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10
votes
6answers
23k views

How to partition 22TB disk?

I have a 22TB disk on /dev/sdb. How do I create a 22TB partition? Don't really care about the file system - ext4 or zfs is fine. Running CentOS 6.2 - Partition will be used as a data dump. Only a ...
9
votes
1answer
3k views

How does partprobe work?

I was looking for a way to refresh the scsi bus (or any other bus, for that matter) that would allow my kernel ( 2.6.18-194-el5 on CentOS 5.5) to know about the partitions on a drive, and I couldn't ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Why do we need to specify partition type in fdisk and later again in mkfs?

I'm a little confused about fdisk and mkfs. So - here is typical USB flash drive partitioning and formatting: umount /dev/sdb fdisk fdisk /dev/sdb Command (m for help): d Selected partition 1 ...
7
votes
4answers
258 views

Protecting Devices from dd and fdisk Commands

I'm wondering if there is some way to prevent certain certain devices from becoming the output file of the dd command and the target of the fdisk command. I'm currently using the two operations to set ...
6
votes
4answers
214 views

Listing all devices as non-superuser

I'm trying to mount external hard drive. As I know, to mount manually, I should use fdisk -l to determine which device refers to the drive. When I'm doing so without sudo I have next output: ...
6
votes
3answers
783 views

fdisk vs parted

I've been running a small media server at home for 10+ years and looking at replacing it (before it breaks). I intend to hook up a new drive to my old system, partition and format (ext4 seems most ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

How to properly align partitions?

I'm trying to understand what are the rules for creating correctly aligned partitions. For the moment I'm playing with parted on a virtual machine, but I'm planning to move to a real hard disk when I ...
5
votes
3answers
249 views

What's the best way to list size of / in Terminal?

I want to see how much total space / is taking, but I don't know how to do that. I can use ls -hal and add up the subtotals, or I can use fdisk to tell me the size of that partition, but is there a ...
5
votes
2answers
4k views

Finding the sector size of a partition

I answered this question, assuming that the *.img file had a sector size of 512. How do I query a device, or the image of a device, to find the correct sector size?
5
votes
3answers
515 views

how to use “Unusable” sectors outside defined partition boundaries

What might be a convenient way to stash some hidden data in the "Unusable" area following the last partition, or anywhere outside defined partition boundaries? For example, making it appear as a ...
5
votes
1answer
75 views

Partitions same size but different block

I tried to backup my partition using dd on another disk and I created a partition of the same size. When I finished the copy I had problems mounting the partition since I got bad geometry: block ...
5
votes
3answers
795 views

Can't access USB HDD

I just bought a WD 1TB Caviar Blue drive, and a Bytecc HD-35SU enclosure for it. Snapped the drive in, went to plug it in on my laptop, nothing happened. I figured that probably meant I needed to ...
4
votes
5answers
7k views

Change the number of the partition from sda1 to sda2

I have a disk with two partitions: sda1 and sda2. I would like change the number of sda1 to sda2 and sda2 to sda1. It's possible but I don't remember the procedure. i.e. My first partition will be ...
4
votes
2answers
5k views

What are the ramifications of not having a valid partition table?

I recently upgraded my Ubuntu from 11.10 (Oneiric) to 12.04 (Precise Pangolin) on a Dell Inspiron B130 Laptop. When I run fdisk -l it says that my HD doesn't contain a valid partition table. I have ...
4
votes
1answer
5k views

How do I check how much free space left on a device to create a partition

Let's say I have this virtual machine running: [root@centos ~]# fdisk -ul Disk /dev/sda: 8589 MB, 8589934592 bytes 255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 1044 cylinders, total 16777216 sectors Units = sectors ...
4
votes
2answers
410 views

Programmatically partition disk

I am attempting to create a bash script which will create a new partition with a file system on a disk with existing partition(s). It looks like it's easy to create partitions programmatically with ...
4
votes
2answers
488 views

How do I make use of unused space on my boot drive on FreeBSD

I have an old FreeBSD Server (running 7.3-RELEASE) that desperately needs additional storage. In fact, it has some-- the original 20G SCSI drives have been replaced by 300G SCSI drives, so in theory ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Understanding partition table with sda1 sda2 sda5

I just inherited a system and I am trying to understand it's partition table for the hard drive. (I'm new to this) machine:~# fdisk -l /dev/sda Disk /dev/sda: 250.0 GB, 250000000000 bytes 255 heads, ...
3
votes
2answers
39 views

Difference between running mke2fs and setting FS type in cfdisk?

