File name is a name used to identify a file uniquely on given file system.

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5
votes
4answers
764 views

For each subfolder, sort files by name and rename them to sequential padded numbers (regardless of extension)

I have the following directory structure: . ├── event-a │   ├── album-a │   │   ├── a.jpg │   │   └── x.png │   └── album-b │   ├── a.jpg │   ├── x.png │   └── y.gif └── event-b ├── ...
3
votes
3answers
541 views

Unique file name for different files

I'm working with graphic design. I've downloaded many files (EPS files, PSD files, etc) from various websites. Because it come from various websites, after downloaded from more than 10 different ...
7
votes
3answers
950 views

Change the color of the file name text

I am writing scripts to initialize and configure a large system with many components. Each component has its own log file. I would like to change the color of the component file name to red whenever ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

why inode value changes when we edit in “vi” editor?

When I edit a file in "vi" editor the inode value of the file is changing. But when edited with cat command the inode value is not changing.
3
votes
3answers
533 views

pull out a file named to ~

So I have downloaded a music album from aMule and it is located in the .aMule/Incoming directory. I tried to move it out with the following command: mv albumName.rar ~ This left me with a file ~ ...
2
votes
2answers
640 views

Creating recursively sorted RAR archive

For various reasons I decided to use RAR archive to store some data, instead compressed tar. Happy with decision, except for one thing: I can't find a way to store files sorted. Order of files is ...
1
vote
1answer
280 views

merge txt files with similar name

I have thousands of .txt files in directory. Their names are: ch14.ta_20452_206652_15-84.txt ch14.ta_20452_206652_786-14.txt ch14.ta_20452_206652_77-85.txt ch14.ta_20452_206652_81-78.txt ...
15
votes
7answers
8k views

List files sorted numerically

I have a bunch of files from log1 to log164. I'm trying to LIST the directory (sorted) in a UNIX terminal but the sort functions are only providing the format like this: home:logs Home$ ls -1 | sort ...
2
votes
3answers
469 views

Rename a lot of files with all types of characters, with POSIX portability

Sometimes I need to rename all the files (the renaming convention follows later) in a directory where the filename is always in the form of 'filenamename.extension' (extension always exists and ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Gzip decompress on file with other extension?

Is it possible to use gzip to decompress a gzipped file, without the gz extension, and without moving the file?
8
votes
2answers
4k views

What is the maximum allowed filename (and folder) size with eCryptfs?

I am a new eCryptfs user and I have a very basic question that I wasn't able to find anywhere. I am interested in using eCryptfs via my Synology NAS that uses Linux. While trying to encrypt my folder ...
2
votes
3answers
213 views

Finding a number of occurrences of a certain character in tcsh

I am trying to find the number of certain types of files that have a '_' in the filename. I'm a massive beginner so my syntax looks like this at the moment; foreach txt ( 'ls *.txt') set n=0 if(grep ...
5
votes
4answers
6k views

Split a file by line and have control over resulting files extension

There is a standard command for file splitting - split. For example, if I want to split a words file in several chunks of 10000 lines, I can use: split -dl 10000 words wrd and it would generate ...
3
votes
2answers
316 views

Is there a tool to map ecryptfs plaintext and encrypted filenames?

Ecryptfs encrypts filenames and sometimes I need to find particular file, so I would like a tool to map the encrypted filenames back to their plaintext file name.
3
votes
5answers
717 views

How do I extract all .htaccess files from a tarball?

I want to extract all .htaccess files from a tarball, how can I do so? I see only one mention of "include" in the manual page of tar which is not related with an option for including only certain ...
2
votes
4answers
1k views

Grep for a string with list of files as source

I have a plain text file, in every line is a path to a file. Now I have to grep for a string in these files. Is there any way to use this file as "search source" for grep? Or do I have to copy and ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Cannot open: Input/output error with tar command in a shell script

I am trying to create a tar ball in a shell script (I have enabled set -x), but I get an error: + cd /home5/mysite/public_html + TAR_DUMP=gypo_2012-02-18-03:51:15.tar.gz + echo 'Tar name: ...
1
vote
3answers
2k views

Script to show number of files (by file type) in a directory?

