File name is a name used to identify a file uniquely on given file system.

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0
votes
1answer
14 views

How to remove prefixes and suffixes from filenames in a given directory?

I have many files with same prefix and same suffix. I want to remove both from filenames. Both contain spaces. So "foo bar XXX doo par.jpg", "foo bar YY YY doo par.jpg" would become "XXX.jpg" and "YY ...
7
votes
3answers
11k views

How to add unique id to file name in cron job?

My cronjob looks like this: 5 3 * * * mysqldump -u root test > /srv/backup/mysql_daily.dump How can I make filename unique for every time when cronjob writes mysql_daily.dump?
58
votes
10answers
74k views

Looping through files with spaces in the names?

I wrote the following script to diff the outputs of two directores with all the same files in them as such: #!/bin/bash for file in `find . -name "*.csv"` do echo "file = $file"; diff ...
72
votes
9answers
5k views
+100

On what systems is //foo/bar different from /foo/bar?

Throughout the POSIX specification, there's provision (1, 2, 3...) to allow implementations to treat a path starting with two / specially. A POSIX application (an application written to the POSIX ...
5
votes
1answer
747 views

File name encoding wrong in KDE, but correct in GTK/tty1/

I'm on a new Linux (installed yesterday). When I access files from old partitions their file names have incorrect encoding (ä instead of ä, same for other umlauts) inside KDE apps like dolphin and ...
5
votes
1answer
45 views

How to decompress files from an archive ignoring the file names?

I have several ZIP and RAR archives where the filenames inside the archive are scrambled and they contain invalid filesystem characters like ?-s *-s or !-s or very long file and directory names that ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

how to find (,put in folder) and relink to post: pictures moved to other directories

I have some 24000 pictures that have been mistakenly scattered into different directories under one top directory (upload). Now I have broken links in (wordpress) posts that were linking to these ...
18
votes
7answers
23k views

Grabbing the extension in a file name

How do I get the file extension from bash? Here's what I tried: filename=`basename $filepath` fileext=${filename##*.} By doing that I can get extension of bz2 from the path /dir/subdir/file.bz2, ...
3
votes
7answers
319 views

Check if shell variable contains an absolute path

I want to check if a shell variable contains an absolute path. I don't care if the path exists or not—if it doesn't I'm going to create it—but I do want to ensure that I'm dealing with an absolute ...
0
votes
3answers
131 views

What is the difference between a directory name that ends with a slash and one that does not? [duplicate]

Is there any difference between a directory name such as mydirectory and mydirectory/ I noticed this happens when I execute ls in some directories - some of the directory names have a slash and ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

What is the purpose of .been_here file?

I was browsing the files under .quickinstall when I located this file. It looks bit suspicious! The file, located at ~/.cpanel/quickinstall only says "I've been here".
2
votes
1answer
63 views

Creating a symlink with a colon in the name on cygwin bash

I'm using bash, version 4.3.42(4)-release (i686-pc-cygwin) on cygwin. I want to create a symlink C: -> /cygdrive because a vagrant build process has that file path specified. The vagrant script has ...
8
votes
4answers
177 views

dirname and basename vs parameter expansion

Is there any objective reason to prefer one form to the other? Performance, reliability, portability? filename=/some/long/path/to/a_file parentdir_v1="${filename%/*}" parentdir_v2="$(dirname ...
23
votes
3answers
4k views

How to rename file to .. (dot dot)?

Apparently you can rename file to .... If I were insane, how would I rename file to .. or .? Is such a filename even allowed? Backslash doesn't seem to disable dot's special meaning: $ mv test \. ...
1
vote
2answers
21 views

How to change the default use of detox, so it just doesn't replace spaces by underscores

I'm happy with the default usage of detox for sanitizing filenames, except I don't always want to replace whitespace with a single underscore. Would like to replace whitespace with a single space. ...
3
votes
4answers
466 views

Copy All Files With Certain Length File Name

In directory /source I'd like to copy all files with a file name more than 15 characters to directory /dest. Is there a UNIX command to do this? EDIT: Although this question explains how to search ...
2
votes
2answers
81 views

