes
6answers
21k views

How to use the sed command to only show the first column and last column in a text file

I need some help to figure out how to use the sed command to only show the first column and last column in a text file. Here is what I have so far for column 1: cat logfile | sed 's/\|/ /'|awk ...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

Mount a file collection in a linux environment

I am presently working as a summer intern. My first objective is, given a collection of files, recover and identify the file types present in it. To download sample pseudo-forensics data I have been ...
5
votes
2answers
25k views

Cron job to delete files older than 3 days

I need to remove files older than 3 days with a cron job in 3 different directories. (these 3 directories are children of a parent directory /a/b/c/1 & /a/b/c/2 & /a/b/c/3) Can this be done ...
1
vote
2answers
142 views

Copying the newest files

We have a script running which picks up the report generated monthly on remote servers. I was trying to find a way to pick up the latest file from the remote servers only. Will find work in script ...
2
votes
1answer
89 views

updatedb for a beginner

The updatedb command, as I understand it, is basically the utility that keeps the mlocate.db database file updated. And it's a good idea to keep it updated regularly. For that matter, I've kept a ...
11
votes
1answer
464 views

How is file owner and group remembered for an external drive?

I formatted an external hard drive with an ext4 partition and subsequently mounted it. So that I could use the new partition, I did: sudo chown me:me /mount/directory to change the file owner and ...
3
votes
3answers
122 views

Moving an open file to a different device

I have an application running that is generating a large (~200GB) output file, and takes about 35 hours to run (currently I'm about 12 hours in). The application just opens the file once then keeps it ...
5
votes
3answers
463 views

Bash: Zipping/grouping files by common substring

I have about 100 files. They are named like this. 3000_ABCD_XXXXXXX.csv 3000_ABCD_YYYYYYY.csv 3000_ABCD_XYXYZYZ.csv 3000_EFGH_XXXXXXX.csv 3000_EFGH_YYYYYYY.csv 3000_EFGH_XYXYZYZ.csv ...
3
votes
2answers
387 views

Error when calling mv with wildcards

#! /bin/bash error_text=$(tail -n +1 /path/dir/folder/exc/a/update/Abd/ER/* | \ grep 'Warning\|Loaded\|Event') echo $error_text nc 10.10.99.45 25 << EOF ehlo mail.abc.pvt mail from: ...
0
votes
1answer
226 views

setfacl remove all write access

I want to remove all write access to files & directories for any user or group while preserving other permissions. Is this possible?
12
votes
3answers
394 views

How to check whether file1 is a prefix of file2?

I have two files with sizes 124665 and 124858 in bytes and want to check whether file1 is a prefix of file2 or not.
6
votes
2answers
3k views

Is there a command line method by which I can check whether a downloaded file is complete or broken?

I'm writing a script that involves downloading and manipulating a file, and I want to ensure that the file is not incomplete (due to e.g. a dropped connection) before I work on it.
1
vote
1answer
30 views

console (driver) not opening using any of the editor

In my initramfs, I have; [root@xilinx Peta_Microzed_15_05]# ls initramfs/dev/ console [root@xilinx Peta_Microzed_15_05]# nano initramfs/dev/console [root@xilinx Peta_Microzed_15_05]# The above ...
1
vote
2answers
161 views

Sort files into directories named by prefix of file

I have a bunch of files like this 5830_1.png 5830_2.png 5830_3.png 5831_1.png 5832_1.png 5832_2.png I'd like to sort these files all into directories that take the prefix of the file name as the ...
4
votes
4answers
856 views

What is the Linux command to display how many file names in the directory end in two digits

What is the Linux command to display how many file names in the directory end in two digits? Using ls with a command like this : ls -l | wc –l *[0-9][0-9]
0
votes
2answers
934 views

using inotify to monitor access to a file

I would like to have a trigger and when a particular file is accessed by some process, I would like to be notified (i.e. a script should be run). If I understand correctly, this could be achieved with ...
0
votes
2answers
282 views

Linux - Delete last two files automatically

In Linux, one folder is created every morning and 5 files are created in that folder. At the end of the day (Midnight), the last two files in that folder have to be deleted. How can I accomplish ...
5
votes
3answers
937 views

Linux command to return all files that start with TEMP but do not end with double digits

What is the Linux command to return all files that start with TEMP but do not end with double digits? I think it should look something like this: ls -l TEMP*[!0-9][!0-9] but the results of my ...
3
votes
5answers
306 views

Look if a folder has some files of certain extention

Lets say I have a file structure: $ cd /home/Desktop $ ls -d */ Abc/ Qwe/ Zxc/ Rty/ $ Now I want to iterate through every directory and look if they have any .pdf files. Could some one please ...
1
vote
1answer
122 views

Why won't my system now show the directories and files in /media/sda7?