When I run cfdisk (or fdisk) to partition a storage device, there's a point where I can specify the file system type. Does this do anything with respect to the actual file system? Suppose I want to ...
3
votes
1answer
101 views

How can I Allocate More Space to a Filesystem Mounted on /?

I am new to Linux so please forgive the incorrect use of vocabulary. My company has a private cloud that provisions VM's in a KVM. I received a RHEL 6.4. When I provisioned it, I asked for 50GB of ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

How to create a new partition on a hard disk?

How do I create a new partition on a hard disk, from the terminal? I've been reading the man pages for fdisk and mkfs, but they're confusing. I need to know how to create a new partition on a blank ...
3
votes
1answer
601 views

Remount lvm partitions after OS reinstallation

I recently upgraded to Linux Mint from Ubuntu. I have overwritten /dev/sda2 which had Ubuntu. I had earlier created two logical volumes opt and virtualization from /dev/sda1. I forgot to take the lvm ...
3
votes
1answer
95 views

HDD Testing En Masse

Does anyone have any ideas about how to set up automatic detection and conditional formatting of a LOT of HDDs? I tried posting this on TomsHardwareForums, but I don't think the responder read my ...
3
votes
1answer
85 views

How do I use new fdisk table without reboot (kpartx)?

When I run fdisk and change the size of a partition, fdisk says at the end of its output: The new table will be used at the next reboot or after you run partprobe(8) or kpartx(8) I'd like to do so ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Format windows (NTFS) hard drive on Ubuntu using command line

This is really a two part question. I've never formatted a hard dirve on Linux/Unix, so please bear with me. I had an old Windows machine which recently died. So I decided to put the hard drive into ...
2
votes
2answers
311 views

fdisk -l shows ext3 file system as HPFS/NTFS

I have an external HDD which I formatted as NTFS partition in Windows. Now, I formatted this HDD in my linux system using the below command. mkfs.ext3 /dev/sdb1 It was formatted successfully. ...
2
votes
1answer
438 views

Do I need to format a CF before installing Linux?

I recently purchased an 8GB Patriot CF card, like this one . I also have a Syba CF/Sata adapter. I put these together into my mini-itx computer (connected via Sata cables, not USB) and booted an ...
2
votes
1answer
78 views

fdisk. What does the “free” partition mean?

I had two primary partitions (/dev/sda1 and /dev/sda2). Then I created an extended partition to segment it into logical partitions. After I had typed fdisk /dev/sda and n (add a new partition) the ...
2
votes
1answer
174 views

Software RAID 10 + LVM on mixed drives, sector alignment?

I have 4 2.5" 7.2k drives lying about and I'd like to build some RAID arrays for a bit of VM storage on my KVM lab box. There are 2x 320GB drives and 2x 500GB drives. I'm looking to create a RAID 10 ...
2
votes
2answers
114 views

Can I safely resize my partition from its beginning?

Currently dual booting Windows 8 and Linux Mint 14, sooner or later I will give more space to my Linux system. Is resizing my Linux partition from the beginning a safe operation ? If yes, could you ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

fdisk isn't showing my hard drive as properly formatted (but it is)

I've got 3 1TB drives which I've set up to use LVM. Here's the output of pvdisplay: --- Physical volume --- PV Name /dev/sda1 VG Name vgpool PV Size ...
2
votes
1answer
857 views

fdisk unable to open

I am having problems using fdisk to clear the partition table of my sd card. The sd card is identified in the /dev folder when inserted into the sd card reader, but when the following command in run: ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

why the size of disk image decreased after mkfs.ext2

first, i create a disk image use dd: > dd if=/dev/zero of=disk bs=512 count=2097152 > du -h disk 1.1G disk second, fdisk disk create a partion: Command (m for help): p Disk disk: 1 ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

I ran fdisk on a wrong drive. How can I recover

I ran fdisk on the wrong HD. I basically cleared partition table, pressed w and quited fdisk and only then realized that that was my main harddrive... I got this message: WARNING: Re-reading ...
2
votes
2answers
3k views