I want to show this kind of statistics about a particular directory: $ myscript.sh .c 34265 files .h 17866 files .cbl 1804 files .pco 389 files [...] Is there a tool that can do this? Here is my ...
2
votes
3answers
188 views

Selecting latest files and grouping by name

I have a directory containing files of the following name structure. <device>.<yyyy-mm-dd-hh-mm-ss> I am working on a script that will retain the the last X copies of these ...
9
votes
3answers
15k views

File extensions for unix shell scripts

On wikipedia, the article for .sh says: For the .sh file extension type, see Bourne shell. How about other unix shells? I know that the shebang is used inside the file to indicate an ...
7
votes
2answers
3k views

How can you move (or copy) all files to a directory with the same filename prefix?

Using Bash So let's say I have a bunch of files randomly placed in a parent directory ~/src, I want to grab all the files matching a certain suffix and move (or copy) them to a ~/dist directory. ...
3
votes
1answer
609 views

Export a m3u playlist to a directory in order they appear in the playlist

There is a way to rsync a m3u playlist into a destination directory. How can I process the list and number the output so it orders the files to match the playlist order? For example the m3u: ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Trailing slashes on symbolic links to directories

I'm trying to emulate the process of path resolution (see man page path_resolution) in unix-like systems. My OS is Linux with GNU coreutils 8.7. In order to clarify the meaning of extra trailing '/' ...
21
votes
9answers
5k views

How can I delete a file with no name

I somehow managed to create a file that doesn't seem to have a filename. I found some information regarding how to get more details of the file in the following thread. However, I tried some of the ...
5
votes
1answer
913 views

Autocomplete of filename in directory

This question is quite similar to this one, but I can't understand the solution. I also know this tutorial, but still I am unable to understand what I am doing wrong. I am trying to autocomplete the ...
3
votes
2answers
390 views

What is the file-naming convention for regular text files?

For regular *.txt text files that contain documentation and notes and such, and which are not READMEs, is there a Unix convention for naming them? Namely, Should the filenames be all lowercase? ...
4
votes
3answers
6k views

Running python script from terminal without .py extension

I want to call a python script script.py from the terminal by simply typing script. Is this possible? If so, how? I know I can avoid typing python script.py by adding #!/usr/bin/env python to the top ...
1
vote
4answers
1k views

Strange directory name, shown with a backslash

I have copied and pasted a directory of files into another. The result is now this one development\ / I do not know what that means? Linux does not even recognize it as a directory now. Also the ...
3
votes
2answers
634 views

Renaming files in lexicographical order with a numerical pattern that increases sequentially with fixed padding

I have files such as a bb ccc abc emrls I would like to rename them so that, after sorting them (for example, lexicographically), each file gets the following name: 00001 00002 00003 etc where ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

How store in a variable a file list that includes the backslash when needed?

Main question: I am writing a script to perform a backup. I make a list of files in the following way: LISTOFFILES=$(find ~ \( -name '*.[pP][dD][fF]' -o -name '*.[oO][dD][tT]' \)) The variable ...
4
votes
1answer
210 views

What's the name of the top-level directory

I am using Ubuntu. I know by using cd ~/ , I can go to home/ directory. But if I want to go to the directory (I do not know the official name of this directory) which contains etc/, var/, opt/, ... ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

working with filenames in a different encoding over ssh

I'm ssh'ing to a remote system where a different encoding for the filenames (and for the users' locales) has been used. And this causes some problems. Problems solved by matching the locale settings ...
4
votes
2answers
200 views

Emacs' file extension recognition

How do I get Emacs to recognize new file extensions? For example if I have a .c file and I open it in Emacs, I get the correct syntax highlighting for C, but if I have a .bob file format (which I know ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Rename All Files with a Certain Name

