File name is a name used to identify a file uniquely on given file system.

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4
votes
1answer
598 views

File name encoding wrong in KDE, but correct in GTK/tty1/

I'm on a new Linux (installed yesterday). When I access files from old partitions their file names have incorrect encoding (ä instead of ä, same for other umlauts) inside KDE apps like dolphin and ...
3
votes
3answers
70 views

The output I get via “echo” works as a command when pasted to terminal, but not in the script

I'm trying to change the files generated by an app that unfortunately often contain spaces. I have managed to get "echo" to give me output that works if copy pasted into terminal, but when I try to do ...
-4
votes
2answers
36 views

how to find a file extension with multiple dots [duplicate]

I'd like to extract the extension out of a filename with multiple dots. For instance: gbamidi-v1.0.tar.gz I should get "tar.gz", not "gz" or "0.tar.gz". I prefer a solution not relying on bash ...
9
votes
5answers
780 views

How to get the last N files in a directory?

I have many files that are ordered by file name in a directory. I wish to copy the final N (say, N=4) files to my home directory. How should I do it? cp ./<the final 4 files> ~/
1
vote
1answer
259 views

Why has '-' been chosen as the backup file suffix for certain Unix system files?

Example: /etc/group-, /etc/passwd- Is there any motivation behind choice of the - sign (e.g. easier to recognize, process, etc.)?
8
votes
3answers
5k views

adding text to filename before extension

I would like to add text to the end of filename but before the extension. Right now I am trying, for f in *.shp; do echo $f_poly; done the output is, Quercus_acutifolia.shp_poly ...
1
vote
4answers
42 views

Two operations with sed on the same pattern

I use this following sed command for display names of files with a specific form: ls -1 *|sed 's/^\(.*\).png/\1\/\1,/g' If I have two files named BOH_Contour.png and BOV_Web.png, I obtain ...
2
votes
3answers
56 views

Print file name extension using -exec in find

I am playing around with -exec flag of find command. I am trying to use the flag to print the extension name of files, using a fairly new Linux distribution release. Starting simple, this works: ...
2
votes
1answer
30 views

Export path with space in directory name [duplicate]

I have a path "/third/party/city of las vegas" when cd the path I use "/third/party/city of las vegas". In .profile file I have exported the path to a variable as follows export ...
0
votes
6answers
40 views

How do I deal with directories that have spaces in their names from `find`? [duplicate]

I have this: #!/bin/bash for file in `find . -type d` do echo $file done If I have just one directory called My Directory, the output is My Directory How do I fix this? The echo $file is ...
2
votes
2answers
57 views

How to rename thousands of files efficiently?

I have a bunch of music files (literally thousands of files) in my Fedora PC that I'd like to rename with two rules: Every space must be replaced by the character _ (underscore), and Every letter in ...
1
vote
2answers
44 views

diff two directories, but ignore the extensions

I've got two directories with similar file names but different extensions. Here's an example: DIR1: - IN89284.wav - OUT9920.wav DIR2: - IN89284.mp3 - OUT9920.mp3 I want to compare these ...
16
votes
7answers
12k views

List files sorted numerically

I have a bunch of files from log1 to log164. I'm trying to LIST the directory (sorted) in a UNIX terminal but the sort functions are only providing the format like this: home:logs Home$ ls -1 | sort ...
22
votes
10answers
6k views

How can I delete a file with no name

I somehow managed to create a file that doesn't seem to have a filename. I found some information regarding how to get more details of the file in the following thread. However, I tried some of the ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

Get file names in awk result

I have many files in a location where I need to list file names in which 32th column has value more than 3000. This is the command that gives me those records: awk -F, '$32 > 3000' * Now can ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

From Mysql query output to retrieve files in the file system and rename the files

I have to call a SQL query from bash that outputs 1000 rows of two columns File_Path (Eg., /opt/files/dest/2.bin) Name_of_the_file (Eg., fax attachment.pdf, invoice.docx... yes, there are spaces). ...
0
votes
1answer
3k views

Why does scp say “No such file”?

