ext4 (fourth extended filesystem) is a journaling file system for Linux, developed as the successor to ext3.

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Help about CentOS 7 apps & Driver [closed]

I'm using pc for several years but never tried Linux so I'm quite noob in this field. I'm using Autodesk maya, Nuke & will learn houdini very soon. I found that linux works faster for this apps so ...
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Mapping a physical sector to a filename

I just finished using ddrescue to recover the contents of a failing hard drive. It was able to recover everything but two sectors. How do I figure out which files (if any) occupied those sectors? ...
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ETX4-fs error on startup

Hi everybody, today I run dmesg and at the bottom I found some error lines about the device mmcblk0p2. Everything works fine even with those errors but I'd like to understand the problem. I've ...
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Can't write on recently created EXT4 partition

On a new external hard drive (Intenso 05-1204-18A), I made (with GParted) two partitions : Disk /dev/sdc: 931.5 GiB, 1000204883968 bytes, 1953525164 sectors Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes ...
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Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.5 remounts root filesystem read-only after hibernating

I have a Lenovo ThinkPad T430 running Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.5, kernel 2.6.32-431.30.1.el6.x86_64, and my filesystem structure consists of a master LUKS partition holding two logical volumes, one ...
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Tiny directory on ext4 file system taking up 2024 blocks? [closed]

I have an ext4 file system on my work computer and I came across a directory that is taking up >1 mb of space. There are 7 entries in the directory. The directory hasn't ever contained more than 20 ...
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Why doesn't the owning group get the executable bit? [duplicate]

Playing with ACL's: [root@rex web]# pwd /media/web [root@rex web]# ll -d drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root 4096 Jan 1 14:31 . [root@rex web]# setfacl -m d:g::rwx . [root@rex web]# setfacl -m g::rwx . ...
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Delay before new/modified file appears

I'm seeing two separate cases where there's a (random?) delay before a new or modified file appears. The first case is my Rails development environment: I modify a code file (in vim) and save it, ...
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Find duplicity files after using PhotoRec

I've partly formatted a disc where my duplicity files was stored. I have used PhotoRec to recover the files but now they're all unsorted and without the correct filename. I have the files separated by ...
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What does the 'barrier' mount flag mean in Linux?

The manual for the 'barrier' mount option is: barrier=0 / barrier=1 This disables / enables the use of write barriers in the jbd code.barrier=0 disables, barrier=1 enables (default). ...
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ext4 to btrfs conversion: Can I pause, reboot the system and then resume the conversion? [duplicate]

I want to convert a rather big ext4 volume into btrfs. How long will the process will take?
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Best parameters for ext4 filesystem to handle virtualbox disk images

I have ext4 partition, which holds disk image files VirtualBox works with. They all are fixed-size images (i.e. files never change their size). They are defragmented as much as possible (with ...
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targeting a specific block with e2fsck to shorten wait

Recently had a LVM'd CentOS 6.5 install get accidentally cold-shutdown. On bootup, it says that the home partition need fscking: /dev/mapper/vg_myserver-lv_home: Block bitmap for group 3072 is not ...
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143 views

Optimization for an SSD?

I am running Fedora 20 on a Laptop ( Lenovo Ideapad Yoga 2 Pro ) with an SSD. My filesystem is LVM with ext4 as the format option. I am now running Fedora as the only OS on the system with Legacy BIOS ...
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Formatting external USB Harddrive ext4

What is the best way to format a non-ssd harddrive with ext4, for as fast as possible usage with a very low performance computer? I mean, options like disabling things (journaling, ...) that slow ...
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How to blacklist bad blocks from a MD-raid + dm-crypt + ext4?

I have a ext4 partition, on top of a dm-crypt, on top of a MD-RAID 10. One partition (/dev/sdc1) dropped out of the array with a ton of read errors. I ran the manufacturer provided diagnostic tool ...
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144 views

Disk partition emptied during tar backup

This morning I was doing a routine backup of my development drive, one of 4 primary partitions on my hard-drive. The script I ran was: filename="/home/Backups/Devi_"`eval date +%Y%m%d`".tgz" touch ...
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164 views

How can I delete data from in a hexdump file from one offset to another?

I've created a disk image which was zeroed, formatted to ext4 file system, and then had several various files copied to it. I'm trying to extract these files using a combination of xxd and dd, but ...
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357 views

How to put syslinux on an sd card

I would like to know how to put syslinux on my sd card and I have tried using extlinux. However, I keep getting the message Missing Operating System. Please help me.
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Constant reading using ext4

I had a disk with a full size NTFS partition. I just deleted it and created an EXT4 one. When it was NTFS, if it wasn't in use (mount but no in use) it was quiet. However now, using EXT4, it is ...
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Howto configure autofs to work with usbsticks formatted with differend filesystems

I have some USB-sticks using fat32 as filesystem and others using ext4. Now I want to configure autofs to mount the sticks automatically. To make sure that the user can write to fat32 sticks I use ...
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How to obtain the whole disk activities triggered by file systems under linux?

I want to record the disk access activities called by OS. Such data I want to record are received by disk from OS, including disk sector number, request length, arrival time, read or write. To be ...
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Reinstalling Debian: ext4 partition is not primary

I previously had a grub bootloader with crunchbang and win7. Since then I reinstalled win7 which now boots it automatically. I stuck in a Debian install CD that brings me to the stage in the above ...
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7-Zip slows down over time on Ubuntu but not Windows

I have a directory called Pages of 2.2 million HTML files (about 80 GB) on an Ubuntu server. I compressed it with 7-Zip using this command: 7z a -mx=9 Pages.7z Pages It took around 5-6 hours to ...
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writing to ext4, 8GB partition vs 512MB partition

I have a question which is slightly programming related, but it mostly relates to how ext4 works. I have a program which writes 128MB to a file with changing random aligned offsets. I write 256KB ...
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how to restore a logical partition to it's original ext4 format

This question is following Unable to mount /home/ partition after reinstalling grub after reinstalling windows 7 where the diagnostic was that installing windows 7 deleted my /home partion, lovingly ...
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Keep ext4 journal on another system, how much space would be necessary?