I'm trying to find certain files with the name "stringx" and replace the name (but not the extension) with "stringy". So basically for stringx.txt and stingx.cs, I'd want stringy.txt and stringy.cs. ...
14
votes
4answers
10k views

Converting relative path to absolute path

Is there a *nix command to get absolute(and canonicalized) path from relative path(with current path) or symbolic link?
2
votes
3answers
2k views

create md5 hash from a recursive file listing when some paths have spaces

I need to create an md5 hash of every directory and file inside of one main directory. The only thing that is keeping me from success is figuring out a way around files with a space in the path. I am ...
14
votes
3answers
791 views

Newlines in filenames

I understand and accept the premise that defensive1 shell scripting is both prudent and, in the longer term, more sustainable. Many of the answers to text processing questions here follow this ...
8
votes
1answer
3k views

Why can't I have a folder and a file with the same name?

I've never had this problem before, but for some reason, I can't rename my folder to packages/. This is the structure: root - packages_old/ - packages When I try to rename the folder with ...
4
votes
4answers
534 views

Find files without a number

I am trying to write a simple script that will iterate through all drives except sda. Right now I have this for i in $(find /dev/ -name "sd*" ! -name "sda*") do echo $i done However this ...
2
votes
2answers
451 views

Script to prepend the files path to a file recursively

I work as a grader and files submitted to me end up in a folder named with the student's name which is itself inside a specific folder on my linux share. Currently I go through each source file and ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

special character in filename (\#033OA)

I've got a slight problem with a very stubborn error during an rsync. It's caused by a file with a special character in its filename. There's been others but I could sort that out by doing some ...
1
vote
1answer
3k views

How can I specify that curl (via command line) overwrites a file if it already exists?

I'm using curl in this syntax: curl -o myfile.jpg http://mysite.com/myfile.jpg If I run this command twice, I get two files: myfile.jpg myfile-1.jpg How can I tell CURL that I want it to ...
3
votes
2answers
185 views

filename with no spaces from two command lines

I am running two Linux commands and I want to put the resulting values together in a filename with no spaces and a dot separating the two values. So far, I've got this: pid=`sudo dmidecode -s ...
2
votes
2answers
9k views

Bash shell script to locate and remove substring within a filename

I am trying to write a bash shell script in Mac OS X 10.6 (which is called by an Automator Action) to rename TV show DVD rips that I have named badly over the years. I want to remove part of the text ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Best way to remove file extension from a string?

So, I'm using a script I've made to convert videos to the webm format. A certain program calls the script, sending %f which is the full, absolute file name of the video, like this: converter.sh %f ...
6
votes
2answers
886 views

file descriptor vs. file name

I was wondering what differences and relations are between file descriptors and file names. Are they all used to access files? If yes, in the same way? For example, /dev/fd/0, /dev/stdin, and ...
4
votes
3answers
3k views

How do I move some but not all files from one directory to another?

I need to move my files from one directory to other. But there is some issues. My file name pattern is like: apple.0, apple.<n>, n -> {0,1,2,3 ...~ } so mv apple.* will not work, because ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Is it possible to nest a 'find -exec' within another 'find -exec'?

Something like the following is what I what I'm after, but my code doesn't work, no matter how I escape {} and + ; find ./ -maxdepth 1 -type d -name '.*' -exec \ find {} -maxdepth 1 -type f ...
1
vote
1answer
768 views

Do special characters in paths pose a problem when mounting network shares?

I am trying to create a permanant access point to a windows share from a CentOS 5.5 machine. I edited the /etc/fstab file to have the following entry: //travellot/ArcGIS Setup's/9.3.1 ...
7
votes
4answers
546 views

How can I find a file whose name includes a given string, such as “abcde”?

Within a set of directories, how do I find a file whose name includes a given string, such as "abcde"?