ext4 (fourth extended filesystem) is a journalling file system for Linux, developed as the successor to ext3. Use this tag for question that are ext4 specific, generic file system related questions should use tag [filesystem]

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Can skipping `fsck` on boot impact serial-port communication?

I have a bizarre serial-port (RS-232) communications issue (it appears that some data is being dropped, though I'm not sure if it's outgoing, incoming, or both) that I'm observing sporadically. I've ...
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selinux on squashfs with overlayfs

Is it possible to use SELinux on a system with a squashfs root with an overlayfs overlay for read-write operations? On funtoo (gentoo), I booted with SELinux enabled in permissive mode to see what ...
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what's the best filesystem for small files on mdadm RAID10? [closed]

I need to setup a RAID on my Linux server and I am looking for advise about which filesystem I shall use. These are the type of files I am going to be writing/storing into my system. File size ...
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'cd' complexity on ext4

In order to store attachments, a /path/to/atts/ directory will have numerous child-directories (product IDs) created (from 1 to ~10,000 or maybe more in the future), and in each of this subdir, 1 to ...
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Partition Errors and Remounts Read-Only when Accessing Specific File

I have a pretty basic system running Ubuntu 16.04 (this question is not specific to Ubuntu, but rather ext4 partitions), 1 HDD, running a few partitions: sda1 - EXT4 - 100G - / sda2 - EXT4 - ...
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Reclaiming disk space in Ubuntu

In VMWare the hard disks took 13.6 GB, But with df, only 5.8 GB is occupied I don't quite get it. This Virtual Machine has no snapshots, and I already clicked on refresh button in VMWare Fusion ...
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Is it reasonable to use a journaling FS on a filesystem image that is stored on a filsystem that already provides journaling?

I need a filesystem image to put 150k files there, so they should be easily relocatable, i.e. mounted as a folder, when in use, unmounted and copied somewhere when needed. Due to the large number of ...
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188 views

Recovering accidentally deleted ext4 partition on DM-0 LVM2 volume spanning across physical drives

I have a setup with some LVM volumes, with following configurations. I accidentally formatted the LV "lvmedia" using the disks program in gnome(I know this was extremely stupid and frustrating) I ...
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How to read/change SELinux context on mounted ext4 image from non-SELinux system?

I have a Linux system (Arch Linux) without SELinux support. I would not like to configure such support on my system. Now, I have an ext4 volume image which is known to have some SELinux context set on ...
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45 views

Ext4 corrupted and unrecoverable after LVM resizing + power failure

I have a completely standard, single hard drive Fedora 23 desktop. The dual-boot installer set up the Linux partition as LVM, with root, swap and home logical volumes; root and home were both ext4. ...
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How to move an ext4 journal

I have an ext4 filesystem on an USB stick and after using it for some time I would like to move the journal to some other blocks, so that the stick lives longer. The journal is described by inode 8, ...
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59 views

mkfs.ext4 command not found in Debian (Jessie)

I have just installed Debian 8.4 (Jessie, MATE desktop). For some reason the following command is not recognized: mkfs.ext4 -L hdd_misha /dev/sdb1 The error I get: bash: mkfs.ext4: command not ...
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110 views

Recover formated ext4 partition with file structure

I'm trying to recover from an accidental format of ext4 1TB HDD. I tried virtually all linux tools (extundelete, ext3grep, ext4magic, testdisk, photorec, and others). Some that worked: testdisk, ...
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External USB drive fsck fails on boot

Yesterday I tried setting the fsck flag on fstab to 2 for the external USB HDD I use in my Raspberry Pi, so that it would be checked on boot, like: proc /proc ...
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52 views

Why is EXT4 filesystem mounted with both relatime and lazytime

I'm running Debian/Testing, with kernel 4.4: # uname -a Linux shaula 4.4.0-1-amd64 #1 SMP Debian 4.4.6-1 (2016-03-17) x86_64 GNU/Linux So I want to use the lazytime mount option, which is why I put ...
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46 views

Is it safe to mount same ext4 filesystem at different mount points?

I know there is option "--bind" for multiple mount operation to handle such case. But ext4 can be directly mounted at different mount points, without option "--bind". So, I wonder whether it is safe ...
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54 views

Why this switch will effectively format disk to ext2 instead of ext4?

