fdisk (for "fixed disk") is a command-line utility that provides disk partitioning functions.

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How does partprobe work?

I was looking for a way to refresh the scsi bus (or any other bus, for that matter) that would allow my kernel ( 2.6.18-194-el5 on CentOS 5.5) to know about the partitions on a drive, and I couldn't ...
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Why do we need to specify partition type in fdisk and later again in mkfs?

I'm a little confused about fdisk and mkfs. So - here is typical USB flash drive partitioning and formatting: umount /dev/sdb fdisk fdisk /dev/sdb Command (m for help): d Selected partition 1 ...
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Protecting Devices from dd and fdisk Commands

I'm wondering if there is some way to prevent certain certain devices from becoming the output file of the dd command and the target of the fdisk command. I'm currently using the two operations to set ...
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Listing all devices as non-superuser

I'm trying to mount external hard drive. As I know, to mount manually, I should use fdisk -l to determine which device refers to the drive. When I'm doing so without sudo I have next output: ...
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Finding the sector size of a partition

I answered this question, assuming that the *.img file had a sector size of 512. How do I query a device, or the image of a device, to find the correct sector size?
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fdisk vs parted

I've been running a small media server at home for 10+ years and looking at replacing it (before it breaks). I intend to hook up a new drive to my old system, partition and format (ext4 seems most ...
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How to properly align partitions?

I'm trying to understand what are the rules for creating correctly aligned partitions. For the moment I'm playing with parted on a virtual machine, but I'm planning to move to a real hard disk when I ...
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Change the number of the partition from sda1 to sda2

I have a disk with two partitions: sda1 and sda2. I would like change the number of sda1 to sda2 and sda2 to sda1. It's possible but I don't remember the procedure. i.e. My first partition will be ...
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What's the best way to list size of / in Terminal?

I want to see how much total space / is taking, but I don't know how to do that. I can use ls -hal and add up the subtotals, or I can use fdisk to tell me the size of that partition, but is there a ...
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636 views

how to use “Unusable” sectors outside defined partition boundaries

What might be a convenient way to stash some hidden data in the "Unusable" area following the last partition, or anywhere outside defined partition boundaries? For example, making it appear as a ...
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1answer
121 views

Partitions same size but different block [closed]

I tried to backup my partition using dd on another disk and I created a partition of the same size. When I finished the copy I had problems mounting the partition since I got bad geometry: block ...
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927 views

Can't access USB HDD

I just bought a WD 1TB Caviar Blue drive, and a Bytecc HD-35SU enclosure for it. Snapped the drive in, went to plug it in on my laptop, nothing happened. I figured that probably meant I needed to ...
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Combine fdisk and df in the same output

sudo fdisk -l gives : 255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 60801 cylinders, total 976773168 sectors Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes I/O size ...
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fdisk -l shows ext3 file system as HPFS/NTFS

I have an external HDD which I formatted as NTFS partition in Windows. Now, I formatted this HDD in my linux system using the below command. mkfs.ext3 /dev/sdb1 It was formatted successfully. ...
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What are the ramifications of not having a valid partition table?

I recently upgraded my Ubuntu from 11.10 (Oneiric) to 12.04 (Precise Pangolin) on a Dell Inspiron B130 Laptop. When I run fdisk -l it says that my HD doesn't contain a valid partition table. I have ...
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How do I check how much free space left on a device to create a partition

Let's say I have this virtual machine running: [root@centos ~]# fdisk -ul Disk /dev/sda: 8589 MB, 8589934592 bytes 255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 1044 cylinders, total 16777216 sectors Units = sectors ...
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Getting the extra GPT info; a “fdisk -l” equivalent

What is the equivalent for GPT using HDDs of: # fdisk -l /dev/hda > /mnt/sda1/hda_fdisk.info I got this from https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/disk_cloning (under "Create disk image") for ...
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Problem mounting GPT disk partition

