ext4 (fourth extended filesystem) is a journaling file system for Linux, developed as the successor to ext3.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

1
vote
3answers
53 views

Why does find -inum iterate through the whole filesystem tree?

It surprises me to see find iterate/walk through the complete filesystem when I do a simple find -inum 12345 Without background info it seems to me that there should be much easier ways for to tell ...
4
votes
1answer
137 views

Advantages/disadvantages of increasing “commit” in fstab

I have done many obscure system optimizations in the past, but I got rid of most of them after powertop told me I should set my USB ports to autosuspend, which forced them to an eternal sleep, and ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Will formatting my drive TRIM my SSD?

Will a standard fresh linux (Ubuntu 11.10 to be exact) install and drive re-format (full) successfully TRIM my SSD, or do I need to do something extra? I know that ext4 will TRIM blocks on erase ...
3
votes
1answer
9k views

How do I determine the new size for resize2fs?

I want to shrink an ext4 filesystem to make room for a new partition and came across the resize2fs program. The command looks like this: resize2fs -p /dev/mapper/ExistingExt4 $size How should I ...
1
vote
0answers
8 views

Many transient files on journaled filesystem?

Writing and deleting many files quickly I'm going to write many temporary files per second, over a sustained period. Each will be deleted after some milliseconds. Say we have an image processing ...
2
votes
0answers
35 views

mkfs.ext4: Discarding device blocks: failed - Input/output error

I am trying to format my new SD card, using following command; mkfs.ext4 -O ^has_journal /dev/mmcblk0p2 and I get following error: Discarding device blocks: failed - Input/output error I don't ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

External hard drive permissions - ext4

I have an external USB 3 disk drive (2TB capacity) that is most likely going to be moved from machine to machine. The disk has a GUID partition table and an ext4 partition. I am unable to write to the ...
6
votes
2answers
818 views

“Converting” a filesystem from ext3 to ext4

I've read on some Q&A on this website that one can "convert" an ext3 filesystem to ext4 without formatting, by issuing tune2fs -O extents,uninit_bg,dir_index /dev/dev-name And then running ...
2
votes
3answers
77 views

How to repair a file system corruption?

Debian on external USB SSD drive. There was some error in dmesg log file: ...[ 3.320718] EXT4-fs (sdb2): INFO: recovery required on readonly filesystem [ 3.320721] EXT4-fs (sdb2): write access ...
2
votes
2answers
26 views

How can I mount a filesystem, mapping userids?

I can successfully mount an ext4 partition, the problem is that all the files on the partition are owned by the user with userid 1000. On one machine, my userid is 1000, but on another it's 1010. My ...
0
votes
0answers
104 views

Good Bye lvreduce, hello lvresize?

I've found a couple of times that using lvreduce, (first unmounting, shrinking ext4 with resize2fs, and fsck'ing) ends in: mount: wrong fs type, bad option, bad superblock on ...
12
votes
7answers
49k views

Tell fs to free space from deleted files NOW

Is there a way to tell the kernel to give back the free disk space now? Like a write to something in /proc/ ? Using Ubuntu 11.10 with ext4. This is probably an old and very repeated theme. After ...
3
votes
2answers
518 views

extundelete does not finish its work

I need to restore a file on sda7 so I remounted ro und startet extundelete manuel@P5KC:~/recovery/RECOVERED_FILES$ sudo extundelete --restore-all /dev/sda7 WARNING: Extended attributes are not ...
3
votes
0answers
109 views

Which file system (among XFS, BTRFS and EXT4 only) does provide the best data resilience to disk corruption? [closed]

Question: Given these three filesystems: XFS, BTRFS and EXT4, I'm wishing to know which does provide the best data resilience to data corruption in a setup without RAID. And, of course, why? ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

archlinux check disks on boot

How can I check and mark bad blocks on Linux startup? There are a number of options available and most of them require accessing hardware and running live CD's. But I would like to avoid and perform ...
2
votes
1answer
282 views

“inode_size (128) * inodes_count (0) too big for a filesystem with 0 blocks” while creating a file system

My partition table looks like this: Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System /dev/sda1 * 2048 32505855 16251904 83 Linux /dev/sda2 32505856 33554431 ...
3
votes
2answers
496 views

