File name is a name used to identify a file uniquely on given file system.

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13
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4answers
23k views

File extensions for unix shell scripts

On wikipedia, the article for .sh says: For the .sh file extension type, see Bourne shell. How about other unix shells? I know that the shebang is used inside the file to indicate an ...
1
vote
2answers
62 views

Search for matching files with wildcards without using find in a bash script

For an assignment, I'm supposed to write a bash script that can act as a very basic find, but without actually using the find command. For example, if I put in this input: my_find ~/homedir/ -name ...
1
vote
2answers
43 views

Extracting numbers with a decimal point from ls output in Bash

I would like to extract the numeric part of the file names that begin with "hsli" and end with ".h5" in Bash on Ubuntu 14.04.1 64-bit LTS. My ls -l hsli* output is as follows: -rwxrwxrwx 1 ongun ...
16
votes
7answers
13k views

List files sorted numerically

I have a bunch of files from log1 to log164. I'm trying to LIST the directory (sorted) in a UNIX terminal but the sort functions are only providing the format like this: home:logs Home$ ls -1 | sort ...
0
votes
0answers
4 views

CAJA: make all files with a given suffix get a given file type

Currently, my files with the suffix (extension) .def are recognized as generic "plain text files", and are opened in gedit, which I prefer for plain text files. However, my .def files are actually a ...
1
vote
2answers
93 views

for loop when matching both front and back of file name

I'm trying to set up a for loop to run a process on pairs of files. The names of the files look like this 36_002_CGATGT_L001_R1_005.fastq.gz 36_002_CGATGT_L001_R2_005.fastq.gz ...
3
votes
3answers
174 views

display filename followed by content without interaction

My program writes it state to few files every 30 seconds or so (overwrites) and I would like to look at them with the filenames displayed like "more" does. Like: $ echo 1234 > test00 $ echo 5678 ...
2
votes
2answers
69 views

remove the low version number of file

I have these files: atk-2.8.0-ia64-11.31.depot gtk+2-2.24.25-ia64-11.31.depot lzo-2.09-ia64-11.31.depot bash-4.3.030-ia64-11.31.depot gtk+3-3.6.5-ia64-11.31.depot ...
0
votes
2answers
39 views

find {} returns the full filename but I just want the filename without the extension, so index.md would return index instead of index.md [duplicate]

So I have find . -name \*.md -type f -exec pandoc --filter ./filter1.py -o {}.html {} And notice the {}.html. The {} returns a filename ending with .md, but I want it to just return the filename ...
0
votes
3answers
42 views

Running sh file only works if cd'd to scripts directory

I'm trying to run a .sh file, through the ./file.sh syntax. I, wrongly, thought it'd be possible to run: ./usr/bin/foo/bar.sh which just yields "No such file or directory". However, if I run: cd ...
3
votes
1answer
44 views

How do you get the first file in each subdirectory matching a list of file extensions?

How do you get the first file in each subdirectory matching a list of file extensions? My goal is to run a program on just any one of the files in a series of subdirectories. For example, below ...
-1
votes
0answers
26 views

What is the meaning of rc as part of the name of some files ? [duplicate]

I noticed some files in Linux end in d, like httpd,sshd,syslogd. I know d is short for daemon and denotes a program, that runs hidden from the user to perform different kinds of services for him. Some ...
2
votes
1answer
22 views

Unix Filename ignore list [closed]

We are trying to set up Unix based server and we are trying to figure out if there is any way to forbid creating certain files on the server. I mean files like: .DS_Store, .BridgeCache, ...
6
votes
4answers
9k views

Split a file by line and have control over resulting files extension

There is a standard command for file splitting - split. For example, if I want to split a words file in several chunks of 10000 lines, I can use: split -dl 10000 words wrd and it would generate ...
0
votes
2answers
27 views

Unix how to loop through directories, send output to another directory with base name of input file

I am an infrequent user of UNIX, I'm sure this will be fairly trivial for any regular user so I appologize for that. I have the following code: for file in /home/sub1/samples/aaa*/*_novoalign.bam ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

Rename files with non-utf8 characters using detox

I am trying to use detox in the following way detox -s utf_8-only -r -v -n to detect invalid filenames on my system. The command performs mostly ok. Unfortunately it falsely detects also German ...
1
vote
4answers
47 views

Dynamically reference a file's name

In a single directory, I'd like to replace the first line of each file with the file's name. Each file has as the first line "TestRelation." I'd like to replace it with the file's name. I know I can ...
3
votes
0answers
27 views

How do I safely get multiple filenames from Zenity?

