File name is a name used to identify a file uniquely on given file system.

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2answers
54 views

Copy .txt files in a certain directory

I have an issue in copying my file in my directories. I have .txt and .jpeg files in a lot of directories, and I want to copy only the .txt files according to the directory. For example, I have this: ...
24
votes
5answers
15k views

Converting relative path to absolute path

Is there a *nix command to get absolute(and canonicalized) path from relative path(with current path) or symbolic link?
1
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0answers
31 views

binary is able to run only when run after creating a symbolic link to it

I am facing a rather strange problem. I have a 32 bit qmake binary placed at a very deep path. So for ease of use I created a link using ln -s /complicated/path/to/qmake ~/qmake I am running a ...
1
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1answer
44 views

Searching a filename

How to search a file with a given String and currentTimestamp and if not found trigger a mail? For Ex-:I have to search a file whose filename would be like filename_05172015 and trigger a mail if not ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

(Why) is it bad to use ls -A to list hidden files?

I want to list every file, including hidden files, in the current directory. I don't want to include the parent (..) and current (.) directory. I found this: how to glob every hidden file except ...
2
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4answers
90 views

Why . /home/Desktop is incorrect and ./Desktop is correct?

I'm learning about Linux, started yesterday. I have a question which I couldn't answer from my book or Google. What is the difference between ./ and / in the shell? I'm asking this because when I ...
2
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0answers
61 views

mv “Not a directory” when target name too long

I'm trying to do an svn checkout on my local Ubuntu 14.04 LTS vagrant box (SSH via MTPutty): vagrant@vagrant-ubuntu-trusty-64:~/shared/dev$ svn checkout https://... [...] svn: E000020: Can't move ...
1
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1answer
21 views

Can not get the file names with convmv

I have just uploaded some files on a FreeBSD server. Some files have the ??? into their names. The files came from a windows machine, so I try this: $ convmv -f cp850 -t utf-8 * Starting a dry run ...
2
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1answer
28 views

Can not access my external hard drive.

I am fairly new to Linux and have been trying to move some files around with terminal on my external hard drive but I can't seem to get it to work. I am using a generic external hard drive with a ext4 ...
0
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4answers
3k views

How to match a file name suffix

How to verify if the name of a .xml file name ended with .any-string? e.g. .previous or .backup or bck12 etc ... I need to print the XML file name except for XML files that end with ...
3
votes
4answers
168 views

Overwriting files found by find?

I have a list of files -rw-rw-r-- 1 t t 24813 Oct 23 2002 fig8_21.gif -rw-rw-r-- 1 t t 2259 Oct 23 2002 fig8_21t.gif -rw-rw-r-- 1 t t 35331 Oct 23 2002 fig8_23.gif -rw-rw-r-- 1 t t 2610 Oct 23 ...
2
votes
2answers
772 views

Creating recursively sorted RAR archive

For various reasons I decided to use RAR archive to store some data, instead compressed tar. Happy with decision, except for one thing: I can't find a way to store files sorted. Order of files is ...
2
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0answers
22 views

Can't copy or view files with hangul on HFS+

I'm trying to copy a directory of Korean and Japanese music on a Debian Jessie box. The source file system is HFS+J (Mavericks vintage) from a dead Mac, mounted with hfstools: # mount -t hfsplus -o ...
35
votes
0answers
954 views

Completing avfs fake directories in zsh

How can I tweak zsh's completion system to complete “fake” files in some circumstances? More precisely, the AVFS filesystem exposes archives as directories by creating a “fake directory” next to ...
5
votes
1answer
644 views

File name encoding wrong in KDE, but correct in GTK/tty1/

I'm on a new Linux (installed yesterday). When I access files from old partitions their file names have incorrect encoding (ä instead of ä, same for other umlauts) inside KDE apps like dolphin and ...
0
votes
2answers
74 views

bash - change filename in a loop

So I have my input directory, output directory and list of files: #!/bin/bash ## shell type dir_in=('/Users/dossa013/data/inland-data/input/') dir_out=('/Volumes/Macintosh HD 2/data/cmip5/cru/') ...
17
votes
5answers
27k views

File extensions for unix shell scripts

On wikipedia, the article for .sh says: For the .sh file extension type, see Bourne shell. How about other unix shells? I know that the shebang is used inside the file to indicate an ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

How to ignore spaces in file path for bash select statement [duplicate]

I have the following Bash Script: #!/bin/bash cd ~/Library/Developer/CoreSimulator/Devices/; files=$(find . -name iaGambro_gambro.sql) select file in $files; do if [ -n "$files" ]; then ...
46
votes
9answers
62k views

Looping through files with spaces in the names?