I'm new to linux, I'm formatting a disk with following command switches, I can format the disk to ext4. sudo mke2fs -F -E lazy_itable_init=0,lazy_journal_init=0,discard -t ext4 -b 4096 ... However, ...
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cp: cannot create directory 'ABC.DEF/G/H': Structure needs cleaning

What does it mean "Structure needs cleaning" ? I've never seen such error code before - and man cp is not that helpful. It has happened to me on ext4. I was trying to copy directory using: cp -arv ...
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why Inode file size is different than actual size

I noticed one log file having less size than what's mentioned in inode. $ ls -lhtr /var/log/test/fk-3p-kafka/kafkaServer-gc.log -rw-r--r-- 1 fk-3p-kafka fk-3p 11G Apr 10 18:27 ...
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Why is EXT4 on LUKS on MD-RAID6 not detected by openSUSE's YaST

For maximum control over the storage configuration I've got two MD-RAID6 devices pre-configured as follows from openSUSE's Rescue system before rebooting the computer into openSUSE's installation ...
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Does Debian use GB or GiB for it's partition manager during installation?

I'd like to create a 5GB (1000) as one partition during the install of Debian. However, I'm not sure if if the partition manager uses Gib or GB. The version of Debian to be installed is 8.4 using the ...
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75 views

Filesystem errors when restoring many files

I had an external hard drive that I mounted internally. It came formatted with NTFS, and I wanted to move to ext4. So I copied everything I wanted to keep onto other drives, created a brand new ...
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36 views

Is it safe to shrink beginning of partition?

I have got paritions that look like this: And I would like to shrink /sda2 (home) for 2gb to right to make space to resize sda1 into 12GB. Is it safe to do it with gparted from live cd? Will I not ...
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Dynamically resizable partition in a file.. possible?

I ran into the ecryptfs bug where files with long filenames don't get written (because of the prefix that ecryptfs adds to the original filenames, thus extending their length). So I was wondering if ...
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Retrieve data from “erased” home partition while installing win7

I had a computer with a windows 7 and I installed lubuntu 14.04 on another partition (I think I shrinked the windows NTFS partition first). I installed lubuntu this way: -> NTFS boot -> NTFS ...
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Recurring ext4 “bad header invalid magic” errors on a healty drive

I'm getting frequent and recurring ext4 "bad header invalid magic" errors on an apparently healthy, brand new (few months old) external USB drive (WD MyBook 1230) connected to a Raspberry Pi running ...
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How to mount HDD extracted from singledrive-ZyXEL NAS

Gparted Information and Warning: <i>Filesystem volume name: <none> Last mounted on: /i-data/f128dac5 Filesystem UUID: c2f55399-a8ab-400b-a144-d605ceb58c9d Filesystem ...
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41 views

Recover files inside a folder which was replaced by an empty one. (openSUSE, Ext4)

Is there a way to restore a folder or better the containing files and folders of the folder which was replaced by a empty one with the same name? FileSystem: Ext4 OS: openSUSE 42.1 If it is ...
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32 views

rsync to USB flash drive always transferring all data

When rsyncing a directory to a freshly plugged-in external USB flash drive, via rsync -av /source/ /dest/ all files get transferred (i.e. rewritten) despite no changes in the files. Note that ...
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Boot delay errors?

I continuously get these messages upon boot: [ 17.806441] EXT4-fs (sda1): re-mounted. Opts: (null) [ 157.196550] postgres (1297): /proc/1297/oom_adj is deprecated, please use ...
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Recover lost ntfs partition?

I made a live USB of ubuntu to install it on my hp pavilion running win 10. Was planning to do dual boot, but accidentally reformatted my main ntfs partition into an ext4. Is there any way I can ...
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“write-once archive”: ext2 vs ext4^has_journal vs

summary Suppose one is setting up an external drive to be a "write-once archive": one intends to reformat it, copy some files that will (hopefully) never be updated, then set it aside until I need to ...
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Is it safe to reencrypt unencrypted mdadm array with LUKS?