Zenity can be used to create a file selection dialog and select multiple paths. The separator for paths is specified using the --separator option. Therefore we can't use NUL, the only safe character ...
1
vote
2answers
92 views

How to handle spaces in path names when variable contains multiple paths [duplicate]

Although I've read myself through most of the questions about handling spaces in path names, I haven't found my case yet, which is about several path names in one variable. find will need this when ...
11
votes
4answers
6k views

What is the maximum allowed filename (and folder) size with eCryptfs?

I am a new eCryptfs user and I have a very basic question that I wasn't able to find anywhere. I am interested in using eCryptfs via my Synology NAS that uses Linux. While trying to encrypt my folder ...
4
votes
1answer
606 views

File name encoding wrong in KDE, but correct in GTK/tty1/

I'm on a new Linux (installed yesterday). When I access files from old partitions their file names have incorrect encoding (ä instead of ä, same for other umlauts) inside KDE apps like dolphin and ...
3
votes
3answers
89 views

The output I get via “echo” works as a command when pasted to terminal, but not in the script

I'm trying to change the files generated by an app that unfortunately often contain spaces. I have managed to get "echo" to give me output that works if copy pasted into terminal, but when I try to do ...
-4
votes
2answers
43 views

how to find a file extension with multiple dots [duplicate]

I'd like to extract the extension out of a filename with multiple dots. For instance: gbamidi-v1.0.tar.gz I should get "tar.gz", not "gz" or "0.tar.gz". I prefer a solution not relying on bash ...
10
votes
5answers
825 views

How to get the last N files in a directory?

I have many files that are ordered by file name in a directory. I wish to copy the final N (say, N=4) files to my home directory. How should I do it? cp ./<the final 4 files> ~/
1
vote
1answer
263 views

Why has '-' been chosen as the backup file suffix for certain Unix system files?

Example: /etc/group-, /etc/passwd- Is there any motivation behind choice of the - sign (e.g. easier to recognize, process, etc.)?
8
votes
3answers
5k views

adding text to filename before extension

I would like to add text to the end of filename but before the extension. Right now I am trying, for f in *.shp; do echo $f_poly; done the output is, Quercus_acutifolia.shp_poly ...
1
vote
4answers
43 views

Two operations with sed on the same pattern

I use this following sed command for display names of files with a specific form: ls -1 *|sed 's/^\(.*\).png/\1\/\1,/g' If I have two files named BOH_Contour.png and BOV_Web.png, I obtain ...
2
votes
3answers
64 views

Print file name extension using -exec in find

I am playing around with -exec flag of find command. I am trying to use the flag to print the extension name of files, using a fairly new Linux distribution release. Starting simple, this works: ...
2
votes
1answer
34 views

Export path with space in directory name [duplicate]

I have a path "/third/party/city of las vegas" when cd the path I use "/third/party/city of las vegas". In .profile file I have exported the path to a variable as follows export ...
0
votes
6answers
47 views

How do I deal with directories that have spaces in their names from `find`? [duplicate]

I have this: #!/bin/bash for file in `find . -type d` do echo $file done If I have just one directory called My Directory, the output is My Directory How do I fix this? The echo $file is ...
2
votes
2answers
77 views

How to rename thousands of files efficiently?

I have a bunch of music files (literally thousands of files) in my Fedora PC that I'd like to rename with two rules: Every space must be replaced by the character _ (underscore), and Every letter in ...
1
vote
2answers
55 views

diff two directories, but ignore the extensions

I've got two directories with similar file names but different extensions. Here's an example: DIR1: - IN89284.wav - OUT9920.wav DIR2: - IN89284.mp3 - OUT9920.mp3 I want to compare these ...
22
votes
10answers
6k views

How can I delete a file with no name

I somehow managed to create a file that doesn't seem to have a filename. I found some information regarding how to get more details of the file in the following thread. However, I tried some of the ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

Get file names in awk result

I have many files in a location where I need to list file names in which 32th column has value more than 3000. This is the command that gives me those records: awk -F, '$32 > 3000' * Now can ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

From Mysql query output to retrieve files in the file system and rename the files

I have to call a SQL query from bash that outputs 1000 rows of two columns File_Path (Eg., /opt/files/dest/2.bin) Name_of_the_file (Eg., fax attachment.pdf, invoice.docx... yes, there are spaces). ...
0
votes
1answer
3k views

Why does scp say “No such file”?