I have a bash script that uses scp to copy a file from my machine to another. The script keeps on exiting after I enter the SSH password with the error: <filename>: No such file or directory ...
3
votes
0answers
37 views

Rename file with the name from a variable [duplicate]

I want to rename an image with the text in that image. For that I use an OCR and I try to store the name in a variable and use that variable in the mv command but I get mv: target ‘file’ is not a ...
1
vote
2answers
49 views

Creating a list of files, removing “duplicates” with different suffix

I have a problem that (I think) require a bit of script-magic - not sure what would be best though... I have one directory with lots pictures in different formats - jpg, gif, png, tiff and svg. Some ...
5
votes
4answers
346 views

Remove next-to-last extension in a file name

Suppose a folder with many files with bad extensions,for example Song1.avi.mp3 Song2.avi.mp3 Song32.web.mp3 Song23.mp4.mp3 Song2a.mp9.mp3 I want to remove only the second field (web, avi, mp4). I ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

Create a file using special characters as filename

I have to create such filename, so I can try one pipeline but I am not quite sure how it would happen. So the file's name(s): ;rm *;.jpg (or ;rm -rf *;.jpg). The format of the file doesn't matter, I ...
-1
votes
2answers
39 views

Gzip Mutliple files using single command [closed]

Want to Gzip my all the .csv files into a gzip file. I am using this command. gzip *.csv; Problem File contains '//' in its name that's why command is giving error. Error : - '//File.csv' is not ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Remove a folder with the same name as an environment variable

I was messing around with a log4j properties file and accidently made a folder with the following text ${foo} however I also have an environment variable named foo that points to a folder so thus if I ...
1
vote
3answers
32 views

Moving files recursively if certain condition is met

I have the following directory tree: records/13/2014.12.16/00/05.mpg records/13/2014.12.16/00/15.mpg records/13/2014.12.16/01/05.mpg records/13/2014.12.16/02/15.mpg records/15/2014.12.14/05/25.mpg ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

processing multiple extensions

I have done a script to convert recursive .jpg files to another size: echo $re mkdir "$re"_tmp for a in *.jpg ; do convert "$a" -resize $re "$re""_tmp/${a%.*} ["$re"].jpg" ; done I'd like integrate ...
3
votes
3answers
506 views

Replace %20 with a space in filenames? [duplicate]

I have a list of files that are using %20 to indicate a space in their names. I'm currently trying to do the following to change them all from %20 to a space " ". for x in *.txt do mv $x $(echo $x ...
2
votes
2answers
77 views

order for listing files

If I have a list of files under a directory ullman-000.pbm ullman-001.pbm ... ullman-098.pbm ullman-099.pbm ullman-1000.pbm ullman-1001.pbm ullman-1002.pbm ullman-1003.pbm ullman-1004.pbm ...
2
votes
3answers
84 views

Find files that end with number

Im trying to make some backup script as the log files get bigger and bigger. What i have is coping the current file, (for example secure file in /var/log/) and remove the content from that file. But ...
1
vote
2answers
53 views

how to extract path from file location using shell [duplicate]

how to extract path location from below given string. /opt/oracle/app/oracle/product/12.1.0/bin/tnslsnr expected output. /opt/oracle/app/oracle/product/12.1.0/bin (or) ...
12
votes
2answers
219 views

Security implications of running perl -ne '…' *

Apparently, running: perl -n -e 'some perl code' * Or find . ... -exec perl -n -e '...' {} + (same with -p instead of -n) Or perl -e 'some code using <>' * often found in one-liners ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

defining rename command scope; replace word; replace entire file name; wildcards

Im looking to use the rename command to edit file names. More specifically, Im trying to isolate specific pieces to change, or in some cases, the whole name. For example: Lets say I have three ...
1
vote
2answers
161 views

Sort files according to their extensions

I have made a script that will sort files according to their extension and place them in the proper folder. For example, place abc.jpg in the directory jpg. #!/bin/bash #this script sorts files ...
2
votes
2answers
50 views

Efficiently copy names in shell

I have noticed an efficient technique that some users use to quickly copy directory and file names in the terminal or shell. The behavior/usage is as follows: Issue ls Click on the desired entry, ...
8
votes
3answers
253 views

POSIX compliant way to work with a list of filenames possibly with whitespace

I have seen Bash scripting guides suggesting the use of array for working with filenames containing whitespace. DashAsBinSh however suggests that arrays are not portable so I am looking for a POSIX ...
2
votes
3answers
92 views

How to sort filenames with spaces in them and concatenate the files?