Summary: Could you tell me please if there is a way to restore the directories and files beneath /media/sda7 that are no longer being shown by my file manager or ls? My system is Debian. Full ...
4
votes
2answers
499 views

Precedence of user and group owner in file permissions

I just ran into something unexpected (for me) regarding file permissions on Linux (Arch Linux). Basically I have: userX in groupX fileX userX:groupX ---rwx---- What puzzles me: I cannot perform ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

How do I create a RAM disk on Linux Mint?

I am running a package that adds data to the end of 140–300 files each time through the process. I'm thinking of moving the process to a RAM disk, and using rsync to copy it back when done. My goal ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

Shell script to Capture the file name and size in csv file and add header on that file

I have a number of zip files in a certain folder. I want to capture file name and the size of the files in a CSV format in day wise and put it in crontab so I can report on a daily basis, and then ...
5
votes
4answers
888 views

Check if a folder has a certain type of file present

How could I check if a file has a file of extension .java? So far I have: for javaFile in *.java ; do { echo "The file $javaFile has : " >> ~/Desktop/externalServers.txt ...
0
votes
1answer
4k views

Transfer files from CentOS VM VirtualBox to Windows host machine

How can I transfer the scripts and text files I've created in my CentOS environment and put it in my host desktop (Windows 7)? I've tried using ftp but it needs to configure the routers to use vsftpd, ...
2
votes
2answers
611 views

Any way in Bash to write to a file every X seconds without closing it?

The hardware watchdog on my system needs a 0 written to /dev/watchdog at less than 60 seconds interval or it will fire. The file handle must be kept open however or the watchdog is then disabled. ...
6
votes
2answers
281 views

How to backup dir structure ignoring files & dirs without read permission

Any ideas how to back up a directory structure for which there are some files and/or directories for which you do not have permission to read? I'd like to just ignore those, without backup (tar? jar?) ...
3
votes
1answer
68 views

what is the original command to create a file? [closed]

we can create a file by a lot of commands: cat > foo.txt echo 'This is a test' > foo.txt touch foo.txt vi foo.txt (or any text-editor) my questions are: What is the original command to ...
3
votes
2answers
570 views

Read all files in folder and subfolders - progress and size

Command I have is: time find . -type f -print -exec cp {} /dev/null \; This command finds all files in current folder and subfolders, print the name of each file and copy each of them to /dev/null. ...
1
vote
1answer
92 views

Emacs, complete list of color “keys”

If you want to customize the colors in Emacs, specifying them in the .emacs init file, without installing any extra package, and without using a pre-made theme, something like this seems to work: ...
2
votes
2answers
911 views

inotifywait different action on file or dir

I'm trying to make a inotifywait script take different actions for files vs folders if it sees a close_write flag being raised in the watched directory, but cannot seem to get the checks working. In ...
1
vote
2answers
42 views

List of files accessed by application

I want to install propertiary AMD driver but I would also like to know which files were created/changed by installer. Is there some application which can observe (probably by inotify) which files were ...
2
votes
2answers
965 views

how to show total files size in a folder by filtering extension without showing each file size

du -hc *zip shows me total size of zip files in a folder, but it shows also every single file size of the folder. I only need total size. Is there way to show the total size of a folder without ...
6
votes
5answers
2k views

Is there a way in Linux to have one non root user check if another non root user has permissions to a folder / file?

The scenario is this - I have a command line program that might not run as root, part of the requirements is to warn if another user has write permissions to some folder / file e.g. I'm running as ...
0
votes
2answers
91 views

Execute scripts without decrypting them

I have a set of scripts (bash, ruby, python) and want to put everything into a container like file so I can deploy this container on a lot of servers. This scripts need to protect from accessing other ...
1
vote
4answers
2k views

How do i get the latest file from a list of files in a particular directory

I need to get the latest file from a list of files in a particular directory. When I run the script the first time I've copied the list of files in a particular directory to another directory. From ...
3
votes
3answers
6k views

Shell script to replace string in multiple files within selected directories

I created the script below which takes the path of a single directory and replaces search string in all the files within that directory. I would like to enhance this script in such a way that it can ...
2
votes
2answers
174 views

How linux know the type of the file it is dealing with? [duplicate]

In windows the OS know the type of file by using extension: exe,doc,ppt,pdf .... etc In Linux as we know that the extension is useless. My question is how can Linux know the type of file it is ...