I wrote the following script to diff the outputs of two directores with all the same files in them as such: #!/bin/bash for file in `find . -name "*.csv"` do echo "file = $file"; diff ...
3
votes
5answers
75 views

`xargs` with spaces in filenames

I'm trying to list only non-image files, searching only in the most recent 500 files. So I run ls -t | head -500 | file | grep -v 'image' which isn't right: it displays a help message. Changing it ...
2
votes
1answer
35 views

Shell Scripting: Deleting or moving files from one directory that match filenames from another directory

I have a very specific and odd problem to solve. I'm working as a research assistant and I've been producing a ton of figures. In one directory, I dump .pngs to view casually (limited space here) and ...
28
votes
2answers
808 views

find(1): how is the star wildcard implemented for it to fail on some filenames?

In a file system where filenames are in UTF-8, I have a file with a faulty name; it is displayed as: D�sinstaller, actual name according to zsh: D$'\351'sinstaller, Latin1 for Désinstaller, itself a ...
1
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3answers
68 views

Rename files (delete some characters that are not always the same)

I have some files named like this : DA1_ATGCATG_L001_R1.fastq.gz Oeu43_TCATGAC_L004_R2.fastq.gz I want to delete the part after the first "_" but keep the end of the names from "_R" to obtain this ...
1
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3answers
76 views

How to copy lines from multiple files into one new file and keep file name?

I have 81 files in .fasta format that contain (up to) 53 items. Such as: /User/MyData/Sample_1.fasta /User/MyData/Sample_2.fasta .... /User/MyData/Sample_81.fasta Each .fasta file contains a name ...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

Need a shell script for copying files that have long and out of capacity names

I have a directory on a NTFS file system which contains files with short and long names, I entered copy command for that directory to be copied on a Ext2 file system, files with short names copied ...
0
votes
4answers
88 views

Foreach loop for ls output

I am trying to process some files in directory using foreach loop for ls output: IFS=$'\n' for i in $(ls -1Atu); do echo "$i" done At first time i thought it works, but when i created file ...
0
votes
2answers
15 views

A file containing exports

I have a file containing the following: export PYTHONPATH=/home/myuser/squish-5.0-xyz/lib export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$LD_LIBRARY_PATH:/home/myuser/squish-5.0-xyz/lib I don't what to place it in my ...
2
votes
2answers
43 views

how to strip the last slash of the directory path?

I have a script which requires an directory as one argument. I want to support the two form: one is like a/b/c (no slash at the end) and another is like a/b/c/ (has slash at the end). My ...
2
votes
1answer
34 views

Bash completion - How to get filename completion for suboptions

I have a function which can take main arguments and then sub-arguments. Some of these sub-arguments are filenames. The current completion code I have is as follows. _scm() { local cur prev opts ...
9
votes
1answer
317 views

How do case-insensitive filesystems display both upper and lower case file names?

This question occurred to me the other day when I was working on a development project that relies on an opinionated framework with regard to file names. The framework (irrelevant here) wanted to see ...
1
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1answer
29 views

How to change configuration of detox (dash instead underscore)?