I am trying to mount a partition on a GPT disk, but I get the following error: $ sudo mount -t ext4 /dev/sda1 disk/ mount: special device /dev/sda1 does not exist Looking at dmesg, I don't see any ...
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Programmatically partition disk

I am attempting to create a bash script which will create a new partition with a file system on a disk with existing partition(s). It looks like it's easy to create partitions programmatically with ...
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651 views

How do I make use of unused space on my boot drive on FreeBSD

I have an old FreeBSD Server (running 7.3-RELEASE) that desperately needs additional storage. In fact, it has some-- the original 20G SCSI drives have been replaced by 300G SCSI drives, so in theory ...
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Understanding partition table with sda1 sda2 sda5

I just inherited a system and I am trying to understand it's partition table for the hard drive. (I'm new to this) machine:~# fdisk -l /dev/sda Disk /dev/sda: 250.0 GB, 250000000000 bytes 255 heads, ...
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Difference between running mke2fs and setting FS type in cfdisk?

When I run cfdisk (or fdisk) to partition a storage device, there's a point where I can specify the file system type. Does this do anything with respect to the actual file system? Suppose I want to ...
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790 views

How can I Allocate More Space to a Filesystem Mounted on /?

I am new to Linux so please forgive the incorrect use of vocabulary. My company has a private cloud that provisions VM's in a KVM. I received a RHEL 6.4. When I provisioned it, I asked for 50GB of ...
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How to create a new partition on a hard disk?

How do I create a new partition on a hard disk, from the terminal? I've been reading the man pages for fdisk and mkfs, but they're confusing. I need to know how to create a new partition on a blank ...
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851 views

Remount lvm partitions after OS reinstallation

I recently upgraded to Linux Mint from Ubuntu. I have overwritten /dev/sda2 which had Ubuntu. I had earlier created two logical volumes opt and virtualization from /dev/sda1. I forgot to take the lvm ...
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882 views

Create Logical Volume with non-LVM partition

I'm not sure if the title actually depicts my question, but I will try to explain. I have seen everywhere it is mentioned to create a partition of type LVM (8e) and then create logical volume with ...
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HDD Testing En Masse

Does anyone have any ideas about how to set up automatic detection and conditional formatting of a LOT of HDDs? I tried posting this on TomsHardwareForums, but I don't think the responder read my ...
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1answer
937 views

How do I use new fdisk table without reboot (kpartx)?

When I run fdisk and change the size of a partition, fdisk says at the end of its output: The new table will be used at the next reboot or after you run partprobe(8) or kpartx(8) I'd like to do so ...
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Format windows (NTFS) hard drive on Ubuntu using command line

This is really a two part question. I've never formatted a hard dirve on Linux/Unix, so please bear with me. I had an old Windows machine which recently died. So I decided to put the hard drive into ...
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1answer
543 views

Do I need to format a CF before installing Linux?

I recently purchased an 8GB Patriot CF card, like this one . I also have a Syba CF/Sata adapter. I put these together into my mini-itx computer (connected via Sata cables, not USB) and booted an ...
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fdisk. What does the “free” partition mean?

I had two primary partitions (/dev/sda1 and /dev/sda2). Then I created an extended partition to segment it into logical partitions. After I had typed fdisk /dev/sda and n (add a new partition) the ...
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613 views

Software RAID 10 + LVM on mixed drives, sector alignment?

I have 4 2.5" 7.2k drives lying about and I'd like to build some RAID arrays for a bit of VM storage on my KVM lab box. There are 2x 320GB drives and 2x 500GB drives. I'm looking to create a RAID 10 ...
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Can I safely resize my partition from its beginning?