I have the misfortune of dealing with filenames that contain spaces. I want to concatenate files of which filenames contain spaces. I also want to sort the filenames numerically. Obviously the ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

symlink /home/username/Documenten tot 2nd partition?

I am trying to make a symlink so all documents are on a different harddisk drive. I learned how to make a symlink and tried to create the desired symlink. this is the command I used in terminal: ln ...
1
vote
3answers
56 views

How to remove matching files from directory A in directory B in the command line?

I have some duplicate files in directories A and B, how could I delete the dupes in B using the filenames from A in bash? How to do it in other shell's is a welcome bonus.
6
votes
6answers
337 views

Find files whose basenames are the same, but their ext names are not

In a directory, how can we find all the files whose base names are the same, but their extension names are not? E.g. 0001.jpg and 0001.png and 0001.tiff, and 0002.jpg and 0002.png.
1
vote
3answers
121 views

Add or subtract a number from the names of all the files in a directory

I have a number of png and jpg files whose names are numbers, e.g.0100.png, in a directory, How can I add 1 to their names, for example, to get 0002.png and 0003.png from 0001.png and 0002.png ...
2
votes
1answer
34 views

Append same timestamp to multiple filenames

I have several files that I ftp each hour. The receiving system needs to have some sort of identifier that they came from the same batch, so I would like to append a timestamp to the filename. That ...
12
votes
3answers
21k views

File extensions for unix shell scripts

On wikipedia, the article for .sh says: For the .sh file extension type, see Bourne shell. How about other unix shells? I know that the shebang is used inside the file to indicate an ...
2
votes
5answers
125 views

How to find different files in UNIX based on . extension?

How to find different files in UNIX based extension. Lets say suppose if I have 100 files for each vamsi.log-vamsi100.log, krishna.txt-krishna100.txt, super.csv..., rajat.jpeg..., ...
1
vote
2answers
49 views

C Shell: different actions depending on the file type

I very new to C Shell. I am trying to read a file from the command line, and determine whether it's a zip file, a .txt, a symbloic link, a pipe, or whatever ("unknown"). Then I'd like to execute a ...
2
votes
1answer
118 views

Convert a Windows-created ZIP to Linux (internal paths issue)

I have a .zip created on a Windows machine (outside of my control). The zip file contains paths that I need to preserve when I unzip. However, when I unzip, all files end up like: ...
3
votes
4answers
389 views

Which directory is taking up the most space

Jenkins has stopped building and I can see from df: that /var is maxed. Following this I can see the culprit is /var/lib/jenkins 52K alternatives ... 4.0K games 2.3G jenkins <--this ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Print the page count within the PDFs in a directory to a output txt file [duplicate]

The need has been to identify the total page count of all the PDF files we have in a repository. For that, I was able to come up with the following script. However, I'm now stuck with this situation: ...
2
votes
2answers
61 views

Finding duplicate files by name ignoring the case in subdirectories

How is it possible to list duplicate file names on a Linux system ignoring the case including all subdirectories Files should not be compared by their content but only by their names. The output ...
3
votes
4answers
153 views

Convenient way to name files in Linux

I'm a beginner in Linux and want to learn to do things properly in this environment. Since the beginning I've noticed that a lot of people involved in Linux (like tutorials and guides) tend to name ...
3
votes
1answer
412 views

Given a mime-type get the corresponding file extension

I want to download a file using curl to a temporary directory with the appropriate extension. Currently I do something like this: tmp="$(mktemp -t 'curl')" curl -o "$tmp" ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

Spaces in directory name Bash [duplicate]

I'm new to bash and I'm working on script that traverses the tar.gz file archive and in each file changes a string specified to an another string. Args of script: name of archive, searched string, ...