List of filenames as argument for mplayer => mplayer doesn't recognize the filenames

i want to play some music files with mplayer randomly. I don't want to switch the player for that, i want to understand what's wrong here. ThePandaTooth $ ls file_1.ogg file_2.ogg file_3.ogg I ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Kali Linux 2.0 File language

does someone know how to change folder names (Documents, Templates, Desktop etc.) I installed it in Croatian and change the language into English (US). Everything works and is translated except for ...
2
votes
2answers
33 views

rename of file extension doesnt work [closed]

I'm using code like the following to create a logfile using the shell's string manipulation tools: I have a file name and, in the case of an error, I need to create a log file with the err. Suppose ...
6
votes
5answers
4k views

Bash script that reads filenames from a pipe or from command line args?

I want my script to read a bunch of filenames (which may have spaces) given either as a glob or from STDIN and do stuff with them. I've been able to read either way separately, but not combine them. ...
1
vote
4answers
69 views

Avoid the contents of a .tar begin with './'

I want to make a backup of a directory using tar and xz, but I have a problem. When I open the file, all the files and directories begin with ./ and I don't want this to happen. file.tar.xz |---- ...
3
votes
2answers
130 views

How do I remove all but the file name (with no extension) from a full file path? [duplicate]

I am presently writing a Bash function to convert all the man pages listed by equery files <PACKAGE> | grep /usr/share/man/man (if you are unfamiliar equery is a tool used on Gentoo-based ...
5
votes
3answers
646 views

File name beginning with - (dash) [duplicate]

I have file called -l in my directory now I tried to do for i in *; do stat -c "%s %n" "$i"; done it lists all files with sizes but in the middle of the output there is something like 395 ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

ksh: for loop to loop through files in a particular directory

schema_dir=schema_app for SCHEMA_CHANGE in $schema_dir/* do so my pwd is /A/B/C/scripts within which I have subdirectories (schema_app, schema_data, etc). I want a for loop to run through the files ...
2
votes
2answers
42 views

How to extract first part of filenames with same suffix?

I want to get at the prefix of a variable-length filename. In: some_filename_123-uniq.tar.gz Out: some_filename_123 In: some_filename_1-uniq.tar.gz Out: some_filename_1 This does the exact opposite ...
-1
votes
1answer
65 views

Shell -Bash using Unix

Hey i need to find file name which has different parts in its name and extension which is is located in the given directory Example- part1_part2_part3.h partx_party_partz.h ...
5
votes
2answers
439 views

How do you call the “happy-dog” part of file “happy-dog.png”?

I just realized I don't know how file is called in file.ext. The whole file.ext is called a file or filename, ext is called extension but how do you call the file part itself of file.ext? For ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

Create file for every result of find command?

With this line of code I generate an output of every result. exec("find ics/ -mmin +3 -type f -name '*.pdx' -exec basename {} ';' > ./tmp/filename") How can I generate a file with dynamic file ...
4
votes
3answers
980 views

Find command: multiple conditions

As a standard for my file/dir naming I use something like putting date and tags string into the file name separated by underscore, eg: 2015_03_10_usa_nyc_vacations_album_pictures For a long time I ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

quoting problem when piping find output into xargs [duplicate]

I have a directory with the following subdirectories, i.e. If I run $ tree -L 1 . ├── 2007-06-20_to_2008-10-01 ├── 2008-07-21_to_2008_08_12-Nokia 2mp ├── 2009-11-01_to_2011-01-10 - All iphone Pics ...
7
votes
3answers
16k views

Running python script from terminal without .py extension

I want to call a python script script.py from the terminal by simply typing script. Is this possible? If so, how? I know I can avoid typing python script.py by adding #!/usr/bin/env python to the top ...
16
votes
6answers
1k views

Is there a terminal app that allows filenames to be clickable?

Is there a terminal emulator (extension or app) that does link resolution for local paths? In particular when I see things like: ...
2
votes
0answers
49 views

some cyrillic file names got broken after moving from server to server

I moved my website from one server to another and encounter a problem with cyrillic filenames. Some cyrillic URLs in wordpress are fine and some are now broken. It used to be OK on previous server. ...
5
votes
5answers
8k views

Stripping directory paths to get file names

What I am doing is converting mp3's with LAME. I already have an old script I wrote that works but I want to add to it this ability--to no longer delete the file but instead save it in a new root ...
18
votes
7answers
2k views

Is it considered a best practice to not use capital letters in file naming?