Large ext4 partition ridiculously slow when writing

We have four identical Linux servers with a large (5T) hard disk partition. We have Scientific Linux with this kernel: Linux s3.law.di.unimi.it 2.6.32-358.18.1.el6.x86_64 #1 SMP Tue Aug 27 14:23:09 ...
2
votes
0answers
147 views

CentOS 5.6 expand ext4 partition , have steps but parted shows as ext3

I have a Adaptec 5805 HW RAID card with a 6.3 TB RAID-6 array (partitioned via Parted GPT, all of which is formatted as ext4 on CentOS 5.6). I want to expand this to 7.5GB and from reading these are ...
1
vote
1answer
145 views

harddisk not recognized / filesystem too large to mount safely on this system / hdparm shows garbage

I have a 4 TB Verbatim external hard disk with ext4. It can be successfully mounted at my Raspberry Pi. I am trying to plug it at my WD Mybook Live Duo device where I have SSH root access. When I ...
4
votes
2answers
187 views

Can overwritten files be recovered?

I am not talking about recovering deleted files, but overwritten files. Namely by the following methods: # move mv new_file old_file # copy cp new_file old_file # edit vi existing_file > D > ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

ext4 data recovery from gparted error

During resizing and moving 2.7TB partition in Gparted, I encountered an error that froze the whole program. (I dont have a screenshot or output from it, as fas as I remember, it was something about ...
2
votes
1answer
111 views

ext4 filesystems frequently corrupting

We have occasional power outages in our environment which seems to cause data corruption on our Ubuntu machines with ext4 filesystems. To my understanding ext4's default is to use data=ordered ...
8
votes
4answers
21k views

How can I fsck a partition when the device reads as busy (but has been confirmed otherwise)?

I'm attempting to run fsck -p /dev/sda5 to repair errors on an ext4 partition, however the command outputs fsck from util-linux-ng 2.17.2 fsck.ext4: Device or resource busy while trying to open ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Could I disable ext4's journaling safely in BBWC?

I knew set "nobarrier" flag is safe in BBWC when using ext4,but since "nobarrier" flag couldn't ensure proper order of journal logging and data flushing,then it seems journaling is useless。So is it ...
1
vote
0answers
51 views

What does the 'barrier' mount flag mean in Linux?

The manual for the 'barrier' mount option is: barrier=0 / barrier=1 This disables / enables the use of write barriers in the jbd code.barrier=0 disables, barrier=1 enables (default). ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Could I set flag “barrier=0” when using SSD?

I'm using ext4 filesystem in SSD,when mounting SSD,could I use flag "barrier=0"? I knew this flag is safe for BBU(battery backup unit),but is it safe for SSD?
6
votes
1answer
679 views

Why could the size of the “dot” file “.” exceed 4096?

Today I found an "empty" directory with a size of 4MB. It had no visible contents, so I tried ls -lah. This showed me some hidden files (not very large). Searching for the reason why the directory ...
2
votes
2answers
117 views

How to give Windows partions' file execute permission

I have installed Linux Mint 17 and Windows 8, as dual boot. 500GB hard disk has 5 partitions. Two of them are NTFS and the other 3 are ext4 partitions. When I log into Windows, I can not see any ...
0
votes
2answers
131 views

Linux: Recover files from .vdi file

Somehow my .vdi (Linux guest OS) file got corrupted. Now I have some files in it (Inside the vdi file) and I want to recover those files. How can I do that?
4
votes
4answers
293 views

Ext4 - How to enable extra sanity, checksums, validations, tests of any kind?

I'm running Ext4 on a harddrive, and to be perfectly honest, I don't really trust the drive because it's old and has a few badblocks. I have nonessential data on the drive, so if it died tomorrow, ...
8
votes
2answers
5k views

largefile feature at creating file-system

Is useful to use -T largefile flag at creating a file-system for a partition with big files like video, and audio in flac format? I tested the same partition with that flag and without it, and using ...
2
votes
0answers
46 views

How can I capture a consistent snapshot of a directory and all its children?

We have an application that periodically backs itself up to a directory on the local file system. Inside this directory are several more files and directories. I want to produce a "snapshot" of all ...
4
votes
1answer
82 views

What is the difference between fsck options -y and -p?