I would like to convert my raid6 mdadm into encrypted LUKS. Right now raid6 consists of "/dev/sdX1" which are raid partitions. /dev/md0 doesn't have a partition - it is pure ext4 FS. Is it safe to ...
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418 views

Formatting an sdcard with mkfs hangs indefinitely

I am trying to format an sdcard following this guide. I am able to successfully create the partition table, but attempting to format the Linux partition with mkfs yields the following output: mke2fs ...
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If I grow an ext4 partition, will it increase the number of inodes available?

If I create a small filesystem, and grow it when I need to, will the number of inodes increase proportionally? I want to use Docker with the overlay storage driver. This can be very inode hungry ...
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tune2fs - how much space to reserve on large ext4 filesystem

I am aware that there are several questions concerning how much space to reserve on a filesystem using tune2fs -m, but some of the advice is contradictory, some seems to be relevant only to the ...
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Files Just Go Missing On ext4 Partition (within TrueCrypt Volume)

There are spooky things happening on one of my external hard drives. It's a 3 TB hard drive with: one big partition taking up basically all the storage space there is, and a pretty small partition ...
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Can I create a file on ext4 with a depth > 1 for testing purposes?

In order to test an analysis tool, I need a file where the depth (eh.eh_depth) is greater than 1. I've tried a couple of things: A large file (1GiB) Creating hundreds of smaller files (1MiB), ...
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49 views

Decrypt a portion of a corrupted drive

I have a hard drive that got corrupted after a doing an MTP mounting of a cell phone. It was created under Fedora Core 20 using defaults. Originally, I thought I did it as an ext4 partition. I ...
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ext4 & jbd2 dirty metadata

I have an embedded system based on the RiotBoard, I have the main file system on the MMC set as read-only, and an 8gb usb flash drive for writeable storage. rootfs is debian, linux kernel version ...
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Any way to help “visualize” the superblock, filesystem, group descriptors, etc

I've been reading a lot about filesystems, trying to learn all I can in depth, but I'm having trouble really visualizing some of it, especially when it comes to things like the superblock, group ...
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Are the links between the inode and data blocks of a file removed when deleting the file?

Suppose there is only one hard link to a file. When rm the hard link, the inode and data blocks of the file will be marked as unused. But are the links from the inode to the data blocks of the file ...
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1answer
180 views

Why is OS constantly writing to disk (ext4) on a Ubuntu 14.04 machine? Is it normal?

I'm quite sure it didn't happen before I started using LUKS and LVM on my disk (2 or 3 weeks ago), but now root user is constantly (every 2-3 seconds) writing (not reading, just writing) on disk and I ...
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Untar a filesystem to device as normal user but maintaining the correct UID and GID

I'm doing quite a bit of development using Yocto to target an embedded system. As its final output, Yocto generates a tarball of the filesystem, which I then untar onto an ext4 partition of an SD ...
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How can I identify the filesystem/partition type

My hard drive got corrupted at some point after mounting an mtpfs system. I would ask how to fix that, but I'm not confident about the partition and file system types. My OS is new Fedora Core 23, ...
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GlusterFS on EXT4 is stable enough?

I saw an Article on Rackspace about setting up GlusterFS without using XFS but instead, it uses EXT4. I've been wondering about setup like that since before, to know whether it is production ready ...
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Disappearance of files in all ext4 filesystems of a Debian server

Apparently the disappearance of files and directories occurred in all ext4 filesystems, including files and directories usually "read-only" in /var and /usr, like binaries installed for gcc, and ...
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186 views

Choosing File Format of /home between NTFS and Ext4, Understanding Trade Offs in Performance vs Data sharing with WinXP in Dual boot [closed]

I have Win Xp on first Primary Partition. I am leaving another 2 primaries for a future possible Win install. I am planning my Logical partitions to install a Linux Mint. I read that a separate ...
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435 views

File type inode/x-corrupted

My system had an unexpected shutdown. Now when I open the file from pcmanfm or nautilus I get file corrupted error. Strangely the files are accessible just fine if I launch pcmanfmas root user. The ...
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how to get crtime of a file in an ext4 partition as a single number or string

I am seeking a method of getting the crtime of a file in hexadecimal or decimal in unix epoch seconds instead of in a date and clock format and with no additional output. This command adds additional ...