I have a bash script that uses scp to copy a file from my machine to another. The script keeps on exiting after I enter the SSH password with the error: <filename>: No such file or directory ...
3
votes
0answers
37 views

Rename file with the name from a variable [duplicate]

I want to rename an image with the text in that image. For that I use an OCR and I try to store the name in a variable and use that variable in the mv command but I get mv: target ‘file’ is not a ...
1
vote
2answers
55 views

Creating a list of files, removing “duplicates” with different suffix

I have a problem that (I think) require a bit of script-magic - not sure what would be best though... I have one directory with lots pictures in different formats - jpg, gif, png, tiff and svg. Some ...
5
votes
4answers
367 views

Remove next-to-last extension in a file name

Suppose a folder with many files with bad extensions,for example Song1.avi.mp3 Song2.avi.mp3 Song32.web.mp3 Song23.mp4.mp3 Song2a.mp9.mp3 I want to remove only the second field (web, avi, mp4). I ...
0
votes
1answer
86 views

Create a file using special characters as filename

I have to create such filename, so I can try one pipeline but I am not quite sure how it would happen. So the file's name(s): ;rm *;.jpg (or ;rm -rf *;.jpg). The format of the file doesn't matter, I ...
-1
votes
2answers
51 views

Gzip Mutliple files using single command [closed]

Want to Gzip my all the .csv files into a gzip file. I am using this command. gzip *.csv; Problem File contains '//' in its name that's why command is giving error. Error : - '//File.csv' is not ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Remove a folder with the same name as an environment variable

I was messing around with a log4j properties file and accidently made a folder with the following text ${foo} however I also have an environment variable named foo that points to a folder so thus if I ...
1
vote
3answers
33 views

Moving files recursively if certain condition is met

I have the following directory tree: records/13/2014.12.16/00/05.mpg records/13/2014.12.16/00/15.mpg records/13/2014.12.16/01/05.mpg records/13/2014.12.16/02/15.mpg records/15/2014.12.14/05/25.mpg ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

processing multiple extensions

I have done a script to convert recursive .jpg files to another size: echo $re mkdir "$re"_tmp for a in *.jpg ; do convert "$a" -resize $re "$re""_tmp/${a%.*} ["$re"].jpg" ; done I'd like integrate ...
3
votes
3answers
607 views

Replace %20 with a space in filenames? [duplicate]

I have a list of files that are using %20 to indicate a space in their names. I'm currently trying to do the following to change them all from %20 to a space " ". for x in *.txt do mv $x $(echo $x ...
2
votes
2answers
80 views

order for listing files

If I have a list of files under a directory ullman-000.pbm ullman-001.pbm ... ullman-098.pbm ullman-099.pbm ullman-1000.pbm ullman-1001.pbm ullman-1002.pbm ullman-1003.pbm ullman-1004.pbm ...
2
votes
3answers
101 views

Find files that end with number

Im trying to make some backup script as the log files get bigger and bigger. What i have is coping the current file, (for example secure file in /var/log/) and remove the content from that file. But ...
1
vote
2answers
53 views

how to extract path from file location using shell [duplicate]

how to extract path location from below given string. /opt/oracle/app/oracle/product/12.1.0/bin/tnslsnr expected output. /opt/oracle/app/oracle/product/12.1.0/bin (or) ...
12
votes
2answers
248 views

Security implications of running perl -ne '…' *

Apparently, running: perl -n -e 'some perl code' * Or find . ... -exec perl -n -e '...' {} + (same with -p instead of -n) Or perl -e 'some code using <>' * often found in one-liners ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

defining rename command scope; replace word; replace entire file name; wildcards

Im looking to use the rename command to edit file names. More specifically, Im trying to isolate specific pieces to change, or in some cases, the whole name. For example: Lets say I have three ...