People say you shouldn't use spaces in Unix file naming. Are there good reasons to not use capital letters in file names (i.e., File_Name.txt vs. file_name.txt)? Or is this just a matter of personal ...
2
votes
3answers
100 views

How to search for text within compressed files and get just the files name

I'm trying to find just the files' names which contain an specific string. The files are compressed (.gz). I don't have zgrep installed and can't install it. Therefore I can't use the -l option. ...
1
vote
5answers
43 views

can't remove file with carriage returns

I have a file blahblah\r\n.txt that I want to remove but rm blahblah\r\n.txt does not work as I receive No such file or directory message. How to remove??
0
votes
2answers
35 views

Does soft linking a directory hard link its subfiles?

Suppose I have the following configuration: Folder A file1 file2 I then create a soft link of Folder A as follows: ln -s A B so that we now have: Folder A file1 file2 Folder B ( symlink of ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

Extracting filename from path string

I have requirement to extract the filename from a given path for e.g. /dev/user/test.csv. I need location /dev/user/ in separate variable and file name test.csv in different variable. Could someone ...
1
vote
1answer
227 views

Create a log file with the same name as input file

I'm new to linux shell scripting. I have a few input files that I have to parse one by one. So in my "work in progress" WIP folder I have one input file at a time. While one file is undergoing ...
2
votes
1answer
17 views

How can I delete a former MTP directory, which now gives me input/output error whenever I try?

I have ~/srv/mtp, which I do not remember how I created. It was back when I was trying to set up a MTP mountpoint using various tools for that. Currently I can't do anything to the directory. ○ file ...
11
votes
2answers
7k views

Why can't I have a folder and a file with the same name?

I've never had this problem before, but for some reason, I can't rename my folder to packages/. This is the structure: root - packages_old/ - packages When I try to rename the folder with ...
6
votes
2answers
335 views

Is it possible to fake a specific path for a process?

I'm trying to run ADB on a linux server with multiple users where I am not root (to play with my android emulator). The adb daemon writes its logs to the file /tmp/adb.log which unfortunately seems to ...
1
vote
2answers
55 views

Script to compare the “file size” with “last name of file” and if unmatched delete the file

In my environment, we'll be receiving files from clients into our Sftp server. Sftp processes the files, and moves it to another tool, by appending the file size at the end of the file name. For ...
3
votes
3answers
86 views

Why are square brackets preventing shell expansion?

'4800483343' is a directory, and 'file1' & 'file2' are two files in it. Why is the following happening? $ ls 4800483343 file1 file2 $ md5sum 4800483343/* 36468e77d55ee160477dc9772a99be4b ...
1
vote
1answer
21 views

Scan though directory of files and find replicates with same name and concatenate them into one file

I have a directory with a bunch of files For example: ExperimentA_Rep1.bed ExperimentA_Rep2.bed ExperimentA_Rep3.bed ExperimentB_Rep1.bed ExperimentD_Rep1.bed ExperimentC_Rep1.bed ...
4
votes
4answers
620 views

Null and escape characters

I know that a filename in Linux has no restriction whatsoever except for two characters '/' and '\0'. I know that '/' is prohibited because it is a directory separator but is there any other reason ? ...
1
vote
1answer
200 views

Rename files with non-utf8 characters using detox

I am trying to use detox in the following way detox -s utf_8-only -r -v -n to detect invalid filenames on my system. The command performs mostly ok. Unfortunately it falsely detects also German ...
5
votes
4answers
221 views

How to find missing files with sequential names?

I have thousands of files named 1.txt 2.txt and so on. Some of those files are missing. Which would be the easiest way to find out which files are missing?
3
votes
3answers
98 views

Using basename to strip file extension and search for files with the same name

Basically, I have a folder /test/ that has a number of files of type .doc and .pdf. Some of the files have a .pdf and a .doc version, such as test.doc and test.pdf while others only have one version. ...