I found, best to this moment, a solution when changing all those annoying filenames in large quantities, making them readable and easier to manipulate with in command-line. So I found, among many ...
24
votes
12answers
7k views

How can I delete a file with no name

I somehow managed to create a file that doesn't seem to have a filename. I found some information regarding how to get more details of the file in the following thread. However, I tried some of the ...
3
votes
2answers
241 views

Location of the crontab file

as many (most?) others, I edit my crontab via crontab -e, where I keep all routine operations such as incremental backup, ntpdate, various rsync operations, as well as making my desktop background ...
2
votes
1answer
128 views

How to list files in a zip without extra information

When I use unzip -l test.zip I get the output like this: Archive: test.zip Length Date Time Name --------- ---------- ----- ---- 810000 05-07-2014 15:09 file1.txt 810000 ...
54
votes
6answers
9k views

How does Linux handle multiple consecutive path separators (/home////username///file)?

I'm working on a python script that passes file locations to an scp subprocess. That's all fine, but I'm in a situation where I may end up concatenating a path with a filename such that there's a ...
9
votes
2answers
4k views

Why can't I have a folder and a file with the same name?

I've never had this problem before, but for some reason, I can't rename my folder to packages/. This is the structure: root - packages_old/ - packages When I try to rename the folder with ...
12
votes
4answers
8k views

What is the maximum allowed filename (and folder) size with eCryptfs?

I am a new eCryptfs user and I have a very basic question that I wasn't able to find anywhere. I am interested in using eCryptfs via my Synology NAS that uses Linux. While trying to encrypt my folder ...
19
votes
8answers
17k views

List files sorted numerically

I have a bunch of files from log1 to log164. I'm trying to LIST the directory (sorted) in a UNIX terminal but the sort functions are only providing the format like this: home:logs Home$ ls -1 | sort ...
1
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2answers
223 views

Why do I have double slash here?

$ which mycommand /home/t/program_files/document/other edits//mycommand Why do I have double slash // here?
1
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6answers
4k views

File extensions and association with programs in linux

In windows we can associate a file's extension with programs. E.g. a file test.pl can be run by the installed Perl interpreter due to the pl extension. In linux though it needs #!/usr/bin/perl as the ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

? appended to filename while copying from a ssh

I am using the command cp error.log error$HOSTNAME.log the command works properly while running it separately in a server, but if it is run as script which uses ssh I am getting a ? appended to the ...
0
votes
2answers
36 views

Why is wget still failing even after enclosing the URL with double quotes?

I enclose URLs I want to wget with "" since most of them have spaces, braces, etc. It usually works fine, but I can't get this URL to work: wget "http://xxxx/Sankarea - 6 - It`s Because I... Ran ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Standards for dealing with older/previous “.bak” backup of config file before new edit

Assume I have a config file "foo.conf." This file is rarely edited. At some point in the BeforeTime(tm) it was edited and "foo.conf.bak" was created to save the previous state. Now, I want to make ...
1
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2answers
85 views

Why is grep searching more than the files I want with asterisk?

Deep within a bash script I have grep -Ech 'string1|string2' /server/directory/$servername_log_20150312* | awk ... I was getting the "too many arguments" error so I turned on set -x and I see that ...
12
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2answers
3k views

What is the difference between “du -sh *” and “du -sh ./*”?

The title says it all. What's the difference between those 2 commands? NOTE: I'm more interested in the * and ./* part.
1
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1answer
77 views

Create tar files from shell script with current time stamp

I am trying to create a shell script which will back up my git codebase and save in a specific back up directory with current days name So far I have : #!/bin/bash branch="master" if [ $# -eq 1 ] ...
3
votes
3answers
69 views

Find command: multiple conditions

As a standard for my file/dir naming I use something like putting date and tags string into the file name separated by underscore, eg: 2015_03_10_usa_nyc_vacations_album_pictures For a long time I ...
6
votes
2answers
705 views

Use of file names ending with a period

Why does Unix allow files with a period at the end of the name? Is there any use for this? For example: filename. I am asking because I have a simple function that echoes the extension of a file. ...
2
votes
2answers
124 views

How to rename thousands of files efficiently?

I have a bunch of music files (literally thousands of files) in my Fedora PC that I'd like to rename with two rules: Every space must be replaced by the character _ (underscore), and Every letter in ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

Batch rename “case duplicates”

I have a folder on my Linux system that is cross-synchronized with other computers, some of them with Windows. The problem is that in that folder there are files that are "case duplicates", i.e. their ...