I'm going to move journal to another partition, but I don't know how to correctly caculate the size needed for journal? I'm running ext4 file system with 15GB capacity.
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Precaching the list of files of the filesystem

I was wondering where and in what form a list of files and directories is stored on the ext4 filesystem. The problem is that whenever I try to access a certain directory for the first time since boot ...
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Accidentally ran mkfs.vfat on my backup drive [duplicate]

I ran mkfs.vfat /dev/sdb (whole device, not just one partition) on my backup drive, ironic, right. Is there any way to recover my files.
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du and ls commands reporting wrong directory size

I'm used to the du command. I often use it with -h option. I report the result in a text file which I use to track space consumers. But I was wondered today to see a directory being reported as using ...
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Smallest file block size (ext 3, 4)

I'm curious, what is the smallest size a file can really be on Linux? (Assuming Ext3 fs, so why not ext4 fs as well). Sure you can write a file that only contains one byte, or maybe even less; but ...
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Which file system is better for Ceph?

I've read the Ceph OS recommendations document, but still I have a question. Which file system is better for Ceph? XFS, ext4, or something else?
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automount ext4 external hdd partition for owned by specific user

I'm trying to figure how to mount an ext4 formatted external HD with permissions for a specific user using autofs, but I'm only able to mount it as owned by root. I have read that ext4 mount points ...
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463 views

Unable to delete file “ldlinux.sys” from a partition

I wanted to create live bootable USB of gparted via unetbootin. But by mistake I specified the device of USB as a partition of external HDD rather than the USB drive. I deleted all the files that ...
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672 views

Linux: Recover files from .vdi file

Somehow my .vdi (Linux guest OS) file got corrupted. Now I have some files in it (Inside the vdi file) and I want to recover those files. How can I do that?
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I accidentally formatted the wrong volume - is it possible to restore the previous Ext4 filesystem?

I know that a similar question has already been asked. This morning I accidentally formatted the wrong volume, containing mostly video files (about 30GB each). I am currently trying to restore the ...
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Are there any tools to recover files from a previously formatted WinNT drive?

I scratched the previous Windows NT filesystem, now I'm running Ubuntu. I've created the whole disk as EXT4. Are there any tools to locate and save some previous Windows files from the original ...
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Recovering truncated file

I'm in a peculiar situation. While editing a Perl program I accidentally truncated the file to zero length (using an Emacs lisp code I was developing). I need to recover that program... How do I that ...
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e2fsck giving some error

I am playing with LVM and while doing lvreduce. I now get this error: [root@localhost raja]# e2fsck -f /dev/vg1/lvol2 e2fsck 1.41.12 (17-May-2010) e2fsck: Superblock invalid, trying backup blocks... ...
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How can I recover damaged file from overwritten ext4 partition?

My disk, which was previously ext4 has been formatted and Windows has been installed. I want to recover my previous files (family photos, ..) and I tried everything I could find on the internet. I ...
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Safest way to run ext4 fsck on external drive

I have an external drive formatted in ext4 that throws this error message when is plugged in EXT4-fs (sdd2): error count: 8 initial error at 1366215273 last error at 1366215527,it generally works just ...
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Resize non-LVM ext4 root partition

How can I shrink/resize a non-LVM ext4 root partition? The problem is I can't unmount it and I don't have physical access.
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File system jfs/btrfs/xfs/ext4 [closed]

I was looking into some of the requirement, where huge amount of recursive files are written and deleted and looking forward if any FS (file system) as such gives advantage on others. I am trying to ...
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EXT4 requiring twice as much storage space - Ubuntu / Beets

I have a question I'm struggling to research an answer for. I have am building a Ubuntu media server at home and decided to carve up my 2TB bulk storage disk into various partitions. I created a ...
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EXT4 Journaling - Problem

Basically my root (/) ext4 partition keeps being mounted as read-only when I apply internal journaling feature. I understand that this should be default, but today I had been trying to apply external ...
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ext4: How to save free blocks / inodes to a file

I'd like to save all free blocks / inodes from an ext4 file system to one or more files for further analysis and file recovery. It would be good to create one file for every contiguous set of free ...
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e2fsck repairing an ext4 file system - how to enforce ext4 features?

I have a huge (1.5 TB) corrupted disk with an ext4 fs. The master superblock (and journal) are corrupt, so I am trying to repair it using e2fsck -f -b 7962624 -y /dev/sdb1 Now, the first thing ...
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Repeated Ext4-fs error with comm psad: invalid block. Does it mean the SSD is dying?

Configuration : Debian Jessie with SSD. /dev/sda1 is root filesystem, /dev/sda6 is home filesystem. Errors occurs only on /dev/sda1. For the third time, I've got software errors because the root ...
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Lvreduce online on RHEL 6 or centos 6 with ext4 file systems

Is it possible to reduce a mounting lv safely at RHEL6/CentOS6 with ext4 file system? If it is, how can I do that?
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testdisk partition recovery

Looking to recover data/partition index from this disk.. ⚡ root@jg  ~  ls /dev/disk/by-label lrwxrwxrwx. 1 root root 10 May 4 21:06 4tb1 -> ../../sde1 drwxr-xr-x. 7 root root 140 May 4 21:06 .. ...