The ext2/3/4 filesystem checker has two options that seem to be very similar, -p and -y. Both seem to perform an automatic repair, but the manpage states that -p can exit when it encounters certain ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

Restored VG has shifted volumes

I'm recovering a PV on a mdadm RAID 1 with a single VG containing several LVs. The underlying devices have several bad sectors (one just a few, the other really much) and a silly typo made it ...
16
votes
2answers
5k views

Birth is empty on ext4

I was just reading up on the Birth section of stat and it appears ext4 should support it, but even a file I just created leaves it empty. ~ % touch test ...
0
votes
2answers
51 views

Are there any tools to recover files from a previously formatted WinNT drive?

I scratched the previous Windows NT filesystem, now I'm running Ubuntu. I've created the whole disk as EXT4. Are there any tools to locate and save some previous Windows files from the original ...
9
votes
1answer
982 views

Is data=journal safer for Ext4 as opposed to data=ordered?

The default journal mode for Ext4 is data=ordered, which, per the documentation, means that "All data are forced directly out to the main file system prior to its metadata being committed to ...
5
votes
3answers
187 views

What filesystem metadata operations are actually journaled in ext4 & xfs?

I can't find a simple, straight answer about which filesystem metadata operations are actually persisted to the ext4 & xfs filesystem journals. Note that I am not inquiring about what POSIX ...
1
vote
1answer
107 views

ex4 to btrfs conversion: If I accidentally lose power to the system during the conversion, will I lose the data?

I want to convert the 3TB 80% full ext4 block device into btrfs and I want to estimate the risks involved in the process. If I accidentally lose power to the system during the conversion, will I ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

ext4 to btrfs conversion: Can I pause, reboot the system and then resume the conversion? [duplicate]

I want to convert a rather big ext4 volume into btrfs. How long will the process will take?
2
votes
0answers
138 views

Mount from auto to manual and changing dir gives errors

I just installed Ubuntu 14.04 and am trying to mount my internal HD to a different location in the /home/username dir (auto-mount mounts it to /mnt/{uuid} ) But I ran into a problem. In Disks, when ...
7
votes
6answers
3k views

Sync writes very slow. Ubuntu 10.10, 32 bits, ext4

I am running ActiveMQ on my Macbook Pro that runs Ubuntu 10.10, 32 bits with an ext4 partition. Linux iker-laptop 2.6.35-23-generic-pae #40-Ubuntu SMP Wed Nov 17 22:32:51 UTC 2010 i686 GNU/Linux If ...
3
votes
0answers
89 views

Optimal rootflags for rootfs for ext4 file system running on USB thumdrive [closed]

I have made myself a bootable USB Debian 7 thumbdrive, using debootstrap. It boots nicely - but occasionally freezes for a bit. I can see the load average is much higher than the running tasks should ...
3
votes
1answer
71 views

Where does ext4 store directory sizes?

Where does ext4 store directory sizes? Are they stored in the directory inode? For example, when I run du -h, it returns directories' size instantly, so I don't believe it calculates it at that time. ...
1
vote
3answers
252 views

How much storage overhead comes along with cryptsetup and ext4?

I want to encrypt the content of a directory in a container with an ext4 filesystem using cryptsetup. The size of the container should be as small as possible and as big as necessary, because I only ...
3
votes
3answers
834 views

Which file system to choose for small sized files?

I have a partition and it has ~100 GB of audio files. Most of them are mp3 or ogg, each has size of ~15 MB. I update it on a weekly basis. Right now, the partition is formatted as ext4. I have read ...
0
votes
2answers
94 views

I accidentally formatted the wrong volume - is it possible to restore the previous Ext4 filesystem?

I know that a similar question has already been asked. This morning I accidentally formatted the wrong volume, containing mostly video files (about 30GB each). I am currently trying to restore the ...
2
votes
1answer
192 views

Why does fstrim trim all of the free space on my mdraid mirror after a reboot? [duplicate]

I have a server with 2 SSDs: Model Family: Intel 520 Series SSDs Device Model: INTEL SSDSC2BW240A3F Firmware Version: 400i User Capacity: 240,057,409,536 bytes [240 GB] Sector Size: ...
1
vote
1answer
176 views

Best parameters for ext4 filesystem to handle virtualbox disk images

I have ext4 partition, which holds disk image files VirtualBox works with. They all are fixed-size images (i.e. files never change their size). They are defragmented as much as possible (with ...
4
votes
2answers
233 views

Reliable way to detect ext2 or ext3 or ext4?

I need to detect a filesystem type from a C/C++ program using the filesystem superblock. However, I don't see much differences between superblocks for ext2 and ext4. The s_rev_level field is the same ...