Use testdisk and gpart information to mount ext4 partition

I am trying to recover the ext4 partition table of a 2TB disk, where I have 900.000 files. I have cloned the original HD and now I am working on the cloned HD. And I am running Parted Magic Live CD. ...
2
votes
1answer
110 views

Linux big disk partition issue

I have a big disk around 4.8 TB (RAID) and it has following partition (created by fdisk) [root@server1 ~]# fdisk -l /dev/sde WARNING: The size of this disk is 4.8 TB (4796404727808 bytes). DOS ...
2
votes
1answer
307 views

fdisk, dd, and the Rapsberry pi

I was trying to wipe my 4GB SD card which acts as the hard drive for the Raspberry Pi, so I went into Mac OS X Disk Utility* and Erased the entire disk, and specified that the whole disk be one big ...
2
votes
1answer
518 views

Create Logical Volume with non-LVM partition

I'm not sure if the title actually depicts my question, but I will try to explain. I have seen everywhere it is mentioned to create a partition of type LVM (8e) and then create logical volume with ...
2
votes
2answers
906 views

Errors from cfdisk with new external USB backup drive

I've picked up an HP SimpleSave sd500a backup drive. This is a 2.5", 500GB drive. It has a mysterious CD-like partition, but otherwise seems to contain a WD Scorpio Blue disk. It seems that the ...
2
votes
0answers
76 views

Problems with USB goflex 2 TB

I am using CentOS 5.5 and have been using cpio to write backups to a 2 TB GoFlex USB drive. This drive worked great for over a year, but am now running into a problem and not sure what to do. When ...
2
votes
0answers
274 views

Disable RAID auto detect at runtime

In Linux, I'm partitioning two disks for RAID1 with fdisk. The first disk partitioning succedes, but the second fail because the raid starts automatically and occupy also the second disk (why? it ...
1
vote
2answers
190 views

fdisk (expert mode) options

On GNU/Linux with fdisk (util-linux 2.20.1), when using, say fdisk /dev/sda3 there are quite some options and the and even an "expert mode" (x). Most of these are explained through the m option. But ...
1
vote
2answers
755 views

How to resize logical volume to fit filesystem

How can I resize logical volume to fit filesystem automagically?
1
vote
1answer
108 views

What happens to data copied after undoing fdisk?

Suppose I have some drive with a single partition. For some reason I decide to repartition it, using fdisk. I create multiple partitions, then write the partition table, then exit fdisk. At this ...
1
vote
1answer
100 views

Specify partition data in sfdisk and parted

With this line: (echo o; echo n; echo p; echo 1; echo ; echo +24G; echo a; echo t; echo 7; echo w) | fdisk /dev/sda I can create a new active primary partition for NTFS, 24 Giga large. The syntax ...
1
vote
3answers
198 views

What's the difference between fdisk -l and df -h?

In my ubuntu system, I want to have a look about my system disk info. When I use fdisk -l without sudo, I get nothing. But with sudo fdisk -l, I only get a device /dev/sda1, but when I use df -h, I ...
1
vote
1answer
565 views

fdisk hangs on “Syncing disk” when resizing a raw QEMU image

I'm using fdisk to resize the partitions on a raw QEMU image. When I write the new partition table, it hangs at "Syncing disks." Note that I'm running fdisk as non-root since I don't need root to ...
1
vote
1answer
70 views

Can't create partition table on SSD with Slackware 14

I'm trying to install Slackware 14 from a DVD. It boots fine from the DVD. When I try to use fdisk or cfdisk to create the Linux and swap partitions on the SSD, it complains about a missing or ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

Are partition tables always required? [duplicate]

So I have a home server with 4 hdds: hdd1: 60Gb (SSD - OS drive) hdd2: 4TB (data drive) hdd3: 2TB (data drive) hdd4: 1TB (data drive) So I intend installing ubuntu server onto hdd1 (ssd ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

pvcreate error on partition

I can't create this partition, I'm getting this error shown below: Device /dev/mapper/vg_paperino-lv_rootp1 not found (or ignored by filtering) Below are the steps that I'm doing on CentOS: ...