Currently dual booting Windows 8 and Linux Mint 14, sooner or later I will give more space to my Linux system. Is resizing my Linux partition from the beginning a safe operation ? If yes, could you ...
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1answer
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fdisk isn't showing my hard drive as properly formatted (but it is)

I've got 3 1TB drives which I've set up to use LVM. Here's the output of pvdisplay: --- Physical volume --- PV Name /dev/sda1 VG Name vgpool PV Size ...
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932 views

fdisk unable to open

I am having problems using fdisk to clear the partition table of my sd card. The sd card is identified in the /dev folder when inserted into the sd card reader, but when the following command in run: ...
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Partition offset at 63 or 64?

I did not wish to use the entire SSD for OpenBSD 5.5. (The SSD is new and pre-formatted with MSDOS using Gparted) During installation and at the fdisk stage, I chose Partition #: 0 to install OpenBSD ...
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1answer
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why the size of disk image decreased after mkfs.ext2

first, i create a disk image use dd: > dd if=/dev/zero of=disk bs=512 count=2097152 > du -h disk 1.1G disk second, fdisk disk create a partion: Command (m for help): p Disk disk: 1 ...
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I ran fdisk on a wrong drive. How can I recover

I ran fdisk on the wrong HD. I basically cleared partition table, pressed w and quited fdisk and only then realized that that was my main harddrive... I got this message: WARNING: Re-reading ...
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Use testdisk and gpart information to mount ext4 partition

I am trying to recover the ext4 partition table of a 2TB disk, where I have 900.000 files. I have cloned the original HD and now I am working on the cloned HD. And I am running Parted Magic Live CD. ...
2
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1answer
247 views

Linux big disk partition issue

I have a big disk around 4.8 TB (RAID) and it has following partition (created by fdisk) [root@server1 ~]# fdisk -l /dev/sde WARNING: The size of this disk is 4.8 TB (4796404727808 bytes). DOS ...
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1answer
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fdisk, dd, and the Rapsberry pi

I was trying to wipe my 4GB SD card which acts as the hard drive for the Raspberry Pi, so I went into Mac OS X Disk Utility* and Erased the entire disk, and specified that the whole disk be one big ...
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2answers
991 views

Errors from cfdisk with new external USB backup drive

I've picked up an HP SimpleSave sd500a backup drive. This is a 2.5", 500GB drive. It has a mysterious CD-like partition, but otherwise seems to contain a WD Scorpio Blue disk. It seems that the ...
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1answer
195 views

Debian Wheezy live - gparted, dmsg, fdisk etc. do not detect local hard drive but it is shown during installation

Yesterday I finished backing up my data and it was time to wipe that HDD of mine for good and freshly install Debian Wheezy stable with Xfce as a WM. I've booted into a live session to see if things ...
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1answer
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why 2TB external HDD is recognized as 800 GB only in Ubuntu 8.10

I had a 2 TB external HDD which I formatted as below. fdisk /dev/sdb After issuing the above command, I did the following steps. Then selected option p. (To print the partition table). Then ...
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Problems with USB goflex 2 TB

I am using CentOS 5.5 and have been using cpio to write backups to a 2 TB GoFlex USB drive. This drive worked great for over a year, but am now running into a problem and not sure what to do. When ...
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Disable RAID auto detect at runtime

In Linux, I'm partitioning two disks for RAID1 with fdisk. The first disk partitioning succedes, but the second fail because the raid starts automatically and occupy also the second disk (why? it ...
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Does `/proc/partitions` and/or `fdisk -l /dev/sdX` provide me a reliable device size?

I have two 3TB disks, which I hope to be exactly the same size. This means that I can use dd to copy them without being short or in excess of some bytes. Therefore I tried to find out the ...
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fdisk (expert mode) options

On GNU/Linux with fdisk (util-linux 2.20.1), when using, say fdisk /dev/sda3 there are quite some options and the and even an "expert mode" (x). Most of these are explained through the m option. But ...
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How to resize logical volume to fit filesystem

How can I resize logical volume to fit filesystem automagically?
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What happens to data copied after undoing fdisk?

Suppose I have some drive with a single partition. For some reason I decide to repartition it, using fdisk. I create multiple partitions, then write the partition table, then exit fdisk. At this ...